Share Server Migration

As of the Victoria release of OpenStack, Manila supports migration of share servers across different pools through an experimental API. This developer document reflects the latest version of the experimental Share Server Migration API.

Feature definition

The Share Server Migration API is an administrator-only API that allows the invoker to select a destination backend to migrate a share server to, while still allowing clients to access the source share server resources during the migration. Migration of data is expected to be disruptive for users accessing the source, because at some point it will cease to exist. For this reason, the share server migration feature is implemented in a 2-phase approach, for the purpose of controlling the timing of that expected disruption of migrating share servers.

The first phase of the migration is when operations that take the longest are performed, such as data copying or replication. After the first phase of data copying is complete, it is up to the administrator to trigger the second phase, often referred to as switchover phase, which may perform operations such as a last sync and changing the source share server to inactive.

During the data copy phase, users remain connected to the source, and may have to reconnect after the switchover phase.

Share server migration only supports driver-assisted migration. This mechanism uses the underlying driver running in the manila-share service node to coordinate the migration. The migration is performed directly in the storage. In order to use this mechanism, the driver should implement this functionality. Also, the driver managing the destination back end should support driver-assisted migration. Typically, drivers would be able to assist migration of share servers within storage systems from the same vendor. It is likely that this will be the most efficient and reliable mechanism to migrate a given share server, as the storage back end may be able to migrate the share server while remaining writable, snapshots, and possibly perform this operation non-disruptively.

Note that during a share server migration, access rules cannot be added or removed. Also, it is not possible to modify existent access rules for shares and share snapshots created upon the share server being migrated.

API description

The migration of a share server is started by invoking the migration_start API. The parameters are:

share_server_id

The share server to be migrated. This parameter is mandatory.

destination

The destination backend in host@backend representation. This parameter is mandatory.

preserve_snapshots

Specifies whether migration should enforce the preservation of all existing snapshots at the destination. In other words, the existing snapshots must be migrated along with the share server data. When this behavior is expected (i.e, this parameter is set to True) and drivers are not capable of migrating the snapshots, migration will result in an error status. This parameter is mandatory.

nondisruptive

Specifies whether the migration should only be performed without disrupting clients during migration. For such, it is also expected that the export location does not change. When this behavior is expected (i.e, this parameter is set to True) and drivers are not capable of allowing the share server shares to remain accessible through the two phases of the migration, migration will result in an error status. This parameter is mandatory.

writable

Specifies whether migration should only be performed if the share server shares can remain writable. When this behavior is expected (i.e, this parameter is set to True) and drivers are not capable of allowing the share server shares to remain writable, migration will result in an error status. If drivers are not capable of performing a nondisruptive migration, manila will ensure that the share server shares will remain writable through the data copy phase of migration. However, during the switchover phase the shares will be re-exported at the destination, causing the share to be rendered inaccessible for the duration of this phase. This parameter is mandatory.

new_share_network_id

If willing to change the share server’s share-network so it can be allocated in the desired destination backend, the invoker may supply a new share network to be used. This is often suited when the share server is to be migrated to a backend which operates in a different availability zone or managed by a driver that handles share servers. This parameter is optional.

After started, a migration may be cancelled through the migration_cancel API, have its status obtained through the migration_get_progress API, and completed through the migration_complete API after reaching a certain state (see Workflows section below).

Workflows

Upon invoking migration_start, several validations will be performed by the API layer, such as:

  • If supplied API parameters are valid.

  • If share server status is active.

  • If there are share groups related to the share server.

  • If a new share network id was provided and is compatible with the destination.

  • If a new host and share network id were provided and they’re different from the source share server.

  • If the share server to be migrated serves as destination to another share server.

  • If all the availability zones match with all shares’ share types within the share server.

  • If the share server’s shares do not have replicas.

  • If the share server’s shares are not member of a share group.

  • If the access rules of the given share server’s shares are not in error status.

  • If the snapshots of all share server shares are in available state.

  • If the destination backend chosen to migrate the share server to exists, as well as it and its share service are running.

If any of the above validations fail, the API will return an error. Otherwise, the task_state field value will transition to migration_starting and the share server’s status will transition to server_migrating. Past this point, all validations, state transitions and errors will not produce any notifications to the user. Instead, the given share server’s task_state field value will transition to migration_error.

Right after the API validations, a driver call will be performed in the destination backend in order to validate if the destination host is compatible within the requested operation. The driver will then determine the compatibility between source and destination hosts for the share server migration.

A new share server will be created in the database, referred to as the “destination share server”, with a status field value server_migrating_to.

Share server migration data copy phase

A share server will be created as needed at the destination backend. Then, the share server details are provided to the driver to report the set of migration capabilities for this destination. If the API parameters writable, nondisruptive, preserve_metadata and preserve_snapshots are satisfied by the reported migration capabilities, the task_state field value transitions to migration_driver_starting and the driver is invoked to start the migration.

