JavaScript Testing

There are multiple components in our JavaScript testing framework:
  • Jasmine is our testing framework, so this defines the syntax and file structure we use to test our JavaScript.
  • Karma is our test runner. Amongst other things, this lets us run the tests against multiple browsers and generate test coverage reports. Alternatively, tests can be run inside the browser with the Jasmine spec runner.
  • PhantomJS provides a headless WebKit (the browser engine). This gives us native support for many web features without relying on specific browsers being installed.
  • ESLint is a pluggable code linting utility. This will catch small errors and inconsistencies in your JS, which may lead to bigger issues later on. See Code Style for more detail.

Jasmine uses specs (.spec.js) which are kept with the JavaScript files that they are testing. See the File Structure section or the Examples below for more detail on this.

Running Tests

Tests can be run in two ways:

  1. Open <dev_server_ip:port>/jasmine in a browser. The development server can be run with tox -e runserver from the horizon root directory.
  2. tox -e npm from the horizon root directory. This runs Karma, so it will run all the tests against PhantomJS and generate coverage reports.

The code linting job can be run with tox -e npm -- lint, or tox -e npm -- lintq to show errors, but not warnings.

To decipher where tests are failing it may be useful to use Jasmine in the browser to run individual tests to see where the tests are specifically breaking. To do this, navigate to your local horizon in the browser and add ‘/jasmine’ to the end of the url. e.g: ‘http://localhost:8000/jasmine‘. Once you have the jasmine report you may click on the title of an individual test to re-run just that test. From here, you can also use chrome dev tools or similar to set breakpoints in the code by accessing the ‘Sources’ tab and clicking on lines of code where you wish to break the code. This will then show you the exact places where the code breaks.

Coverage Reports

Our Karma setup includes a plugin to generate test coverage reports. When developing, be sure to check the coverage reports on the master branch and compare your development branch; this will help identify missing tests.

To generate coverage reports, run tox -e npm. The coverage reports can be found at cover/horizon/ (framework tests) and cover/openstack_dashboard/ (dashboard tests). Load <browser>/index.html in a browser to view the reports.

Writing Tests

Jasmine uses suites and specs:
  • Suites begin with a call to describe, which takes two parameters; a string and a function. The string is a name or title for the spec suite, whilst the function is a block that implements the suite.
  • Specs begin with a call to it, which also takes a string and a function as parameters. The string is a name or title, whilst the function is a block with one or more expectations (expect) that test the state of the code. An expectation in Jasmine is an assertion that is either true or false; every expectation in a spec must be true for the spec to pass.

.spec.js files can be handled manually or automatically. To use the automatic file discovery add:

AUTO_DISCOVER_STATIC_FILES = True

to your enabled file. JS code for testing should use the extensions .mock.js and .spec.js.

You can read more about the functionality in the AUTO_DISCOVER_STATIC_FILES section of the settings documentation.

To manually add specs, add the following array and relevant file paths to your enabled file:

ADD_JS_SPEC_FILES = [
  ...
  'path_to/my_angular_code.spec.js',
  ...
]

Examples

Note

The code below is just for example purposes, and may not be current in horizon. Ellipses (...) are used to represent code that has been removed for the sake of brevity.

Example 1 - A reusable component in the horizon directory

File tree:

horizon/static/framework/widgets/modal
├── modal.controller.js
├── modal.module.js
├── modal.service.js
└── modal.spec.js

Lines added to horizon/test/jasmine/jasmine_tests.py:

class ServicesTests(test.JasmineTests):
  sources = [
    ...
    'framework/widgets/modal/modal.module.js',
    'framework/widgets/modal/modal.controller.js',
    'framework/widgets/modal/modal.service.js',
    ...
  ]

  specs = [
    ...
    'framework/widgets/modal/modal.spec.js',
    ...
  ]

modal.spec.js:

...

