Enabling the configuration drive (configdrive)

Enabling the configuration drive (configdrive)

The Bare Metal service supports exposing a configuration drive image to the instances.

The configuration drive is used to store instance-specific metadata and is present to the instance as a disk partition labeled config-2. The configuration drive has a maximum size of 64MB. One use case for using the configuration drive is to expose a networking configuration when you do not use DHCP to assign IP addresses to instances.

The configuration drive is usually used in conjunction with the Compute service, but the Bare Metal service also offers a standalone way of using it. The following sections will describe both methods.

When used with Compute service

To enable the configuration drive for a specific request, pass --config-drive true parameter to the nova boot command, for example:

nova boot --config-drive true --flavor baremetal --image test-image instance-1

It’s also possible to enable the configuration drive automatically on all instances by configuring the OpenStack Compute service to always create a configuration drive by setting the following option in the /etc/nova/nova.conf file, for example:



In some cases, you may wish to pass a user customized script when deploying an instance. To do this, pass --user-data /path/to/file to the nova boot command.

When used standalone

When used without the Compute service, the operator needs to create a configuration drive and provide the file or HTTP URL to the Bare Metal service.

For the format of the configuration drive, Bare Metal service expects a gzipped and base64 encoded ISO 9660 [*] file with a config-2 label. The openstack baremetal client can generate a configuration drive in the expected format. Just pass a directory path containing the files that will be injected into it via the --config-drive parameter of the openstack baremetal node deploy command, for example:

openstack baremetal node deploy $node_identifier --config-drive /dir/configdrive_files

Configuration drive storage in an object store

Under normal circumstances, the configuration drive can be stored in the Bare Metal service when the size is less than 64KB. Optionally, if the size is larger than 64KB there is support to store it in swift or radosgw backed object store. Both swift and radosgw use swift-style APIs.

The following option in /etc/ironic/ironic.conf enables swift as an object store backend to store config drive. This uses the Identity service to establish a session between the Bare Metal service and the Object Storage service.


configdrive_use_object_store = True

Use the following options in /etc/ironic/ironic.conf to enable radosgw. Credentials in the swift section are needed because radosgw will not use the Identity service and relies on radosgw’s username and password authentication instead.


configdrive_use_object_store = True
object_store_endpoint_type = radosgw


username = USERNAME
password = PASSWORD
auth_url = http://RADOSGW_IP:8000/auth/v1

If the Direct deploy is being used, edit /etc/glance/glance-api.conf to store the instance images in respective object store (radosgw or swift) as well:


swift_store_user = USERNAME
swift_store_key = PASSWORD
swift_store_auth_address = http://RADOSGW_OR_SWIFT_IP:PORT/auth/v1

Accessing the configuration drive data

When the configuration drive is enabled, the Bare Metal service will create a partition on the instance disk and write the configuration drive image onto it. The configuration drive must be mounted before use. This is performed automatically by many tools, such as cloud-init and cloudbase-init. To mount it manually on a Linux distribution that supports accessing devices by labels, simply run the following:

mkdir -p /mnt/config
mount /dev/disk/by-label/config-2 /mnt/config

If the guest OS doesn’t support accessing devices by labels, you can use other tools such as blkid to identify which device corresponds to the configuration drive and mount it, for example:

CONFIG_DEV=$(blkid -t LABEL="config-2" -odevice)
mkdir -p /mnt/config
mount $CONFIG_DEV /mnt/config
[*]A configuration drive could also be a data block with a VFAT filesystem on it instead of ISO 9660. But it’s unlikely that it would be needed since ISO 9660 is widely supported across operating systems.

Cloud-init integration

The configuration drive can be especially useful when used with cloud-init, but in order to use it we should follow some rules:

  • Cloud-init data should be organized in the expected format.

  • Since the Bare Metal service uses a disk partition as the configuration drive, it will only work with cloud-init version >= 0.7.5.

  • Cloud-init has a collection of data source modules, so when building the image with disk-image-builder we have to define DIB_CLOUD_INIT_DATASOURCES environment variable and set the appropriate sources to enable the configuration drive, for example:

    DIB_CLOUD_INIT_DATASOURCES="ConfigDrive, OpenStack" disk-image-create -o fedora-cloud-image fedora baremetal

    For more information see how to configure cloud-init data sources.

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