glance-api.conf

glance-api.conf

DEFAULT

owner_is_tenant
Type:boolean
Default:true

Set the image owner to tenant or the authenticated user. Assign a boolean value to determine the owner of an image. When set to True, the owner of the image is the tenant. When set to False, the owner of the image will be the authenticated user issuing the request. Setting it to False makes the image private to the associated user and sharing with other users within the same tenant (or “project”) requires explicit image sharing via image membership. Possible values: * True * False Related options: * None

admin_role
Type:string
Default:admin

Role used to identify an authenticated user as administrator. Provide a string value representing a Keystone role to identify an administrative user. Users with this role will be granted administrative privileges. The default value for this option is ‘admin’. Possible values: * A string value which is a valid Keystone role Related options: * None

allow_anonymous_access
Type:boolean
Default:false

Allow limited access to unauthenticated users. Assign a boolean to determine API access for unathenticated users. When set to False, the API cannot be accessed by unauthenticated users. When set to True, unauthenticated users can access the API with read-only privileges. This however only applies when using ContextMiddleware. Possible values: * True * False Related options: * None

max_request_id_length
Type:integer
Default:64
Minimum Value:0

Limit the request ID length. Provide an integer value to limit the length of the request ID to the specified length. The default value is 64. Users can change this to any ineteger value between 0 and 16384 however keeping in mind that a larger value may flood the logs. Possible values: * Integer value between 0 and 16384 Related options: * None

public_endpoint
Type:string
Default:<None>

Public url endpoint to use for Glance versions response. This is the public url endpoint that will appear in the Glance “versions” response. If no value is specified, the endpoint that is displayed in the version’s response is that of the host running the API service. Change the endpoint to represent the proxy URL if the API service is running behind a proxy. If the service is running behind a load balancer, add the load balancer’s URL for this value. Possible values: * None * Proxy URL * Load balancer URL Related options: * None

allow_additional_image_properties
Type:boolean
Default:true

Allow users to add additional/custom properties to images. Glance defines a standard set of properties (in its schema) that appear on every image. These properties are also known as base properties. In addition to these properties, Glance allows users to add custom properties to images. These are known as additional properties. By default, this configuration option is set to True and users are allowed to add additional properties. The number of additional properties that can be added to an image can be controlled via image_property_quota configuration option. Possible values: * True * False Related options: * image_property_quota

image_member_quota
Type:integer
Default:128

Maximum number of image members per image. This limits the maximum of users an image can be shared with. Any negative value is interpreted as unlimited. Related options: * None

image_property_quota
Type:integer
Default:128

Maximum number of properties allowed on an image. This enforces an upper limit on the number of additional properties an image can have. Any negative value is interpreted as unlimited. NOTE: This won’t have any impact if additional properties are disabled. Please refer to allow_additional_image_properties. Related options: * allow_additional_image_properties

image_tag_quota
Type:integer
Default:128

Maximum number of tags allowed on an image. Any negative value is interpreted as unlimited. Related options: * None

image_location_quota
Type:integer
Default:10

Maximum number of locations allowed on an image. Any negative value is interpreted as unlimited. Related options: * None

data_api
Type:string
Default:glance.db.sqlalchemy.api

Python module path of data access API. Specifies the path to the API to use for accessing the data model. This option determines how the image catalog data will be accessed. Possible values: * glance.db.sqlalchemy.api * glance.db.registry.api * glance.db.simple.api If this option is set to glance.db.sqlalchemy.api then the image catalog data is stored in and read from the database via the SQLAlchemy Core and ORM APIs. Setting this option to glance.db.registry.api will force all database access requests to be routed through the Registry service. This avoids data access from the Glance API nodes for an added layer of security, scalability and manageability. NOTE: In v2 OpenStack Images API, the registry service is optional. In order to use the Registry API in v2, the option enable_v2_registry must be set to True. Finally, when this configuration option is set to glance.db.simple.api, image catalog data is stored in and read from an in-memory data structure. This is primarily used for testing. Related options: * enable_v2_api * enable_v2_registry

limit_param_default
Type:integer
Default:25
Minimum Value:1

The default number of results to return for a request. Responses to certain API requests, like list images, may return multiple items. The number of results returned can be explicitly controlled by specifying the limit parameter in the API request. However, if a limit parameter is not specified, this configuration value will be used as the default number of results to be returned for any API request. NOTES: * The value of this configuration option may not be greater than the value specified by api_limit_max. * Setting this to a very large value may slow down database queries and increase response times. Setting this to a very low value may result in poor user experience. Possible values: * Any positive integer Related options: * api_limit_max

api_limit_max
Type:integer
Default:1000
Minimum Value:1

Maximum number of results that could be returned by a request. As described in the help text of limit_param_default, some requests may return multiple results. The number of results to be returned are governed either by the limit parameter in the request or the limit_param_default configuration option. The value in either case, can’t be greater than the absolute maximum defined by this configuration option. Anything greater than this value is trimmed down to the maximum value defined here. NOTE: Setting this to a very large value may slow down database queries and increase response times. Setting this to a very low value may result in poor user experience. Possible values: * Any positive integer Related options: * limit_param_default

show_image_direct_url
Type:boolean
Default:false

Show direct image location when returning an image. This configuration option indicates whether to show the direct image location when returning image details to the user. The direct image location is where the image data is stored in backend storage. This image location is shown under the image property direct_url. When multiple image locations exist for an image, the best location is displayed based on the location strategy indicated by the configuration option location_strategy. NOTES: * Revealing image locations can present a GRAVE SECURITY RISK as image locations can sometimes include credentials. Hence, this is set to False by default. Set this to True with EXTREME CAUTION and ONLY IF you know what you are doing! * If an operator wishes to avoid showing any image location(s) to the user, then both this option and show_multiple_locations MUST be set to False. Possible values: * True * False Related options: * show_multiple_locations * location_strategy

show_multiple_locations
Type:boolean
Default:false

Show all image locations when returning an image. This configuration option indicates whether to show all the image locations when returning image details to the user. When multiple image locations exist for an image, the locations are ordered based on the location strategy indicated by the configuration opt location_strategy. The image locations are shown under the image property locations. NOTES: * Revealing image locations can present a GRAVE SECURITY RISK as image locations can sometimes include credentials. Hence, this is set to False by default. Set this to True with EXTREME CAUTION and ONLY IF you know what you are doing! * If an operator wishes to avoid showing any image location(s) to the user, then both this option and show_image_direct_url MUST be set to False. Possible values: * True * False Related options: * show_image_direct_url * location_strategy

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal since Newton. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:This option will be removed in the Pike release or later because the same functionality can be achieved with greater granularity by using policies. Please see the Newton release notes for more information.
image_size_cap
Type:integer
Default:1099511627776
Minimum Value:1
Maximum Value:9223372036854775808

Maximum size of image a user can upload in bytes. An image upload greater than the size mentioned here would result in an image creation failure. This configuration option defaults to 1099511627776 bytes (1 TiB). NOTES: * This value should only be increased after careful consideration and must be set less than or equal to 8 EiB (9223372036854775808). * This value must be set with careful consideration of the backend storage capacity. Setting this to a very low value may result in a large number of image failures. And, setting this to a very large value may result in faster consumption of storage. Hence, this must be set according to the nature of images created and storage capacity available. Possible values: * Any positive number less than or equal to 9223372036854775808

user_storage_quota
Type:string
Default:0

Maximum amount of image storage per tenant. This enforces an upper limit on the cumulative storage consumed by all images of a tenant across all stores. This is a per-tenant limit. The default unit for this configuration option is Bytes. However, storage units can be specified using case-sensitive literals B, KB, MB, GB and TB representing Bytes, KiloBytes, MegaBytes, GigaBytes and TeraBytes respectively. Note that there should not be any space between the value and unit. Value 0 signifies no quota enforcement. Negative values are invalid and result in errors. Possible values: * A string that is a valid concatenation of a non-negative integer representing the storage value and an optional string literal representing storage units as mentioned above. Related options: * None

enable_v1_api
Type:boolean
Default:true

Deploy the v1 OpenStack Images API. When this option is set to True, Glance service will respond to requests on registered endpoints conforming to the v1 OpenStack Images API. NOTES: * If this option is enabled, then enable_v1_registry must also be set to True to enable mandatory usage of Registry service with v1 API. * If this option is disabled, then the enable_v1_registry option, which is enabled by default, is also recommended to be disabled. * This option is separate from enable_v2_api, both v1 and v2 OpenStack Images API can be deployed independent of each other. * If deploying only the v2 Images API, this option, which is enabled by default, should be disabled. Possible values: * True * False Related options: * enable_v1_registry * enable_v2_api

enable_v2_api
Type:boolean
Default:true

Deploy the v2 OpenStack Images API. When this option is set to True, Glance service will respond to requests on registered endpoints conforming to the v2 OpenStack Images API. NOTES: * If this option is disabled, then the enable_v2_registry option, which is enabled by default, is also recommended to be disabled. * This option is separate from enable_v1_api, both v1 and v2 OpenStack Images API can be deployed independent of each other. * If deploying only the v1 Images API, this option, which is enabled by default, should be disabled. Possible values: * True * False Related options: * enable_v2_registry * enable_v1_api

enable_v1_registry
Type:boolean
Default:true

Deploy the v1 API Registry service. When this option is set to True, the Registry service will be enabled in Glance for v1 API requests. NOTES: * Use of Registry is mandatory in v1 API, so this option must be set to True if the enable_v1_api option is enabled. * If deploying only the v2 OpenStack Images API, this option, which is enabled by default, should be disabled. Possible values: * True * False Related options: * enable_v1_api

enable_v2_registry
Type:boolean
Default:true

Deploy the v2 API Registry service. When this option is set to True, the Registry service will be enabled in Glance for v2 API requests. NOTES: * Use of Registry is optional in v2 API, so this option must only be enabled if both enable_v2_api is set to True and the data_api option is set to glance.db.registry.api. * If deploying only the v1 OpenStack Images API, this option, which is enabled by default, should be disabled. Possible values: * True * False Related options: * enable_v2_api * data_api

pydev_worker_debug_host
Type:host address
Default:localhost

Host address of the pydev server. Provide a string value representing the hostname or IP of the pydev server to use for debugging. The pydev server listens for debug connections on this address, facilitating remote debugging in Glance. Possible values: * Valid hostname * Valid IP address Related options: * None

pydev_worker_debug_port
Type:port number
Default:5678
Minimum Value:0
Maximum Value:65535

Port number that the pydev server will listen on. Provide a port number to bind the pydev server to. The pydev process accepts debug connections on this port and facilitates remote debugging in Glance. Possible values: * A valid port number Related options: * None

metadata_encryption_key
Type:string
Default:<None>

AES key for encrypting store location metadata. Provide a string value representing the AES cipher to use for encrypting Glance store metadata. NOTE: The AES key to use must be set to a random string of length 16, 24 or 32 bytes. Possible values: * String value representing a valid AES key Related options: * None

digest_algorithm
Type:string
Default:sha256

Digest algorithm to use for digital signature. Provide a string value representing the digest algorithm to use for generating digital signatures. By default, sha256 is used. To get a list of the available algorithms supported by the version of OpenSSL on your platform, run the command: openssl list-message-digest-algorithms. Examples are ‘sha1’, ‘sha256’, and ‘sha512’. NOTE: digest_algorithm is not related to Glance’s image signing and verification. It is only used to sign the universally unique identifier (UUID) as a part of the certificate file and key file validation. Possible values: * An OpenSSL message digest algorithm identifier Relation options: * None

node_staging_uri
Type:string
Default:file:///tmp/staging/

The URL provides location where the temporary data will be stored This option is for Glance internal use only. Glance will save the image data uploaded by the user to ‘staging’ endpoint during the image import process. This option does not change the ‘staging’ API endpoint by any means. NOTE: It is discouraged to use same path as [task]/work_dir NOTE: ‘file://<absolute-directory-path>’ is the only option api_image_import flow will support for now. NOTE: The staging path must be on shared filesystem available to all Glance API nodes. Possible values: * String starting with ‘file://’ followed by absolute FS path Related options: * [task]/work_dir * [DEFAULT]/enable_image_import (deprecated)

enable_image_import
Type:boolean
Default:false

Enables the Image Import workflow introduced in Pike As ‘[DEFAULT]/node_staging_uri’ is required for the Image Import, it’s disabled per default in Pike, enabled per default in Queens and removed in Rocky. This allows Glance to operate with previous version configs upon upgrade. Setting this option to True will enable the endpoints related to Image Import Refactoring work. Related options: * [DEFUALT]/node_staging_uri

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal since Pike. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason: This option is deprecated for removal in Rocky. It was introduced to make sure that the API is not enabled before the ‘[DEFAULT]/node_staging_uri’ is defined and is long term redundant.
location_strategy
Type:string
Default:location_order
Valid Values:location_order, store_type

Strategy to determine the preference order of image locations. This configuration option indicates the strategy to determine the order in which an image’s locations must be accessed to serve the image’s data. Glance then retrieves the image data from the first responsive active location it finds in this list. This option takes one of two possible values location_order and store_type. The default value is location_order, which suggests that image data be served by using locations in the order they are stored in Glance. The store_type value sets the image location preference based on the order in which the storage backends are listed as a comma separated list for the configuration option store_type_preference. Possible values: * location_order * store_type Related options: * store_type_preference

property_protection_file
Type:string
Default:<None>

The location of the property protection file. Provide a valid path to the property protection file which contains the rules for property protections and the roles/policies associated with them. A property protection file, when set, restricts the Glance image properties to be created, read, updated and/or deleted by a specific set of users that are identified by either roles or policies. If this configuration option is not set, by default, property protections won’t be enforced. If a value is specified and the file is not found, the glance-api service will fail to start. More information on property protections can be found at: https://docs.openstack.org/glance/latest/admin/property-protections.html Possible values: * Empty string * Valid path to the property protection configuration file Related options: * property_protection_rule_format

property_protection_rule_format
Type:string
Default:roles
Valid Values:roles, policies

