Data collection

Data collection

The main responsibility of Telemetry in OpenStack is to collect information about the system that can be used by billing systems or interpreted by analytic tooling.

Collected data can be stored in the form of samples or events in the supported databases, which are listed in Supported databases.

Samples capture a numerical measurement of a resource. The Telemetry service leverages multiple methods to collect data samples.

The available data collection mechanisms are:

Notifications
Processing notifications from other OpenStack services, by consuming messages from the configured message queue system.
Polling
Retrieve information directly from the hypervisor or from the host machine using SNMP, or by using the APIs of other OpenStack services.
RESTful API (deprecated in Ocata)
Pushing samples via the RESTful API of Telemetry.

Note

Rather than pushing data through Ceilometer’s API, it is advised to push directly into gnocchi. Ceilometer’s API is officially deprecated as of Ocata.

Notifications

All OpenStack services send notifications about the executed operations or system state. Several notifications carry information that can be metered. For example, CPU time of a VM instance created by OpenStack Compute service.

The notification agent is responsible for consuming notifications. This component is responsible for consuming from the message bus and transforming notifications into events and measurement samples.

Additionally, the notification agent is responsible for all data processing such as transformations and publishing. After processing, the data is sent to any supported publisher target such as gnocchi or panko. These services persist the data in configured databases.

Note

Prior to Ocata, the data was sent via AMQP to the collector service or any external service.

The different OpenStack services emit several notifications about the various types of events that happen in the system during normal operation. Not all these notifications are consumed by the Telemetry service, as the intention is only to capture the billable events and notifications that can be used for monitoring or profiling purposes. The notification agent filters by the event type. Each notification message contains the event type. The following table contains the event types by each OpenStack service that Telemetry transforms into samples.

OpenStack service Event types Note
OpenStack Compute

scheduler.run_instance.scheduled

scheduler.select_destinations

compute.instance.*

For a more detailed list of Compute notifications please check the System Usage Data wiki page.
Bare metal service hardware.ipmi.*  
OpenStack Image

image.update

image.upload

image.delete

image.send

The required configuration for Image service can be found in the Configure the Image service for Telemetry section in the Installation Tutorials and Guides.
OpenStack Networking

floatingip.create.end

floatingip.update.*

floatingip.exists

network.create.end

network.update.*

network.exists

port.create.end

port.update.*

port.exists

router.create.end

router.update.*

router.exists

subnet.create.end

subnet.update.*

subnet.exists

l3.meter

 
Orchestration service

orchestration.stack.create.end

orchestration.stack.update.end

orchestration.stack.delete.end

orchestration.stack.resume.end

orchestration.stack.suspend.end

 
OpenStack Block Storage

volume.exists

volume.create.*

volume.delete.*

volume.update.*

volume.resize.*

volume.attach.*

volume.detach.*

snapshot.exists

snapshot.create.*

snapshot.delete.*

snapshot.update.*

volume.backup.create.*

volume.backup.delete.*

volume.backup.restore.*

The required configuration for Block Storage service can be found in the Add the Block Storage service agent for Telemetry section in the Installation Tutorials and Guides.

Note

Some services require additional configuration to emit the notifications using the correct control exchange on the message queue and so forth. These configuration needs are referred in the above table for each OpenStack service that needs it.

Specific notifications from the Compute service are important for administrators and users. Configuring nova_notifications in the nova.conf file allows administrators to respond to events rapidly. For more information on configuring notifications for the compute service, see Telemetry services in the Installation Tutorials and Guides.

Meter definitions

The Telemetry service collects a subset of the meters by filtering notifications emitted by other OpenStack services. You can find the meter definitions in a separate configuration file, called ceilometer/data/meters.d/meters.yaml. This enables operators/administrators to add new meters to Telemetry project by updating the meters.yaml file without any need for additional code changes.

Note

The meters.yaml file should be modified with care. Unless intended, do not remove any existing meter definitions from the file. Also, the collected meters can differ in some cases from what is referenced in the documentation.

It also support loading multiple meter definition files and allow users to add their own meter definitions into several files according to different types of metrics under the directory of /etc/ceilometer/meters.d.

