Manila in Kolla

Manila in Kolla

Overview

Currently, Kolla can deploy following manila services:

  • manila-api
  • manila-scheduler
  • manila-share

The OpenStack Shared File Systems service (Manila) provides file storage to a virtual machine. The Shared File Systems service provides an infrastructure for managing and provisioning of file shares. The service also enables management of share types as well as share snapshots if a driver supports them.

Important

For simplicity, this guide describes configuring the Shared File Systems service to use the generic back end with the driver handles share server mode (DHSS) enabled that uses Compute (nova), Networking (neutron) and Block storage (cinder) services. Networking service configuration requires the capability of networks being attached to a public router in order to create shared networks.

Before you proceed, ensure that Compute, Networking and Block storage services are properly working.

Preparation and Deployment

Cinder and Ceph are required, enable it in /etc/kolla/globals.yml:

enable_cinder: "yes"
enable_ceph: "yes"

Enable Manila and generic back end in /etc/kolla/globals.yml:

enable_manila: "yes"
enable_manila_backend_generic: "yes"

By default Manila uses instance flavor id 100 for its file systems. For Manila to work, either create a new nova flavor with id 100 (use nova flavor-create) or change service_instance_flavor_id to use one of the default nova flavor ids. Ex: service_instance_flavor_id = 2 to use nova default flavor m1.small.

Create or modify the file /etc/kolla/config/manila-share.conf and add the contents:

[generic]
service_instance_flavor_id = 2

Verify Operation

Verify operation of the Shared File Systems service. List service components to verify successful launch of each process:

# manila service-list
+------------------+----------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+-----------------+
|      Binary      |    Host        | Zone |  Status | State |         Updated_at         | Disabled Reason |
+------------------+----------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+-----------------+
| manila-scheduler | controller     | nova | enabled |   up  | 2014-10-18T01:30:54.000000 |       None      |
| manila-share     | share1@generic | nova | enabled |   up  | 2014-10-18T01:30:57.000000 |       None      |
+------------------+----------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+-----------------+

Launch an Instance

Before being able to create a share, the manila with the generic driver and the DHSS mode enabled requires the definition of at least an image, a network and a share-network for being used to create a share server. For that back end configuration, the share server is an instance where NFS/CIFS shares are served.

Determine the configuration of the share server

Create a default share type before running manila-share service:

# manila type-create default_share_type True
+--------------------------------------+--------------------+------------+------------+-------------------------------------+-------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name               | Visibility | is_default | required_extra_specs                | optional_extra_specs    |
+--------------------------------------+--------------------+------------+------------+-------------------------------------+-------------------------+
| 8a35da28-0f74-490d-afff-23664ecd4f01 | default_share_type | public     | -          | driver_handles_share_servers : True | snapshot_support : True |
+--------------------------------------+--------------------+------------+------------+-------------------------------------+-------------------------+

Create a manila share server image to the Image service:

# wget http://tarballs.openstack.org/manila-image-elements/images/manila-service-image-master.qcow2
# glance image-create --name "manila-service-image" \
  --file manila-service-image-master.qcow2 \
  --disk-format qcow2 --container-format bare \
  --visibility public --progress
[=============================>] 100%
+------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Property         | Value                                |
+------------------+--------------------------------------+
| checksum         | 48a08e746cf0986e2bc32040a9183445     |
| container_format | bare                                 |
| created_at       | 2016-01-26T19:52:24Z                 |
| disk_format      | qcow2                                |
| id               | 1fc7f29e-8fe6-44ef-9c3c-15217e83997c |
| min_disk         | 0                                    |
| min_ram          | 0                                    |
| name             | manila-service-image                 |
| owner            | e2c965830ecc4162a002bf16ddc91ab7     |
| protected        | False                                |
| size             | 306577408                            |
| status           | active                               |
| tags             | []                                   |
| updated_at       | 2016-01-26T19:52:28Z                 |
| virtual_size     | None                                 |
| visibility       | public                               |
+------------------+--------------------------------------+

List available networks to get id and subnets of the private network:

+--------------------------------------+---------+----------------------------------------------------+
| id                                   | name    | subnets                                            |
+--------------------------------------+---------+----------------------------------------------------+
| 0e62efcd-8cee-46c7-b163-d8df05c3c5ad | public  | 5cc70da8-4ee7-4565-be53-b9c011fca011 10.3.31.0/24  |
| 7c6f9b37-76b4-463e-98d8-27e5686ed083 | private | 3482f524-8bff-4871-80d4-5774c2730728 172.16.1.0/24 |
+--------------------------------------+---------+----------------------------------------------------+

Create a shared network

# manila share-network-create --name demo-share-network1 \
--neutron-net-id PRIVATE_NETWORK_ID \
--neutron-subnet-id PRIVATE_NETWORK_SUBNET_ID
+-------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Property          | Value                                |
+-------------------+--------------------------------------+
| name              | demo-share-network1                  |
| segmentation_id   | None                                 |
| created_at        | 2016-01-26T20:03:41.877838           |
| neutron_subnet_id | 3482f524-8bff-4871-80d4-5774c2730728 |
| updated_at        | None                                 |
| network_type      | None                                 |
| neutron_net_id    | 7c6f9b37-76b4-463e-98d8-27e5686ed083 |
| ip_version        | None                                 |
| nova_net_id       | None                                 |
| cidr              | None                                 |
| project_id        | e2c965830ecc4162a002bf16ddc91ab7     |
| id                | 58b2f0e6-5509-4830-af9c-97f525a31b14 |
| description       | None                                 |
+-------------------+--------------------------------------+

Create a flavor (Required if you not defined manila_instance_flavor_id in /etc/kolla/config/manila-share.conf file)

# nova flavor-create manila-service-flavor 100 128 0 1

Create a share

Create a NFS share using the share network:

# manila create NFS 1 --name demo-share1 --share-network demo-share-network1
+-----------------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Property                    | Value                                |
+-----------------------------+--------------------------------------+
| status                      | None                                 |
| share_type_name             | None                                 |
| description                 | None                                 |
| availability_zone           | None                                 |
| share_network_id            | None                                 |
| export_locations            | []                                   |
| host                        | None                                 |
| snapshot_id                 | None                                 |
| is_public                   | False                                |
| task_state                  | None                                 |
| snapshot_support            | True                                 |
| id                          | 016ca18f-bdd5-48e1-88c0-782e4c1aa28c |
| size                        | 1                                    |
| name                        | demo-share1                          |
| share_type                  | None                                 |
| created_at                  | 2016-01-26T20:08:50.502877           |
| export_location             | None                                 |
| share_proto                 | NFS                                  |
| consistency_group_id        | None                                 |
| source_cgsnapshot_member_id | None                                 |
| project_id                  | 48e8c35b2ac6495d86d4be61658975e7     |
| metadata                    | {}                                   |
+-----------------------------+--------------------------------------+

After some time, the share status should change from creating to available:

# manila list
+--------------------------------------+-------------+------+-------------+-----------+-----------+--------------------------------------+-----------------------------+-------------------+
| ID                                   | Name        | Size | Share Proto | Status    | Is Public | Share Type Name                      | Host                        | Availability Zone |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+------+-------------+-----------+-----------+--------------------------------------+-----------------------------+-------------------+
| e1e06b14-ba17-48d4-9e0b-ca4d59823166 | demo-share1 | 1    | NFS         | available | False     | default_share_type                   | share1@generic#GENERIC      | nova              |
+--------------------------------------+-------------+------+-------------+-----------+-----------+--------------------------------------+-----------------------------+-------------------+

Configure user access to the new share before attempting to mount it via the network:

# manila access-allow demo-share1 ip INSTANCE_PRIVATE_NETWORK_IP

Mount the share from an instance

Get export location from share

# manila show demo-share1
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Property                    | Value                                                                |
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
| status                      | available                                                            |
| share_type_name             | default_share_type                                                   |
| description                 | None                                                                 |
| availability_zone           | nova                                                                 |
| share_network_id            | fa07a8c3-598d-47b5-8ae2-120248ec837f                                 |
| export_locations            |                                                                      |
|                             | path = 10.254.0.3:/shares/share-422dc546-8f37-472b-ac3c-d23fe410d1b6 |
|                             | preferred = False                                                    |
|                             | is_admin_only = False                                                |
|                             | id = 5894734d-8d9a-49e4-b53e-7154c9ce0882                            |
|                             | share_instance_id = 422dc546-8f37-472b-ac3c-d23fe410d1b6             |
| share_server_id             | 4782feef-61c8-4ffb-8d95-69fbcc380a52                                 |
| host                        | share1@generic#GENERIC                                               |
| access_rules_status         | active                                                               |
| snapshot_id                 | None                                                                 |
| is_public                   | False                                                                |
| task_state                  | None                                                                 |
| snapshot_support            | True                                                                 |
| id                          | e1e06b14-ba17-48d4-9e0b-ca4d59823166                                 |
| size                        | 1                                                                    |
| name                        | demo-share1                                                          |
| share_type                  | 6e1e803f-1c37-4660-a65a-c1f2b54b6e17                                 |
| has_replicas                | False                                                                |
| replication_type            | None                                                                 |
| created_at                  | 2016-03-15T18:59:12.000000                                           |
| share_proto                 | NFS                                                                  |
| consistency_group_id        | None                                                                 |
| source_cgsnapshot_member_id | None                                                                 |
| project_id                  | 9dc02df0f2494286ba0252b3c81c01d0                                     |
| metadata                    | {}                                                                   |
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------------------+

Create a folder where the mount will be placed:

# mkdir ~/test_folder

Mount the NFS share in the instance using the export location of the share:

# mount -v 10.254.0.3:/shares/share-422dc546-8f37-472b-ac3c-d23fe410d1b6 ~/test_folder

Share Migration

As administrator, you can migrate a share with its data from one location to another in a manner that is transparent to users and workloads. You can use manila client commands to complete a share migration.

For share migration, is needed modify manila.conf and set a ip in the same provider network for data_node_access_ip.

Modify the file /etc/kolla/config/manila.conf and add the contents:

[DEFAULT]
data_node_access_ip = 10.10.10.199

Note

Share migration requires have more than one back end configured. For details, see Configure multiple back ends.

Use the manila migration command, as shown in the following example:

manila migration-start --preserve-metadata True|False \
 --writable True|False --force_host_assisted_migration True|False \
 --new_share_type share_type --new_share_network share_network \
 shareID destinationHost
  • --force-host-copy: Forces the generic host-based migration mechanism and bypasses any driver optimizations.
  • destinationHost: Is in this format host#pool which includes destination host and pool.
  • --writable and --preserve-metadata: Are only for driver assisted.
  • --new_share_network: Only if driver supports shared network.
  • --new_share_type: Choose share type compatible with destinationHost.

Checking share migration progress

Use the manila migration-get-progress shareID command to check progress.

manila migration-get-progress demo-share1
+----------------+-----------------------+
| Property       | Value                 |
+----------------+-----------------------+
| task_state     | data_copying_starting |
| total_progress | 0                     |
+----------------+-----------------------+

manila migration-get-progress demo-share1
+----------------+-------------------------+
| Property       | Value                   |
+----------------+-------------------------+
| task_state     | data_copying_completing |
| total_progress | 100                     |
+----------------+-------------------------+

Use the manila migration-complete shareID command to complete share migration process

For more information about how to manage shares, see the OpenStack User Guide.

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