Pure Storage iSCSI and Fibre Channel volume drivers

Pure Storage iSCSI and Fibre Channel volume drivers

The Pure Storage FlashArray volume drivers for OpenStack Block Storage interact with configured Pure Storage arrays and support various operations.

Support for iSCSI storage protocol is available with the PureISCSIDriver Volume Driver class, and Fibre Channel with PureFCDriver.

All drivers are compatible with Purity FlashArrays that support the REST API version 1.2, 1.3, or 1.4 (Purity 4.0.0 and newer).

Limitations and known issues

If you do not set up the nodes hosting instances to use multipathing, all network connectivity will use a single physical port on the array. In addition to significantly limiting the available bandwidth, this means you do not have the high-availability and non-disruptive upgrade benefits provided by FlashArray. Multipathing must be used to take advantage of these benefits.

Supported operations

  • Create, delete, attach, detach, retype, clone, and extend volumes.
  • Create a volume from snapshot.
  • Create, list, and delete volume snapshots.
  • Create, list, update, and delete consistency groups.
  • Create, list, and delete consistency group snapshots.
  • Manage and unmanage a volume.
  • Manage and unmanage a snapshot.
  • Get volume statistics.
  • Create a thin provisioned volume.
  • Replicate volumes to remote Pure Storage array(s).

Configure OpenStack and Purity

You need to configure both your Purity array and your OpenStack cluster.


These instructions assume that the cinder-api and cinder-scheduler services are installed and configured in your OpenStack cluster.

Configure the OpenStack Block Storage service

In these steps, you will edit the cinder.conf file to configure the OpenStack Block Storage service to enable multipathing and to use the Pure Storage FlashArray as back-end storage.

  1. Install Pure Storage PyPI module. A requirement for the Pure Storage driver is the installation of the Pure Storage Python SDK version 1.4.0 or later from PyPI.

    $ pip install purestorage
  2. Retrieve an API token from Purity. The OpenStack Block Storage service configuration requires an API token from Purity. Actions performed by the volume driver use this token for authorization. Also, Purity logs the volume driver’s actions as being performed by the user who owns this API token.

    If you created a Purity user account that is dedicated to managing your OpenStack Block Storage volumes, copy the API token from that user account.

    Use the appropriate create or list command below to display and copy the Purity API token:

    • To create a new API token:

      $ pureadmin create --api-token USER

      The following is an example output:

      $ pureadmin create --api-token pureuser
      Name      API Token                             Created
      pureuser  902fdca3-7e3f-d2e4-d6a6-24c2285fe1d9  2014-08-04 14:50:30
    • To list an existing API token:

      $ pureadmin list --api-token --expose USER

      The following is an example output:

      $ pureadmin list --api-token --expose pureuser
      Name      API Token                             Created
      pureuser  902fdca3-7e3f-d2e4-d6a6-24c2285fe1d9  2014-08-04 14:50:30
  3. Copy the API token retrieved (902fdca3-7e3f-d2e4-d6a6-24c2285fe1d9 from the examples above) to use in the next step.

  4. Edit the OpenStack Block Storage service configuration file. The following sample /etc/cinder/cinder.conf configuration lists the relevant settings for a typical Block Storage service using a single Pure Storage array:

    enabled_backends = puredriver-1
    default_volume_type = puredriver-1
    volume_backend_name = puredriver-1
    volume_driver = PURE_VOLUME_DRIVER
    san_ip = IP_PURE_MGMT
    pure_api_token = PURE_API_TOKEN
    use_multipath_for_image_xfer = True

    Replace the following variables accordingly:


    Use either cinder.volume.drivers.pure.PureISCSIDriver for iSCSI or cinder.volume.drivers.pure.PureFCDriver for Fibre Channel connectivity.


    The IP address of the Pure Storage array’s management interface or a domain name that resolves to that IP address.


    The Purity Authorization token that the volume driver uses to perform volume management on the Pure Storage array.


The volume driver automatically creates Purity host objects for initiators as needed. If CHAP authentication is enabled via the use_chap_auth setting, you must ensure there are no manually created host objects with IQN’s that will be used by the OpenStack Block Storage service. The driver will only modify credentials on hosts that it manages.


If using the PureFCDriver it is recommended to use the OpenStack Block Storage Fibre Channel Zone Manager.

Volume auto-eradication

To enable auto-eradication of deleted volumes, snapshots, and consistency groups on deletion, modify the following option in the cinder.conf file:

pure_eradicate_on_delete = true

By default, auto-eradication is disabled and all deleted volumes, snapshots, and consistency groups are retained on the Pure Storage array in a recoverable state for 24 hours from time of deletion.

SSL certification

To enable SSL certificate validation, modify the following option in the cinder.conf file:

driver_ssl_cert_verify = true

By default, SSL certificate validation is disabled.

To specify a non-default path to CA_Bundle file or directory with certificates of trusted CAs:

driver_ssl_cert_path = Certificate path


This requires the use of Pure Storage Python SDK > 1.4.0.

Replication configuration

Add the following to the back-end specification to specify another Flash Array to replicate to:

replication_device = backend_id:PURE2_NAME,san_ip:IP_PURE2_MGMT,api_token:PURE2_API_TOKEN

Where PURE2_NAME is the name of the remote Pure Storage system, IP_PURE2_MGMT is the management IP address of the remote array, and PURE2_API_TOKEN is the Purity Authorization token of the remote array.

Note that more than one replication_device line can be added to allow for multi-target device replication.

A volume is only replicated if the volume is of a volume-type that has the extra spec replication_enabled set to <is> True.

To create a volume type that specifies replication to remote back ends:

$ cinder type-create "ReplicationType"
$ cinder type-key "ReplicationType" set replication_enabled='<is> True'

The following table contains the optional configuration parameters available for replication configuration with the Pure Storage array.

Option Description Default
pure_replica_interval_default Snapshot replication interval in seconds. 900
pure_replica_retention_short_term_default Retain all snapshots on target for this time (in seconds). 14400
pure_replica_retention_long_term_per_day_default Retain how many snapshots for each day. 3
pure_replica_retention_long_term_default Retain snapshots per day on target for this time (in days). 7


replication-failover is only supported from the primary array to any of the multiple secondary arrays, but subsequent replication-failover is only supported back to the original primary array.

Automatic thin-provisioning/oversubscription ratio

To enable this feature where we calculate the array oversubscription ratio as (total provisioned/actual used), add the following option in the cinder.conf file:

pure_automatic_max_oversubscription_ratio = True

By default, this is disabled and we honor the hard-coded configuration option max_over_subscription_ratio.


Arrays with very good data reduction rates (compression/data deduplication/thin provisioning) can get very large oversubscription rates applied.

Scheduling metrics

A large number of metrics are reported by the volume driver which can be useful in implementing more control over volume placement in multi-backend environments using the driver filter and weighter methods.

Metrics reported include, but are not limited to:



All total metrics include non-OpenStack managed objects on the array.

In conjunction with QOS extra-specs, you can create very complex algorithms to manage volume placement. More detailed documentation on this is available in other external documentation.

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

Except where otherwise noted, this document is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. See all OpenStack Legal Documents.