Python Bindings for the OpenStack Images API

This is a client for the OpenStack Images API. There’s a Python API (the glanceclient module) and a command-line script (installed as glance).

Python API

In order to use the python api directly, you must first obtain an auth token and identify which endpoint you wish to speak to. Once you have done so, you can use the API like so:

>>> from glanceclient import Client
>>> glance = Client('1', endpoint=OS_IMAGE_ENDPOINT, token=OS_AUTH_TOKEN)
>>> image = glance.images.create(name="My Test Image")
>>> print image.status
'queued'
>>> image.update(data=open('/tmp/myimage.iso', 'rb'))
>>> print image.status
'active'
>>> image.update(properties=dict(my_custom_property='value'))
>>> with open('/tmp/copyimage.iso', 'wb') as f:
        for chunk in image.data():
            f.write(chunk)
>>> image.delete()

Command-line Tool

In order to use the CLI, you must provide your OpenStack username, password, tenant, and auth endpoint. Use the corresponding configuration options (--os-username, --os-password, --os-tenant-id, and --os-auth-url) or set them in environment variables:

export OS_USERNAME=user
export OS_PASSWORD=pass
export OS_TENANT_ID=b363706f891f48019483f8bd6503c54b
export OS_AUTH_URL=http://auth.example.com:5000/v2.0

The command line tool will attempt to reauthenticate using your provided credentials for every request. You can override this behavior by manually supplying an auth token using --os-image-url and --os-auth-token. You can alternatively set these environment variables:

export OS_IMAGE_URL=http://glance.example.org:9292/
export OS_AUTH_TOKEN=3bcc3d3a03f44e3d8377f9247b0ad155

Once you’ve configured your authentication parameters, you can run glance help to see a complete listing of available commands.

See also glance CLI man page.

Release Notes

1.0.0

  • This major release of python-glanceclient defaults to using the Images v2 API for the Command Line Interface. This is consistent with the current situation in the Glance project, where the Images v1 API is ‘SUPPORTED’ and the Images v2 API is ‘CURRENT’. Further, it makes the CLI consistent with the client API, which has used the Images v2 API as the default since the Kilo release.

A lot of effort has been invested to make the transition as smooth as possible, but we acknowledge that CLI users will encounter backwards incompatibility.

  • remcustssl: Remove custom SSL compression handling
  • 14be607 Add more information show in v2
  • 1309272: Require disk and container format on image-create
  • 1481729: Ship the default image schema in the client
  • 181131e Use API v2 as default
  • 1477910: V2: Do not validate image schema when listing
  • 9284eb4 Updated from global requirements
  • 1475769: Add unicode support for properties values in v2 shell
  • 1479020: Fix failure to create glance https connection pool
  • ec0f2df Enable flake8 checks
  • 1433637: Extend unittests coverage for v2 tasks module
  • metatags: Support for Metadata Definition Catalog for Tags
  • b48ff98 Fix exception message in Http.py
  • 1472234: Fix an issue with broken test on ci
  • 1473454: Remove usage of assert_called_once on Mock objects
  • 9fdd4f1 Add .eggs/* to .gitignore
  • 0f9aa99 Updated from global requirements
  • 1468485: Account for dictionary order in test_shell.py
  • bp-oslo-ns: Do not fall back to namespaced oslo.i18n
  • b10e893 Updated from global requirements
  • 1465373: Add v2 support for the marker attribute
  • 997c12d Import only modules and update tox.ini
  • 0810805 Updated from global requirements
  • 1461678: Close iterables at the end of iteration
  • bp-session: Make glanceclient accept a session object
  • 5e85d61 cleanup openstack-common.conf and sync updated files
  • 1432701: Add parameter ‘changes-since’ for image-list of v1

0.19.0

  • 1381514: Include owner in v2 image list
  • 1433884: Fix md-object-update issue
  • 1446096: Stop crashing if $HOME is not writable
  • 1402632: Improve import related error handling

0.18.0

  • 1442664, 1442883, 1357430: Fix errors when SSL compression is disabled
  • 1399778: Remove locations from image-create arguments
  • 1439513: Fix error on python 3 when creating a task with and invalid property
  • Stop accepting *args in the main client interface
  • Expose is_base schema property attribute, allowing the client to differentiate between base and custom image properties
  • 1433962: Validate whether a tag is valid when filtering for images. Invalid tags now raise an error rather than being ignored
  • 1434381: Add --human-readable option to image-show