Rule format for property protection. Provide the desired way to set property protection on Glance image properties. The two permissible values are roles and policies. The default value is roles. If the value is roles, the property protection file must contain a comma separated list of user roles indicating permissions for each of the CRUD operations on each property being protected. If set to policies, a policy defined in policy.json is used to express property protections for each of the CRUD operations. Examples of how property protections are enforced based on roles or policies can be found at: https://docs.openstack.org/glance/latest/admin/property-protections.html#examples Possible values: * roles * policies Related options: * property_protection_file

allowed_rpc_exception_modules
Type:list
Default:glance.common.exception,builtins,exceptions

List of allowed exception modules to handle RPC exceptions. Provide a comma separated list of modules whose exceptions are permitted to be recreated upon receiving exception data via an RPC call made to Glance. The default list includes glance.common.exception, builtins, and exceptions. The RPC protocol permits interaction with Glance via calls across a network or within the same system. Including a list of exception namespaces with this option enables RPC to propagate the exceptions back to the users. Possible values: * A comma separated list of valid exception modules Related options: * None

bind_host
Type:host address
Default:0.0.0.0

IP address to bind the glance servers to. Provide an IP address to bind the glance server to. The default value is 0.0.0.0. Edit this option to enable the server to listen on one particular IP address on the network card. This facilitates selection of a particular network interface for the server. Possible values: * A valid IPv4 address * A valid IPv6 address Related options: * None

bind_port
Type:port number
Default:<None>
Minimum Value:0
Maximum Value:65535

Port number on which the server will listen. Provide a valid port number to bind the server’s socket to. This port is then set to identify processes and forward network messages that arrive at the server. The default bind_port value for the API server is 9292 and for the registry server is 9191. Possible values: * A valid port number (0 to 65535) Related options: * None

workers
Type:integer
Default:<None>
Minimum Value:0

Number of Glance worker processes to start. Provide a non-negative integer value to set the number of child process workers to service requests. By default, the number of CPUs available is set as the value for workers. Each worker process is made to listen on the port set in the configuration file and contains a greenthread pool of size 1000. NOTE: Setting the number of workers to zero, triggers the creation of a single API process with a greenthread pool of size 1000. Possible values: * 0 * Positive integer value (typically equal to the number of CPUs) Related options: * None

max_header_line
Type:integer
Default:16384
Minimum Value:0

Maximum line size of message headers. Provide an integer value representing a length to limit the size of message headers. The default value is 16384. NOTE: max_header_line may need to be increased when using large tokens (typically those generated by the Keystone v3 API with big service catalogs). However, it is to be kept in mind that larger values for max_header_line would flood the logs. Setting max_header_line to 0 sets no limit for the line size of message headers. Possible values: * 0 * Positive integer Related options: * None

http_keepalive
Type:boolean
Default:true

Set keep alive option for HTTP over TCP. Provide a boolean value to determine sending of keep alive packets. If set to False, the server returns the header “Connection: close”. If set to True, the server returns a “Connection: Keep-Alive” in its responses. This enables retention of the same TCP connection for HTTP conversations instead of opening a new one with each new request. This option must be set to False if the client socket connection needs to be closed explicitly after the response is received and read successfully by the client. Possible values: * True * False Related options: * None

client_socket_timeout
Type:integer
Default:900
Minimum Value:0

Timeout for client connections’ socket operations. Provide a valid integer value representing time in seconds to set the period of wait before an incoming connection can be closed. The default value is 900 seconds. The value zero implies wait forever. Possible values: * Zero * Positive integer Related options: * None

backlog
Type:integer
Default:4096
Minimum Value:1

Set the number of incoming connection requests. Provide a positive integer value to limit the number of requests in the backlog queue. The default queue size is 4096. An incoming connection to a TCP listener socket is queued before a connection can be established with the server. Setting the backlog for a TCP socket ensures a limited queue size for incoming traffic. Possible values: * Positive integer Related options: * None

tcp_keepidle
Type:integer
Default:600
Minimum Value:1

Set the wait time before a connection recheck. Provide a positive integer value representing time in seconds which is set as the idle wait time before a TCP keep alive packet can be sent to the host. The default value is 600 seconds. Setting tcp_keepidle helps verify at regular intervals that a connection is intact and prevents frequent TCP connection reestablishment. Possible values: * Positive integer value representing time in seconds Related options: * None

ca_file
Type:string
Default:/etc/ssl/cafile

Absolute path to the CA file. Provide a string value representing a valid absolute path to the Certificate Authority file to use for client authentication. A CA file typically contains necessary trusted certificates to use for the client authentication. This is essential to ensure that a secure connection is established to the server via the internet. Possible values: * Valid absolute path to the CA file Related options: * None

cert_file
Type:string
Default:/etc/ssl/certs

Absolute path to the certificate file. Provide a string value representing a valid absolute path to the certificate file which is required to start the API service securely. A certificate file typically is a public key container and includes the server’s public key, server name, server information and the signature which was a result of the verification process using the CA certificate. This is required for a secure connection establishment. Possible values: * Valid absolute path to the certificate file Related options: * None

key_file
Type:string
Default:/etc/ssl/key/key-file.pem

Absolute path to a private key file. Provide a string value representing a valid absolute path to a private key file which is required to establish the client-server connection. Possible values: * Absolute path to the private key file Related options: * None

secure_proxy_ssl_header
Type:string
Default:<None>

The HTTP header used to determine the scheme for the original request, even if it was removed by an SSL terminating proxy. Typical value is “HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTO”.

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:Use the http_proxy_to_wsgi middleware instead.
image_cache_sqlite_db
Type:string
Default:cache.db

The relative path to sqlite file database that will be used for image cache management. This is a relative path to the sqlite file database that tracks the age and usage statistics of image cache. The path is relative to image cache base directory, specified by the configuration option image_cache_dir. This is a lightweight database with just one table. Possible values: * A valid relative path to sqlite file database Related options: * image_cache_dir

image_cache_driver
Type:string
Default:sqlite
Valid Values:sqlite, xattr

The driver to use for image cache management. This configuration option provides the flexibility to choose between the different image-cache drivers available. An image-cache driver is responsible for providing the essential functions of image-cache like write images to/read images from cache, track age and usage of cached images, provide a list of cached images, fetch size of the cache, queue images for caching and clean up the cache, etc. The essential functions of a driver are defined in the base class glance.image_cache.drivers.base.Driver. All image-cache drivers (existing and prospective) must implement this interface. Currently available drivers are sqlite and xattr. These drivers primarily differ in the way they store the information about cached images: * The sqlite driver uses a sqlite database (which sits on every glance node locally) to track the usage of cached images. * The xattr driver uses the extended attributes of files to store this information. It also requires a filesystem that sets atime on the files when accessed. Possible values: * sqlite * xattr Related options: * None

image_cache_max_size
Type:integer
Default:10737418240
Minimum Value:0

The upper limit on cache size, in bytes, after which the cache-pruner cleans up the image cache. NOTE: This is just a threshold for cache-pruner to act upon. It is NOT a hard limit beyond which the image cache would never grow. In fact, depending on how often the cache-pruner runs and how quickly the cache fills, the image cache can far exceed the size specified here very easily. Hence, care must be taken to appropriately schedule the cache-pruner and in setting this limit. Glance caches an image when it is downloaded. Consequently, the size of the image cache grows over time as the number of downloads increases. To keep the cache size from becoming unmanageable, it is recommended to run the cache-pruner as a periodic task. When the cache pruner is kicked off, it compares the current size of image cache and triggers a cleanup if the image cache grew beyond the size specified here. After the cleanup, the size of cache is less than or equal to size specified here. Possible values: * Any non-negative integer Related options: * None

image_cache_stall_time
Type:integer
Default:86400
Minimum Value:0

The amount of time, in seconds, an incomplete image remains in the cache. Incomplete images are images for which download is in progress. Please see the description of configuration option image_cache_dir for more detail. Sometimes, due to various reasons, it is possible the download may hang and the incompletely downloaded image remains in the incomplete directory. This configuration option sets a time limit on how long the incomplete images should remain in the incomplete directory before they are cleaned up. Once an incomplete image spends more time than is specified here, it’ll be removed by cache-cleaner on its next run. It is recommended to run cache-cleaner as a periodic task on the Glance API nodes to keep the incomplete images from occupying disk space. Possible values: * Any non-negative integer Related options: * None

image_cache_dir
Type:string
Default:<None>

Base directory for image cache. This is the location where image data is cached and served out of. All cached images are stored directly under this directory. This directory also contains three subdirectories, namely, incomplete, invalid and queue. The incomplete subdirectory is the staging area for downloading images. An image is first downloaded to this directory. When the image download is successful it is moved to the base directory. However, if the download fails, the partially downloaded image file is moved to the invalid subdirectory. The queue``subdirectory is used for queuing images for download. This is   used primarily by the cache-prefetcher, which can be scheduled as a periodic   task like cache-pruner and cache-cleaner, to cache images ahead of their usage.   Upon receiving the request to cache an image, Glance touches a file in the   ``queue directory with the image id as the file name. The cache-prefetcher, when running, polls for the files in queue directory and starts downloading them in the order they were created. When the download is successful, the zero-sized file is deleted from the queue directory. If the download fails, the zero-sized file remains and it’ll be retried the next time cache-prefetcher runs. Possible values: * A valid path Related options: * image_cache_sqlite_db

default_publisher_id
Type:string
Default:image.localhost

Default publisher_id for outgoing Glance notifications. This is the value that the notification driver will use to identify messages for events originating from the Glance service. Typically, this is the hostname of the instance that generated the message. Possible values: * Any reasonable instance identifier, for example: image.host1 Related options: * None

disabled_notifications
Type:list
Default:

List of notifications to be disabled. Specify a list of notifications that should not be emitted. A notification can be given either as a notification type to disable a single event notification, or as a notification group prefix to disable all event notifications within a group. Possible values: A comma-separated list of individual notification types or notification groups to be disabled. Currently supported groups: * image * image.member * task * metadef_namespace * metadef_object * metadef_property * metadef_resource_type * metadef_tag For a complete listing and description of each event refer to: http://docs.openstack.org/developer/glance/notifications.html The values must be specified as: <group_name>.<event_name> For example: image.create,task.success,metadef_tag Related options: * None

registry_host
Type:host address
Default:0.0.0.0

Address the registry server is hosted on. Possible values: * A valid IP or hostname Related options: * None

registry_port
Type:port number
Default:9191
Minimum Value:0
Maximum Value:65535

Port the registry server is listening on. Possible values: * A valid port number Related options: * None

use_user_token
Type:boolean
Default:true

Whether to pass through the user token when making requests to the registry. To prevent failures with token expiration during big files upload, it is recommended to set this parameter to False.If “use_user_token” is not in effect, then admin credentials can be specified.

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:This option was considered harmful and has been deprecated in M release. It will be removed in O release. For more information read OSSN-0060. Related functionality with uploading big images has been implemented with Keystone trusts support.
admin_user
Type:string
Default:<None>

The administrators user name. If “use_user_token” is not in effect, then admin credentials can be specified.

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:This option was considered harmful and has been deprecated in M release. It will be removed in O release. For more information read OSSN-0060. Related functionality with uploading big images has been implemented with Keystone trusts support.
admin_password
Type:string
Default:<None>

The administrators password. If “use_user_token” is not in effect, then admin credentials can be specified.

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:This option was considered harmful and has been deprecated in M release. It will be removed in O release. For more information read OSSN-0060. Related functionality with uploading big images has been implemented with Keystone trusts support.
admin_tenant_name
Type:string
Default:<None>

The tenant name of the administrative user. If “use_user_token” is not in effect, then admin tenant name can be specified.

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:This option was considered harmful and has been deprecated in M release. It will be removed in O release. For more information read OSSN-0060. Related functionality with uploading big images has been implemented with Keystone trusts support.
auth_url
Type:string
Default:<None>

The URL to the keystone service. If “use_user_token” is not in effect and using keystone auth, then URL of keystone can be specified.

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:This option was considered harmful and has been deprecated in M release. It will be removed in O release. For more information read OSSN-0060. Related functionality with uploading big images has been implemented with Keystone trusts support.
auth_strategy
Type:string
Default:noauth

The strategy to use for authentication. If “use_user_token” is not in effect, then auth strategy can be specified.

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:This option was considered harmful and has been deprecated in M release. It will be removed in O release. For more information read OSSN-0060. Related functionality with uploading big images has been implemented with Keystone trusts support.
auth_region
Type:string
Default:<None>

The region for the authentication service. If “use_user_token” is not in effect and using keystone auth, then region name can be specified.

