Cinder contains a few different test suites in the cinder/tests/ directory. The different test suites are Unit Tests, Functional Tests, and Tempest Tests.

Test Types

Unit Tests

Unit tests are tests for individual methods, with at most a small handful of modules involved. Mock should be used to remove any external dependencies.

All significant code changes should have unit test coverage validating the code happy path and any failure paths.

There’s a tox environment defined that will run code coverage tests for you:

tox -e cover

It will create an HTML code coverage report that you can use a web browser to read locally from the location ./cover/index.html (relative to the location of your tox.ini file). If you are reviewing someone else’s patch in Gerrit, we have cinder-code-coverage job that generates a coverage report that you can read. From the review page, follow: “Zuul Summary” tab -> “cinder-code-coverage” link -> “Logs” tab. The “raw” link next to “cover” will take you to the index page of the report.

Any proposed code change will be automatically rejected by the OpenDev Zuul project gating system [1] if the change causes unit test failures.

Functional Tests

Functional tests validate a code path within Cinder. These tests should validate the interaction of various modules within the project to verify the code is logically correct.

Functional tests run with a database present and may start Cinder services to accept requests. These tests should not need to access an other OpenStack non-Cinder services.

Tempest Tests

The tempest tests in the Cinder tree validate the operational correctness between Cinder and external components such as Nova, Glance, etc. These are integration tests driven via public APIs to verify actual end user usage scenarios.

Running the tests

There are a number of ways to run tests currently, and there’s a combination of frameworks used depending on what commands you use. The preferred method is to use tox, which calls ostestr via the tox.ini file.

Unit Tests

To run all unit tests simply run:


This will create a virtual environment, load all the packages from test-requirements.txt and run all unit tests as well as run flake8 and hacking checks against the code.

You may run individual test targets, for example only py37 tests, by running:

tox -e py37

Note that you can inspect the tox.ini file to get more details on the available options and what the test run does by default.

Functional Tests

To run all functional tests, run:

tox -e functional

Tempest Tests

Tempest tests in the Cinder tree are “plugged in” to the normal tempest test execution. To ensure the Cinder tests are picked up when running tempest, run:

cd /opt/stack/tempest
tox -e venv-tempest -- pip install (path to the cinder-tempest-plugin directory)
tox -e all

More information about tempest can be found in the Tempest Documentation.

Database Setup

Some unit and functional tests will use a local database. You can use tools/test-setup.sh to set up your local system the same way as it’s setup in the CI environment.

Running a subset of tests using tox

One common activity is to just run a single test, you can do this with tox simply by specifying to just run py37 tests against a single test:

tox -epy37 -- cinder.tests.unit.volume.test_availability_zone.AvailabilityZoneTestCase.test_list_availability_zones_cached

Or all tests in the test_volume.py file:

tox -epy37 -- cinder.tests.unit.volume.test_volume

You may also use regular expressions to run any matching tests:

tox -epy37 -- test_volume

For more information on these options and details about stestr, please see the stestr documentation.


Running Tests from Shared Folders

If you are running the unit tests from a shared folder, you may see tests start to fail or stop completely as a result of Python lockfile issues. You can get around this by manually setting or updating the following line in cinder/tests/conf_fixture.py:


Note that you may use any location (not just /tmp!) as long as it is not a shared folder.

Assertion types in unit tests

In general, it is best to use the most specific assertion possible in a unit test, to have the strongest validation of code behavior.

For example:

self.assertEqual("in-use", volume.status)

is preferred over



Test methods that implement comparison checks are also generally preferred over writing code into assertEqual() or assertTrue().

self.assertGreater(2, volume.size)

is preferred over

self.assertTrue(2 > volume.size)

However, assertFalse() behavior is not obvious in this regard. Since None evaluates to False in Python, the following check will pass when x is False or None.


Therefore, it is preferable to use:

self.assertEqual(x, False)



Debugging unit tests

It is possible to attach a debugger to unit tests.

First, modify the test you want to debug by adding the following to the test code itself:

import pdb

Then run the unit test with pdb enabled:

source .tox/py36/bin/activate

stestr run -n cinder.tests.unit.test_volume_utils

# Or to get a list of tests to run

stestr list test_volume_utils > tests_to_run.txt
stestr run --load-list tests_to_run.txt