0.17.0

0.16.1

  • 1423165: Fix sockets leaking for a subset of operations (show, delete and update)
  • 1395084: Show error when trying to upload image data to non-queued image
  • 1398838: Stop showing JSON and HTML in error messages returned from the glance service
  • 1396550: More reliably register connection pools in cases where urllib3 is both vendored and installed system-wide

0.16.0

  • Add –limit option to the v2 list operation. This allows a user to limit the number of images requested from the glance server. Previously the client would always go through the entire list of images
  • The CLI exit code on keyboard interrupt is now 130, changed from 1.
  • 1370283: The set of supported SSL ciphers is now reduced to a smaller and more secure subset
  • 1384664, 1402746: Fix enabling the progress bar on download and upload when image data is piped into the client causing the client to crash
  • 1415935: NoneType header values are now ignored when encoding headers
  • 1341777: Requests which are streamed are now explicitly closed when the end of the stream has been reached
  • 1394236: The CLI is now strict about what it counts as a boolean, and exits with an error if a non-boolean value is used as input to a boolean option
  • 1401197: The CLI is now strict about valid inputs to --os-image-api-version
  • 1333119: The CLI now raises a more useful error message when a user requests the deletion of an image which is already deleted
  • 1384759: Fix client erroring if --os-tenant-id and --os-tenant-name are not defined
  • 1228744: Add globoff option to debug curl statements. This allows it to work with IPv6 addresses

0.15.0

  • Stop requiring a version to create a Client instance. The version argument is now a keyword. If no version is specified and a versioned endpoint is supplied, glanceclient will use the endpoint’s version. If the endpoint is unversioned and a value for version is not supplied, glanceclient falls back to v1. This change is backwards-compatible. Examples:

    >>> glanceclient.Client(version=1, endpoint='http://localhost:9292') # returns a v1 client
    >>> glanceclient.Client(endpoint='http://localhost:9292/v2') # returns a v2 client
    >>> glanceclient.Client(endpoint='http://localhost:9292') # returns a v1 client
    >>> glanceclient.Client(2, 'http://localhost:9292/v2') # old behavior is preserved
    
  • Add bash completion to glance client. The new bash completion files are stored in tools/glance.bash_completion

  • Add tty password entry. This prompts for a password if neither --os-password nor OS_PASSWORD have been set

  • Add the --property-filter option from the v1 client to v2 image-list. This allows you to do something similar to:

    $ glance --os-image-api-version 2 image-list --property-filter os_distro=NixOS
    
  • 1324067: Allow –file flag in v2 image-create. This selects a local disk image to upload during the creation of the image

  • 1395841: Output a useful error on an invalid --os-image-api-version argument

  • 1394965: Add identity_headers back into the request headers

  • 1350802: Remove read only options from v2 shell commands. The options omitted are

    • created_at
    • updated_at
    • file
    • checksum
    • virtual_size
    • size
    • status
    • schema
    • direct_url
  • 1381295: Stop setting X-Auth-Token key in http session header if there is no token provided

  • 1378844: Fix --public being ignored on image-create

  • 1367782: Fix to ensure endpoint_type is used by _get_endpoint()

  • 1381816: Support Pagination for namespace list

  • 1401032: Add support for enum types in the schema that accept None

0.14.2

  • Add support for Glance Tasks calls (task create, list all and show)
  • 1362179: Default to system CA bundle if no CA certificate is provided
  • 1350251, 1347150, 1362766: Don’t replace the https handler in the poolmanager
  • 1371559: Skip non-base properties in patch method

0.14.1

  • Print traceback to stderr if --debug is set
  • Downgrade log message for http request failures
  • Fix CLI image-update giving the wrong help on ‘–tags’ parameter
  • 1367326: Fix requests to non-bleeding edge servers using the v2 API
  • 1329301: Update how tokens are redacted
  • 1369756: Fix decoding errors when logging response headers