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:This option was considered harmful and has been deprecated in M release. It will be removed in O release. For more information read OSSN-0060. Related functionality with uploading big images has been implemented with Keystone trusts support.
registry_client_protocol
Type:string
Default:http
Valid Values:http, https

Protocol to use for communication with the registry server. Provide a string value representing the protocol to use for communication with the registry server. By default, this option is set to http and the connection is not secure. This option can be set to https to establish a secure connection to the registry server. In this case, provide a key to use for the SSL connection using the registry_client_key_file option. Also include the CA file and cert file using the options registry_client_ca_file and registry_client_cert_file respectively. Possible values: * http * https Related options: * registry_client_key_file * registry_client_cert_file * registry_client_ca_file

registry_client_key_file
Type:string
Default:/etc/ssl/key/key-file.pem

Absolute path to the private key file. Provide a string value representing a valid absolute path to the private key file to use for establishing a secure connection to the registry server. NOTE: This option must be set if registry_client_protocol is set to https. Alternatively, the GLANCE_CLIENT_KEY_FILE environment variable may be set to a filepath of the key file. Possible values: * String value representing a valid absolute path to the key file. Related options: * registry_client_protocol

registry_client_cert_file
Type:string
Default:/etc/ssl/certs/file.crt

Absolute path to the certificate file. Provide a string value representing a valid absolute path to the certificate file to use for establishing a secure connection to the registry server. NOTE: This option must be set if registry_client_protocol is set to https. Alternatively, the GLANCE_CLIENT_CERT_FILE environment variable may be set to a filepath of the certificate file. Possible values: * String value representing a valid absolute path to the certificate file. Related options: * registry_client_protocol

registry_client_ca_file
Type:string
Default:/etc/ssl/cafile/file.ca

Absolute path to the Certificate Authority file. Provide a string value representing a valid absolute path to the certificate authority file to use for establishing a secure connection to the registry server. NOTE: This option must be set if registry_client_protocol is set to https. Alternatively, the GLANCE_CLIENT_CA_FILE environment variable may be set to a filepath of the CA file. This option is ignored if the registry_client_insecure option is set to True. Possible values: * String value representing a valid absolute path to the CA file. Related options: * registry_client_protocol * registry_client_insecure

registry_client_insecure
Type:boolean
Default:false

Set verification of the registry server certificate. Provide a boolean value to determine whether or not to validate SSL connections to the registry server. By default, this option is set to False and the SSL connections are validated. If set to True, the connection to the registry server is not validated via a certifying authority and the registry_client_ca_file option is ignored. This is the registry’s equivalent of specifying –insecure on the command line using glanceclient for the API. Possible values: * True * False Related options: * registry_client_protocol * registry_client_ca_file

registry_client_timeout
Type:integer
Default:600
Minimum Value:0

Timeout value for registry requests. Provide an integer value representing the period of time in seconds that the API server will wait for a registry request to complete. The default value is 600 seconds. A value of 0 implies that a request will never timeout. Possible values: * Zero * Positive integer Related options: * None

send_identity_headers
Type:boolean
Default:false

Send headers received from identity when making requests to registry. Typically, Glance registry can be deployed in multiple flavors, which may or may not include authentication. For example, trusted-auth is a flavor that does not require the registry service to authenticate the requests it receives. However, the registry service may still need a user context to be populated to serve the requests. This can be achieved by the caller (the Glance API usually) passing through the headers it received from authenticating with identity for the same request. The typical headers sent are X-User-Id, X-Tenant-Id, X-Roles, X-Identity-Status and X-Service-Catalog. Provide a boolean value to determine whether to send the identity headers to provide tenant and user information along with the requests to registry service. By default, this option is set to False, which means that user and tenant information is not available readily. It must be obtained by authenticating. Hence, if this is set to False, flavor must be set to value that either includes authentication or authenticated user context. Possible values: * True * False Related options: * flavor

scrub_time
Type:integer
Default:0
Minimum Value:0

The amount of time, in seconds, to delay image scrubbing. When delayed delete is turned on, an image is put into pending_delete state upon deletion until the scrubber deletes its image data. Typically, soon after the image is put into pending_delete state, it is available for scrubbing. However, scrubbing can be delayed until a later point using this configuration option. This option denotes the time period an image spends in pending_delete state before it is available for scrubbing. It is important to realize that this has storage implications. The larger the scrub_time, the longer the time to reclaim backend storage from deleted images. Possible values: * Any non-negative integer Related options: * delayed_delete

scrub_pool_size
Type:integer
Default:1
Minimum Value:1

The size of thread pool to be used for scrubbing images. When there are a large number of images to scrub, it is beneficial to scrub images in parallel so that the scrub queue stays in control and the backend storage is reclaimed in a timely fashion. This configuration option denotes the maximum number of images to be scrubbed in parallel. The default value is one, which signifies serial scrubbing. Any value above one indicates parallel scrubbing. Possible values: * Any non-zero positive integer Related options: * delayed_delete

delayed_delete
Type:boolean
Default:false

Turn on/off delayed delete. Typically when an image is deleted, the glance-api service puts the image into deleted state and deletes its data at the same time. Delayed delete is a feature in Glance that delays the actual deletion of image data until a later point in time (as determined by the configuration option scrub_time). When delayed delete is turned on, the glance-api service puts the image into pending_delete state upon deletion and leaves the image data in the storage backend for the image scrubber to delete at a later time. The image scrubber will move the image into deleted state upon successful deletion of image data. NOTE: When delayed delete is turned on, image scrubber MUST be running as a periodic task to prevent the backend storage from filling up with undesired usage. Possible values: * True * False Related options: * scrub_time * wakeup_time * scrub_pool_size

rpc_conn_pool_size
Type:integer
Default:30

Size of RPC connection pool.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_conn_pool_size
conn_pool_min_size
Type:integer
Default:2

The pool size limit for connections expiration policy

conn_pool_ttl
Type:integer
Default:1200

The time-to-live in sec of idle connections in the pool

rpc_zmq_bind_address
Type:string
Default:*

ZeroMQ bind address. Should be a wildcard (*), an ethernet interface, or IP. The “host” option should point or resolve to this address.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_zmq_bind_address
rpc_zmq_matchmaker
Type:string
Default:redis
Valid Values:redis, sentinel, dummy

MatchMaker driver.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_zmq_matchmaker
rpc_zmq_contexts
Type:integer
Default:1

Number of ZeroMQ contexts, defaults to 1.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_zmq_contexts
rpc_zmq_topic_backlog
Type:integer
Default:<None>

Maximum number of ingress messages to locally buffer per topic. Default is unlimited.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_zmq_topic_backlog
rpc_zmq_ipc_dir
Type:string
Default:/var/run/openstack

Directory for holding IPC sockets.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_zmq_ipc_dir
rpc_zmq_host
Type:string
Default:localhost

Name of this node. Must be a valid hostname, FQDN, or IP address. Must match “host” option, if running Nova.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_zmq_host
zmq_linger
Type:integer
Default:-1

Number of seconds to wait before all pending messages will be sent after closing a socket. The default value of -1 specifies an infinite linger period. The value of 0 specifies no linger period. Pending messages shall be discarded immediately when the socket is closed. Positive values specify an upper bound for the linger period.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_cast_timeout
rpc_poll_timeout
Type:integer
Default:1

The default number of seconds that poll should wait. Poll raises timeout exception when timeout expired.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_poll_timeout
zmq_target_expire
Type:integer
Default:300

Expiration timeout in seconds of a name service record about existing target ( < 0 means no timeout).

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT zmq_target_expire
zmq_target_update
Type:integer
Default:180

Update period in seconds of a name service record about existing target.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT zmq_target_update
use_pub_sub
Type:boolean
Default:false

Use PUB/SUB pattern for fanout methods. PUB/SUB always uses proxy.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT use_pub_sub
use_router_proxy
Type:boolean
Default:false

Use ROUTER remote proxy.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT use_router_proxy
use_dynamic_connections
Type:boolean
Default:false

This option makes direct connections dynamic or static. It makes sense only with use_router_proxy=False which means to use direct connections for direct message types (ignored otherwise).

zmq_failover_connections
Type:integer
Default:2

How many additional connections to a host will be made for failover reasons. This option is actual only in dynamic connections mode.

rpc_zmq_min_port
Type:port number
Default:49153
Minimum Value:0
Maximum Value:65535

Minimal port number for random ports range.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_zmq_min_port
rpc_zmq_max_port
Type:integer
Default:65536
Minimum Value:1
Maximum Value:65536

Maximal port number for random ports range.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_zmq_max_port
rpc_zmq_bind_port_retries
Type:integer
Default:100

Number of retries to find free port number before fail with ZMQBindError.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_zmq_bind_port_retries
rpc_zmq_serialization
Type:string
Default:json
Valid Values:json, msgpack

Default serialization mechanism for serializing/deserializing outgoing/incoming messages

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_zmq_serialization
zmq_immediate
Type:boolean
Default:true

This option configures round-robin mode in zmq socket. True means not keeping a queue when server side disconnects. False means to keep queue and messages even if server is disconnected, when the server appears we send all accumulated messages to it.

zmq_tcp_keepalive
Type:integer
Default:-1

Enable/disable TCP keepalive (KA) mechanism. The default value of -1 (or any other negative value) means to skip any overrides and leave it to OS default; 0 and 1 (or any other positive value) mean to disable and enable the option respectively.

zmq_tcp_keepalive_idle
Type:integer
Default:-1

The duration between two keepalive transmissions in idle condition. The unit is platform dependent, for example, seconds in Linux, milliseconds in Windows etc. The default value of -1 (or any other negative value and 0) means to skip any overrides and leave it to OS default.

zmq_tcp_keepalive_cnt
Type:integer
Default:-1

The number of retransmissions to be carried out before declaring that remote end is not available. The default value of -1 (or any other negative value and 0) means to skip any overrides and leave it to OS default.

zmq_tcp_keepalive_intvl
Type:integer
Default:-1

The duration between two successive keepalive retransmissions, if acknowledgement to the previous keepalive transmission is not received. The unit is platform dependent, for example, seconds in Linux, milliseconds in Windows etc. The default value of -1 (or any other negative value and 0) means to skip any overrides and leave it to OS default.

rpc_thread_pool_size
Type:integer
Default:100

Maximum number of (green) threads to work concurrently.

rpc_message_ttl
Type:integer
Default:300

Expiration timeout in seconds of a sent/received message after which it is not tracked anymore by a client/server.

rpc_use_acks
Type:boolean
Default:false

Wait for message acknowledgements from receivers. This mechanism works only via proxy without PUB/SUB.

rpc_ack_timeout_base
Type:integer
Default:15

Number of seconds to wait for an ack from a cast/call. After each retry attempt this timeout is multiplied by some specified multiplier.

rpc_ack_timeout_multiplier
Type:integer
Default:2

Number to multiply base ack timeout by after each retry attempt.

rpc_retry_attempts
Type:integer
Default:3

Default number of message sending attempts in case of any problems occurred: positive value N means at most N retries, 0 means no retries, None or -1 (or any other negative values) mean to retry forever. This option is used only if acknowledgments are enabled.

subscribe_on
Type:list
Default:

List of publisher hosts SubConsumer can subscribe on. This option has higher priority then the default publishers list taken from the matchmaker.

executor_thread_pool_size
Type:integer
Default:64

Size of executor thread pool when executor is threading or eventlet.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_thread_pool_size
rpc_response_timeout
Type:integer
Default:60

Seconds to wait for a response from a call.

transport_url
Type:string
Default:<None>

A URL representing the messaging driver to use and its full configuration.

rpc_backend
Type:string
Default:rabbit

The messaging driver to use, defaults to rabbit. Other drivers include amqp and zmq.

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:Replaced by [DEFAULT]/transport_url
control_exchange
Type:string
Default:openstack

The default exchange under which topics are scoped. May be overridden by an exchange name specified in the transport_url option.

debug
Type:boolean
Default:false
Mutable:This option can be changed without restarting.

If set to true, the logging level will be set to DEBUG instead of the default INFO level.

log_config_append
Type:string
Default:<None>
Mutable:This option can be changed without restarting.

The name of a logging configuration file. This file is appended to any existing logging configuration files. For details about logging configuration files, see the Python logging module documentation. Note that when logging configuration files are used then all logging configuration is set in the configuration file and other logging configuration options are ignored (for example, logging_context_format_string).

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT log-config
DEFAULT log_config
log_date_format
Type:string
Default:%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S

Defines the format string for %(asctime)s in log records. Default: the value above . This option is ignored if log_config_append is set.

log_file
Type:string
Default:<None>

(Optional) Name of log file to send logging output to. If no default is set, logging will go to stderr as defined by use_stderr. This option is ignored if log_config_append is set.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT logfile
log_dir
Type:string
Default:<None>

(Optional) The base directory used for relative log_file paths. This option is ignored if log_config_append is set.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT logdir
watch_log_file
Type:boolean
Default:false

Uses logging handler designed to watch file system. When log file is moved or removed this handler will open a new log file with specified path instantaneously. It makes sense only if log_file option is specified and Linux platform is used. This option is ignored if log_config_append is set.

use_syslog
Type:boolean
Default:false

Use syslog for logging. Existing syslog format is DEPRECATED and will be changed later to honor RFC5424. This option is ignored if log_config_append is set.

use_journal
Type:boolean
Default:false

Enable journald for logging. If running in a systemd environment you may wish to enable journal support. Doing so will use the journal native protocol which includes structured metadata in addition to log messages.This option is ignored if log_config_append is set.

syslog_log_facility
Type:string
Default:LOG_USER

Syslog facility to receive log lines. This option is ignored if log_config_append is set.

use_stderr
Type:boolean
Default:false

Log output to standard error. This option is ignored if log_config_append is set.

logging_context_format_string
Type:string
Default:%(asctime)s.%(msecs)03d %(process)d %(levelname)s %(name)s [%(request_id)s %(user_identity)s] %(instance)s%(message)s

Format string to use for log messages with context.

logging_default_format_string
Type:string
Default:%(asctime)s.%(msecs)03d %(process)d %(levelname)s %(name)s [-] %(instance)s%(message)s

Format string to use for log messages when context is undefined.

logging_debug_format_suffix
Type:string
Default:%(funcName)s %(pathname)s:%(lineno)d

Additional data to append to log message when logging level for the message is DEBUG.

logging_exception_prefix
Type:string
Default:%(asctime)s.%(msecs)03d %(process)d ERROR %(name)s %(instance)s

Prefix each line of exception output with this format.

logging_user_identity_format
Type:string
Default:%(user)s %(tenant)s %(domain)s %(user_domain)s %(project_domain)s

Defines the format string for %(user_identity)s that is used in logging_context_format_string.

default_log_levels
Type:list
Default:amqp=WARN,amqplib=WARN,boto=WARN,qpid=WARN,sqlalchemy=WARN,suds=INFO,oslo.messaging=INFO,oslo_messaging=INFO,iso8601=WARN,requests.packages.urllib3.connectionpool=WARN,urllib3.connectionpool=WARN,websocket=WARN,requests.packages.urllib3.util.retry=WARN,urllib3.util.retry=WARN,keystonemiddleware=WARN,routes.middleware=WARN,stevedore=WARN,taskflow=WARN,keystoneauth=WARN,oslo.cache=INFO,dogpile.core.dogpile=INFO

List of package logging levels in logger=LEVEL pairs. This option is ignored if log_config_append is set.

publish_errors
Type:boolean
Default:false

Enables or disables publication of error events.

instance_format
Type:string
Default:"[instance: %(uuid)s] "

The format for an instance that is passed with the log message.

instance_uuid_format
Type:string
Default:"[instance: %(uuid)s] "

The format for an instance UUID that is passed with the log message.

rate_limit_interval
Type:integer
Default:0

Interval, number of seconds, of log rate limiting.

rate_limit_burst
Type:integer
Default:0

Maximum number of logged messages per rate_limit_interval.

rate_limit_except_level
Type:string
Default:CRITICAL

Log level name used by rate limiting: CRITICAL, ERROR, INFO, WARNING, DEBUG or empty string. Logs with level greater or equal to rate_limit_except_level are not filtered. An empty string means that all levels are filtered.

