Customizing Ceilometer Deployment

Customizing Ceilometer Deployment

Notifications queues

By default, Ceilometer consumes notifications on the messaging bus sent to topics by using a queue/pool name that is identical to the topic name. You shouldn’t have different applications consuming messages from this queue. If you want to also consume the topic notifications with a system other than Ceilometer, you should configure a separate queue that listens for the same messages.

Ceilometer allows multiple topics to be configured so that the polling agent can send the same messages of notifications to other queues. Notification agents also use topics to configure which queue to listen for. If you use multiple topics, you should configure notification agent and polling agent separately, otherwise Ceilometer collects duplicate samples.

By default, the ceilometer.conf file is as follows:

[oslo_messaging_notifications]
topics = notifications

To use multiple topics, you should give ceilometer-agent-notification and ceilometer-polling services different ceilometer.conf files. The Ceilometer configuration file ceilometer.conf is normally locate in the /etc/ceilometer directory. Make changes according to your requirements which may look like the following:

For notification agent using ceilometer-notification.conf, settings like:

[oslo_messaging_notifications]
topics = notifications,xxx

For polling agent using ceilometer-polling.conf, settings like:

[oslo_messaging_notifications]
topics = notifications,foo

Note

notification_topics in ceilometer-notification.conf should only have one same topic in ceilometer-polling.conf

Doing this, it’s easy to listen/receive data from multiple internal and external services.

Using multiple publishers

Ceilometer allows multiple publishers to be configured in pipeline so that data can be easily sent to multiple internal and external systems. Ceilometer allows to set two types of pipelines. One is pipeline.yaml which is for meters, another is event_pipeline.yaml which is for events.

By default, Ceilometer only saves event and meter data into Gnocchi. If you want Ceilometer to send data to other systems, instead of or in addition to the default storage services, multiple publishers can be enabled by modifying the Ceilometer pipeline.

Ceilometer ships multiple publishers currently. They are database, notifier, file, http and gnocchi publishers.

To configure one or multiple publishers for Ceilometer, find the Ceilometer configuration file pipeline.yaml and/or event_pipeline.yaml which is normally located at /etc/ceilometer directory and make changes accordingly. Your configuration file can be in a different directory.

To use multiple publishers, add multiple publisher lines in pipeline.yaml and/or event_pipeline.yaml file like the following:

---
sources:
   - name: source_name
      events:
         - "*"
      sinks:
         - sink_name
sinks:
   - name: sink_name
      transformers:
      publishers:
         - database://
         - gnocchi://
         - file://

For the Gnocchi publisher, the following configuration settings should be added into /etc/ceilometer/ceilometer.conf:

[dispatcher_gnocchi]
archive_policy = low

The value specified for archive_policy should correspond to the name of an archive_policy configured within Gnocchi.

For the Gnocchi publisher backed by Swift storage, the following additional configuration settings should be added:

[dispatcher_gnocchi]
filter_project = gnocchi_swift
filter_service_activity = True

Custom pipeline

The paths of all pipeline files including pipeline.yaml and event_pipeline.yaml are located to ceilometer/pipeline/data by default. And it’s possible to set the path through pipeline_cfg_file being assigned to another one in ceilometer.conf.

Ceilometer allow users to customize pipeline files. Before that, copy the following yaml files:

$ cp ceilometer/pipeline/data/*.yaml /etc/ceilometer

Then you can add configurations according to the former section.

Efficient polling

  • There is an optional config called shuffle_time_before_polling_task in ceilometer.conf. Enable this by setting an integer greater than zero to shuffle polling time for agents. This will add some random jitter to the time of sending requests to Nova or other components to avoid large number of requests in a short time period.
  • There is an option to stream samples to minimise latency (at the expense of load) by setting batch_polled_samples to False in ceilometer.conf.
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