Unit Tests

Unit Tests

Manila contains a suite of unit tests, in the manila/tests directory.

Any proposed code change will be automatically rejected by the OpenStack Jenkins server [1] if the change causes unit test failures.

Running the tests

Run the unit tests by doing:


This script is a wrapper around the nose testrunner and the pep8 checker.


The run_tests.sh script supports several flags. You can view a list of flags by doing:

run_tests.sh -h

This will show the following help information:

Usage: ./run_tests.sh [OPTION]...
Run manila's test suite(s)

  -V, --virtual-env        Always use virtualenv.  Install automatically if not present
  -N, --no-virtual-env     Don't use virtualenv.  Run tests in local environment
  -s, --no-site-packages   Isolate the virtualenv from the global Python environment
  -r, --recreate-db        Recreate the test database (deprecated, as this is now the default).
  -n, --no-recreate-db     Don't recreate the test database.
  -x, --stop               Stop running tests after the first error or failure.
  -f, --force              Force a clean re-build of the virtual environment. Useful when dependencies have been added.
  -p, --pep8               Just run pep8
  -P, --no-pep8            Don't run pep8
  -c, --coverage           Generate coverage report
  -h, --help               Print this usage message
  --hide-elapsed           Don't print the elapsed time for each test along with slow test list

Because run_tests.sh is a wrapper around nose, it also accepts the same flags as nosetests. See the nose options documentation for details about these additional flags.

Running a subset of tests

Instead of running all tests, you can specify an individual directory, file, class, or method that contains test code.

To run the tests in the manila/tests/scheduler directory:

./run_tests.sh scheduler

To run the tests in the manila/tests/test_libvirt.py file:

./run_tests.sh test_libvirt

To run the tests in the HostStateTestCase class in manila/tests/test_libvirt.py:

./run_tests.sh test_libvirt:HostStateTestCase

To run the ToPrimitiveTestCase.test_dict test method in manila/tests/test_utils.py:

./run_tests.sh test_utils:ToPrimitiveTestCase.test_dict

Suppressing logging output when tests fail

By default, when one or more unit test fails, all of the data sent to the logger during the failed tests will appear on standard output, which typically consists of many lines of texts. The logging output can make it difficult to identify which specific tests have failed, unless your terminal has a large scrollback buffer or you have redirected output to a file.

You can suppress the logging output by calling run_tests.sh with the nose flag:



By default, the tests use the Python packages installed inside a virtualenv [2]. (This is equivalent to using the -V, --virtualenv flag). If the virtualenv does not exist, it will be created the first time the tests are run.

If you wish to recreate the virtualenv, call run_tests.sh with the flag:

-f, --force

Recreating the virtualenv is useful if the package dependencies have changed since the virtualenv was last created. If the requirements.txt or tools/install_venv.py files have changed, it’s a good idea to recreate the virtualenv.

By default, the unit tests will see both the packages in the virtualenv and the packages that have been installed in the Python global environment. In some cases, the packages in the Python global environment may cause a conflict with the packages in the virtualenv. If this occurs, you can isolate the virtualenv from the global environment by using the flag:

-s, --no-site packages

If you do not wish to use a virtualenv at all, use the flag:

-N, --no-virtual-env


Some of the unit tests make queries against an sqlite database [3]. By default, the test database (tests.sqlite) is deleted and recreated each time run_tests.sh is invoked (This is equivalent to using the -r, --recreate-db flag). To reduce testing time if a database already exists it can be reused by using the flag:

-n, --no-recreate-db

Reusing an existing database may cause tests to fail if the schema has changed. If any files in the manila/db/sqlalchemy have changed, it’s a good idea to recreate the test database.


Running Tests from Shared Folders

If you are running the unit tests from a shared folder, you may see tests start to fail or stop completely as a result of Python lockfile issues [4]. You can get around this by manually setting or updating the following line in manila/tests/conf_fixture.py:


Note that you may use any location (not just /tmp!) as long as it is not a shared folder.


[1]See Continuous Integration with Jenkins.
[2]See Setting Up a Development Environment for more details about the use of virtualenv.
[3]There is an effort underway to use a fake DB implementation for the unit tests. See https://lists.launchpad.net/openstack/msg05604.html
[4]See Vish’s comment in this bug report: https://bugs.launchpad.net/manila/+bug/882933
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