Historically, Neutron supported the following advanced services:
FWaaS (Firewall-as-a-Service): runs as part of the L3 agent.
VPNaaS (VPN-as-a-Service): derives from L3 agent to add VPNaaS functionality.
Starting with the Kilo release, these services are split into separate repositories, and more extensions are being developed as well. Service plugins are a clean way of adding functionality in a cohesive manner and yet, keeping them decoupled from the guts of the framework. The aforementioned features are developed as extensions (also known as service plugins), and more capabilities are being added to Neutron following the same pattern. For those that are deemed ‘orthogonal’ to any network service (e.g. tags, timestamps, auto_allocate, etc), there is an informal mechanism to have these loaded automatically at server startup. If you consider adding an entry to the dictionary, please be kind and reach out to your PTL or a member of the drivers team for approval.
Calling the Core Plugin from Services¶
There are many cases where a service may want to create a resource managed by the core plugin (e.g. ports, networks, subnets). This can be achieved by importing the plugins directory and getting a direct reference to the core plugin:
from neutron_lib.plugins import directory plugin = directory.get_plugin() plugin.create_port(context, port_dict)
However, there is an important caveat. Calls to the core plugin in almost every case should not be made inside of an ongoing transaction. This is because many plugins (including ML2), can be configured to make calls to a backend after creating or modifying an object. If the call is made inside of a transaction and the transaction is rolled back after the core plugin call, the backend will not be notified that the change was undone. This will lead to consistency errors between the core plugin and its configured backend(s).
ML2 has a guard against certain methods being called with an active DB transaction to help prevent developers from accidentally making this mistake. It will raise an error that says explicitly that the method should not be called within a transaction.