Control and manage OpenStack block storage



OpenStack Foundation

Manual section


Manual group

cloud computing


cinder-manage <category> <action> [<args>]


cinder-manage provides control of cinder database migration, and provides an interface to get information about the current state of cinder. More information about OpenStack Cinder is available at OpenStack Cinder.


The standard pattern for executing a cinder-manage command is: cinder-manage <category> <command> [<args>]

For example, to obtain a list of the cinder services currently running: cinder-manage service list

Run without arguments to see a list of available command categories: cinder-manage

The categories are listed below, along with detailed descriptions.

You can also run with a category argument such as ‘db’ to see a list of all commands in that category: cinder-manage db

These sections describe the available categories and arguments for cinder-manage.

Cinder Quota

Cinder quotas sometimes run out of sync, and while there are some mechanisms in place in Cinder that, with the proper configuration, try to do a resync of the quotas, they are not perfect and are susceptible to race conditions, so they may result in less than perfect accuracy in refreshed quotas.

The cinder-manage quota commands are meant to help manage these issues while allowing a finer control of when and what quotas are fixed.

Checking if quotas and reservations are correct.

cinder-manage quota check [-h] [--project-id PROJECT_ID]

Accepted arguments are:

--project-id PROJECT_ID
                      The ID of the project where we want to sync the quotas
                      (defaults to all projects).

This command checks quotas and reservations, for a specific project (passing --project-id) or for all projects, to see if they are out of sync.

The check will also look for duplicated entries.

One way to use this action in combination with the sync action is to run the check for all projects, take note of those that are out of sync, and the sync them one by one at intervals to allow cinder to operate semi-normally.

Fixing quotas and reservations

cinder-manage quota sync [-h] [--project-id PROJECT_ID]

Accepted arguments are:

--project-id PROJECT_ID
                      The ID of the project where we want to sync the quotas
                      (defaults to all projects).

This command refreshes existing quota usage and reservation count for a specific project or for all projects.

The refresh will also remove duplicated entries.

This operation is best executed when Cinder is not running, but it can be run with cinder services running as well.

A different transaction is used for each project’s quota sync, so an action failure will only rollback the current project’s changes.

Cinder Db

cinder-manage db version

Print the current database version.

cinder-manage db sync [--bump-versions] [version]

Sync the database up to the most recent version. This is the standard way to create the db as well.

This command interprets the following options when it is invoked:

version Database version


Update RPC and Objects versions when doing offline upgrades, with this we no longer need to restart the services twice after the upgrade to prevent ServiceTooOld exceptions.

cinder-manage db purge [<number of days>]

Purge database entries that are marked as deleted, that are older than the number of days specified.

cinder-manage db online_data_migrations [--max_count <n>]

Perform online data migrations for database upgrade between releases in batches.

This command interprets the following options when it is invoked:

--max_count     Maximum number of objects to migrate. If not specified, all
                possible migrations will be completed, in batches of 50 at a

Returns exit status 0 if no (further) updates are possible, 1 if the --max_count option was used and some updates were completed successfully (even if others generated errors), 2 if some updates generated errors and no other migrations were able to take effect in the last batch attempted, or 127 if invalid input is provided (e.g. non-numeric max-count).

This command should be run after upgrading the database schema. If it exits with partial updates (exit status 1) it should be called again, even if some updates initially generated errors, because some updates may depend on others having completed. If it exits with status 2, intervention is required to resolve the issue causing remaining updates to fail. It should be considered successfully completed only when the exit status is 0.

Cinder Logs

cinder-manage logs errors

Displays cinder errors from log files.

cinder-manage logs syslog [<number>]

Displays cinder the most recent entries from syslog. The optional number argument specifies the number of entries to display (default 10).

Cinder Volume

cinder-manage volume delete <volume_id>

Delete a volume without first checking that the volume is available.

cinder-manage volume update_host --currenthost <current host> --newhost <new host>

Updates the host name of all volumes currently associated with a specified host.

Cinder Host

cinder-manage host list [<zone>]

Displays a list of all physical hosts and their zone. The optional zone argument allows the list to be filtered on the requested zone.

Cinder Service

cinder-manage service list

Displays a list of all cinder services and their host, zone, status, state and when the information was last updated.

cinder-manage service remove <service> <host>

Removes a specified cinder service from a specified host.

Cinder Backup

cinder-manage backup list

Displays a list of all backups (including ones in progress) and the host on which the backup operation is running.

cinder-manage backup update_backup_host --currenthost <current host> --newhost <new host>

Updates the host name of all backups currently associated with a specified host.

Cinder Version

cinder-manage version list

Displays the codebase version cinder is running upon.

Cinder Config

cinder-manage config list [<param>]

Displays the current configuration parameters (options) for Cinder. The optional flag parameter may be used to display the configuration of one parameter.

Cinder Util

cinder-manage util clean_locks [-h] [--services-offline]

Clean file locks on the current host that were created and are used by drivers and cinder services for volumes, snapshots, and the backup service on the current host.

Should be run on any host where we are running a Cinder service (API, Scheduler, Volume, Backup) and can be run with the Cinder services running or stopped.

If the services are running it will check existing resources in the Cinder database in order to only remove resources that are no longer present (it’s safe to delete the files).

For backups, the way to know if we can remove the startup lock is by checking if the PGRP in the file name is currently running cinder-backup.

Deleting locks while the services are offline is faster as there’s no need to check the database or the running processes.

Default assumes that services are online, must pass --services-offline to specify that they are offline.

The common use case for running the command with --services-offline is to be called on startup as a service unit before any cinder service is started. Command will be usually called without the --services-offline parameter manually or from a cron job.


Passing --services-offline when the Cinder services are still running breaks the locking mechanism and can lead to undesired behavior in ongoing Cinder operations.


This command doesn’t clean DLM locks (except when using file locks), as those don’t leave lock leftovers.


The cinder.conf file contains configuration information in the form of python-gflags.

The cinder-manage.log file logs output from cinder-manage.



  • Cinder is hosted on Launchpad so you can view current bugs at Bugs : Cinder