nova-manage

Synopsis

nova-manage <category> [<action> [<options>...]]

Description

nova-manage controls cloud computing instances by managing various admin-only aspects of Nova.

The standard pattern for executing a nova-manage command is:

nova-manage <category> <command> [<args>]

Run without arguments to see a list of available command categories:

nova-manage

You can also run with a category argument such as db to see a list of all commands in that category:

nova-manage db

Options

These options apply to all commands and may be given in any order, before or after commands. Individual commands may provide additional options. Options without an argument can be combined after a single dash.

-h, --help

Show a help message and exit

--config-dir <dir>

Path to a config directory to pull *.conf files from. This file set is sorted, so as to provide a predictable parse order if individual options are over-ridden. The set is parsed after the file(s) specified via previous --config-file, arguments hence over-ridden options in the directory take precedence. This option must be set from the command-line.

--config-file <path>

Path to a config file to use. Multiple config files can be specified, with values in later files taking precedence. Defaults to None. This option must be set from the command-line.

--log-config-append <path>, --log-config <path>, --log_config <path>

The name of a logging configuration file. This file is appended to any existing logging configuration files. For details about logging configuration files, see the Python logging module documentation. Note that when logging configuration files are used then all logging configuration is set in the configuration file and other logging configuration options are ignored (for example, --log-date-format).

--log-date-format <format>

Defines the format string for %(asctime)s in log records. Default: None. This option is ignored if --log-config-append is set.

--log-dir <dir>, --logdir <dir>

The base directory used for relative log_file paths. This option is ignored if --log-config-append is set.

--log-file PATH, --logfile <path>

Name of log file to send logging output to. If no default is set, logging will go to stderr as defined by use_stderr. This option is ignored if --log-config-append is set.

--syslog-log-facility SYSLOG_LOG_FACILITY

Syslog facility to receive log lines. This option is ignored if --log-config-append is set.

--use-journal

Enable journald for logging. If running in a systemd environment you may wish to enable journal support. Doing so will use the journal native protocol which includes structured metadata in addition to log messages. This option is ignored if --log-config-append is set.

--nouse-journal

The inverse of --use-journal.

--use-json

Use JSON formatting for logging. This option is ignored if --log-config-append is set.

--nouse-json

The inverse of --use-json.

--use-syslog

Use syslog for logging. Existing syslog format is DEPRECATED and will be changed later to honor RFC5424. This option is ignored if --log-config-append is set.

--nouse-syslog

The inverse of --use-syslog.

--watch-log-file

Uses logging handler designed to watch file system. When log file is moved or removed this handler will open a new log file with specified path instantaneously. It makes sense only if --log-file option is specified and Linux platform is used. This option is ignored if --log-config-append is set.

--nowatch-log-file

The inverse of --watch-log-file.

--debug, -d

If enabled, the logging level will be set to DEBUG instead of the default INFO level.

--nodebug

The inverse of --debug.

--post-mortem

Allow post-mortem debugging.

--nopost-mortem

The inverse of --post-mortem.

--version

Show program’s version number and exit

Database Commands

db version

nova-manage db version

Print the current main database version.

db sync

nova-manage db sync [--local_cell] [VERSION]

Upgrade the main database schema up to the most recent version or VERSION if specified. By default, this command will also attempt to upgrade the schema for the cell0 database if it is mapped . If --local_cell is specified, then only the main database in the current cell is upgraded. The local database connection is determined by database.connection in the configuration file, passed to nova-manage using the --config-file option(s).

Refer to the nova-manage cells_v2 map_cell0` or nova-manage cells_v2 simple_cell_setup commands for more details on mapping the cell0 database.

This command should be run after nova-manage api_db sync.

Options

--local_cell

Only sync db in the local cell: do not attempt to fan-out to all cells.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

Successfully synced database schema.

1

Failed to access cell0.

db archive_deleted_rows

nova-manage db archive_deleted_rows [--max_rows <rows>] [--verbose]
  [--until-complete] [--before <date>] [--purge] [--all-cells]

Move deleted rows from production tables to shadow tables. Note that the corresponding rows in the instance_mappings, request_specs and instance_group_member tables of the API database are purged when instance records are archived and thus, api_database.connection is required in the config file.