The driver’s share_server_migration_start method should start a job in the storage back end and return, allowing the task_state field value to transition to migration_driver_in_progress. If any of the API parameters described previously are not satisfied, or the driver raises an exception in share_server_migration_start, the migration ends setting the task_state field value to migration_error, and the created share server will have its status set to error.

Once the share_server_migration_start driver method succeeds, a periodic task that checks for shares with task_state field value migration_driver_in_progress will invoke the driver’s share_server_migration_continue method, responsible for executing the next steps of migration until the data copy phase is completed, transitioning the task_state field value to migration_driver_phase1_done. If this step fails, the task_state field value transitions to migration_error and all allocated resources will be cleaned up.

Share server migration switchover phase

When invoked, the task_state field value transitions to migration_completing. In this phase, these operations will happen: * The source share instances are deleted * The source share server will have its status set to inactive * The access rules are applied to the shares of the destination share server * A final sync is also performed.

At last, the task_state field value transitions to migration_success. If the nondisruptive capability is not supported, the export locations will change and clients will need to remount the shares.

Driver interfaces

All drivers that implement the migration mechanism should be able to perform all required steps from the source share server back end within the implementation of the interfaces listed in the section below. Those steps include:

  • Validating compatibility and connectivity between the source and destination back end;

  • Start the migration job in the storage back end. Return after the job request has been submitted;

  • Subsequent invocations to the driver to monitor the job status.

  • Complete migration by performing a last sync if necessary and delete the original shares from the source back end.

Note

The implementation of the share_server_migration_cancel and share_server_migration_get_progress operations is not mandatory. If the driver is able to perform such operations, make sure to set share_server_migration_cancel and share_server_migration_get_progress equal to True in the response of the share_server_migration_check operation.

Additional notes

  • In case of an error in the storage back end during the execution of the migration job, the driver should raise an exception within the share_server_migration_continue method.

  • If the manila-share service is restarted during a migration, the driver’s share_server_migration_continue will be invoked periodically with an interval configured in the share manager service (share_server_migration_driver_continue_interval). The invocation will stop when the driver finishes the data copy phase.

Share Server Migration interfaces:

class ShareDriver(driver_handles_share_servers, *args, **kwargs)

Class defines interface of NAS driver.

share_server_migration_cancel(context, src_share_server, dest_share_server, shares, snapshots)

Cancels migration of a given share server to another host.

Note

Is called in destination share server’s backend to continue migration.

If possible, driver can implement a way to cancel an in-progress migration.

Parameters
  • context – The ‘context.RequestContext’ object for the request.

  • src_share_server – Reference to the original share server.

  • dest_share_server – Reference to the share server to be used as destination.

  • shares – All shares in the source share server that should be migrated.

  • snapshots – All snapshots in the source share server that should be migrated.

share_server_migration_check_compatibility(context, share_server, dest_host, old_share_network, new_share_network, shares_request_spec)

Checks destination compatibility for migration of a share server.

Note

Is called in destination share server’s backend to continue migration. Can be called by an admin to check if a given host is compatible or by the share manager to test compatibility with destination backend.

Driver should check if it is compatible with destination backend so driver-assisted migration can proceed.

Parameters
  • context – The ‘context.RequestContext’ object for the request.

  • share_server – Share server model.

  • dest_host – Reference to the hos to be used by the migrated share server.

  • old_share_network – Share network model where the source share server is placed.

  • new_share_network – Share network model where the share server is going to be migrated to.

  • shares_request_spec – Dict. Contains information about all shares and share types that belong to the source share server. The drivers can use this information to check if the capabilities match with the destination backend and if there is available space to hold the new share server and all its resource.

Example:

{
'shares_size': 100,
'snapshots_size': 100,
'shares_req_spec':
[
    {
    'share_properties':
        {
        'size': 10
        'user_id': '2f5c1df4-5203-444e-b68e-1e60f3f26fc3'
        'project_id': '0b82b278-51d6-4357-b273-0d7263982c31'
        'snapshot_support': True
        'create_share_from_snapshot_support': True
        'revert_to_snapshot_support': False
        'mount_snapshot_support': False
        'share_proto': NFS
        'share_type_id': '360e01c1-a4f7-4782-9676-dc013f1a2f21'
        'is_public': False
        'share_group_id': None
        'source_share_group_snapshot_member_id': None
        'snapshot_id': None
        },
    'share_instance_properties':
        {
        'availability_zone_id':
            '02377ad7-381c-4b25-a04c-6fd218f22a91',
        'share_network_id': '691544aa-da83-4669-8522-22719f236e16',
        'share_server_id': 'cd658413-d02c-4d1b-ac8a-b6b972e76bac',
        'share_id': 'e42fec45-781e-4dcc-a4d2-44354ad5ae91',
        'host': 'hostA@backend1#pool0',
        'status': 'available',
        },
    'share_type':
        {
        'id': '360e01c1-a4f7-4782-9676-dc013f1a2f21',
        'name': 'dhss_false',
        'is_public': False,
        'extra_specs':
            {
            'driver_handles_share_servers': False,
            }
        },
    'share_id': e42fec45-781e-4dcc-a4d2-44354ad5ae91,
    },
],
}
Returns

A dictionary containing values indicating if destination backend is compatible, if share can remain writable during migration, if it can preserve all file metadata and if it can perform migration of given share non-disruptively.

