External Ceph

External Ceph

Sometimes it is necessary to connect OpenStack services to an existing Ceph cluster instead of deploying it with Kolla. This can be achieved with only a few configuration steps in Kolla.

Requirements

  • An existing installation of Ceph
  • Existing Ceph storage pools
  • Existing credentials in Ceph for OpenStack services to connect to Ceph (Glance, Cinder, Nova)

Enabling External Ceph

Using external Ceph with Kolla means not to deploy Ceph via Kolla. Therefore, disable Ceph deployment in /etc/kolla/globals.yml

enable_ceph: "no"

There are flags indicating individual services to use ceph or not which default to the value of enable_ceph. Those flags now need to be activated in order to activate external Ceph integration. This can be done individually per service in /etc/kolla/globals.yml:

glance_backend_ceph: "yes"
cinder_backend_ceph: "yes"
nova_backend_ceph: "yes"

The combination of enable_ceph: "no" and <service>_backend_ceph: "yes" triggers the activation of external ceph mechanism in Kolla.

Configuring External Ceph

Glance

Configuring Glance for Ceph includes three steps:

  1. Configure RBD back end in glance-api.conf
  2. Create Ceph configuration file in /etc/ceph/ceph.conf
  3. Create Ceph keyring file in /etc/ceph/ceph.client.<username>.keyring

Step 1 is done by using Kolla’s INI merge mechanism: Create a file in /etc/kolla/config/glance/glance-api.conf with the following contents:

[DEFAULT]
show_image_direct_url = True

[glance_store]
stores = rbd
default_store = rbd
rbd_store_pool = images
rbd_store_user = glance
rbd_store_ceph_conf = /etc/ceph/ceph.conf

Now put ceph.conf and the keyring file (name depends on the username created in Ceph) into the same directory, for example:

/etc/kolla/config/glance/ceph.conf

[global]
fsid = 1d89fec3-325a-4963-a950-c4afedd37fe3
mon_initial_members = ceph-0
mon_host = 192.168.0.56
auth_cluster_required = cephx
auth_service_required = cephx
auth_client_required = cephx

/etc/kolla/config/glance/ceph.client.glance.keyring

[client.glance]
key = AQAg5YRXS0qxLRAAXe6a4R1a15AoRx7ft80DhA==

Kolla will pick up all files named ceph.* in this directory an copy them to the /etc/ceph/ directory of the container.

Cinder

Configuring external Ceph for Cinder works very similar to Glance.

Edit /etc/kolla/config/cinder/cinder-volume.conf with the following content:

[DEFAULT]
enabled_backends=rbd-1

[rbd-1]
rbd_ceph_conf=/etc/ceph/ceph.conf
rbd_user=cinder
backend_host=rbd:volumes
rbd_pool=volumes
volume_backend_name=rbd-1
volume_driver=cinder.volume.drivers.rbd.RBDDriver
rbd_secret_uuid = {{ cinder_rbd_secret_uuid }}

Note

cinder_rbd_secret_uuid can be found in /etc/kolla/passwords.yml file.

Edit /etc/kolla/config/cinder/cinder-backup.conf with the following content:

[DEFAULT]
backup_ceph_conf=/etc/ceph/ceph.conf
backup_ceph_user=cinder
backup_ceph_chunk_size = 134217728
backup_ceph_pool=backups
backup_driver = cinder.backup.drivers.ceph
backup_ceph_stripe_unit = 0
backup_ceph_stripe_count = 0
restore_discard_excess_bytes = true

Next, place the ceph.conf file into /etc/kolla/config/cinder/ceph.conf:

[global]
fsid = 1d89fec3-325a-4963-a950-c4afedd37fe3
mon_initial_members = ceph-0
mon_host = 192.168.0.56
auth_cluster_required = cephx
auth_service_required = cephx
auth_client_required = cephx

Separate configuration options can be configured for cinder-volume and cinder-backup by adding ceph.conf files to /etc/kolla/config/cinder/cinder-volume and /etc/kolla/config/cinder/cinder-backup respectively. They will be merged with /etc/kolla/config/cinder/ceph.conf.

Ceph keyrings are deployed per service and placed into cinder-volume and cinder-backup directories:

Note

cinder-backup requires two keyrings for accessing volumes and backup pool.

root@deploy:/etc/kolla/config# cat
cinder/cinder-backup/ceph.client.cinder.keyring
[client.cinder]
        key = AQAg5YRXpChaGRAAlTSCleesthCRmCYrfQVX1w==
root@deploy:/etc/kolla/config# cat
cinder/cinder-backup/ceph.client.cinder-backup.keyring
[client.cinder-backup]
        key = AQC9wNBYrD8MOBAAwUlCdPKxWZlhkrWIDE1J/w==
root@deploy:/etc/kolla/config# cat
cinder/cinder-volume/ceph.client.cinder.keyring
[client.cinder]
        key = AQAg5YRXpChaGRAAlTSCleesthCRmCYrfQVX1w==

It is important that the files are named ceph.client*.

Nova

Put ceph.conf, nova client keyring file and cinder client keyring file into /etc/kolla/config/nova:

$ ls /etc/kolla/config/nova
ceph.client.cinder.keyring ceph.client.nova.keyring ceph.conf

Configure nova-compute to use Ceph as the ephemeral back end by creating /etc/kolla/config/nova/nova-compute.conf and adding the following contents:

[libvirt]
images_rbd_pool=vms
images_type=rbd
images_rbd_ceph_conf=/etc/ceph/ceph.conf
rbd_user=nova

Note

rbd_user might vary depending on your environment.

Gnocchi

Edit /etc/kolla/config/gnocchi/gnocchi.conf with the following content:

[storage]
driver = ceph
ceph_username = gnocchi
ceph_keyring = /etc/ceph/ceph.client.gnocchi.keyring
ceph_conffile = /etc/ceph/ceph.conf

Put ceph.conf and gnocchi client keyring file in /etc/kolla/config/gnocchi:

$ ls /etc/kolla/config/gnocchi
ceph.client.gnocchi.keyring ceph.conf gnocchi.conf
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