Setup Shibboleth

Setup Shibboleth

Configure Apache HTTPD for mod_shibboleth

Follow the steps outlined at: Running Keystone in HTTPD for SUSE, RedHat or Ubuntu.

You’ll also need to install Shibboleth, for example:

$ apt-get install libapache2-mod-shib2

Configure your Keystone virtual host and adjust the config to properly handle SAML2 workflow:

Add this WSGIScriptAliasMatch directive to your public vhost configuration:

WSGIScriptAliasMatch ^(/v3/OS-FEDERATION/identity_providers/.*?/protocols/.*?/auth)$ /usr/local/bin/keystone-wsgi-public/$1

Make sure the keystone.conf vhost file contains a <Location> directive for the Shibboleth module and a <Location> directive for each identity provider:

<Location /Shibboleth.sso>
    SetHandler shib

<Location /v3/OS-FEDERATION/identity_providers/myidp/protocols/saml2/auth>
    ShibRequestSetting requireSession 1
    AuthType shibboleth
    ShibExportAssertion Off
    Require valid-user

    <IfVersion < 2.4>
        ShibRequireSession On
        ShibRequireAll On


Enable the shib2 module, for example:

$ a2enmod shib2

Restart Apache, for example:

$ service apache2 restart

Configuring shibboleth2.xml

Once you have your Keystone vhost (virtual host) ready, it’s then time to configure Shibboleth and upload your Metadata to the Identity Provider.

Create a new keypair for Shibboleth with:

$ shib-keygen -y <number of years>

The newly created key file will be stored under /etc/shibboleth/sp-key.pem.

Configure your Service Provider by editing /etc/shibboleth/shibboleth2.xml file. You will want to change five settings:

  • Set the SP entity ID. This value usually has the form of a URI but it does not have to resolve to anything. It must uniquely identify your Service Provider to your Identity Provider.
<ApplicationDefaults entityID="">
  • Set the IdP entity ID. This value is determined by the IdP. For example, if Keystone is the IdP:
<SSO entityID="">

Example if is the IdP:

<SSO entityID="">
  • Remove the discoveryURL lines unless you want to enable advanced IdP discovery.
  • Add a MetadataProvider block. The URI given here is a real URL that Shibboleth will use to fetch metadata from the IdP. For example, if Keystone is the IdP:
<MetadataProvider type="XML" uri=""/>

Example if is the IdP:

<MetadataProvider type="XML" uri="" />

You are advised to examine Shibboleth Service Provider Configuration documentation

The result should look like (The example shown below is for reference only, not to be used in a production environment):

<SPConfig xmlns="urn:mace:shibboleth:2.0:native:sp:config"

    By default, in-memory StorageService, ReplayCache, ArtifactMap, and SessionCache
    are used. See example-shibboleth2.xml for samples of explicitly configuring them.

    To customize behavior for specific resources on Apache, and to link vhosts or
    resources to ApplicationOverride settings below, use web server options/commands.
    See for help.

    For examples with the RequestMap XML syntax instead, see the example-shibboleth2.xml
    file, and the topic.

    <!-- The ApplicationDefaults element is where most of Shibboleth's SAML bits are defined. -->
    <ApplicationDefaults entityID="">

        Controls session lifetimes, address checks, cookie handling, and the protocol handlers.
        You MUST supply an effectively unique handlerURL value for each of your applications.
        The value defaults to /Shibboleth.sso, and should be a relative path, with the SP computing
        a relative value based on the virtual host. Using handlerSSL="true", the default, will force
        the protocol to be https. You should also set cookieProps to "https" for SSL-only sites.
        Note that while we default checkAddress to "false", this has a negative impact on the
        security of your site. Stealing sessions via cookie theft is much easier with this disabled.
        <Sessions lifetime="28800" timeout="3600" relayState="ss:mem"
                  checkAddress="false" handlerSSL="false" cookieProps="http">

            Configures SSO for a default IdP. To allow for >1 IdP, remove
            entityID property and adjust discoveryURL to point to discovery service.
            (Set discoveryProtocol to "WAYF" for legacy Shibboleth WAYF support.)
            You can also override entityID on /Login query string, or in RequestMap/htaccess.
            <SSO entityID="">
              SAML2 SAML1

            <!-- SAML and local-only logout. -->
            <Logout>SAML2 Local</Logout>

            <!-- Extension service that generates "approximate" metadata based on SP configuration. -->
            <Handler type="MetadataGenerator" Location="/Metadata" signing="false"/>

            <!-- Status reporting service. -->
            <Handler type="Status" Location="/Status" acl=" ::1"/>

            <!-- Session diagnostic service. -->
            <Handler type="Session" Location="/Session" showAttributeValues="false"/>

            <!-- JSON feed of discovery information. -->
            <Handler type="DiscoveryFeed" Location="/DiscoFeed"/>
        Allows overriding of error template information/filenames. You can
        also add attributes with values that can be plugged into the templates.
        <Errors supportContact="root@localhost"

        <!-- Example of remotely supplied batch of signed metadata. -->
        <MetadataProvider type="XML" uri=""
              backingFilePath="federation-metadata.xml" reloadInterval="7200">
            <MetadataFilter type="RequireValidUntil" maxValidityInterval="2419200"/>
            <MetadataFilter type="Signature" certificate="fedsigner.pem"/>

        <!-- Example of locally maintained metadata. -->
        <MetadataProvider type="XML" file="partner-metadata.xml"/>
        <MetadataProvider type="XML" uri=""/>

        <!-- Map to extract attributes from SAML assertions. -->
        <AttributeExtractor type="XML" validate="true" reloadChanges="false" path="attribute-map.xml"/>

        <!-- Use a SAML query if no attributes are supplied during SSO. -->
        <AttributeResolver type="Query" subjectMatch="true"/>

        <!-- Default filtering policy for recognized attributes, lets other data pass. -->
        <AttributeFilter type="XML" validate="true" path="attribute-policy.xml"/>

        <!-- Simple file-based resolver for using a single keypair. -->
        <CredentialResolver type="File" key="sp-key.pem" certificate="sp-cert.pem"/>

        The default settings can be overridden by creating ApplicationOverride elements (see
        the topic).
        Resource requests are mapped by web server commands, or the RequestMapper, to an
        applicationId setting.
        Example of a second application (for a second vhost) that has a different entityID.
        Resources on the vhost would map to an applicationId of "admin":
        <ApplicationOverride id="admin" entityID=""/>

    <!-- Policies that determine how to process and authenticate runtime messages. -->
    <SecurityPolicyProvider type="XML" validate="true" path="security-policy.xml"/>

    <!-- Low-level configuration about protocols and bindings available for use. -->
    <ProtocolProvider type="XML" validate="true" reloadChanges="false" path="protocols.xml"/>


If keystone is your IdP, you will need to examine your attributes map file /etc/shibboleth/attribute-map.xml and add the following attributes:

<Attribute name="openstack_user" id="openstack_user"/>
<Attribute name="openstack_roles" id="openstack_roles"/>
<Attribute name="openstack_project" id="openstack_project"/>
<Attribute name="openstack_user_domain" id="openstack_user_domain"/>
<Attribute name="openstack_project_domain" id="openstack_project_domain"/>

For more information see the attributes documentation

Once you are done, restart your Shibboleth daemon and apache:

$ service shibd restart
$ service apache2 restart

Check /var/log/shibboleth/shibd_warn.log for any ERROR or CRIT notices and correct them.

Upload your Service Provider’s metadata file to your Identity Provider. You can fetch it with:

$ wget

This step depends on your Identity Provider choice and is not covered here. If keystone is your Identity Provider you do not need to upload this file.

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