Building Images for Vanilla Plugin

Building Images for Vanilla Plugin

In this document you will find instruction on how to build Ubuntu, Fedora, and CentOS images with Apache Hadoop version 2.x.x.

As of now the vanilla plugin works with images with pre-installed versions of Apache Hadoop. To simplify the task of building such images we use Disk Image Builder.

Disk Image Builder builds disk images using elements. An element is a particular set of code that alters how the image is built, or runs within the chroot to prepare the image.

Elements for building vanilla images are stored in the Sahara image elements repository


Sahara requires images with cloud-init package installed:

To create vanilla images follow these steps:

  1. Clone repository “” locally.

  2. Use tox to build images.

    You can run the command below in sahara-image-elements directory to build images. By default this script will attempt to create cloud images for all versions of supported plugins and all operating systems (subset of Ubuntu, Fedora, and CentOS depending on plugin).

    tox -e venv -- sahara-image-create -u

    If you want to build Vanilla 2.7.1 image with centos 7 just execute:

    tox -e venv -- sahara-image-create -p vanilla -v 2.7.1 -i centos7

    Tox will create a virtualenv and install required python packages in it, clone the repositories “” and “” and export necessary parameters.

    • DIB_HADOOP_VERSION - version of Hadoop to install
    • JAVA_DOWNLOAD_URL - download link for JDK (tarball or bin)
    • OOZIE_DOWNLOAD_URL - download link for OOZIE (we have built Oozie libs here:
    • SPARK_DOWNLOAD_URL - download link for Spark
    • HIVE_VERSION - version of Hive to install (currently supports only 0.11.0)
    • ubuntu_image_name
    • fedora_image_name
    • DIB_IMAGE_SIZE - parameter that specifies a volume of hard disk of instance. You need to specify it only for Fedora because Fedora doesn’t use all available volume
    • DIB_COMMIT_ID - latest commit id of diskimage-builder project
    • SAHARA_ELEMENTS_COMMIT_ID - latest commit id of sahara-image-elements project
    NOTE: If you don’t want to use default values, you should set your values

    of parameters.

    Then it will create required cloud images using image elements that install all the necessary packages and configure them. You will find created images in the parent directory.


Disk Image Builder will generate QCOW2 images, used with the default OpenStack Qemu/KVM hypervisors. If your OpenStack uses a different hypervisor, the generated image should be converted to an appropriate format.

VMware Nova backend requires VMDK image format. You may use qemu-img utility to convert a QCOW2 image to VMDK.

qemu-img convert -O vmdk <original_image>.qcow2 <converted_image>.vmdk

For finer control of see the official documentation

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

Except where otherwise noted, this document is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. See all OpenStack Legal Documents.