A standard meter definition looks like:

---
metric:
  - name: 'meter name'
    event_type: 'event name'
    type: 'type of meter eg: gauge, cumulative or delta'
    unit: 'name of unit eg: MB'
    volume: 'path to a measurable value eg: $.payload.size'
    resource_id: 'path to resource id eg: $.payload.id'
    project_id: 'path to project id eg: $.payload.owner'
    metadata: 'addiitonal key-value data describing resource'

The definition above shows a simple meter definition with some fields, from which name, event_type, type, unit, and volume are required. If there is a match on the event type, samples are generated for the meter.

The meters.yaml file contains the sample definitions for all the meters that Telemetry is collecting from notifications. The value of each field is specified by using JSON path in order to find the right value from the notification message. In order to be able to specify the right field you need to be aware of the format of the consumed notification. The values that need to be searched in the notification message are set with a JSON path starting with $. For instance, if you need the size information from the payload you can define it like $.payload.size.

A notification message may contain multiple meters. You can use * in the meter definition to capture all the meters and generate samples respectively. You can use wild cards as shown in the following example:

---
metric:
  - name: $.payload.measurements.[*].metric.[*].name
    event_type: 'event_name.*'
    type: 'delta'
    unit: $.payload.measurements.[*].metric.[*].unit
    volume: payload.measurements.[*].result
    resource_id: $.payload.target
    user_id: $.payload.initiator.id
    project_id: $.payload.initiator.project_id

In the above example, the name field is a JSON path with matching a list of meter names defined in the notification message.

You can use complex operations on JSON paths. In the following example, volume and resource_id fields perform an arithmetic and string concatenation:

---
metric:
- name: 'compute.node.cpu.idle.percent'
  event_type: 'compute.metrics.update'
  type: 'gauge'
  unit: 'percent'
  volume: payload.metrics[?(@.name='cpu.idle.percent')].value * 100
  resource_id: $.payload.host + "_" + $.payload.nodename

You can use the timedelta plug-in to evaluate the difference in seconds between two datetime fields from one notification.

---
metric:
- name: 'compute.instance.booting.time'
  event_type: 'compute.instance.create.end'
 type: 'gauge'
 unit: 'sec'
 volume:
   fields: [$.payload.created_at, $.payload.launched_at]
   plugin: 'timedelta'
 project_id: $.payload.tenant_id
 resource_id: $.payload.instance_id

Polling

The Telemetry service is intended to store a complex picture of the infrastructure. This goal requires additional information than what is provided by the events and notifications published by each service. Some information is not emitted directly, like resource usage of the VM instances.

Therefore Telemetry uses another method to gather this data by polling the infrastructure including the APIs of the different OpenStack services and other assets, like hypervisors. The latter case requires closer interaction with the compute hosts. To solve this issue, Telemetry uses an agent based architecture to fulfill the requirements against the data collection.

There are three types of agents supporting the polling mechanism, the compute agent, the central agent, and the IPMI agent. Under the hood, all the types of polling agents are the same ceilometer-polling agent, except that they load different polling plug-ins (pollsters) from different namespaces to gather data. The following subsections give further information regarding the architectural and configuration details of these components.

Running ceilometer-agent-compute is exactly the same as:

$ ceilometer-polling --polling-namespaces compute

Running ceilometer-agent-central is exactly the same as:

$ ceilometer-polling --polling-namespaces central

Running ceilometer-agent-ipmi is exactly the same as:

$ ceilometer-polling --polling-namespaces ipmi

In addition to loading all the polling plug-ins registered in the specified namespaces, the ceilometer-polling agent can also specify the polling plug-ins to be loaded by using the pollster-list option:

$ ceilometer-polling --polling-namespaces central \
        --pollster-list image image.size storage.*

Note

HA deployment is NOT supported if the pollster-list option is used.

Compute agent

This agent is responsible for collecting resource usage data of VM instances on individual compute nodes within an OpenStack deployment. This mechanism requires a closer interaction with the hypervisor, therefore a separate agent type fulfills the collection of the related meters, which is placed on the host machines to retrieve this information locally.

A Compute agent instance has to be installed on each and every compute node, installation instructions can be found in the Install the Compute agent for Telemetry section in the Installation Tutorials and Guides.