If automating, this should be run continuously while the result is 1, stopping at 0, or use the --until-complete option.

Options

--max_rows <rows>

Maximum number of deleted rows to archive. Defaults to 1000. Note that this number does not include the corresponding rows, if any, that are removed from the API database for deleted instances.

--before <date>

Archive rows that have been deleted before <date>. Accepts date strings in the default format output by the date command, as well as YYYY-MM-DD[HH:mm:ss]. For example:

# Purge shadow table rows older than a specific date
nova-manage db archive --before 2015-10-21
# or
nova-manage db archive --before "Oct 21 2015"
# Times are also accepted
nova-manage db archive --before "2015-10-21 12:00"

Note that relative dates (such as yesterday) are not supported natively. The date command can be helpful here:

# Archive deleted rows more than one month old
nova-manage db archive --before "$(date -d 'now - 1 month')"
--verbose

Print how many rows were archived per table.

--until-complete

Run continuously until all deleted rows are archived. Use --max_rows as a batch size for each iteration.

--purge

Purge all data from shadow tables after archive completes.

--all-cells

Run command across all cells.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

Nothing was archived.

1

Some number of rows were archived.

2

Invalid value for --max_rows.

3

No connection to the API database could be established using api_database.connection.

4

Invalid value for --before.

255

An unexpected error occurred.

db purge

nova-manage db purge [--all] [--before <date>] [--verbose] [--all-cells]

Delete rows from shadow tables. For --all-cells to work, the API database connection information must be configured.

New in version 18.0.0: (Rocky)

Options

--all

Purge all rows in the shadow tables.

--before <date>

Delete data that was archived before <date>. Accepts date strings in the default format output by the date command, as well as YYYY-MM-DD[HH:mm:ss]. For example:

# Purge shadow table rows older than a specific date
nova-manage db purge --before 2015-10-21
# or
nova-manage db purge --before "Oct 21 2015"
# Times are also accepted
nova-manage db purge --before "2015-10-21 12:00"

Note that relative dates (such as yesterday) are not supported natively. The date command can be helpful here:

# Archive deleted rows more than one month old
nova-manage db purge --before "$(date -d 'now - 1 month')"
--verbose

Print information about purged records.

--all-cells

Run against all cell databases.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

Rows were deleted.

1

Required arguments were not provided.

2

Invalid value for --before.

3

Nothing was purged.

4

No connection to the API database could be established using api_database.connection.

db online_data_migrations

nova-manage db online_data_migrations [--max-count <count>]

Perform data migration to update all live data.

This command should be called after upgrading database schema and nova services on all controller nodes. If it exits with partial updates (exit status 1) it should be called again, even if some updates initially generated errors, because some updates may depend on others having completed. If it exits with status 2, intervention is required to resolve the issue causing remaining updates to fail. It should be considered successfully completed only when the exit status is 0.

For example:

$ nova-manage db online_data_migrations
Running batches of 50 until complete
2 rows matched query migrate_instances_add_request_spec, 0 migrated
2 rows matched query populate_queued_for_delete, 2 migrated
+---------------------------------------------+--------------+-----------+
|                  Migration                  | Total Needed | Completed |
+---------------------------------------------+--------------+-----------+
|         create_incomplete_consumers         |      0       |     0     |
|      migrate_instances_add_request_spec     |      2       |     0     |
|       migrate_quota_classes_to_api_db       |      0       |     0     |
|        migrate_quota_limits_to_api_db       |      0       |     0     |
|          migration_migrate_to_uuid          |      0       |     0     |
|     populate_missing_availability_zones     |      0       |     0     |
|          populate_queued_for_delete         |      2       |     2     |
|                populate_uuids               |      0       |     0     |
+---------------------------------------------+--------------+-----------+

In the above example, the migrate_instances_add_request_spec migration found two candidate records but did not need to perform any kind of data migration for either of them. In the case of the populate_queued_for_delete migration, two candidate records were found which did require a data migration. Since --max-count defaults to 50 and only two records were migrated with no more candidates remaining, the command completed successfully with exit code 0.

New in version 13.0.0: (Mitaka)

Options

--max-count <count>

Controls the maximum number of objects to migrate in a given call. If not specified, migration will occur in batches of 50 until fully complete.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

No (further) updates are possible.

