Running Heat API services in HTTP Server

Running Heat API services in HTTP Server

Since the Liberty release Heat has packaged a set of wsgi script entrypoints that enables users to run api services with a real web server like Apache HTTP Server (httpd).

There are several patterns for deployment. This doc shows some common ways of deploying api services with httpd.


This deployment method is possible since Liberty release.

The httpd/files directory contains sample files that can be changed and copied to the appropriate location in your httpd server.

On Debian/Ubuntu systems it is:


On Red Hat based systems it is:



In this deployment method we use uwsgi as a web server bound to a random local port. Then we configure apache using mod_proxy to forward all incoming requests on the specified endpoint to that local webserver. This has the advantage of letting apache manage all inbound http connections, and uwsgi manage running the python code. It also means when we make changes to Heat api code or configuration, we don’t need to restart all of apache (which may be running other services too) and just need to restart the local uwsgi daemons.

The httpd/files directory contains sample files for configuring httpd to run Heat api services under uwsgi in this configuration. To use the sample configs simply copy uwsgi-heat-api.conf and uwsgi-heat-api-cfn.conf to the appropriate location for your web server.

On Debian/Ubuntu systems it is:


On Red Hat based systems it is:


Enable mod_proxy by running sudo a2enmod proxy

Then on Ubuntu/Debian systems enable the site by creating a symlink from the file in sites-available to sites-enabled. (This is not required on Red Hat based systems):

ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/uwsgi-heat-api.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled
ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/uwsgi-heat-api-cfn.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled

Start or restart httpd to pick up the new configuration.

Now we need to configure and start the uwsgi service. Copy the following files to /etc/heat:


Update the files to match your system configuration (for example, you’ll want to set the number of processes and threads).

Install uwsgi and start the heat-api server using uwsgi:

sudo pip install uwsgi
uwsgi --ini /etc/heat/heat-api-uwsgi.ini
uwsgi --ini /etc/heat/heat-api-cfn-uwsgi.ini


In the sample configs some random ports are used, but this doesn’t matter and is just a randomly selected number. This is not a contract on the port used for the local uwsgi daemon.


Instead of running uwsgi as a webserver listening on a local port and then having Apache HTTP proxy all the incoming requests with mod_proxy, the normally recommended way of deploying uwsgi with Apache httpd is to use mod_proxy_uwsgi and set up a local socket file for uwsgi to listen on. Apache will send the requests using the uwsgi protocol over this local socket file.

The dsvm jobs in heat upstream gate uses this deployment method.

For more details on using mod_proxy_uwsgi see the official docs:

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

Except where otherwise noted, this document is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. See all OpenStack Legal Documents.