fatal_deprecations
Type:boolean
Default:false

Enables or disables fatal status of deprecations.

cors

allowed_origin
Type:list
Default:<None>

Indicate whether this resource may be shared with the domain received in the requests “origin” header. Format: “<protocol>://<host>[:<port>]”, no trailing slash. Example: https://horizon.example.com

allow_credentials
Type:boolean
Default:true

Indicate that the actual request can include user credentials

expose_headers
Type:list
Default:X-Image-Meta-Checksum,X-Auth-Token,X-Subject-Token,X-Service-Token,X-OpenStack-Request-ID

Indicate which headers are safe to expose to the API. Defaults to HTTP Simple Headers.

max_age
Type:integer
Default:3600

Maximum cache age of CORS preflight requests.

allow_methods
Type:list
Default:GET,PUT,POST,DELETE,PATCH

Indicate which methods can be used during the actual request.

allow_headers
Type:list
Default:Content-MD5,X-Image-Meta-Checksum,X-Storage-Token,Accept-Encoding,X-Auth-Token,X-Identity-Status,X-Roles,X-Service-Catalog,X-User-Id,X-Tenant-Id,X-OpenStack-Request-ID

Indicate which header field names may be used during the actual request.

database

use_tpool
Type:boolean
Default:false

Enable the experimental use of thread pooling for all DB API calls

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT dbapi_use_tpool
sqlite_synchronous
Type:boolean
Default:true

If True, SQLite uses synchronous mode.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT sqlite_synchronous
backend
Type:string
Default:sqlalchemy

The back end to use for the database.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT db_backend
connection
Type:string
Default:<None>

The SQLAlchemy connection string to use to connect to the database.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT sql_connection
DATABASE sql_connection
sql connection
slave_connection
Type:string
Default:<None>

The SQLAlchemy connection string to use to connect to the slave database.

mysql_sql_mode
Type:string
Default:TRADITIONAL

The SQL mode to be used for MySQL sessions. This option, including the default, overrides any server-set SQL mode. To use whatever SQL mode is set by the server configuration, set this to no value. Example: mysql_sql_mode=

mysql_enable_ndb
Type:boolean
Default:false

If True, transparently enables support for handling MySQL Cluster (NDB).

connection_recycle_time
Type:integer
Default:3600

Connections which have been present in the connection pool longer than this number of seconds will be replaced with a new one the next time they are checked out from the pool.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DATABASE idle_timeout
database idle_timeout
DEFAULT sql_idle_timeout
DATABASE sql_idle_timeout
sql idle_timeout
min_pool_size
Type:integer
Default:1

Minimum number of SQL connections to keep open in a pool.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT sql_min_pool_size
DATABASE sql_min_pool_size
max_pool_size
Type:integer
Default:5

Maximum number of SQL connections to keep open in a pool. Setting a value of 0 indicates no limit.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT sql_max_pool_size
DATABASE sql_max_pool_size
max_retries
Type:integer
Default:10

Maximum number of database connection retries during startup. Set to -1 to specify an infinite retry count.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT sql_max_retries
DATABASE sql_max_retries
retry_interval
Type:integer
Default:10

Interval between retries of opening a SQL connection.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT sql_retry_interval
DATABASE reconnect_interval
max_overflow
Type:integer
Default:50

If set, use this value for max_overflow with SQLAlchemy.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT sql_max_overflow
DATABASE sqlalchemy_max_overflow
connection_debug
Type:integer
Default:0
Minimum Value:0
Maximum Value:100

Verbosity of SQL debugging information: 0=None, 100=Everything.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT sql_connection_debug
connection_trace
Type:boolean
Default:false

Add Python stack traces to SQL as comment strings.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT sql_connection_trace
pool_timeout
Type:integer
Default:<None>

If set, use this value for pool_timeout with SQLAlchemy.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DATABASE sqlalchemy_pool_timeout
use_db_reconnect
Type:boolean
Default:false

Enable the experimental use of database reconnect on connection lost.

db_retry_interval
Type:integer
Default:1

Seconds between retries of a database transaction.

db_inc_retry_interval
Type:boolean
Default:true

If True, increases the interval between retries of a database operation up to db_max_retry_interval.

db_max_retry_interval
Type:integer
Default:10

If db_inc_retry_interval is set, the maximum seconds between retries of a database operation.

db_max_retries
Type:integer
Default:20

Maximum retries in case of connection error or deadlock error before error is raised. Set to -1 to specify an infinite retry count.

glance_store

stores
Type:list
Default:file,http

List of enabled Glance stores. Register the storage backends to use for storing disk images as a comma separated list. The default stores enabled for storing disk images with Glance are file and http. Possible values: * A comma separated list that could include: * file * http * swift * rbd * sheepdog * cinder * vmware Related Options: * default_store

default_store
Type:string
Default:file
Valid Values:file, filesystem, http, https, swift, swift+http, swift+https, swift+config, rbd, sheepdog, cinder, vsphere

The default scheme to use for storing images. Provide a string value representing the default scheme to use for storing images. If not set, Glance uses file as the default scheme to store images with the file store. NOTE: The value given for this configuration option must be a valid scheme for a store registered with the stores configuration option. Possible values: * file * filesystem * http * https * swift * swift+http * swift+https * swift+config * rbd * sheepdog * cinder * vsphere Related Options: * stores

store_capabilities_update_min_interval
Type:integer
Default:0
Minimum Value:0

Minimum interval in seconds to execute updating dynamic storage capabilities based on current backend status. Provide an integer value representing time in seconds to set the minimum interval before an update of dynamic storage capabilities for a storage backend can be attempted. Setting store_capabilities_update_min_interval does not mean updates occur periodically based on the set interval. Rather, the update is performed at the elapse of this interval set, if an operation of the store is triggered. By default, this option is set to zero and is disabled. Provide an integer value greater than zero to enable this option. NOTE: For more information on store capabilities and their updates, please visit: https://specs.openstack.org/openstack/glance-specs/specs/kilo/store-capabilities.html For more information on setting up a particular store in your deployment and help with the usage of this feature, please contact the storage driver maintainers listed here: http://docs.openstack.org/developer/glance_store/drivers/index.html Possible values: * Zero * Positive integer Related Options: * None

cinder_catalog_info
Type:string
Default:volumev2::publicURL

Information to match when looking for cinder in the service catalog. When the cinder_endpoint_template is not set and any of cinder_store_auth_address, cinder_store_user_name, cinder_store_project_name, cinder_store_password is not set, cinder store uses this information to lookup cinder endpoint from the service catalog in the current context. cinder_os_region_name, if set, is taken into consideration to fetch the appropriate endpoint. The service catalog can be listed by the openstack catalog list command. Possible values: * A string of of the following form: <service_type>:<service_name>:<interface> At least service_type and interface should be specified. service_name can be omitted. Related options: * cinder_os_region_name * cinder_endpoint_template * cinder_store_auth_address * cinder_store_user_name * cinder_store_project_name * cinder_store_password

cinder_endpoint_template
Type:string
Default:<None>

Override service catalog lookup with template for cinder endpoint. When this option is set, this value is used to generate cinder endpoint, instead of looking up from the service catalog. This value is ignored if cinder_store_auth_address, cinder_store_user_name, cinder_store_project_name, and cinder_store_password are specified. If this configuration option is set, cinder_catalog_info will be ignored. Possible values: * URL template string for cinder endpoint, where %(tenant)s is replaced with the current tenant (project) name. For example: http://cinder.openstack.example.org/v2/%(tenant)s Related options: * cinder_store_auth_address * cinder_store_user_name * cinder_store_project_name * cinder_store_password * cinder_catalog_info

cinder_os_region_name
Type:string
Default:<None>

Region name to lookup cinder service from the service catalog. This is used only when cinder_catalog_info is used for determining the endpoint. If set, the lookup for cinder endpoint by this node is filtered to the specified region. It is useful when multiple regions are listed in the catalog. If this is not set, the endpoint is looked up from every region. Possible values: * A string that is a valid region name. Related options: * cinder_catalog_info

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
glance_store os_region_name
cinder_ca_certificates_file
Type:string
Default:<None>

Location of a CA certificates file used for cinder client requests. The specified CA certificates file, if set, is used to verify cinder connections via HTTPS endpoint. If the endpoint is HTTP, this value is ignored. cinder_api_insecure must be set to True to enable the verification. Possible values: * Path to a ca certificates file Related options: * cinder_api_insecure

cinder_http_retries
Type:integer
Default:3
Minimum Value:0

Number of cinderclient retries on failed http calls. When a call failed by any errors, cinderclient will retry the call up to the specified times after sleeping a few seconds. Possible values: * A positive integer Related options: * None

cinder_state_transition_timeout
Type:integer
Default:300
Minimum Value:0

Time period, in seconds, to wait for a cinder volume transition to complete. When the cinder volume is created, deleted, or attached to the glance node to read/write the volume data, the volume’s state is changed. For example, the newly created volume status changes from creating to available after the creation process is completed. This specifies the maximum time to wait for the status change. If a timeout occurs while waiting, or the status is changed to an unexpected value (e.g. error`), the image creation fails. Possible values: * A positive integer Related options: * None

cinder_api_insecure
Type:boolean
Default:false

Allow to perform insecure SSL requests to cinder. If this option is set to True, HTTPS endpoint connection is verified using the CA certificates file specified by cinder_ca_certificates_file option. Possible values: * True * False Related options: * cinder_ca_certificates_file

cinder_store_auth_address
Type:string
Default:<None>

The address where the cinder authentication service is listening. When all of cinder_store_auth_address, cinder_store_user_name, cinder_store_project_name, and cinder_store_password options are specified, the specified values are always used for the authentication. This is useful to hide the image volumes from users by storing them in a project/tenant specific to the image service. It also enables users to share the image volume among other projects under the control of glance’s ACL. If either of these options are not set, the cinder endpoint is looked up from the service catalog, and current context’s user and project are used. Possible values: * A valid authentication service address, for example: http://openstack.example.org/identity/v2.0 Related options: * cinder_store_user_name * cinder_store_password * cinder_store_project_name

cinder_store_user_name
Type:string
Default:<None>

User name to authenticate against cinder. This must be used with all the following related options. If any of these are not specified, the user of the current context is used. Possible values: * A valid user name Related options: * cinder_store_auth_address * cinder_store_password * cinder_store_project_name

cinder_store_password
Type:string
Default:<None>

Password for the user authenticating against cinder. This must be used with all the following related options. If any of these are not specified, the user of the current context is used. Possible values: * A valid password for the user specified by cinder_store_user_name Related options: * cinder_store_auth_address * cinder_store_user_name * cinder_store_project_name

cinder_store_project_name
Type:string
Default:<None>

Project name where the image volume is stored in cinder. If this configuration option is not set, the project in current context is used. This must be used with all the following related options. If any of these are not specified, the project of the current context is used. Possible values: * A valid project name Related options: * cinder_store_auth_address * cinder_store_user_name * cinder_store_password

rootwrap_config
Type:string
Default:/etc/glance/rootwrap.conf

Path to the rootwrap configuration file to use for running commands as root. The cinder store requires root privileges to operate the image volumes (for connecting to iSCSI/FC volumes and reading/writing the volume data, etc.). The configuration file should allow the required commands by cinder store and os-brick library. Possible values: * Path to the rootwrap config file Related options: * None

cinder_volume_type
Type:string
Default:<None>

Volume type that will be used for volume creation in cinder. Some cinder backends can have several volume types to optimize storage usage. Adding this option allows an operator to choose a specific volume type in cinder that can be optimized for images. If this is not set, then the default volume type specified in the cinder configuration will be used for volume creation. Possible values: * A valid volume type from cinder Related options: * None

filesystem_store_datadir
Type:string
Default:/var/lib/glance/images

Directory to which the filesystem backend store writes images. Upon start up, Glance creates the directory if it doesn’t already exist and verifies write access to the user under which glance-api runs. If the write access isn’t available, a BadStoreConfiguration exception is raised and the filesystem store may not be available for adding new images. NOTE: This directory is used only when filesystem store is used as a storage backend. Either filesystem_store_datadir or filesystem_store_datadirs option must be specified in glance-api.conf. If both options are specified, a BadStoreConfiguration will be raised and the filesystem store may not be available for adding new images. Possible values: * A valid path to a directory Related options: * filesystem_store_datadirs * filesystem_store_file_perm

filesystem_store_datadirs
Type:multi-valued
Default:

List of directories and their priorities to which the filesystem backend store writes images. The filesystem store can be configured to store images in multiple directories as opposed to using a single directory specified by the filesystem_store_datadir configuration option. When using multiple directories, each directory can be given an optional priority to specify the preference order in which they should be used. Priority is an integer that is concatenated to the directory path with a colon where a higher value indicates higher priority. When two directories have the same priority, the directory with most free space is used. When no priority is specified, it defaults to zero. More information on configuring filesystem store with multiple store directories can be found at http://docs.openstack.org/developer/glance/configuring.html NOTE: This directory is used only when filesystem store is used as a storage backend. Either filesystem_store_datadir or filesystem_store_datadirs option must be specified in glance-api.conf. If both options are specified, a BadStoreConfiguration will be raised and the filesystem store may not be available for adding new images. Possible values: * List of strings of the following form: * <a valid directory path>:<optional integer priority> Related options: * filesystem_store_datadir * filesystem_store_file_perm

filesystem_store_metadata_file
Type:string
Default:<None>

Filesystem store metadata file. The path to a file which contains the metadata to be returned with any location associated with the filesystem store. The file must contain a valid JSON object. The object should contain the keys id and mountpoint. The value for both keys should be a string. Possible values: * A valid path to the store metadata file Related options: * None

filesystem_store_file_perm
Type:integer
Default:0

File access permissions for the image files. Set the intended file access permissions for image data. This provides a way to enable other services, e.g. Nova, to consume images directly from the filesystem store. The users running the services that are intended to be given access to could be made a member of the group that owns the files created. Assigning a value less then or equal to zero for this configuration option signifies that no changes be made to the default permissions. This value will be decoded as an octal digit. For more information, please refer the documentation at http://docs.openstack.org/developer/glance/configuring.html Possible values: * A valid file access permission * Zero * Any negative integer Related options: * None

https_ca_certificates_file
Type:string
Default:<None>

Path to the CA bundle file. This configuration option enables the operator to use a custom Certificate Authority file to verify the remote server certificate. If this option is set, the https_insecure option will be ignored and the CA file specified will be used to authenticate the server certificate and establish a secure connection to the server. Possible values: * A valid path to a CA file Related options: * https_insecure

https_insecure
Type:boolean
Default:true

Set verification of the remote server certificate. This configuration option takes in a boolean value to determine whether or not to verify the remote server certificate. If set to True, the remote server certificate is not verified. If the option is set to False, then the default CA truststore is used for verification. This option is ignored if https_ca_certificates_file is set. The remote server certificate will then be verified using the file specified using the https_ca_certificates_file option. Possible values: * True * False Related options: * https_ca_certificates_file

http_proxy_information
Type:dict
Default:

The http/https proxy information to be used to connect to the remote server. This configuration option specifies the http/https proxy information that should be used to connect to the remote server. The proxy information should be a key value pair of the scheme and proxy, for example, http:10.0.0.1:3128. You can also specify proxies for multiple schemes by separating the key value pairs with a comma, for example, http:10.0.0.1:3128, https:10.0.0.1:1080. Possible values: * A comma separated list of scheme:proxy pairs as described above Related options: * None

rbd_store_chunk_size
Type:integer
Default:8
Minimum Value:1

Size, in megabytes, to chunk RADOS images into. Provide an integer value representing the size in megabytes to chunk Glance images into. The default chunk size is 8 megabytes. For optimal performance, the value should be a power of two. When Ceph’s RBD object storage system is used as the storage backend for storing Glance images, the images are chunked into objects of the size set using this option. These chunked objects are then stored across the distributed block data store to use for Glance. Possible Values: * Any positive integer value Related options: * None

rbd_store_pool
Type:string
Default:images

RADOS pool in which images are stored. When RBD is used as the storage backend for storing Glance images, the images are stored by means of logical grouping of the objects (chunks of images) into a pool. Each pool is defined with the number of placement groups it can contain. The default pool that is used is ‘images’. More information on the RBD storage backend can be found here: http://ceph.com/planet/how-data-is-stored-in-ceph-cluster/ Possible Values: * A valid pool name Related options: * None

rbd_store_user
Type:string
Default:<None>

RADOS user to authenticate as. This configuration option takes in the RADOS user to authenticate as. This is only needed when RADOS authentication is enabled and is applicable only if the user is using Cephx authentication. If the value for this option is not set by the user or is set to None, a default value will be chosen, which will be based on the client. section in rbd_store_ceph_conf. Possible Values: * A valid RADOS user Related options: * rbd_store_ceph_conf

rbd_store_ceph_conf
Type:string
Default:/etc/ceph/ceph.conf

Ceph configuration file path. This configuration option takes in the path to the Ceph configuration file to be used. If the value for this option is not set by the user or is set to None, librados will locate the default configuration file which is located at /etc/ceph/ceph.conf. If using Cephx authentication, this file should include a reference to the right keyring in a client.<USER> section Possible Values: * A valid path to a configuration file Related options: * rbd_store_user

rados_connect_timeout
Type:integer
Default:0

Timeout value for connecting to Ceph cluster. This configuration option takes in the timeout value in seconds used when connecting to the Ceph cluster i.e. it sets the time to wait for glance-api before closing the connection. This prevents glance-api hangups during the connection to RBD. If the value for this option is set to less than or equal to 0, no timeout is set and the default librados value is used. Possible Values: * Any integer value Related options: * None

sheepdog_store_chunk_size
Type:integer
Default:64
Minimum Value:1

Chunk size for images to be stored in Sheepdog data store. Provide an integer value representing the size in mebibyte (1048576 bytes) to chunk Glance images into. The default chunk size is 64 mebibytes. When using Sheepdog distributed storage system, the images are chunked into objects of this size and then stored across the distributed data store to use for Glance. Chunk sizes, if a power of two, help avoid fragmentation and enable improved performance. Possible values: * Positive integer value representing size in mebibytes. Related Options: * None

sheepdog_store_port
Type:port number
Default:7000
Minimum Value:0
Maximum Value:65535

Port number on which the sheep daemon will listen. Provide an integer value representing a valid port number on which you want the Sheepdog daemon to listen on. The default port is 7000. The Sheepdog daemon, also called ‘sheep’, manages the storage in the distributed cluster by writing objects across the storage network. It identifies and acts on the messages it receives on the port number set using sheepdog_store_port option to store chunks of Glance images. Possible values: * A valid port number (0 to 65535) Related Options: * sheepdog_store_address

sheepdog_store_address
Type:host address
Default:127.0.0.1

Address to bind the Sheepdog daemon to. Provide a string value representing the address to bind the Sheepdog daemon to. The default address set for the ‘sheep’ is 127.0.0.1. The Sheepdog daemon, also called ‘sheep’, manages the storage in the distributed cluster by writing objects across the storage network. It identifies and acts on the messages directed to the address set using sheepdog_store_address option to store chunks of Glance images. Possible values: * A valid IPv4 address * A valid IPv6 address * A valid hostname Related Options: * sheepdog_store_port

swift_store_auth_insecure
Type:boolean
Default:false

Set verification of the server certificate. This boolean determines whether or not to verify the server certificate. If this option is set to True, swiftclient won’t check for a valid SSL certificate when authenticating. If the option is set to False, then the default CA truststore is used for verification. Possible values: * True * False Related options: * swift_store_cacert

swift_store_cacert
Type:string
Default:/etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt

Path to the CA bundle file. This configuration option enables the operator to specify the path to a custom Certificate Authority file for SSL verification when connecting to Swift. Possible values: * A valid path to a CA file Related options: * swift_store_auth_insecure

swift_store_region
Type:string
Default:RegionTwo

The region of Swift endpoint to use by Glance. Provide a string value representing a Swift region where Glance can connect to for image storage. By default, there is no region set. When Glance uses Swift as the storage backend to store images for a specific tenant that has multiple endpoints, setting of a Swift region with swift_store_region allows Glance to connect to Swift in the specified region as opposed to a single region connectivity. This option can be configured for both single-tenant and multi-tenant storage. NOTE: Setting the region with swift_store_region is tenant-specific and is necessary only if the tenant has multiple endpoints across different regions. Possible values: * A string value representing a valid Swift region. Related Options: * None

swift_store_endpoint
Type:string
Default:https://swift.openstack.example.org/v1/path_not_including_container_name

The URL endpoint to use for Swift backend storage. Provide a string value representing the URL endpoint to use for storing Glance images in Swift store. By default, an endpoint is not set and the storage URL returned by auth is used. Setting an endpoint with swift_store_endpoint overrides the storage URL and is used for Glance image storage. NOTE: The URL should include the path up to, but excluding the container. The location of an object is obtained by appending the container and object to the configured URL. Possible values: * String value representing a valid URL path up to a Swift container Related Options: * None

swift_store_endpoint_type
Type:string
Default:publicURL
Valid Values:publicURL, adminURL, internalURL

Endpoint Type of Swift service. This string value indicates the endpoint type to use to fetch the Swift endpoint. The endpoint type determines the actions the user will be allowed to perform, for instance, reading and writing to the Store. This setting is only used if swift_store_auth_version is greater than 1. Possible values: * publicURL * adminURL * internalURL Related options: * swift_store_endpoint

swift_store_service_type
Type:string
Default:object-store

Type of Swift service to use. Provide a string value representing the service type to use for storing images while using Swift backend storage. The default service type is set to object-store. NOTE: If swift_store_auth_version is set to 2, the value for this configuration option needs to be object-store. If using a higher version of Keystone or a different auth scheme, this option may be modified. Possible values: * A string representing a valid service type for Swift storage. Related Options: * None

swift_store_container
Type:string
Default:glance

Name of single container to store images/name prefix for multiple containers When a single container is being used to store images, this configuration option indicates the container within the Glance account to be used for storing all images. When multiple containers are used to store images, this will be the name prefix for all containers. Usage of single/multiple containers can be controlled using the configuration option swift_store_multiple_containers_seed. When using multiple containers, the containers will be named after the value set for this configuration option with the first N chars of the image UUID as the suffix delimited by an underscore (where N is specified by swift_store_multiple_containers_seed). Example: if the seed is set to 3 and swift_store_container = glance, then an image with UUID fdae39a1-bac5-4238-aba4-69bcc726e848 would be placed in the container glance_fda. All dashes in the UUID are included when creating the container name but do not count toward the character limit, so when N=10 the container name would be glance_fdae39a1-ba. Possible values: * If using single container, this configuration option can be any string that is a valid swift container name in Glance’s Swift account * If using multiple containers, this configuration option can be any string as long as it satisfies the container naming rules enforced by Swift. The value of swift_store_multiple_containers_seed should be taken into account as well. Related options: * swift_store_multiple_containers_seed * swift_store_multi_tenant * swift_store_create_container_on_put

swift_store_large_object_size
Type:integer
Default:5120
Minimum Value:1

The size threshold, in MB, after which Glance will start segmenting image data. Swift has an upper limit on the size of a single uploaded object. By default, this is 5GB. To upload objects bigger than this limit, objects are segmented into multiple smaller objects that are tied together with a manifest file. For more detail, refer to http://docs.openstack.org/developer/swift/overview_large_objects.html This configuration option specifies the size threshold over which the Swift driver will start segmenting image data into multiple smaller files. Currently, the Swift driver only supports creating Dynamic Large Objects. NOTE: This should be set by taking into account the large object limit enforced by the Swift cluster in consideration. Possible values: * A positive integer that is less than or equal to the large object limit enforced by the Swift cluster in consideration. Related options: * swift_store_large_object_chunk_size

swift_store_large_object_chunk_size
Type:integer
Default:200
Minimum Value:1

The maximum size, in MB, of the segments when image data is segmented. When image data is segmented to upload images that are larger than the limit enforced by the Swift cluster, image data is broken into segments that are no bigger than the size specified by this configuration option. Refer to swift_store_large_object_size for more detail. For example: if swift_store_large_object_size is 5GB and swift_store_large_object_chunk_size is 1GB, an image of size 6.2GB will be segmented into 7 segments where the first six segments will be 1GB in size and the seventh segment will be 0.2GB. Possible values: * A positive integer that is less than or equal to the large object limit enforced by Swift cluster in consideration. Related options: * swift_store_large_object_size

swift_store_create_container_on_put
Type:boolean
Default:false

Create container, if it doesn’t already exist, when uploading image. At the time of uploading an image, if the corresponding container doesn’t exist, it will be created provided this configuration option is set to True. By default, it won’t be created. This behavior is applicable for both single and multiple containers mode. Possible values: * True * False Related options: * None

swift_store_multi_tenant
Type:boolean
Default:false

Store images in tenant’s Swift account. This enables multi-tenant storage mode which causes Glance images to be stored in tenant specific Swift accounts. If this is disabled, Glance stores all images in its own account. More details multi-tenant store can be found at https://wiki.openstack.org/wiki/GlanceSwiftTenantSpecificStorage NOTE: If using multi-tenant swift store, please make sure that you do not set a swift configuration file with the ‘swift_store_config_file’ option. Possible values: * True * False Related options: * swift_store_config_file

swift_store_multiple_containers_seed
Type:integer
Default:0
Minimum Value:0
Maximum Value:32

Seed indicating the number of containers to use for storing images. When using a single-tenant store, images can be stored in one or more than one containers. When set to 0, all images will be stored in one single container. When set to an integer value between 1 and 32, multiple containers will be used to store images. This configuration option will determine how many containers are created. The total number of containers that will be used is equal to 16^N, so if this config option is set to 2, then 16^2=256 containers will be used to store images. Please refer to swift_store_container for more detail on the naming convention. More detail about using multiple containers can be found at https://specs.openstack.org/openstack/glance-specs/specs/kilo/swift-store-multiple-containers.html NOTE: This is used only when swift_store_multi_tenant is disabled. Possible values: * A non-negative integer less than or equal to 32 Related options: * swift_store_container * swift_store_multi_tenant * swift_store_create_container_on_put

swift_store_admin_tenants
Type:list
Default:

List of tenants that will be granted admin access. This is a list of tenants that will be granted read/write access on all Swift containers created by Glance in multi-tenant mode. The default value is an empty list. Possible values: * A comma separated list of strings representing UUIDs of Keystone projects/tenants Related options: * None

swift_store_ssl_compression
Type:boolean
Default:true

SSL layer compression for HTTPS Swift requests. Provide a boolean value to determine whether or not to compress HTTPS Swift requests for images at the SSL layer. By default, compression is enabled. When using Swift as the backend store for Glance image storage, SSL layer compression of HTTPS Swift requests can be set using this option. If set to False, SSL layer compression of HTTPS Swift requests is disabled. Disabling this option may improve performance for images which are already in a compressed format, for example, qcow2. Possible values: * True * False Related Options: * None

swift_store_retry_get_count
Type:integer
Default:0
Minimum Value:0

The number of times a Swift download will be retried before the request fails. Provide an integer value representing the number of times an image download must be retried before erroring out. The default value is zero (no retry on a failed image download). When set to a positive integer value, swift_store_retry_get_count ensures that the download is attempted this many more times upon a download failure before sending an error message. Possible values: * Zero * Positive integer value Related Options: * None

swift_store_expire_soon_interval
Type:integer
Default:60
Minimum Value:0

Time in seconds defining the size of the window in which a new token may be requested before the current token is due to expire. Typically, the Swift storage driver fetches a new token upon the expiration of the current token to ensure continued access to Swift. However, some Swift transactions (like uploading image segments) may not recover well if the token expires on the fly. Hence, by fetching a new token before the current token expiration, we make sure that the token does not expire or is close to expiry before a transaction is attempted. By default, the Swift storage driver requests for a new token 60 seconds or less before the current token expiration. Possible values: * Zero * Positive integer value Related Options: * None

swift_store_use_trusts
Type:boolean
Default:true

Use trusts for multi-tenant Swift store. This option instructs the Swift store to create a trust for each add/get request when the multi-tenant store is in use. Using trusts allows the Swift store to avoid problems that can be caused by an authentication token expiring during the upload or download of data. By default, swift_store_use_trusts is set to True``(use of   trusts is enabled). If set to ``False, a user token is used for the Swift connection instead, eliminating the overhead of trust creation. NOTE: This option is considered only when swift_store_multi_tenant is set to True Possible values: * True * False Related options: * swift_store_multi_tenant

default_swift_reference
Type:string
Default:ref1

Reference to default Swift account/backing store parameters. Provide a string value representing a reference to the default set of parameters required for using swift account/backing store for image storage. The default reference value for this configuration option is ‘ref1’. This configuration option dereferences the parameters and facilitates image storage in Swift storage backend every time a new image is added. Possible values: * A valid string value Related options: * None

swift_store_auth_version
Type:string
Default:2

Version of the authentication service to use. Valid versions are 2 and 3 for keystone and 1 (deprecated) for swauth and rackspace.