The compute agent does not need direct database connection. The samples collected by this agent are sent via AMQP to the notification agent to be processed.

The list of supported hypervisors can be found in Supported hypervisors. The Compute agent uses the API of the hypervisor installed on the compute hosts. Therefore, the supported meters may be different in case of each virtualization back end, as each inspection tool provides a different set of meters.

The list of collected meters can be found in OpenStack Compute. The support column provides the information about which meter is available for each hypervisor supported by the Telemetry service.

Note

Telemetry supports Libvirt, which hides the hypervisor under it.

Central agent

This agent is responsible for polling public REST APIs to retrieve additional information on OpenStack resources not already surfaced via notifications, and also for polling hardware resources over SNMP.

The following services can be polled with this agent:

  • OpenStack Networking
  • OpenStack Object Storage
  • OpenStack Block Storage
  • Hardware resources via SNMP
  • Energy consumption meters via Kwapi framework (deprecated in Newton)

To install and configure this service use the Add the Telemetry service section in the Installation Tutorials and Guides.

Just like the compute agent, this component also does not need a direct database connection. The samples are sent via AMQP to the notification agent.

IPMI agent

This agent is responsible for collecting IPMI sensor data and Intel Node Manager data on individual compute nodes within an OpenStack deployment. This agent requires an IPMI capable node with the ipmitool utility installed, which is commonly used for IPMI control on various Linux distributions.

An IPMI agent instance could be installed on each and every compute node with IPMI support, except when the node is managed by the Bare metal service and the conductor.send_sensor_data option is set to true in the Bare metal service. It is no harm to install this agent on a compute node without IPMI or Intel Node Manager support, as the agent checks for the hardware and if none is available, returns empty data. It is suggested that you install the IPMI agent only on an IPMI capable node for performance reasons.

Just like the central agent, this component also does not need direct database access. The samples are sent via AMQP to the notification agent.

The list of collected meters can be found in Bare metal service.

Note

Do not deploy both the IPMI agent and the Bare metal service on one compute node. If conductor.send_sensor_data is set, this misconfiguration causes duplicated IPMI sensor samples.

Send samples to Telemetry

Note

Sample pushing via the API is deprecated in Ocata. Measurement data should be pushed directly into gnocchi’s API.

While most parts of the data collection in the Telemetry service are automated, Telemetry provides the possibility to submit samples via the REST API to allow users to send custom samples into this service.

This option makes it possible to send any kind of samples without the need of writing extra code lines or making configuration changes.

The samples that can be sent to Telemetry are not limited to the actual existing meters. There is a possibility to provide data for any new, customer defined counter by filling out all the required fields of the POST request.

If the sample corresponds to an existing meter, then the fields like meter-type and meter name should be matched accordingly.

The required fields for sending a sample using the command-line client are:

  • ID of the corresponding resource. (--resource-id)

  • Name of meter. (--meter-name)

  • Type of meter. (--meter-type)

    Predefined meter types:

    • Gauge
    • Delta
    • Cumulative
  • Unit of meter. (--meter-unit)

  • Volume of sample. (--sample-volume)

To send samples to Telemetry using the command-line client, the following command should be invoked:

$ ceilometer sample-create -r 37128ad6-daaa-4d22-9509-b7e1c6b08697 \
  -m memory.usage --meter-type gauge --meter-unit MB --sample-volume 48
+-------------------+--------------------------------------------+
| Property          | Value                                      |
+-------------------+--------------------------------------------+
| message_id        | 6118820c-2137-11e4-a429-08002715c7fb       |
| name              | memory.usage                               |
| project_id        | e34eaa91d52a4402b4cb8bc9bbd308c1           |
| resource_id       | 37128ad6-daaa-4d22-9509-b7e1c6b08697       |
| resource_metadata | {}                                         |
| source            | e34eaa91d52a4402b4cb8bc9bbd308c1:openstack |
| timestamp         | 2014-08-11T09:10:46.358926                 |
| type              | gauge                                      |
| unit              | MB                                         |
| user_id           | 679b0499e7a34ccb9d90b64208401f8e           |
| volume            | 48.0                                       |
+-------------------+--------------------------------------------+
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