OpenStack services support various security methods including password, policy, and encryption. Additionally, supporting services including the database server and message broker support at least password security.

To ease the installation process, this guide only covers password security where applicable. You can create secure passwords manually, generate them using a tool such as pwgen, or by running the following command:

$ openssl rand -hex 10

For OpenStack services, this guide uses SERVICE_PASS to reference service account passwords and SERVICE_DBPASS to reference database passwords.

The following table provides a list of services that require passwords and their associated references in the guide:

Password name Description
Database password (no variable used) Root password for the database
ADMIN_PASS Password of user admin
CEILOMETER_DBPASS Database password for the Telemetry service
CEILOMETER_PASS Password of Telemetry service user ceilometer
CINDER_DBPASS Database password for the Block Storage service
CINDER_PASS Password of Block Storage service user cinder
DASH_DBPASS Database password for the dashboard
DEMO_PASS Password of user demo
GLANCE_DBPASS Database password for Image service
GLANCE_PASS Password of Image service user glance
HEAT_DBPASS Database password for the Orchestration service
HEAT_DOMAIN_PASS Password of Orchestration domain
HEAT_PASS Password of Orchestration service user heat
KEYSTONE_DBPASS Database password of Identity service
NEUTRON_DBPASS Database password for the Networking service
NEUTRON_PASS Password of Networking service user neutron
NOVA_DBPASS Database password for Compute service
NOVA_PASS Password of Compute service user nova
RABBIT_PASS Password of user guest of RabbitMQ
SWIFT_PASS Password of Object Storage service user swift

OpenStack and supporting services require administrative privileges during installation and operation. In some cases, services perform modifications to the host that can interfere with deployment automation tools such as Ansible, Chef, and Puppet. For example, some OpenStack services add a root wrapper to sudo that can interfere with security policies. See the Administrator Guide for more information.

Also, the Networking service assumes default values for kernel network parameters and modifies firewall rules. To avoid most issues during your initial installation, we recommend using a stock deployment of a supported distribution on your hosts. However, if you choose to automate deployment of your hosts, review the configuration and policies applied to them before proceeding further.

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

Except where otherwise noted, this document is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. See all OpenStack Legal Documents.