(function() {
  "use strict";

  describe('horizon.framework.widgets.modal module', function() {

    beforeEach(module('horizon.framework'));

    describe('simpleModalCtrl', function() {
      var scope;
      var modalInstance;
      var context;
      var ctrl;

      beforeEach(inject(function($controller) {
        scope = {};
        modalInstance = {
          close: function() {},
          dismiss: function() {}
        };
        context = { what: 'is it' };
        ctrl = $controller('simpleModalCtrl', {
               $scope: scope,
               $modalInstance: modalInstance,
               context: context
        });
      }));

      it('establishes a controller', function() {
        expect(ctrl).toBeDefined();
      });

      it('sets context on the scope', function() {
        expect(scope.context).toBeDefined();
        expect(scope.context).toEqual({ what: 'is it' });
      });

      it('sets action functions', function() {
        expect(scope.submit).toBeDefined();
        expect(scope.cancel).toBeDefined();
      });

      it('makes submit close the modal instance', function() {
        expect(scope.submit).toBeDefined();
        spyOn(modalInstance, 'close');
        scope.submit();
        expect(modalInstance.close.calls.count()).toBe(1);
      });

      it('makes cancel close the modal instance', function() {
        expect(scope.cancel).toBeDefined();
        spyOn(modalInstance, 'dismiss');
        scope.cancel();
        expect(modalInstance.dismiss).toHaveBeenCalledWith('cancel');
      });
    });

    ...

  });
})();

Example 2 - Panel-specific code in the openstack_dashboard directory

File tree:

openstack_dashboard/static/dashboard/launch-instance/network/
├── network.help.html
├── network.html
├── network.js
├── network.scss
└── network.spec.js

Lines added to openstack_dashboard/enabled/_10_project.py:

LAUNCH_INST = 'dashboard/launch-instance/'

ADD_JS_FILES = [
  ...
  LAUNCH_INST + 'network/network.js',
  ...
]

ADD_JS_SPEC_FILES = [
  ...
  LAUNCH_INST + 'network/network.spec.js',
  ...
]

network.spec.js:

...

(function(){
  'use strict';

  describe('Launch Instance Network Step', function() {

    describe('LaunchInstanceNetworkCtrl', function() {
      var scope;
      var ctrl;

      beforeEach(module('horizon.dashboard.project.workflow.launch-instance'));

      beforeEach(inject(function($controller) {
        scope = {
          model: {
            newInstanceSpec: {networks: ['net-a']},
            networks: ['net-a', 'net-b']
          }
        };
        ctrl = $controller('LaunchInstanceNetworkCtrl', {$scope:scope});
      }));

      it('has correct network statuses', function() {
        expect(ctrl.networkStatuses).toBeDefined();
        expect(ctrl.networkStatuses.ACTIVE).toBeDefined();
        expect(ctrl.networkStatuses.DOWN).toBeDefined();
        expect(Object.keys(ctrl.networkStatuses).length).toBe(2);
      });

      it('has correct network admin states', function() {
        expect(ctrl.networkAdminStates).toBeDefined();
        expect(ctrl.networkAdminStates.UP).toBeDefined();
        expect(ctrl.networkAdminStates.DOWN).toBeDefined();
        expect(Object.keys(ctrl.networkStatuses).length).toBe(2);
      });

      it('defines a multiple-allocation table', function() {
        expect(ctrl.tableLimits).toBeDefined();
        expect(ctrl.tableLimits.maxAllocation).toBe(-1);
      });

      it('contains its own labels', function() {
        expect(ctrl.label).toBeDefined();
        expect(Object.keys(ctrl.label).length).toBeGreaterThan(0);
      });

      it('contains help text for the table', function() {
        expect(ctrl.tableHelpText).toBeDefined();
        expect(ctrl.tableHelpText.allocHelpText).toBeDefined();
        expect(ctrl.tableHelpText.availHelpText).toBeDefined();
      });

      it('uses scope to set table data', function() {
        expect(ctrl.tableDataMulti).toBeDefined();
        expect(ctrl.tableDataMulti.available).toEqual(['net-a', 'net-b']);
        expect(ctrl.tableDataMulti.allocated).toEqual(['net-a']);
        expect(ctrl.tableDataMulti.displayedAllocated).toEqual([]);
        expect(ctrl.tableDataMulti.displayedAvailable).toEqual([]);
      });
    });

    ...

  });
})();