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason: The option ‘auth_version’ in the Swift back-end configuration file is used instead.
swift_store_auth_address
Type:string
Default:<None>

The address where the Swift authentication service is listening.

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason: The option ‘auth_address’ in the Swift back-end configuration file is used instead.
swift_store_user
Type:string
Default:<None>

The user to authenticate against the Swift authentication service.

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason: The option ‘user’ in the Swift back-end configuration file is set instead.
swift_store_key
Type:string
Default:<None>

Auth key for the user authenticating against the Swift authentication service.

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason: The option ‘key’ in the Swift back-end configuration file is used to set the authentication key instead.
swift_store_config_file
Type:string
Default:<None>

Absolute path to the file containing the swift account(s) configurations. Include a string value representing the path to a configuration file that has references for each of the configured Swift account(s)/backing stores. By default, no file path is specified and customized Swift referencing is disabled. Configuring this option is highly recommended while using Swift storage backend for image storage as it avoids storage of credentials in the database. NOTE: Please do not configure this option if you have set swift_store_multi_tenant to True. Possible values: * String value representing an absolute path on the glance-api node Related options: * swift_store_multi_tenant

vmware_server_host
Type:host address
Default:127.0.0.1

Address of the ESX/ESXi or vCenter Server target system. This configuration option sets the address of the ESX/ESXi or vCenter Server target system. This option is required when using the VMware storage backend. The address can contain an IP address (127.0.0.1) or a DNS name (www.my-domain.com). Possible Values: * A valid IPv4 or IPv6 address * A valid DNS name Related options: * vmware_server_username * vmware_server_password

vmware_server_username
Type:string
Default:root

Server username. This configuration option takes the username for authenticating with the VMware ESX/ESXi or vCenter Server. This option is required when using the VMware storage backend. Possible Values: * Any string that is the username for a user with appropriate privileges Related options: * vmware_server_host * vmware_server_password

vmware_server_password
Type:string
Default:vmware

Server password. This configuration option takes the password for authenticating with the VMware ESX/ESXi or vCenter Server. This option is required when using the VMware storage backend. Possible Values: * Any string that is a password corresponding to the username specified using the “vmware_server_username” option Related options: * vmware_server_host * vmware_server_username

vmware_api_retry_count
Type:integer
Default:10
Minimum Value:1

The number of VMware API retries. This configuration option specifies the number of times the VMware ESX/VC server API must be retried upon connection related issues or server API call overload. It is not possible to specify ‘retry forever’. Possible Values: * Any positive integer value Related options: * None

vmware_task_poll_interval
Type:integer
Default:5
Minimum Value:1

Interval in seconds used for polling remote tasks invoked on VMware ESX/VC server. This configuration option takes in the sleep time in seconds for polling an on-going async task as part of the VMWare ESX/VC server API call. Possible Values: * Any positive integer value Related options: * None

vmware_store_image_dir
Type:string
Default:/openstack_glance

The directory where the glance images will be stored in the datastore. This configuration option specifies the path to the directory where the glance images will be stored in the VMware datastore. If this option is not set, the default directory where the glance images are stored is openstack_glance. Possible Values: * Any string that is a valid path to a directory Related options: * None

vmware_insecure
Type:boolean
Default:false

Set verification of the ESX/vCenter server certificate. This configuration option takes a boolean value to determine whether or not to verify the ESX/vCenter server certificate. If this option is set to True, the ESX/vCenter server certificate is not verified. If this option is set to False, then the default CA truststore is used for verification. This option is ignored if the “vmware_ca_file” option is set. In that case, the ESX/vCenter server certificate will then be verified using the file specified using the “vmware_ca_file” option . Possible Values: * True * False Related options: * vmware_ca_file

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
glance_store vmware_api_insecure
vmware_ca_file
Type:string
Default:/etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt

Absolute path to the CA bundle file. This configuration option enables the operator to use a custom Cerificate Authority File to verify the ESX/vCenter certificate. If this option is set, the “vmware_insecure” option will be ignored and the CA file specified will be used to authenticate the ESX/vCenter server certificate and establish a secure connection to the server. Possible Values: * Any string that is a valid absolute path to a CA file Related options: * vmware_insecure

vmware_datastores
Type:multi-valued
Default:

The datastores where the image can be stored. This configuration option specifies the datastores where the image can be stored in the VMWare store backend. This option may be specified multiple times for specifying multiple datastores. The datastore name should be specified after its datacenter path, separated by “:”. An optional weight may be given after the datastore name, separated again by “:” to specify the priority. Thus, the required format becomes <datacenter_path>:<datastore_name>:<optional_weight>. When adding an image, the datastore with highest weight will be selected, unless there is not enough free space available in cases where the image size is already known. If no weight is given, it is assumed to be zero and the directory will be considered for selection last. If multiple datastores have the same weight, then the one with the most free space available is selected. Possible Values: * Any string of the format: <datacenter_path>:<datastore_name>:<optional_weight> Related options: * None

image_format

container_formats
Type:list
Default:ami,ari,aki,bare,ovf,ova,docker

Supported values for the ‘container_format’ image attribute

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT container_formats
disk_formats
Type:list
Default:ami,ari,aki,vhd,vhdx,vmdk,raw,qcow2,vdi,iso,ploop

Supported values for the ‘disk_format’ image attribute

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT disk_formats

keystone_authtoken

auth_uri
Type:string
Default:<None>

Complete “public” Identity API endpoint. This endpoint should not be an “admin” endpoint, as it should be accessible by all end users. Unauthenticated clients are redirected to this endpoint to authenticate. Although this endpoint should ideally be unversioned, client support in the wild varies. If you’re using a versioned v2 endpoint here, then this should not be the same endpoint the service user utilizes for validating tokens, because normal end users may not be able to reach that endpoint.

auth_version
Type:string
Default:<None>

API version of the admin Identity API endpoint.

delay_auth_decision
Type:boolean
Default:false

Do not handle authorization requests within the middleware, but delegate the authorization decision to downstream WSGI components.

http_connect_timeout
Type:integer
Default:<None>

Request timeout value for communicating with Identity API server.

http_request_max_retries
Type:integer
Default:3

How many times are we trying to reconnect when communicating with Identity API Server.

cache
Type:string
Default:<None>

Request environment key where the Swift cache object is stored. When auth_token middleware is deployed with a Swift cache, use this option to have the middleware share a caching backend with swift. Otherwise, use the memcached_servers option instead.

certfile
Type:string
Default:<None>

Required if identity server requires client certificate

keyfile
Type:string
Default:<None>

Required if identity server requires client certificate

cafile
Type:string
Default:<None>

A PEM encoded Certificate Authority to use when verifying HTTPs connections. Defaults to system CAs.

insecure
Type:boolean
Default:false

Verify HTTPS connections.

region_name
Type:string
Default:<None>

The region in which the identity server can be found.

signing_dir
Type:string
Default:<None>

Directory used to cache files related to PKI tokens. This option has been deprecated in the Ocata release and will be removed in the P release.

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal since Ocata. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:PKI token format is no longer supported.
memcached_servers
Type:list
Default:<None>

Optionally specify a list of memcached server(s) to use for caching. If left undefined, tokens will instead be cached in-process.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
keystone_authtoken memcache_servers
token_cache_time
Type:integer
Default:300

In order to prevent excessive effort spent validating tokens, the middleware caches previously-seen tokens for a configurable duration (in seconds). Set to -1 to disable caching completely.

revocation_cache_time
Type:integer
Default:10

Determines the frequency at which the list of revoked tokens is retrieved from the Identity service (in seconds). A high number of revocation events combined with a low cache duration may significantly reduce performance. Only valid for PKI tokens. This option has been deprecated in the Ocata release and will be removed in the P release.

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal since Ocata. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:PKI token format is no longer supported.
memcache_security_strategy
Type:string
Default:None
Valid Values:None, MAC, ENCRYPT

(Optional) If defined, indicate whether token data should be authenticated or authenticated and encrypted. If MAC, token data is authenticated (with HMAC) in the cache. If ENCRYPT, token data is encrypted and authenticated in the cache. If the value is not one of these options or empty, auth_token will raise an exception on initialization.

memcache_secret_key
Type:string
Default:<None>

(Optional, mandatory if memcache_security_strategy is defined) This string is used for key derivation.

memcache_pool_dead_retry
Type:integer
Default:300

(Optional) Number of seconds memcached server is considered dead before it is tried again.

memcache_pool_maxsize
Type:integer
Default:10

(Optional) Maximum total number of open connections to every memcached server.

memcache_pool_socket_timeout
Type:integer
Default:3

(Optional) Socket timeout in seconds for communicating with a memcached server.

memcache_pool_unused_timeout
Type:integer
Default:60

(Optional) Number of seconds a connection to memcached is held unused in the pool before it is closed.

memcache_pool_conn_get_timeout
Type:integer
Default:10

(Optional) Number of seconds that an operation will wait to get a memcached client connection from the pool.

memcache_use_advanced_pool
Type:boolean
Default:false

(Optional) Use the advanced (eventlet safe) memcached client pool. The advanced pool will only work under python 2.x.

include_service_catalog
Type:boolean
Default:true

(Optional) Indicate whether to set the X-Service-Catalog header. If False, middleware will not ask for service catalog on token validation and will not set the X-Service-Catalog header.

enforce_token_bind
Type:string
Default:permissive

Used to control the use and type of token binding. Can be set to: “disabled” to not check token binding. “permissive” (default) to validate binding information if the bind type is of a form known to the server and ignore it if not. “strict” like “permissive” but if the bind type is unknown the token will be rejected. “required” any form of token binding is needed to be allowed. Finally the name of a binding method that must be present in tokens.

check_revocations_for_cached
Type:boolean
Default:false

If true, the revocation list will be checked for cached tokens. This requires that PKI tokens are configured on the identity server.

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal since Ocata. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:PKI token format is no longer supported.
hash_algorithms
Type:list
Default:md5

Hash algorithms to use for hashing PKI tokens. This may be a single algorithm or multiple. The algorithms are those supported by Python standard hashlib.new(). The hashes will be tried in the order given, so put the preferred one first for performance. The result of the first hash will be stored in the cache. This will typically be set to multiple values only while migrating from a less secure algorithm to a more secure one. Once all the old tokens are expired this option should be set to a single value for better performance.

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal since Ocata. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:PKI token format is no longer supported.
service_token_roles
Type:list
Default:service

A choice of roles that must be present in a service token. Service tokens are allowed to request that an expired token can be used and so this check should tightly control that only actual services should be sending this token. Roles here are applied as an ANY check so any role in this list must be present. For backwards compatibility reasons this currently only affects the allow_expired check.

service_token_roles_required
Type:boolean
Default:false

For backwards compatibility reasons we must let valid service tokens pass that don’t pass the service_token_roles check as valid. Setting this true will become the default in a future release and should be enabled if possible.

auth_type
Type:unknown type
Default:<None>

Authentication type to load

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
keystone_authtoken auth_plugin
auth_section
Type:unknown type
Default:<None>

Config Section from which to load plugin specific options

matchmaker_redis

host
Type:string
Default:127.0.0.1

Host to locate redis.

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:Replaced by [DEFAULT]/transport_url
port
Type:port number
Default:6379
Minimum Value:0
Maximum Value:65535

Use this port to connect to redis host.

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:Replaced by [DEFAULT]/transport_url
password
Type:string
Default:

Password for Redis server (optional).

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:Replaced by [DEFAULT]/transport_url
sentinel_hosts
Type:list
Default:

List of Redis Sentinel hosts (fault tolerance mode), e.g., [host:port, host1:port … ]

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:Replaced by [DEFAULT]/transport_url
sentinel_group_name
Type:string
Default:oslo-messaging-zeromq

Redis replica set name.

wait_timeout
Type:integer
Default:2000

Time in ms to wait between connection attempts.

check_timeout
Type:integer
Default:20000

Time in ms to wait before the transaction is killed.

socket_timeout
Type:integer
Default:10000

Timeout in ms on blocking socket operations.

oslo_concurrency

disable_process_locking
Type:boolean
Default:false

Enables or disables inter-process locks.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT disable_process_locking
lock_path
Type:string
Default:<None>

Directory to use for lock files. For security, the specified directory should only be writable by the user running the processes that need locking. Defaults to environment variable OSLO_LOCK_PATH. If external locks are used, a lock path must be set.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT lock_path

oslo_messaging_amqp

container_name
Type:string
Default:<None>

Name for the AMQP container. must be globally unique. Defaults to a generated UUID

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
amqp1 container_name
idle_timeout
Type:integer
Default:0

Timeout for inactive connections (in seconds)

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
amqp1 idle_timeout
trace
Type:boolean
Default:false

Debug: dump AMQP frames to stdout

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
amqp1 trace
ssl
Type:boolean
Default:false

Attempt to connect via SSL. If no other ssl-related parameters are given, it will use the system’s CA-bundle to verify the server’s certificate.

ssl_ca_file
Type:string
Default:

CA certificate PEM file used to verify the server’s certificate

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
amqp1 ssl_ca_file
ssl_cert_file
Type:string
Default:

Self-identifying certificate PEM file for client authentication

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
amqp1 ssl_cert_file
ssl_key_file
Type:string
Default:

Private key PEM file used to sign ssl_cert_file certificate (optional)

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
amqp1 ssl_key_file
ssl_key_password
Type:string
Default:<None>

Password for decrypting ssl_key_file (if encrypted)

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
amqp1 ssl_key_password
ssl_verify_vhost
Type:boolean
Default:false

