Backing up and Restoring your Undercloud

Backing up your Undercloud

In order to backup your undercloud you need to make sure the following items are backed up

  • All MariaDB databases on the undercloud node
  • MariaDB configuration file on undercloud (so we can restore databases accurately)
  • All glance image data in /var/lib/glance/images
  • All swift data in /srv/node
  • All data in stack users home directory

The following commands can be used to perform a backup of all data from the undercloud node:

mysqldump --opt --all-databases > /root/undercloud-all-databases.sql
tar -czf undercloud-backup-`date +%F`.tar.gz undercloud-all-databases.sql /etc/my.cnf.d/server.cnf /var/lib/glance/images /srv/node /home/stack /etc/pki /opt/stack

Restoring a backup of your Undercloud on a Fresh Machine

The following restore process assumes you are recovering from a failed undercloud node where you have to reinstall it from scratch. It assumes that the hardware layout is the same, and the hostname and undercloud settings of the machine will be the same as well. Once the machine is installed and is in a clean state, re-enable all the subscriptions/repositories needed to install and run TripleO.

Note that unless specified, all commands are run as root.

Then install mariadb server with:

yum install -y mariadb-server

Now restore the MariaDB configuration file and database backup, then start the MariaDB server and load the backup in:

tar -xzC / -f undercloud-backup-$DATE.tar.gz etc/my.cnf.d/server.cnf /root/undercloud-all-databases.sql
# Edit /etc/my.cnf.d/server.cnf and comment out 'bind-address'
systemctl start mariadb
cat /root/undercloud-all-databases.sql | mysql
# Now we need to clean out some old permissions to be recreated
for i in ceilometer glance heat ironic keystone neutron nova;do mysql -e "drop user $i";done
mysql -e 'flush privileges'

Now create the stack user and restore the stack users home directory:

sudo useradd stack
sudo passwd stack  # specify a password

echo "stack ALL=(root) NOPASSWD:ALL" | sudo tee -a /etc/sudoers.d/stack
sudo chmod 0440 /etc/sudoers.d/stack

Next restore the stack users home directory:

tar -xzC / -f undercloud-backup-$DATE.tar.gz home/stack

We have to now install the swift and glance base packages, and then restore their data:

yum install -y openstack-glance openstack-swift
tar -xzC / -f undercloud-backup-$DATE.tar.gz srv/node var/lib/glance/images
# Confirm data is owned by correct user
chown -R swift: /srv/node
chown -R glance: /var/lib/glance/images

Finally we rerun the undercloud installation from the stack user, making sure to run it in the stack user home dir:

su - stack
sudo yum install -y python-tripleoclient
# Double check hostname is correctly set in /etc/hosts
openstack install undercloud

Reconnect the restored undercloud to the overcloud

Having completed the steps above, the undercloud can be expected to automatically restore its connection to the overcloud. The nodes will continue to poll Orchestration (heat) for pending tasks, using a simple HTTP request issued every few seconds.

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