Glance database architecture

Glance database architecture

Glance Database Public API

The Glance Database API contains several methods for moving image metadata to and from persistent storage. You can find a list of public methods grouped by category below.

Common parameters for image methods

The following parameters can be applied to all of the image methods below:
  • context — corresponds to a glance.context.RequestContext object, which stores the information on how a user accesses the system, as well as additional request information.
  • image_id — a string corresponding to the image identifier.
  • memb_id — a string corresponding to the member identifier of the image.

Image basic methods

Image processing methods:

  1. image_create(context, values) — creates a new image record with parameters listed in the values dictionary. Returns a dictionary representation of a newly created glance.db.sqlalchemy.models.Image object.
  2. image_update(context, image_id, values, purge_props=False, from_state=None) — updates the existing image with the identifier image_id with the values listed in the values dictionary. Returns a dictionary representation of the updated Image object.
Optional parameters are:
  • purge_props — a flag indicating that all the existing properties not listed in the values[‘properties’] should be deleted;
  • from_state — a string filter indicating that the updated image must be in the specified state.
  1. image_destroy(context, image_id) — deletes all database records of an image with the identifier image_id (like tags, properties, and members) and sets a ‘deleted’ status on all the image locations.
  2. image_get(context, image_id, force_show_deleted=False) — gets an image with the identifier image_id and returns its dictionary representation. The parameter force_show_deleted is a flag that indicates to show image info even if it was ‘deleted’, or its ‘pending_delete’ statuses.
  3. image_get_all(context, filters=None, marker=None, limit=None, sort_key=None, sort_dir=None, member_status='accepted', is_public=None, admin_as_user=False, return_tag=False) — gets all the images that match zero or more filters.
Optional parameters are:
  • filters — dictionary of filter keys and values. If a ‘properties’ key is present, it is treated as a dictionary of key/value filters in the attribute of the image properties.
  • marker — image id after which a page should start.
  • limit — maximum number of images to return.
  • sort_key — list of image attributes by which results should be sorted.
  • sort_dir — direction in which results should be sorted (asc, desc).
  • member_status — only returns shared images that have this membership status.
  • is_public — if true, returns only public images. If false, returns only private and shared images.
  • admin_as_user — for backwards compatibility. If true, an admin sees the same set of images that would be seen by a regular user.
  • return_tag — indicates whether an image entry in the result includes its relevant tag entries. This can improve upper-layer query performance and avoid using separate calls.

Image location methods

Image location processing methods:

  1. image_location_add(context, image_id, location) — adds a new location to an image with the identifier image_id. This location contains values listed in the dictionary location.
  2. image_location_update(context, image_id, location) — updates an existing location with the identifier location[‘id’] for an image with the identifier image_id with values listed in the dictionary location.
  3. image_location_delete(context, image_id, location_id, status, delete_time=None) — sets a ‘deleted’ or ‘pending_delete’ status to an existing location record with the identifier location_id for an image with the identifier image_id.

Image property methods

Warning

There is no public property update method. So if you want to modify it, you have to delete it first and then create a new one.

Image property processing methods:

  1. image_property_create(context, values) — creates a property record with parameters listed in the values dictionary for an image with values[‘id’]. Returns a dictionary representation of a newly created ImageProperty object.
  2. image_property_delete(context, prop_ref, image_ref) — deletes an existing property record with a name prop_ref for an image with the identifier image_ref.

Image member methods

Methods to handle image memberships:

  1. image_member_create(context, values) — creates a member record with properties listed in the values dictionary for an image with values[‘id’]. Returns a dictionary representation of a newly created ImageMember object.
  2. image_member_update(context, memb_id, values) — updates an existing member record with properties listed in the values dictionary for an image with values[‘id’]. Returns a dictionary representation of an updated member record.
  3. image_member_delete(context, memb_id) — deletes an existing member record with memb_id.
  4. image_member_find(context, image_id=None, member=None, status=None) — returns all members for a given context with optional image identifier (image_id), member name (member), and member status (status) parameters.
  5. image_member_count(context, image_id) — returns a number of image members for an image with image_id.

Image tag methods

Methods to process images tags:

  1. image_tag_set_all(context, image_id, tags) — changes all the existing tags for an image with image_id to the tags listed in the tags param. To remove all tags, a user just should provide an empty list.
  2. image_tag_create(context, image_id, value) — adds a value to tags for an image with image_id. Returns the value of a newly created tag.
  3. image_tag_delete(context, image_id, value) — removes a value from tags for an image with image_id.
  4. image_tag_get_all(context, image_id) — returns a list of tags for a specific image.

Image info methods

The next two methods inform a user about his or her ability to modify and view an image. The image parameter here is a dictionary representation of an Image object.

  1. is_image_mutable(context, image) — informs a user about the possibility to modify an image with the given context. Returns True if the image is mutable in this context.
  2. is_image_visible(context, image, status=None) — informs about the possibility to see the image details with the given context and optionally with a status. Returns True if the image is visible in this context.

Glance database schema

The glance database schema is depicted by 5 tables. The table named Images has the following columns: id: varchar(36); name: varchar(255), nullable; size: bigint(20), nullable; status: varchar(30); is_public: tinyint(1); created_at: datetime; updated_at: datetime, nullable; deleted_at: datetime, nullable; deleted: tinyint(1); disk_format: varchar(20), nullable; container_format: varchar(20), nullable; checksum: varchar(32), nullable; owner: varchar(255), nullable min_disk: int(11); min_ram: int(11); protected: tinyint(1); and virtual_size: bigint(20), nullable;. The table named image_locations has the following columns: id: int(11), primary; image_id: varchar(36), refers to column named id in table Images; value: text; created_at: datetime; updated_at: datetime, nullable; deleted_at: datetime, nullable; deleted: tinyint(1); meta_data: text, nullable; and status: varchar(30);. The table named image_members has the following columns: id: int(11), primary; image_id: varchar(36), refers to column named id in table Images; member: varchar(255); can_share: tinyint(1); created_at: datetime; updated_at: datetime, nullable; deleted_at: datetime, nullable; deleted: tinyint(1); and status: varchar(20;. The table named image_tags has the following columns: id: int(11), primary; image_id: varchar(36), refers to column named id in table Images; value: varchar(255); created_at: datetime; updated_at: datetime, nullable; deleted_at: datetime, nullable; and deleted: tinyint(1);. The table named image_properties has the following columns: id: int(11), primary; image_id: varchar(36), refers to column named id in table Images; name: varchar(255); value: text, nullable; created_at: datetime; updated_at: datetime, nullable; deleted_at: datetime, nullable; and deleted: tinyint(1);.

Image 1. Glance images DB schema

Glance Database Backends

Migration Backends

sqlalchemy

Warning

No documentation found in sqlalchemy = oslo_db.sqlalchemy.migration

Metadata Backends

sqlalchemy

Warning

No documentation found in sqlalchemy = glance.db.sqlalchemy.metadata

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