1

Some updates were completed successfully. Note that not all updates may have succeeded.

2

Some updates generated errors and no other migrations were able to take effect in the last batch attempted.

127

Invalid input was provided.

API Database Commands

api_db version

nova-manage api_db version

Print the current API database version.

New in version 2015.1.0: (Kilo)

api_db sync

nova-manage api_db sync [VERSION]

Upgrade the API database schema up to the most recent version or VERSION if specified. This command does not create the API database, it runs schema migration scripts. The API database connection is determined by api_database.connection in the configuration file passed to nova-manage.

This command should be run before nova-manage db sync.

New in version 2015.1.0: (Kilo)

Changed in version 18.0.0: (Rocky)

Added support for upgrading the optional placement database if [placement_database]/connection is configured.

Changed in version 20.0.0: (Train)

Removed support for upgrading the optional placement database as placement is now a separate project.

Removed support for the legacy --version <version> argument.

Cells v2 Commands

cell_v2 simple_cell_setup

nova-manage cell_v2 simple_cell_setup [--transport-url <transport_url>]

Setup a fresh cells v2 environment. If --transport-url is not specified, it will use the one defined by transport_url in the configuration file.

New in version 14.0.0: (Newton)

Options

--transport-url <transport_url>

The transport url for the cell message queue.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

Setup is completed.

1

No hosts are reporting, meaning none can be mapped, or if the transport URL is missing or invalid.

cell_v2 map_cell0

nova-manage cell_v2 map_cell0 [--database_connection <database_connection>]

Create a cell mapping to the database connection for the cell0 database. If a database_connection is not specified, it will use the one defined by database.connection in the configuration file passed to nova-manage. The cell0 database is used for instances that have not been scheduled to any cell. This generally applies to instances that have encountered an error before they have been scheduled.

New in version 14.0.0: (Newton)

Options

--database_connection <database_connection>

The database connection URL for cell0. This is optional. If not provided, a standard database connection will be used based on the main database connection from nova configuration.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

cell0 is created successfully or has already been set up.

cell_v2 map_instances

nova-manage cell_v2 map_instances --cell_uuid <cell_uuid>
  [--max-count <max_count>] [--reset]

Map instances to the provided cell. Instances in the nova database will be queried from oldest to newest and mapped to the provided cell. A --max-count can be set on the number of instance to map in a single run. Repeated runs of the command will start from where the last run finished so it is not necessary to increase --max-count to finish. A --reset option can be passed which will reset the marker, thus making the command start from the beginning as opposed to the default behavior of starting from where the last run finished.

If --max-count is not specified, all instances in the cell will be mapped in batches of 50. If you have a large number of instances, consider specifying a custom value and run the command until it exits with 0.

New in version 12.0.0: (Liberty)

Options

--cell_uuid <cell_uuid>

Unmigrated instances will be mapped to the cell with the UUID provided.

--max-count <max_count>

Maximum number of instances to map. If not set, all instances in the cell will be mapped in batches of 50. If you have a large number of instances, consider specifying a custom value and run the command until it exits with 0.

--reset

The command will start from the beginning as opposed to the default behavior of starting from where the last run finished.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

All instances have been mapped.

1

There are still instances to be mapped.

127

Invalid value for --max-count.

255

An unexpected error occurred.

cell_v2 map_cell_and_hosts

nova-manage cell_v2 map_cell_and_hosts [--name <cell_name>]
  [--transport-url <transport_url>] [--verbose]

Create a cell mapping to the database connection and message queue transport URL, and map hosts to that cell. The database connection comes from the database.connection defined in the configuration file passed to nova-manage. If --transport-url is not specified, it will use the one defined by transport_url in the configuration file. This command is idempotent (can be run multiple times), and the verbose option will print out the resulting cell mapping UUID.

New in version 13.0.0: (Mitaka)

Options

--transport-url <transport_url>

The transport url for the cell message queue.

--name <cell_name>

The name of the cell.

--verbose

Output the cell mapping uuid for any newly mapped hosts.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

Successful completion.

1

The transport url is missing or invalid

cell_v2 verify_instance

nova-manage cell_v2 verify_instance --uuid <instance_uuid> [--quiet]

Verify instance mapping to a cell. This command is useful to determine if the cells v2 environment is properly setup, specifically in terms of the cell, host, and instance mapping records required.

