Designate - DNS service

Overview

Designate provides DNSaaS services for OpenStack:

  • REST API for domain/record management

  • Multi-tenant

  • Integrated with Keystone for authentication

  • Framework in place to integrate with Nova and Neutron notifications (for auto-generated records)

  • Support for Bind9 and Infoblox out of the box

Configuration on Kolla deployment

Enable Designate service in /etc/kolla/globals.yml

enable_designate: "yes"

Configure Designate options in /etc/kolla/globals.yml

Important

Designate MDNS node requires the dns_interface to be reachable from public network.

dns_interface: "eth1"
designate_ns_record: "sample.openstack.org"

Important

If multiple nodes are assigned to be Designate workers then you must enable a supported coordination backend, currently either ‘redis’ or ‘etcd’. The backend choice can be overridden by the designate_coordination_backend variable.

The following additional variables are required depending on which backend you intend to use:

Bind9 Backend

Configure Designate options in /etc/kolla/globals.yml

designate_backend: "bind9"

Infoblox Backend

Important

When using Infoblox as the Designate backend the MDNS node requires the container to listen on port 53. As this is a privilaged port you will need to build your designate-mdns container to run as the user root rather than designate.

Configure Designate options in /etc/kolla/globals.yml

designate_backend: "infoblox"
designate_backend_infoblox_nameservers: "192.168.1.1,192.168.1.2"
designate_infoblox_host: "192.168.1.1"
designate_infoblox_wapi_url: "https://infoblox.example.com/wapi/v2.1/"
designate_infoblox_auth_username: "username"
designate_infoblox_ns_group: "INFOBLOX"

Configure Designate options in /etc/kolla/passwords.yml

designate_infoblox_auth_password: "password"

For more information about how the Infoblox backend works, see Infoblox backend.

Neutron and Nova Integration

Create default Designate Zone for Neutron:

openstack zone create --email admin@sample.openstack.org sample.openstack.org.

Create designate-sink custom configuration folder:

mkdir -p /etc/kolla/config/designate/

Append Designate Zone ID in /etc/kolla/config/designate/designate-sink.conf

[handler:nova_fixed]
zone_id = <ZONE_ID>
[handler:neutron_floatingip]
zone_id = <ZONE_ID>

Reconfigure Designate:

kolla-ansible reconfigure -i <INVENTORY_FILE> --tags designate,neutron,nova

Verify operation

List available networks:

openstack network list

Associate a domain to a network:

openstack network set <NETWORK_ID> --dns-domain sample.openstack.org.

Start an instance:

openstack server create \
  --image cirros \
  --flavor m1.tiny \
  --key-name mykey \
  --nic net-id=${NETWORK_ID} \
  my-vm

Check DNS records in Designate:

openstack recordset list sample.openstack.org.

+--------------------------------------+---------------------------------------+------+---------------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| id                                   | name                                  | type | records                                     | status | action |
+--------------------------------------+---------------------------------------+------+---------------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| 5aec6f5b-2121-4a2e-90d7-9e4509f79506 | sample.openstack.org.                 | SOA  | sample.openstack.org.                       | ACTIVE | NONE   |
|                                      |                                       |      | admin.sample.openstack.org. 1485266928 3514 |        |        |
|                                      |                                       |      | 600 86400 3600                              |        |        |
| 578dc94a-df74-4086-a352-a3b2db9233ae | sample.openstack.org.                 | NS   | sample.openstack.org.                       | ACTIVE | NONE   |
| de9ff01e-e9ef-4a0f-88ed-6ec5ecabd315 | 192-168-190-232.sample.openstack.org. | A    | 192.168.190.232                             | ACTIVE | NONE   |
| f67645ee-829c-4154-a988-75341050a8d6 | my-vm.None.sample.openstack.org.      | A    | 192.168.190.232                             | ACTIVE | NONE   |
| e5623d73-4f9f-4b54-9045-b148e0c3342d | my-vm.sample.openstack.org.           | A    | 192.168.190.232                             | ACTIVE | NONE   |
+--------------------------------------+---------------------------------------+------+---------------------------------------------+--------+--------+

Query instance DNS information to Designate dns_interface IP address:

dig +short -p 5354 @<DNS_INTERFACE_IP> my-vm.sample.openstack.org. A
192.168.190.232

For more information about how Designate works, see Designate, a DNSaaS component for OpenStack.