0.14.0

  • Add support for metadata definitions catalog API
  • Enable osprofiler profiling support to glanceclient and its shell. This adds the --profile <HMAC_KEY> argument.
  • Add support for Keystone v3
  • Replace old httpclient with requests
  • Fix performance issue for image listing of v2 API
  • 1364893: Catch a new urllib3 exception: ProtocolError
  • 1359880: Fix error when logging http response with python 3
  • 1357430: Ensure server’s SSL cert is validated to help guard against man-in-the-middle attack
  • 1314218: Remove deprecated commands from shell
  • 1348030: Fix glance-client on IPv6 controllers
  • 1341777: Don’t stream non-binary requests

0.13.0

  • Add command line support for image multi-locations
  • Py3K support completed
  • Fixed several issues related to UX
  • Progress bar support for V2

0.12.0

  • Add command line support for V2 image create, update, and upload
  • Enable querying for images by tag
  • 1230032, 1231524: Fix several issues with handling redirects
  • 1206095: Use openstack-images-v2.1-json-patch for update method

0.11.0

  • 1212463: Allow single-wildcard SSL common name matching
  • 1208618: Support absolute redirects for endpoint urls
  • 1190606: Properly handle integer-like image ids
  • Support removing properties from images in the v2 library

0.10.0

  • 1192229: Security Update! Fix SSL certificate CNAME checking to handle ip addresses correctly
  • Add an optional progress bar for image downloads
  • Additional v2 api functionality, including image creation and uploads
  • Allow v1 admin clients to list all users’ images, and to list the images of specific tenants.
  • Add a –checksum option to the v2 CLI for selecting images by checksum
  • Added support for image creation and uploads to the v2 library
  • Added support for updating and deleting v2 image tags to the v2 library and CLI
  • Added support for managing image memberships to the v2 library and CLI
  • Added a cli man page.
  • 1184566: Fix support for unix pipes when uploading images in the v1 CLI
  • 1157864: Fix an issue where glanceclient would fail with eventlet.

0.9.0

  • Implement ‘visibility’, ‘owner’ and ‘member_status’ filters for v2 CLI and library
  • Relax prettytable dependency to v0.7.X
  • 1118799: Implement filter on ‘is_public’ attribute in v1 API
  • 1157905, 1130390: Improve handling of SIGINT (CTRL-C)

0.8.0

  • Implement image-delete for Image API v2
  • Update warlock dependency to >= 0.7.0 and < 1
  • 1061150: Support non-ASCII characters
  • 1102944: The port option is configurable when using HTTPS
  • 1093380: Support image names in place of IDs for CLI commands
  • 1094917: Better representation of errors through CLI

0.7.0

  • Add --store option to image-create command
  • Deprecate --ca-file in favor of --os-cacert
  • 1082957: Add --sort-key and --sort-dir CLI options to image-list command
  • 1081542: Change default image-list CLI sort to order by image name ascending
  • 1079692: Verify SSL certification hostnames when using HTTPS
  • 1080739: Use --os-region-name in service catalog lookup

0.6.0

  • Multiple image ID can be passed to glance image-delete
  • glance --version and glanceclient.__version__ expose the current library version
  • Use --human-readable with image-list and image-show to display image sizes in human-friendly formats
  • Use OpenSSL for HTTPS connections
  • 1056220: Always use ‘Transfer-Encoding: chunked’ when transferring image data
  • 1052846: Padded endpoints enabled (e.g. glance.example.com/padding/v1)
  • 1050345: glance image-create and glance image-update now work on Windows

0.5.1

  • 1045824: Always send Content-Length when updating image with image data
  • 1046607: Handle 300 Multiple Choices nicely in the CLI
  • 1035931: Properly display URI in legacy ‘show’ command
  • 1048698: Catch proper httplib InvalidURL exception

0.5.0

  • Add ‘image-download’ command to CLI
  • Relax dependency on warlock to anything less than v2

0.4.2

  • 1037233: Fix v1 image list where limit kwarg is less than page_size

0.4.1

  • Default to system CA cert if one is not provided while using SSL
  • 1036315: Allow ‘deleted’ to be provided in v1 API image update
  • 1036299: Fix case where boolean values were treated as strings in v1 API
  • 1036297: Fix case where int values were treated as strings in v1 API

0.4.0

  • Send client SSL certificate to server for self-identification
  • Properly validate server SSL certificates
  • Images API v2 image data download