By default SSL checks that the name in the server’s certificate matches the hostname in the transport_url. In some configurations it may be preferable to use the virtual hostname instead, for example if the server uses the Server Name Indication TLS extension (rfc6066) to provide a certificate per virtual host. Set ssl_verify_vhost to True if the server’s SSL certificate uses the virtual host name instead of the DNS name.

allow_insecure_clients
Type:boolean
Default:false

Accept clients using either SSL or plain TCP

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
amqp1 allow_insecure_clients

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:Not applicable - not a SSL server
sasl_mechanisms
Type:string
Default:

Space separated list of acceptable SASL mechanisms

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
amqp1 sasl_mechanisms
sasl_config_dir
Type:string
Default:

Path to directory that contains the SASL configuration

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
amqp1 sasl_config_dir
sasl_config_name
Type:string
Default:

Name of configuration file (without .conf suffix)

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
amqp1 sasl_config_name
sasl_default_realm
Type:string
Default:

SASL realm to use if no realm present in username

username
Type:string
Default:

User name for message broker authentication

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
amqp1 username

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:Should use configuration option transport_url to provide the username.
password
Type:string
Default:

Password for message broker authentication

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
amqp1 password

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:Should use configuration option transport_url to provide the password.
connection_retry_interval
Type:integer
Default:1
Minimum Value:1

Seconds to pause before attempting to re-connect.

connection_retry_backoff
Type:integer
Default:2
Minimum Value:0

Increase the connection_retry_interval by this many seconds after each unsuccessful failover attempt.

connection_retry_interval_max
Type:integer
Default:30
Minimum Value:1

Maximum limit for connection_retry_interval + connection_retry_backoff

Type:integer
Default:10
Minimum Value:1

Time to pause between re-connecting an AMQP 1.0 link that failed due to a recoverable error.

default_reply_retry
Type:integer
Default:0
Minimum Value:-1

The maximum number of attempts to re-send a reply message which failed due to a recoverable error.

default_reply_timeout
Type:integer
Default:30
Minimum Value:5

The deadline for an rpc reply message delivery.

default_send_timeout
Type:integer
Default:30
Minimum Value:5

The deadline for an rpc cast or call message delivery. Only used when caller does not provide a timeout expiry.

default_notify_timeout
Type:integer
Default:30
Minimum Value:5

The deadline for a sent notification message delivery. Only used when caller does not provide a timeout expiry.

Type:integer
Default:600
Minimum Value:1

The duration to schedule a purge of idle sender links. Detach link after expiry.

addressing_mode
Type:string
Default:dynamic

Indicates the addressing mode used by the driver. Permitted values: ‘legacy’ - use legacy non-routable addressing ‘routable’ - use routable addresses ‘dynamic’ - use legacy addresses if the message bus does not support routing otherwise use routable addressing

pseudo_vhost
Type:boolean
Default:true

Enable virtual host support for those message buses that do not natively support virtual hosting (such as qpidd). When set to true the virtual host name will be added to all message bus addresses, effectively creating a private ‘subnet’ per virtual host. Set to False if the message bus supports virtual hosting using the ‘hostname’ field in the AMQP 1.0 Open performative as the name of the virtual host.

server_request_prefix
Type:string
Default:exclusive

address prefix used when sending to a specific server

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
amqp1 server_request_prefix
broadcast_prefix
Type:string
Default:broadcast

address prefix used when broadcasting to all servers

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
amqp1 broadcast_prefix
group_request_prefix
Type:string
Default:unicast

address prefix when sending to any server in group

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
amqp1 group_request_prefix
rpc_address_prefix
Type:string
Default:openstack.org/om/rpc

Address prefix for all generated RPC addresses

notify_address_prefix
Type:string
Default:openstack.org/om/notify

Address prefix for all generated Notification addresses

multicast_address
Type:string
Default:multicast

Appended to the address prefix when sending a fanout message. Used by the message bus to identify fanout messages.

unicast_address
Type:string
Default:unicast

Appended to the address prefix when sending to a particular RPC/Notification server. Used by the message bus to identify messages sent to a single destination.

anycast_address
Type:string
Default:anycast

Appended to the address prefix when sending to a group of consumers. Used by the message bus to identify messages that should be delivered in a round-robin fashion across consumers.

default_notification_exchange
Type:string
Default:<None>

Exchange name used in notification addresses. Exchange name resolution precedence: Target.exchange if set else default_notification_exchange if set else control_exchange if set else ‘notify’

default_rpc_exchange
Type:string
Default:<None>

Exchange name used in RPC addresses. Exchange name resolution precedence: Target.exchange if set else default_rpc_exchange if set else control_exchange if set else ‘rpc’

Type:integer
Default:200
Minimum Value:1

Window size for incoming RPC Reply messages.

rpc_server_credit
Type:integer
Default:100
Minimum Value:1

Window size for incoming RPC Request messages

notify_server_credit
Type:integer
Default:100
Minimum Value:1

Window size for incoming Notification messages

pre_settled
Type:multi-valued
Default:rpc-cast
Default:rpc-reply

Send messages of this type pre-settled. Pre-settled messages will not receive acknowledgement from the peer. Note well: pre-settled messages may be silently discarded if the delivery fails. Permitted values: ‘rpc-call’ - send RPC Calls pre-settled ‘rpc-reply’- send RPC Replies pre-settled ‘rpc-cast’ - Send RPC Casts pre-settled ‘notify’ - Send Notifications pre-settled

oslo_messaging_kafka

kafka_default_host
Type:string
Default:localhost

Default Kafka broker Host

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:Replaced by [DEFAULT]/transport_url
kafka_default_port
Type:port number
Default:9092
Minimum Value:0
Maximum Value:65535

Default Kafka broker Port

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:Replaced by [DEFAULT]/transport_url
kafka_max_fetch_bytes
Type:integer
Default:1048576

Max fetch bytes of Kafka consumer

kafka_consumer_timeout
Type:floating point
Default:1.0

Default timeout(s) for Kafka consumers

pool_size
Type:integer
Default:10

Pool Size for Kafka Consumers

conn_pool_min_size
Type:integer
Default:2

The pool size limit for connections expiration policy

conn_pool_ttl
Type:integer
Default:1200

The time-to-live in sec of idle connections in the pool

consumer_group
Type:string
Default:oslo_messaging_consumer

Group id for Kafka consumer. Consumers in one group will coordinate message consumption

producer_batch_timeout
Type:floating point
Default:0.0

Upper bound on the delay for KafkaProducer batching in seconds

producer_batch_size
Type:integer
Default:16384

Size of batch for the producer async send

oslo_messaging_notifications

driver
Type:multi-valued
Default:

The Drivers(s) to handle sending notifications. Possible values are messaging, messagingv2, routing, log, test, noop

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT notification_driver
transport_url
Type:string
Default:<None>

A URL representing the messaging driver to use for notifications. If not set, we fall back to the same configuration used for RPC.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT notification_transport_url
topics
Type:list
Default:notifications

AMQP topic used for OpenStack notifications.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
rpc_notifier2 topics
DEFAULT notification_topics
retry
Type:integer
Default:-1

The maximum number of attempts to re-send a notification message which failed to be delivered due to a recoverable error. 0 - No retry, -1 - indefinite

oslo_messaging_rabbit

amqp_durable_queues
Type:boolean
Default:false

Use durable queues in AMQP.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT amqp_durable_queues
DEFAULT rabbit_durable_queues
amqp_auto_delete
Type:boolean
Default:false

Auto-delete queues in AMQP.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT amqp_auto_delete
ssl
Type:boolean
Default:<None>

Enable SSL

ssl_version
Type:string
Default:

SSL version to use (valid only if SSL enabled). Valid values are TLSv1 and SSLv23. SSLv2, SSLv3, TLSv1_1, and TLSv1_2 may be available on some distributions.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
oslo_messaging_rabbit kombu_ssl_version
ssl_key_file
Type:string
Default:

SSL key file (valid only if SSL enabled).

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
oslo_messaging_rabbit kombu_ssl_keyfile
ssl_cert_file
Type:string
Default:

SSL cert file (valid only if SSL enabled).

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
oslo_messaging_rabbit kombu_ssl_certfile
ssl_ca_file
Type:string
Default:

SSL certification authority file (valid only if SSL enabled).

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
oslo_messaging_rabbit kombu_ssl_ca_certs
kombu_reconnect_delay
Type:floating point
Default:1.0

How long to wait before reconnecting in response to an AMQP consumer cancel notification.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT kombu_reconnect_delay
kombu_compression
Type:string
Default:<None>

EXPERIMENTAL: Possible values are: gzip, bz2. If not set compression will not be used. This option may not be available in future versions.

kombu_missing_consumer_retry_timeout
Type:integer
Default:60

How long to wait a missing client before abandoning to send it its replies. This value should not be longer than rpc_response_timeout.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
oslo_messaging_rabbit kombu_reconnect_timeout
kombu_failover_strategy
Type:string
Default:round-robin
Valid Values:round-robin, shuffle

Determines how the next RabbitMQ node is chosen in case the one we are currently connected to becomes unavailable. Takes effect only if more than one RabbitMQ node is provided in config.

rabbit_host
Type:string
Default:localhost

The RabbitMQ broker address where a single node is used.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rabbit_host

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:Replaced by [DEFAULT]/transport_url
rabbit_port
Type:port number
Default:5672
Minimum Value:0
Maximum Value:65535

The RabbitMQ broker port where a single node is used.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rabbit_port

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:Replaced by [DEFAULT]/transport_url
rabbit_hosts
Type:list
Default:$rabbit_host:$rabbit_port

RabbitMQ HA cluster host:port pairs.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rabbit_hosts

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:Replaced by [DEFAULT]/transport_url
rabbit_userid
Type:string
Default:guest

The RabbitMQ userid.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rabbit_userid

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:Replaced by [DEFAULT]/transport_url
rabbit_password
Type:string
Default:guest

The RabbitMQ password.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rabbit_password

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:Replaced by [DEFAULT]/transport_url
rabbit_login_method
Type:string
Default:AMQPLAIN
Valid Values:PLAIN, AMQPLAIN, RABBIT-CR-DEMO

The RabbitMQ login method.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rabbit_login_method
rabbit_virtual_host
Type:string
Default:/

The RabbitMQ virtual host.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rabbit_virtual_host

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason:Replaced by [DEFAULT]/transport_url
rabbit_retry_interval
Type:integer
Default:1

How frequently to retry connecting with RabbitMQ.

rabbit_retry_backoff
Type:integer
Default:2

How long to backoff for between retries when connecting to RabbitMQ.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rabbit_retry_backoff
rabbit_interval_max
Type:integer
Default:30

Maximum interval of RabbitMQ connection retries. Default is 30 seconds.

rabbit_max_retries
Type:integer
Default:0

Maximum number of RabbitMQ connection retries. Default is 0 (infinite retry count).

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rabbit_max_retries

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

rabbit_ha_queues
Type:boolean
Default:false

Try to use HA queues in RabbitMQ (x-ha-policy: all). If you change this option, you must wipe the RabbitMQ database. In RabbitMQ 3.0, queue mirroring is no longer controlled by the x-ha-policy argument when declaring a queue. If you just want to make sure that all queues (except those with auto-generated names) are mirrored across all nodes, run: “rabbitmqctl set_policy HA ‘^(?!amq.).*’ ‘{“ha-mode”: “all”}’ “

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rabbit_ha_queues
rabbit_transient_queues_ttl
Type:integer
Default:1800
Minimum Value:1

Positive integer representing duration in seconds for queue TTL (x-expires). Queues which are unused for the duration of the TTL are automatically deleted. The parameter affects only reply and fanout queues.

rabbit_qos_prefetch_count
Type:integer
Default:0

Specifies the number of messages to prefetch. Setting to zero allows unlimited messages.

heartbeat_timeout_threshold
Type:integer
Default:60

Number of seconds after which the Rabbit broker is considered down if heartbeat’s keep-alive fails (0 disable the heartbeat). EXPERIMENTAL

heartbeat_rate
Type:integer
Default:2

How often times during the heartbeat_timeout_threshold we check the heartbeat.

fake_rabbit
Type:boolean
Default:false

Deprecated, use rpc_backend=kombu+memory or rpc_backend=fake

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT fake_rabbit
channel_max
Type:integer
Default:<None>

Maximum number of channels to allow

frame_max
Type:integer
Default:<None>

The maximum byte size for an AMQP frame

heartbeat_interval
Type:integer
Default:3

How often to send heartbeats for consumer’s connections

ssl_options
Type:dict
Default:<None>

Arguments passed to ssl.wrap_socket

socket_timeout
Type:floating point
Default:0.25

Set socket timeout in seconds for connection’s socket

tcp_user_timeout
Type:floating point
Default:0.25

Set TCP_USER_TIMEOUT in seconds for connection’s socket

host_connection_reconnect_delay
Type:floating point
Default:0.25

Set delay for reconnection to some host which has connection error

connection_factory
Type:string
Default:single
Valid Values:new, single, read_write

Connection factory implementation

pool_max_size
Type:integer
Default:30

Maximum number of connections to keep queued.

pool_max_overflow
Type:integer
Default:0

Maximum number of connections to create above pool_max_size.

pool_timeout
Type:integer
Default:30

Default number of seconds to wait for a connections to available

pool_recycle
Type:integer
Default:600

Lifetime of a connection (since creation) in seconds or None for no recycling. Expired connections are closed on acquire.

pool_stale
Type:integer
Default:60

Threshold at which inactive (since release) connections are considered stale in seconds or None for no staleness. Stale connections are closed on acquire.

default_serializer_type
Type:string
Default:json
Valid Values:json, msgpack

Default serialization mechanism for serializing/deserializing outgoing/incoming messages

notification_persistence
Type:boolean
Default:false

Persist notification messages.

default_notification_exchange
Type:string
Default:${control_exchange}_notification

Exchange name for sending notifications

notification_listener_prefetch_count
Type:integer
Default:100

Max number of not acknowledged message which RabbitMQ can send to notification listener.

default_notification_retry_attempts
Type:integer
Default:-1

Reconnecting retry count in case of connectivity problem during sending notification, -1 means infinite retry.

notification_retry_delay
Type:floating point
Default:0.25

Reconnecting retry delay in case of connectivity problem during sending notification message

rpc_queue_expiration
Type:integer
Default:60

Time to live for rpc queues without consumers in seconds.

