Layer 3 or DHCP-less ramdisk booting

Booting nodes via PXE, while universally supported, suffers from one disadvantage: it requires a direct L2 connectivity between the node and the control plane for DHCP. Using virtual media it is possible to avoid not only the unreliable TFTP protocol, but DHCP altogether.

When network data is provided for a node as explained below, the generated virtual media ISO will also serve as a configdrive, and the network data will be stored in the standard OpenStack location.

The simple-init element needs to be used when creating the deployment ramdisk. The Glean tool will look for a media labeled as config-2. If found, the network information from it will be read, and the node’s networking stack will be configured accordingly.

ironic-python-agent-builder -o /output/ramdisk \
     debian-minimal -e simple-init


Ramdisks based on distributions with NetworkManager require Glean 1.19.0 or newer to work.


If desired, some interfaces can still be configured to use DHCP.

Hardware type support

This feature is known to work with the following hardware types:

  • Redfish with redfish-virtual-media boot

  • iLO with ilo-virtual-media boot

Configuring network data

When the Bare Metal service is running within OpenStack, no additional configuration is required - the network configuration will be fetched from the Network service.

Alternatively, the user can build and pass network configuration in form of a network_data JSON to a node via the network_data field. Node-based configuration takes precedence over the configuration generated by the Network service and also works in standalone mode.

baremetal node set --network-data ~/network_data.json <node>

An example network data:

    "links": [
            "id": "port-92750f6c-60a9-4897-9cd1-090c5f361e18",
            "type": "phy",
            "ethernet_mac_address": "52:54:00:d3:6a:71"
    "networks": [
            "id": "network0",
            "type": "ipv4",
            "link": "port-92750f6c-60a9-4897-9cd1-090c5f361e18",
            "ip_address": "",
            "netmask": "",
            "network_id": "network0",
            "routes": []
    "services": []


Some fields are redundant with the port information. We’re looking into simplifying the format, but currently all these fields are mandatory.

You’ll need the deployed image to support network data, e.g. by pre-installing cloud-init or Glean on it (most cloud images have the former). Then you can provide the network data when deploying, for example:

baremetal node deploy <node> \
    --config-drive "{\"network_data\": $(cat ~/network_data.json)}"

Some first-boot services, such as Ignition, don’t support network data. You can provide their configuration as part of user data instead:

baremetal node deploy <node> \
    --config-drive "{\"user_data\": \"... ignition config ...\"}"

Deploying outside of the provisioning network

If you need to combine traditional deployments using a provisioning network with virtual media deployments over L3, you may need to provide an alternative IP address for the remote nodes to connect to:

http_url = <HTTP server URL internal to the provisioning network>
external_http_url = <HTTP server URL with a routable IP address>

You may also need to override the callback URL, which is normally fetched from the service catalog or configured in the [service_catalog] section:

external_callback_url = <Bare Metal API URL with a routable IP address>

In case you need specific URLs for each node, you can use the driver_info[external_http_url] node property. When used it overrides the [deploy]http_url and [deploy]external_http_url settings in the configuration file.

baremetal node set node-0 \
  --driver-info external_http_url="<your_node_external_url>"