Replace a RabbitMQ node¶
There may be times when a cloud’s RabbitMQ cluster experiences difficulties. When this happens one option to bringing the cluster back to a healthy state is to replace one of its nodes.
This procedure will not result in cloud downtime providing that there is at least one functional RabbitMQ node present.
However, it will trigger the restart of every client application (cloud service) that has a relation to the rabbitmq-server application. This may have adverse effects on the cloud’s ability to service its current workload.
The above issue can be mitigated through the use of Deferred service events. If restarts are deferred, a client will nonetheless experience a slight delay (due to timeouts) if it tries to contact a non-existent node.
An alternative approach to replacing a node is to repair it. See operation Repair a RabbitMQ node, which includes a comparison of the repair and replacement methods.
Initial state of the cluster¶
For this example, the juju status rabbitmq-server command describes the initial state of the cluster:
Model Controller Cloud/Region Version SLA Timestamp openstack maas-controller maas-one/default 2.9.18 unsupported 23:18:34Z App Version Status Scale Charm Store Channel Rev OS Message rabbitmq-server 3.8.2 active 3 rabbitmq-server charmstore stable 118 ubuntu Unit is ready and clustered Unit Workload Agent Machine Public address Ports Message rabbitmq-server/0 error idle 0/lxd/0 10.0.0.177 5672/tcp ???????????????? rabbitmq-server/1* active idle 1/lxd/0 10.0.0.175 5672/tcp Unit is ready and clustered rabbitmq-server/2 active idle 2/lxd/0 10.0.0.176 5672/tcp Unit is ready and clustered Machine State DNS Inst id Series AZ Message 0 started 10.0.0.172 node2 focal default Deployed 0/lxd/0 started 10.0.0.177 juju-64dabb-0-lxd-0 focal default Container started 1 started 10.0.0.173 node4 focal default Deployed 1/lxd/0 started 10.0.0.175 juju-64dabb-1-lxd-0 focal default Container started 2 started 10.0.0.174 node3 focal default Deployed 2/lxd/0 started 10.0.0.176 juju-64dabb-2-lxd-0 focal default Container started
In this example the unhealthy node is assumed to be
an arbitrary message indicative of a problem. This is the node that is to be
Replace the unhealthy node¶
First remove the unhealthy node:
juju remove-unit rabbitmq-server/0
Then add a node. Here we will be deploying to a new container on existing machine ‘5’:
juju add-unit --to lxd:5 rabbitmq-server
Please be patient as the node joins the cluster. In this example a machine (a LXD container) must also be provisioned.
Verify model health¶
Verify the model’s health with the juju status rabbitmq-server command. Its partial output should look like:
App Version Status Scale Charm Store Channel Rev OS Message rabbitmq-server 3.8.2 active 3 rabbitmq-server charmstore stable 118 ubuntu Unit is ready and clustered Unit Workload Agent Machine Public address Ports Message rabbitmq-server/0 active idle 5/lxd/1 10.0.0.178 5672/tcp Unit is ready and clustered rabbitmq-server/1* active idle 1/lxd/0 10.0.0.175 5672/tcp Unit is ready and clustered rabbitmq-server/2 active idle 2/lxd/0 10.0.0.176 5672/tcp Unit is ready and clustered