Get capabilities

Get capabilities

When an administrator configures volume type and extra specs of storage on the back end, the administrator has to read the right documentation that corresponds to the version of the storage back end. Deep knowledge of storage is also required.

OpenStack Block Storage enables administrators to configure volume type and extra specs without specific knowledge of the storage back end.

Note

  • Volume Type: A group of volume policies.

  • Extra Specs: The definition of a volume type. This is a group of policies. For example, provision type, QOS that will be used to define a volume at creation time.

  • Capabilities: What the current deployed back end in Cinder is able to do. These correspond to extra specs.

Usage of cinder client

When an administrator wants to define new volume types for their OpenStack cloud, the administrator would fetch a list of capabilities for a particular back end using the cinder client.

First, get a list of the services:

$ openstack volume service list
+------------------+-------------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
| Binary           | Host              | Zone | Status  | State | Updated At                 |
+------------------+-------------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
| cinder-scheduler | controller        | nova | enabled | up    | 2016-10-24T13:53:35.000000 |
| cinder-volume    | block1@ABC-driver | nova | enabled | up    | 2016-10-24T13:53:35.000000 |
| cinder-backup    | controller        | nova | enabled | up    | 2016-10-24T13:53:35.000000 |
+------------------+-------------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+

With one of the listed hosts, pass that to get-capabilities, then the administrator can obtain volume stats and also back end capabilities as listed below.

$ cinder get-capabilities block1@ABC-driver
+---------------------+----------------------------------------------+
|     Volume stats    |                    Value                     |
+---------------------+----------------------------------------------+
|     description     |                     None                     |
|     display_name    |   Capabilities of Cinder Vendor ABC driver   |
|    driver_version   |                    2.0.0                     |
|      namespace      | OS::Storage::Capabilities::block1@ABC-driver |
|      pool_name      |                     None                     |
| replication_targets |                      []                      |
|   storage_protocol  |                    iSCSI                     |
|     vendor_name     |                  Vendor ABC                  |
|      visibility     |                     pool                     |
| volume_backend_name |                  ABC-driver                  |
+---------------------+----------------------------------------------+
+----------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
|  Backend properties  |                     Value                           |
+----------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+
|      compression     | {u'type':u'boolean', u'title':u'Compression',  ...} |
| ABC:compression_type | {u'enum':u'['lossy', 'lossless', 'special']',  ...} |
|         qos          | {u'type':u'boolean', u'title':u'QoS',          ...} |
|     replication      | {u'type':u'boolean', u'title':u'Replication',  ...} |
|  thin_provisioning   | {u'type':u'boolean', u'title':u'Thin Provisioning'} |
|     ABC:minIOPS      | {u'type':u'integer', u'title':u'Minimum IOPS QoS',} |
|     ABC:maxIOPS      | {u'type':u'integer', u'title':u'Maximum IOPS QoS',} |
|    ABC:burstIOPS     | {u'type':u'integer', u'title':u'Burst IOPS QoS',..} |
+----------------------+-----------------------------------------------------+

Disable a service

When an administrator wants to disable a service, identify the Binary and the Host of the service. Use the :command:` openstack volume service set` command combined with the Binary and Host to disable the service:

  1. Determine the binary and host of the service you want to remove initially.

    $ openstack volume service list
    +------------------+----------------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
    | Binary           | Host                 | Zone | Status  | State | Updated At                 |
    +------------------+----------------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
    | cinder-scheduler | devstack             | nova | enabled | up    | 2016-10-24T13:53:35.000000 |
    | cinder-volume    | devstack@lvmdriver-1 | nova | enabled | up    | 2016-10-24T13:53:35.000000 |
    | cinder-backup    | devstack             | nova | enabled | up    | 2016-10-24T13:53:35.000000 |
    +------------------+----------------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
    
  2. Disable the service using the Binary and Host name, placing the Host before the Binary name.

    $ openstack volume service set --disable HOST_NAME BINARY_NAME
    
  3. Remove the service from the database.

    $ cinder-manage service remove BINARY_NAME HOST_NAME
    

Usage of REST API

New endpoint to get capabilities list for specific storage back end is also available. For more details, refer to the Block Storage API reference.

