A key part of the “four opens” is ensuring the OpenStack delivers well-tested and usable software. For more details see: http://docs.openstack.org/project-team-guide/introduction.html#the-four-opens
Experience has shown that untested features are frequently broken, in part due to the velocity of upstream changes. As we aim to ensure we keep all features working across upgrades, we must aim to test all features.
Reporting Test Coverage¶
For details on plans to report the current test coverage, please see: Feature Classification
Running tests and reporting results¶
Voting in Gerrit¶
On every review in gerrit, check tests are run on very patch set, and are able to report a +1 or -1 vote. For more details, please see: http://docs.openstack.org/infra/manual/developers.html#automated-testing
Before merging any code, there is an integrate gate test queue, to ensure master is always passing all tests. For more details, please see: http://docs.openstack.org/infra/zuul/gating.html
Infra vs Third-Party¶
Tests that use fully open source components are generally run by the OpenStack Infra teams. Test setups that use non-open technology must be run outside of that infrastructure, but should still report their results upstream.
For more details, please see: http://docs.openstack.org/infra/system-config/third_party.html
It is particularly common for people to run ad-hoc tests on each released milestone, such as RC1, to stop regressions. While these efforts can help stabilize the release, as a community we have a much stronger preference for continuous integration testing. Partly this is because we encourage users to deploy master, and we generally have to assume that any upstream commit may already been deployed in production.
Types of tests¶
Unit tests help document and enforce the contract for each component. Without good unit test coverage it is hard to continue to quickly evolve the codebase. The correct level of unit test coverage is very subjective, and as such we are not aiming for a particular percentage of coverage, rather we are aiming for good coverage. Generally, every code change should have a related unit test: http://docs.openstack.org/developer/hacking/#creating-unit-tests
Today, our integration tests involve running the Tempest test suite on a variety of Nova deployment scenarios.
In addition, we have third parties running the tests on their preferred Nova deployment scenario.
Nova has a set of in-tree functional tests that focus on things that are out of scope for tempest testing and unit testing. Tempest tests run against a full live OpenStack deployment, generally deployed using devstack. At the other extreme, unit tests typically use mock to test a unit of code in isolation. Functional tests don’t run an entire stack, they are isolated to nova code, and have no reliance on external services. They do have a WSGI app, nova services and a database, with minimal stubbing of nova internals.