default_rpc_exchange
Type:string
Default:${control_exchange}_rpc

Exchange name for sending RPC messages

rpc_reply_exchange
Type:string
Default:${control_exchange}_rpc_reply

Exchange name for receiving RPC replies

rpc_listener_prefetch_count
Type:integer
Default:100

Max number of not acknowledged message which RabbitMQ can send to rpc listener.

rpc_reply_listener_prefetch_count
Type:integer
Default:100

Max number of not acknowledged message which RabbitMQ can send to rpc reply listener.

rpc_reply_retry_attempts
Type:integer
Default:-1

Reconnecting retry count in case of connectivity problem during sending reply. -1 means infinite retry during rpc_timeout

rpc_reply_retry_delay
Type:floating point
Default:0.25

Reconnecting retry delay in case of connectivity problem during sending reply.

default_rpc_retry_attempts
Type:integer
Default:-1

Reconnecting retry count in case of connectivity problem during sending RPC message, -1 means infinite retry. If actual retry attempts in not 0 the rpc request could be processed more than one time

rpc_retry_delay
Type:floating point
Default:0.25

Reconnecting retry delay in case of connectivity problem during sending RPC message

oslo_messaging_zmq

rpc_zmq_bind_address
Type:string
Default:*

ZeroMQ bind address. Should be a wildcard (*), an ethernet interface, or IP. The “host” option should point or resolve to this address.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_zmq_bind_address
rpc_zmq_matchmaker
Type:string
Default:redis
Valid Values:redis, sentinel, dummy

MatchMaker driver.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_zmq_matchmaker
rpc_zmq_contexts
Type:integer
Default:1

Number of ZeroMQ contexts, defaults to 1.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_zmq_contexts
rpc_zmq_topic_backlog
Type:integer
Default:<None>

Maximum number of ingress messages to locally buffer per topic. Default is unlimited.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_zmq_topic_backlog
rpc_zmq_ipc_dir
Type:string
Default:/var/run/openstack

Directory for holding IPC sockets.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_zmq_ipc_dir
rpc_zmq_host
Type:string
Default:localhost

Name of this node. Must be a valid hostname, FQDN, or IP address. Must match “host” option, if running Nova.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_zmq_host
zmq_linger
Type:integer
Default:-1

Number of seconds to wait before all pending messages will be sent after closing a socket. The default value of -1 specifies an infinite linger period. The value of 0 specifies no linger period. Pending messages shall be discarded immediately when the socket is closed. Positive values specify an upper bound for the linger period.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_cast_timeout
rpc_poll_timeout
Type:integer
Default:1

The default number of seconds that poll should wait. Poll raises timeout exception when timeout expired.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_poll_timeout
zmq_target_expire
Type:integer
Default:300

Expiration timeout in seconds of a name service record about existing target ( < 0 means no timeout).

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT zmq_target_expire
zmq_target_update
Type:integer
Default:180

Update period in seconds of a name service record about existing target.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT zmq_target_update
use_pub_sub
Type:boolean
Default:false

Use PUB/SUB pattern for fanout methods. PUB/SUB always uses proxy.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT use_pub_sub
use_router_proxy
Type:boolean
Default:false

Use ROUTER remote proxy.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT use_router_proxy
use_dynamic_connections
Type:boolean
Default:false

This option makes direct connections dynamic or static. It makes sense only with use_router_proxy=False which means to use direct connections for direct message types (ignored otherwise).

zmq_failover_connections
Type:integer
Default:2

How many additional connections to a host will be made for failover reasons. This option is actual only in dynamic connections mode.

rpc_zmq_min_port
Type:port number
Default:49153
Minimum Value:0
Maximum Value:65535

Minimal port number for random ports range.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_zmq_min_port
rpc_zmq_max_port
Type:integer
Default:65536
Minimum Value:1
Maximum Value:65536

Maximal port number for random ports range.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_zmq_max_port
rpc_zmq_bind_port_retries
Type:integer
Default:100

Number of retries to find free port number before fail with ZMQBindError.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_zmq_bind_port_retries
rpc_zmq_serialization
Type:string
Default:json
Valid Values:json, msgpack

Default serialization mechanism for serializing/deserializing outgoing/incoming messages

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT rpc_zmq_serialization
zmq_immediate
Type:boolean
Default:true

This option configures round-robin mode in zmq socket. True means not keeping a queue when server side disconnects. False means to keep queue and messages even if server is disconnected, when the server appears we send all accumulated messages to it.

zmq_tcp_keepalive
Type:integer
Default:-1

Enable/disable TCP keepalive (KA) mechanism. The default value of -1 (or any other negative value) means to skip any overrides and leave it to OS default; 0 and 1 (or any other positive value) mean to disable and enable the option respectively.

zmq_tcp_keepalive_idle
Type:integer
Default:-1

The duration between two keepalive transmissions in idle condition. The unit is platform dependent, for example, seconds in Linux, milliseconds in Windows etc. The default value of -1 (or any other negative value and 0) means to skip any overrides and leave it to OS default.

zmq_tcp_keepalive_cnt
Type:integer
Default:-1

The number of retransmissions to be carried out before declaring that remote end is not available. The default value of -1 (or any other negative value and 0) means to skip any overrides and leave it to OS default.

zmq_tcp_keepalive_intvl
Type:integer
Default:-1

The duration between two successive keepalive retransmissions, if acknowledgement to the previous keepalive transmission is not received. The unit is platform dependent, for example, seconds in Linux, milliseconds in Windows etc. The default value of -1 (or any other negative value and 0) means to skip any overrides and leave it to OS default.

rpc_thread_pool_size
Type:integer
Default:100

Maximum number of (green) threads to work concurrently.

rpc_message_ttl
Type:integer
Default:300

Expiration timeout in seconds of a sent/received message after which it is not tracked anymore by a client/server.

rpc_use_acks
Type:boolean
Default:false

Wait for message acknowledgements from receivers. This mechanism works only via proxy without PUB/SUB.

rpc_ack_timeout_base
Type:integer
Default:15

Number of seconds to wait for an ack from a cast/call. After each retry attempt this timeout is multiplied by some specified multiplier.

rpc_ack_timeout_multiplier
Type:integer
Default:2

Number to multiply base ack timeout by after each retry attempt.

rpc_retry_attempts
Type:integer
Default:3

Default number of message sending attempts in case of any problems occurred: positive value N means at most N retries, 0 means no retries, None or -1 (or any other negative values) mean to retry forever. This option is used only if acknowledgments are enabled.

subscribe_on
Type:list
Default:

List of publisher hosts SubConsumer can subscribe on. This option has higher priority then the default publishers list taken from the matchmaker.

oslo_middleware

enable_proxy_headers_parsing
Type:boolean
Default:false

Whether the application is behind a proxy or not. This determines if the middleware should parse the headers or not.

oslo_policy

policy_file
Type:string
Default:policy.json

The file that defines policies.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT policy_file
policy_default_rule
Type:string
Default:default

Default rule. Enforced when a requested rule is not found.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT policy_default_rule
policy_dirs
Type:multi-valued
Default:policy.d

Directories where policy configuration files are stored. They can be relative to any directory in the search path defined by the config_dir option, or absolute paths. The file defined by policy_file must exist for these directories to be searched. Missing or empty directories are ignored.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT policy_dirs

paste_deploy

flavor
Type:string
Default:keystone

Deployment flavor to use in the server application pipeline. Provide a string value representing the appropriate deployment flavor used in the server application pipleline. This is typically the partial name of a pipeline in the paste configuration file with the service name removed. For example, if your paste section name in the paste configuration file is [pipeline:glance-api-keystone], set flavor to keystone. Possible values: * String value representing a partial pipeline name. Related Options: * config_file

config_file
Type:string
Default:glance-api-paste.ini

Name of the paste configuration file. Provide a string value representing the name of the paste configuration file to use for configuring piplelines for server application deployments. NOTES: * Provide the name or the path relative to the glance directory for the paste configuration file and not the absolute path. * The sample paste configuration file shipped with Glance need not be edited in most cases as it comes with ready-made pipelines for all common deployment flavors. If no value is specified for this option, the paste.ini file with the prefix of the corresponding Glance service’s configuration file name will be searched for in the known configuration directories. (For example, if this option is missing from or has no value set in glance-api.conf, the service will look for a file named glance-api-paste.ini.) If the paste configuration file is not found, the service will not start. Possible values: * A string value representing the name of the paste configuration file. Related Options: * flavor

profiler

enabled
Type:boolean
Default:false

Enables the profiling for all services on this node. Default value is False (fully disable the profiling feature). Possible values: * True: Enables the feature * False: Disables the feature. The profiling cannot be started via this project operations. If the profiling is triggered by another project, this project part will be empty.

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
profiler profiler_enabled
trace_sqlalchemy
Type:boolean
Default:false

Enables SQL requests profiling in services. Default value is False (SQL requests won’t be traced). Possible values: * True: Enables SQL requests profiling. Each SQL query will be part of the trace and can the be analyzed by how much time was spent for that. * False: Disables SQL requests profiling. The spent time is only shown on a higher level of operations. Single SQL queries cannot be analyzed this way.

hmac_keys
Type:string
Default:SECRET_KEY

Secret key(s) to use for encrypting context data for performance profiling. This string value should have the following format: <key1>[,<key2>,…<keyn>], where each key is some random string. A user who triggers the profiling via the REST API has to set one of these keys in the headers of the REST API call to include profiling results of this node for this particular project. Both “enabled” flag and “hmac_keys” config options should be set to enable profiling. Also, to generate correct profiling information across all services at least one key needs to be consistent between OpenStack projects. This ensures it can be used from client side to generate the trace, containing information from all possible resources.

connection_string
Type:string
Default:messaging://

Connection string for a notifier backend. Default value is messaging:// which sets the notifier to oslo_messaging. Examples of possible values: * messaging://: use oslo_messaging driver for sending notifications. * mongodb://127.0.0.1:27017 : use mongodb driver for sending notifications. * elasticsearch://127.0.0.1:9200 : use elasticsearch driver for sending notifications.

es_doc_type
Type:string
Default:notification

Document type for notification indexing in elasticsearch.

es_scroll_time
Type:string
Default:2m

This parameter is a time value parameter (for example: es_scroll_time=2m), indicating for how long the nodes that participate in the search will maintain relevant resources in order to continue and support it.

es_scroll_size
Type:integer
Default:10000

Elasticsearch splits large requests in batches. This parameter defines maximum size of each batch (for example: es_scroll_size=10000).

socket_timeout
Type:floating point
Default:0.1

Redissentinel provides a timeout option on the connections. This parameter defines that timeout (for example: socket_timeout=0.1).

sentinel_service_name
Type:string
Default:mymaster

Redissentinel uses a service name to identify a master redis service. This parameter defines the name (for example: sentinal_service_name=mymaster).

store_type_location_strategy

store_type_preference
Type:list
Default:

Preference order of storage backends. Provide a comma separated list of store names in the order in which images should be retrieved from storage backends. These store names must be registered with the stores configuration option. NOTE: The store_type_preference configuration option is applied only if store_type is chosen as a value for the location_strategy configuration option. An empty list will not change the location order. Possible values: * Empty list * Comma separated list of registered store names. Legal values are: * file * http * rbd * swift * sheepdog * cinder * vmware Related options: * location_strategy * stores

task

task_time_to_live
Type:integer
Default:48

Time in hours for which a task lives after, either succeeding or failing

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
DEFAULT task_time_to_live
task_executor
Type:string
Default:taskflow

Task executor to be used to run task scripts. Provide a string value representing the executor to use for task executions. By default, TaskFlow executor is used. TaskFlow helps make task executions easy, consistent, scalable and reliable. It also enables creation of lightweight task objects and/or functions that are combined together into flows in a declarative manner. Possible values: * taskflow Related Options: * None

work_dir
Type:string
Default:/work_dir

Absolute path to the work directory to use for asynchronous task operations. The directory set here will be used to operate over images - normally before they are imported in the destination store. NOTE: When providing a value for work_dir, please make sure that enough space is provided for concurrent tasks to run efficiently without running out of space. A rough estimation can be done by multiplying the number of max_workers with an average image size (e.g 500MB). The image size estimation should be done based on the average size in your deployment. Note that depending on the tasks running you may need to multiply this number by some factor depending on what the task does. For example, you may want to double the available size if image conversion is enabled. All this being said, remember these are just estimations and you should do them based on the worst case scenario and be prepared to act in case they were wrong. Possible values: * String value representing the absolute path to the working directory Related Options: * None

taskflow_executor

engine_mode
Type:string
Default:parallel
Valid Values:serial, parallel

Set the taskflow engine mode. Provide a string type value to set the mode in which the taskflow engine would schedule tasks to the workers on the hosts. Based on this mode, the engine executes tasks either in single or multiple threads. The possible values for this configuration option are: serial and parallel. When set to serial, the engine runs all the tasks in a single thread which results in serial execution of tasks. Setting this to parallel makes the engine run tasks in multiple threads. This results in parallel execution of tasks. Possible values: * serial * parallel Related options: * max_workers

max_workers
Type:integer
Default:10
Minimum Value:1

Set the number of engine executable tasks. Provide an integer value to limit the number of workers that can be instantiated on the hosts. In other words, this number defines the number of parallel tasks that can be executed at the same time by the taskflow engine. This value can be greater than one when the engine mode is set to parallel. Possible values: * Integer value greater than or equal to 1 Related options: * engine_mode

Deprecated Variations
Group Name
task eventlet_executor_pool_size
conversion_format
Type:string
Default:raw
Valid Values:qcow2, raw, vmdk

Set the desired image conversion format. Provide a valid image format to which you want images to be converted before they are stored for consumption by Glance. Appropriate image format conversions are desirable for specific storage backends in order to facilitate efficient handling of bandwidth and usage of the storage infrastructure. By default, conversion_format is not set and must be set explicitly in the configuration file. The allowed values for this option are raw, qcow2 and vmdk. The raw format is the unstructured disk format and should be chosen when RBD or Ceph storage backends are used for image storage. qcow2 is supported by the QEMU emulator that expands dynamically and supports Copy on Write. The vmdk is another common disk format supported by many common virtual machine monitors like VMWare Workstation. Possible values: * qcow2 * raw * vmdk Related options: * disk_formats

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