API request:

GET /v2/{tenant_id}/capabilities/{hostname}

Example of return value:

{
  "namespace": "OS::Storage::Capabilities::block1@ABC-driver",
  "volume_backend_name": "ABC-driver",
  "pool_name": "pool",
  "driver_version": "2.0.0",
  "storage_protocol": "iSCSI",
  "display_name": "Capabilities of Cinder Vendor ABC driver",
  "description": "None",
  "visibility": "public",
  "properties": {
   "thin_provisioning": {
      "title": "Thin Provisioning",
      "description": "Sets thin provisioning.",
      "type": "boolean"
    },
    "compression": {
      "title": "Compression",
      "description": "Enables compression.",
      "type": "boolean"
    },
    "ABC:compression_type": {
      "title": "Compression type",
      "description": "Specifies compression type.",
      "type": "string",
      "enum": [
        "lossy", "lossless", "special"
      ]
    },
    "replication": {
      "title": "Replication",
      "description": "Enables replication.",
      "type": "boolean"
    },
    "qos": {
      "title": "QoS",
      "description": "Enables QoS.",
      "type": "boolean"
    },
    "ABC:minIOPS": {
      "title": "Minimum IOPS QoS",
      "description": "Sets minimum IOPS if QoS is enabled.",
      "type": "integer"
    },
    "ABC:maxIOPS": {
      "title": "Maximum IOPS QoS",
      "description": "Sets maximum IOPS if QoS is enabled.",
      "type": "integer"
    },
    "ABC:burstIOPS": {
      "title": "Burst IOPS QoS",
      "description": "Sets burst IOPS if QoS is enabled.",
      "type": "integer"
    },
  }
}

Usage of volume type access extension

Some volume types should be restricted only. For example, test volume types where you are testing a new technology or ultra high performance volumes (for special cases) where you do not want most users to be able to select these volumes. An administrator/operator can then define private volume types using cinder client. Volume type access extension adds the ability to manage volume type access. Volume types are public by default. Private volume types can be created by setting the --private parameter at creation time. Access to a private volume type can be controlled by adding or removing a project from it. Private volume types without projects are only visible by users with the admin role/context.

Create a public volume type by setting --public parameter:

$ openstack volume type create vol_Type1 --description test1 --public
+-------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                                |
+-------------+--------------------------------------+
| description | test1                                |
| id          | b7dbed9e-de78-49f8-a840-651ae7308592 |
| is_public   | True                                 |
| name        | vol_Type1                            |
+-------------+--------------------------------------+

Create a private volume type by setting --private parameter:

$ openstack volume type create vol_Type2 --description test2 --private
+-------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                                |
+-------------+--------------------------------------+
| description | test2                                |
| id          | 154baa73-d2c4-462f-8258-a2df251b0d39 |
| is_public   | False                                |
| name        | vol_Type2                            |
+-------------+--------------------------------------+

Get a list of the volume types:

$ openstack volume type list
+--------------------------------------+-------------+
| ID                                   | Name        |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+
| 0a948c84-bad5-4fba-88a2-c062006e4f6b | vol_Type1   |
| 87e5be6f-9491-4ea5-9906-9ac56494bb91 | lvmdriver-1 |
| fd508846-213f-4a07-aaf2-40518fb9a23f | vol_Type2   |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+

Get a list of the projects:

$ openstack project list
+----------------------------------+--------------------+
| ID                               | Name               |
+----------------------------------+--------------------+
| 4105ead90a854100ab6b121266707f2b | alt_demo           |
| 4a22a545cedd4fcfa9836eb75e558277 | admin              |
| 71f9cdb1a3ab4b8e8d07d347a2e146bb | service            |
| c4860af62ffe465e99ed1bc08ef6082e | demo               |
| e4b648ba5108415cb9e75bff65fa8068 | invisible_to_admin |
+----------------------------------+--------------------+

Add volume type access for the given demo project, using its project-id:

$ openstack volume type set --project c4860af62ffe465e99ed1bc08ef6082e \
  vol_Type2

List the access information about the given volume type:

$ openstack volume type show vol_Type2
+--------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field              | Value                                |
+--------------------+--------------------------------------+
| access_project_ids | c4860af62ffe465e99ed1bc08ef6082e     |
| description        |                                      |
| id                 | fd508846-213f-4a07-aaf2-40518fb9a23f |
| is_public          | False                                |
| name               | vol_Type2                            |
| properties         |                                      |
| qos_specs_id       | None                                 |
+--------------------+--------------------------------------+

Remove volume type access for the given project:

$ openstack volume type unset --project c4860af62ffe465e99ed1bc08ef6082e \
  vol_Type2
$ openstack volume type show vol_Type2
+--------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field              | Value                                |
+--------------------+--------------------------------------+
| access_project_ids |                                      |
| description        |                                      |
| id                 | fd508846-213f-4a07-aaf2-40518fb9a23f |
| is_public          | False                                |
| name               | vol_Type2                            |
| properties         |                                      |
| qos_specs_id       | None                                 |
+--------------------+--------------------------------------+
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