New in version 14.0.0: (Newton)

Options

--uuid <instance_uuid>

The instance UUID to verify.

--quiet

Do not print anything.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

The instance was successfully mapped to a cell.

1

The instance is not mapped to a cell. See the map_instances command.

2

The cell mapping is missing. See the map_cell_and_hots command if you are upgrading from a cells v1 environment, and the simple_cell_setup command if you are upgrading from a non-cells v1 environment.

3

The instance is a deleted instance that still has an instance mapping.

4

The instance is an archived instance that still has an instance mapping.

cell_v2 create_cell

nova-manage cell_v2 create_cell [--name <cell_name>]
  [--transport-url <transport_url>]
  [--database_connection <database_connection>] [--verbose] [--disabled]

Create a cell mapping to the database connection and message queue transport URL. If a database_connection is not specified, it will use the one defined by database.connection in the configuration file passed to nova-manage. If --transport-url is not specified, it will use the one defined by transport_url in the configuration file. The verbose option will print out the resulting cell mapping UUID. All the cells created are by default enabled. However passing the --disabled option can create a pre-disabled cell, meaning no scheduling will happen to this cell.

New in version 15.0.0: (Ocata)

Changed in version 18.0.0: (Rocky)

Added --disabled option.

Options

--name <cell_name>

The name of the cell.

--database_connection <database_connection>

The database URL for the cell database.

--transport-url <transport_url>

The transport url for the cell message queue.

--verbose

Output the UUID of the created cell.

--disabled

Create a pre-disabled cell.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

The cell mapping was successfully created.

1

The transport URL or database connection was missing or invalid.

2

Another cell is already using the provided transport URL and/or database connection combination.

cell_v2 discover_hosts

nova-manage cell_v2 discover_hosts [--cell_uuid <cell_uuid>] [--verbose]
  [--strict] [--by-service]

Searches cells, or a single cell, and maps found hosts. This command will check the database for each cell (or a single one if passed in) and map any hosts which are not currently mapped. If a host is already mapped, nothing will be done. You need to re-run this command each time you add a batch of compute hosts to a cell (otherwise the scheduler will never place instances there and the API will not list the new hosts). If --strict is specified, the command will only return 0 if an unmapped host was discovered and mapped successfully. If --by-service is specified, this command will look in the appropriate cell(s) for any nova-compute services and ensure there are host mappings for them. This is less efficient and is only necessary when using compute drivers that may manage zero or more actual compute nodes at any given time (currently only ironic).

This command should be run once after all compute hosts have been deployed and should not be run in parallel. When run in parallel, the commands will collide with each other trying to map the same hosts in the database at the same time.

New in version 14.0.0: (Newton)

Changed in version 16.0.0: (Pike)

Added --strict option.

Changed in version 18.0.0: (Rocky)

Added --by-service option.

Options

--cell_uuid <cell_uuid>

If provided only this cell will be searched for new hosts to map.

--verbose

Provide detailed output when discovering hosts.

--strict

Considered successful (exit code 0) only when an unmapped host is discovered. Any other outcome will be considered a failure (non-zero exit code).

--by-service

Discover hosts by service instead of compute node.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

Hosts were successfully mapped or no hosts needed to be mapped. If --strict is specified, returns 0 only if an unmapped host was discovered and mapped.

1

If --strict is specified and no unmapped hosts were found. Also returns 1 if an exception was raised while running.

2

The command was aborted because of a duplicate host mapping found. This means the command collided with another running discover_hosts command or scheduler periodic task and is safe to retry.

cell_v2 list_cells

nova-manage cell_v2 list_cells [--verbose]

By default the cell name, UUID, disabled state, masked transport URL and database connection details are shown. Use the --verbose option to see transport URL and database connection with their sensitive details.

New in version 15.0.0: (Ocata)

Changed in version 18.0.0: (Rocky)

Added the disabled column to output.

Options

--verbose

Show sensitive details, such as passwords.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

Success.

cell_v2 delete_cell

nova-manage cell_v2 delete_cell [--force] --cell_uuid <cell_uuid>

Delete a cell by the given UUID.