Example:

{
    'compatible': True,
    'writable': True,
    'nondisruptive': True,
    'preserve_snapshots': True,
    'migration_cancel': True,
    'migration_get_progress': False
}

share_server_migration_complete(context, src_share_server, dest_share_server, shares, snapshots, new_network_info)

Completes migration of a given share server to another host.

Note

Is called in destination share server’s backend to complete migration.

If driver is implementing 2-phase migration, this method should perform the disruptive tasks related to the 2nd phase of migration, thus completing it. Driver should also delete all original data from source backend.

It expected that all shares and snapshots will be available at the destination share server in the end of the migration complete and all updates provided in the returned model update.

Parameters
  • context – The ‘context.RequestContext’ object for the request.

  • src_share_server – Reference to the original share server.

  • dest_share_server – Reference to the share server to be used as destination.

  • shares – All shares in the source share server that should be migrated.

  • snapshots – All snapshots in the source share server that should be migrated.

  • new_network_info – Network allocation associated to the destination share server.

Returns

If the migration changes the shares export locations, snapshots provider locations or snapshots export locations, this method should return a dictionary containing a list of share instances and snapshot instances indexed by their id’s, where each instance should provide a dict with the relevant information that need to be updated.

Example:

{
    'share_updates':
    {
        '4363eb92-23ca-4888-9e24-502387816e2a':
        {
        'export_locations':
        [
            {
            'path': '1.2.3.4:/foo',
            'metadata': {},
            'is_admin_only': False
            },
            {
            'path': '5.6.7.8:/foo',
            'metadata': {},
            'is_admin_only': True
            },
        ],
        'pool_name': 'poolA',
        },
    },
    'snapshot_updates':
    {
        'bc4e3b28-0832-4168-b688-67fdc3e9d408':
        {
        'provider_location': '/snapshots/foo/bar_1',
        'export_locations':
        [
            {
            'path': '1.2.3.4:/snapshots/foo/bar_1',
            'is_admin_only': False,
            },
            {
            'path': '5.6.7.8:/snapshots/foo/bar_1',
            'is_admin_only': True,
            },
        ],
        },
        '2e62b7ea-4e30-445f-bc05-fd523ca62941':
        {
        'provider_location': '/snapshots/foo/bar_2',
        'export_locations':
        [
            {
            'path': '1.2.3.4:/snapshots/foo/bar_2',
            'is_admin_only': False,
            },
            {
            'path': '5.6.7.8:/snapshots/foo/bar_2',
            'is_admin_only': True,
            },
        ],
        },
    }
}

share_server_migration_continue(context, src_share_server, dest_share_server, shares, snapshots)

Continues migration of a given share server to another host.

Note

Is called in destination share server’s backend to continue migration.

Driver should implement this method to continue monitor the migration progress in storage and perform following steps until 1st phase is completed.

Parameters
  • context – The ‘context.RequestContext’ object for the request.

  • src_share_server – Reference to the original share server.

  • dest_share_server – Reference to the share server to be used as destination.

  • shares – All shares in the source share server that should be migrated.

  • snapshots – All snapshots in the source share server that should be migrated.

Returns

Boolean value to indicate if 1st phase is finished.

share_server_migration_get_progress(context, src_share_server, dest_share_server, shares, snapshots)

Obtains progress of migration of a share server to another host.

Note

Is called in destination share’s backend to obtain migration progress.

If possible, driver can implement a way to return migration progress information.

Parameters
  • context – The ‘context.RequestContext’ object for the request.

  • src_share_server – Reference to the original share server.

  • dest_share_server – Reference to the share server to be used as destination.

  • shares – All shares in the source share server that should be migrated.

  • snapshots – All snapshots in the source share server that should be migrated.

Returns

A dictionary with at least ‘total_progress’ field containing the percentage value.

share_server_migration_start(context, src_share_server, dest_share_server, shares, snapshots)

Starts migration of a given share server to another host.

Note

Is called in destination share server’s backend to start migration.

Driver should implement this method if willing to perform a server migration in driver-assisted way, useful when source share server’s backend driver is compatible with destination backend driver. This method should start the migration procedure in the backend and return immediately. Following steps should be done in ‘share_server_migration_continue’.

Parameters
  • context – The ‘context.RequestContext’ object for the request.

  • src_share_server – Reference to the original share server.

  • dest_share_server – Reference to the share server to be used by as destination.

  • shares – All shares in the source share server that should be migrated.

  • snapshots – All snapshots in the source share server that should be migrated.