Using ports vnic_type=’vdpa’¶
New in version 23.0.0: (Wallaby)
Introduced support for vDPA.
New in version 26.0.0: (Zed)
Added support for all instance move operations, and the interface attach/detach, and suspend/resume operations.
The functionality described below is only supported by the libvirt/KVM virt driver.
The kernel vDPA (virtio Data Path Acceleration) framework
provides a vendor independent framework for offloading data-plane
processing to software or hardware virtio device backends.
While the kernel vDPA framework supports many types of vDPA devices,
at this time nova only support
vhost-vdpa front-end driver. Support for
virtio-gpu may be added in the future but is not currently planned
for any specific release.
vDPA device tracking¶
When implementing support for vDPA based neutron ports one of the first
decisions nova had to make was how to model the availability of vDPA devices
and the capability to virtualize vDPA devices. As the initial use-case
for this technology was to offload networking to hardware offload OVS via
neutron ports the decision was made to extend the existing PCI tracker that
is used for SR-IOV and pci-passthrough to support vDPA devices. As a result
a simplification was made to assume that the parent device of a vDPA device
is an SR-IOV Virtual Function (VF). As a result software only vDPA device such
as those created by the kernel
vdpa-sim sample module are not supported.
To make vDPA device available to be scheduled to guests the operator should
include the device using the PCI address or vendor ID and product ID of the
parent VF in the PCI
See: pci-passthrough for details.
Nova will not create the VFs or vDPA devices automatically. It is expected that the operator will allocate them before starting the nova-compute agent. While no specific mechanisms is prescribed to do this udev rules or systemd service files are generally the recommended approach to ensure the devices are created consistently across reboots.
As vDPA is an offload only for the data plane and not the control plane a vDPA control plane is required to properly support vDPA device passthrough. At the time of writing only hardware offloaded OVS is supported when using vDPA with nova. Because of this vDPA devices cannot be requested using the PCI alias. While nova could allow vDPA devices to be requested by the flavor using a PCI alias we would not be able to correctly configure the device as there would be no suitable control plane. For this reason vDPA devices are currently only consumable via neutron ports.
Virt driver support¶
Supporting neutron ports with
vnic_type=vdpa depends on the capability
of the virt driver. At this time only the
libvirt virt driver with KVM
is fully supported. QEMU may also work but is untested.
vDPA support depends on kernel 5.7+, Libvirt 6.9.0+ and QEMU 5.1+.
vDPA lifecycle operations¶
To boot a VM with vDPA ports they must first be created in neutron. To do this the normal SR-IOV workflow is used where by the port is first created in neutron and passed into nova as part of the server create request.
openstack port create --network <my network> --vnic-type vdpa vdpa-port openstack server create --flavor <my-flavor> --image <my-image> --port <vdpa-port uuid> vdpa-vm
vDPA live migration¶
At this time QEMU and the
vhost-vdpa kernel module do not support transparent
live migration of vm with vdpa ports. To enable live migration of VMs with
vDPA interfaces the existing SR-IOV hotplug live migration procedure has been
extended to include