New in version 15.0.0: (Ocata)

Options

--force

Delete hosts and instance_mappings that belong to the cell as well.

--cell_uuid <cell_uuid>

The UUID of the cell to delete.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

An empty cell was found and deleted successfully or a cell that has hosts was found and the cell, hosts and the instance_mappings were deleted successfully with --force option (this happens if there are no living instances).

1

A cell with the provided UUID could not be found.

2

Host mappings were found for the cell, meaning the cell is not empty, and the --force option was not provided.

3

There are active instances mapped to the cell (cell not empty).

4

There are (inactive) instances mapped to the cell and the --force option was not provided.

cell_v2 list_hosts

nova-manage cell_v2 list_hosts [--cell_uuid <cell_uuid>]

Lists the hosts in one or all v2 cells. By default hosts in all v2 cells are listed. Use the --cell_uuid option to list hosts in a specific cell.

New in version 17.0.0: (Queens)

Options

--cell_uuid <cell_uuid>

The UUID of the cell.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

Success.

1

The cell indidicatd by --cell_uuid was not found.

cell_v2 update_cell

nova-manage cell_v2 update_cell --cell_uuid <cell_uuid>
  [--name <cell_name>] [--transport-url <transport_url>]
  [--database_connection <database_connection>] [--disable] [--enable]

Updates the properties of a cell by the given uuid. If a database_connection is not specified, it will attempt to use the one defined by database.connection in the configuration file. If a transport_url is not specified, it will attempt to use the one defined by transport_url in the configuration file.

Note

Updating the transport_url or database_connection fields on a running system will NOT result in all nodes immediately using the new values. Use caution when changing these values.

The scheduler will not notice that a cell has been enabled/disabled until it is restarted or sent the SIGHUP signal.

New in version 16.0.0: (Pike)

Changed in version 18.0.0: (Rocky)

Added --enable, --disable options.

Options

--cell_uuid <cell_uuid>

The UUID of the cell to update.

--name <cell_name>

Set the cell name.

--transport-url <transport_url>

Set the cell transport_url. NOTE that running nodes will not see the change until restart!

--database_connection <database_connection>

Set the cell database_connection. NOTE that running nodes will not see the change until restart!

--disable

Disables the cell. Note that the scheduling will be blocked to this cell until it is enabled and followed by a SIGHUP of nova-scheduler service.

--enable

Enables the cell. Note that this makes a disabled cell available for scheduling after a SIGHUP of the nova-scheduler service.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

Success.

1

The cell was not found by the provided UUID.

2

The specified properties could not be set.

3

The provided --transport-url or/and --database_connection parameters were same as another cell.

4

An attempt was made to disable and enable a cell at the same time.

5

An attempt was made to disable or enable cell0.

cell_v2 delete_host

nova-manage cell_v2 delete_host --cell_uuid <cell_uuid> --host <host>

Delete a host by the given host name and the given cell UUID.

New in version 17.0.0: (Queens)

Note

The scheduler caches host-to-cell mapping information so when deleting a host the scheduler may need to be restarted or sent the SIGHUP signal.

Options

--cell_uuid <cell_uuid>

The UUID of the cell.

--host <host>

The host to delete.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

The empty host was found and deleted successfully

1

A cell with the specified UUID could not be found.

2

A host with the specified name could not be found

3

The host with the specified name is not in a cell with the specified UUID.

4

The host with the specified name has instances (host not empty).

Placement Commands

placement heal_allocations

nova-manage placement heal_allocations [--max-count <max_count>]
  [--verbose] [--skip-port-allocations] [--dry-run]
  [--instance <instance_uuid>] [--cell <cell_uuid] [--force]

Iterates over non-cell0 cells looking for instances which do not have allocations in the Placement service and which are not undergoing a task state transition. For each instance found, allocations are created against the compute node resource provider for that instance based on the flavor associated with the instance.

Also if the instance has any port attached that has resource request (e.g. Quality of Service (QoS): Guaranteed Bandwidth) but the corresponding allocation is not found then the allocation is created against the network device resource providers according to the resource request of that port. It is possible that the missing allocation cannot be created either due to not having enough resource inventory on the host the instance resides on or because more than one resource provider could fulfill the request. In this case the instance needs to be manually deleted or the port needs to be detached. When nova supports migrating instances with guaranteed bandwidth ports, migration will heal missing allocations for these instances.

Before the allocations for the ports are persisted in placement nova-manage tries to update each port in neutron to refer to the resource provider UUID which provides the requested resources. If any of the port updates fail in neutron or the allocation update fails in placement the command tries to roll back the partial updates to the ports. If the roll back fails then the process stops with exit code 7 and the admin needs to do the rollback in neutron manually according to the description in the exit code section.

There is also a special case handled for instances that do have allocations created before Placement API microversion 1.8 where project_id and user_id values were required. For those types of allocations, the project_id and user_id are updated using the values from the instance.

This command requires that the api_database.connection and placement configuration options are set. Placement API >= 1.28 is required.

New in version 18.0.0: (Rocky)

Changed in version 20.0.0: (Train)

Added --dry-run, --instance, and --skip-port-allocations options.

Changed in version 21.0.0: (Ussuri)

Added --cell option.

Changed in version 22.0.0: (Victoria)

Added --force option.

Options

--max-count <max_count>

Maximum number of instances to process. If not specified, all instances in each cell will be mapped in batches of 50. If you have a large number of instances, consider specifying a custom value and run the command until it exits with 0 or 4.

--verbose

Provide verbose output during execution.

--dry-run

Runs the command and prints output but does not commit any changes. The return code should be 4.

--instance <instance_uuid>

UUID of a specific instance to process. If specified --max-count has no effect. Mutually exclusive with --cell.

--skip-port-allocations

Skip the healing of the resource allocations of bound ports. E.g. healing bandwidth resource allocation for ports having minimum QoS policy rules attached. If your deployment does not use such a feature then the performance impact of querying neutron ports for each instance can be avoided with this flag.

--cell <cell_uuid>

Heal allocations within a specific cell. Mutually exclusive with --instance.

--force

Force heal allocations. Requires the --instance argument.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

Command completed successfully and allocations were created.

1

--max-count was reached and there are more instances to process.

2

Unable to find a compute node record for a given instance.

3

Unable to create (or update) allocations for an instance against its compute node resource provider.

4

Command completed successfully but no allocations were created.

5

Unable to query ports from neutron

6

Unable to update ports in neutron

7

Cannot roll back neutron port updates. Manual steps needed. The error message will indicate which neutron ports need to be changed to clean up binding:profile of the port:

$ openstack port unset <port_uuid> --binding-profile allocation

127

Invalid input.

255

An unexpected error occurred.

placement sync_aggregates

nova-manage placement sync_aggregates [--verbose]

Mirrors compute host aggregates to resource provider aggregates in the Placement service. Requires the api_database and placement sections of the nova configuration file to be populated.

Specify --verbose to get detailed progress output during execution.

Note

Depending on the size of your deployment and the number of compute hosts in aggregates, this command could cause a non-negligible amount of traffic to the placement service and therefore is recommended to be run during maintenance windows.

New in version 18.0.0: (Rocky)

Options

--verbose

Provide verbose output during execution.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

Successful run

1

A host was found with more than one matching compute node record

2

An unexpected error occurred while working with the placement API

3

Failed updating provider aggregates in placement

4

Host mappings not found for one or more host aggregate members

5

Compute node records not found for one or more hosts

6

Resource provider not found by uuid for a given host

255

An unexpected error occurred.

placement audit

nova-manage placement audit [--verbose] [--delete]
  [--resource_provider <uuid>]

Iterates over all the Resource Providers (or just one if you provide the UUID) and then verifies if the compute allocations are either related to an existing instance or a migration UUID. If not, it will tell which allocations are orphaned.

This command requires that the api_database.connection and placement configuration options are set. Placement API >= 1.14 is required.

New in version 21.0.0: (Ussuri)

Options

--verbose

Provide verbose output during execution.

--resource_provider <provider_uuid>

UUID of a specific resource provider to verify.

--delete

Deletes orphaned allocations that were found.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

No orphaned allocations were found

1

An unexpected error occurred

3

Orphaned allocations were found

4

All found orphaned allocations were deleted

127

Invalid input

Libvirt Commands

libvirt get_machine_type

nova-manage libvirt get_machine_type [INSTANCE_UUID]

Fetch and display the recorded machine type of a libvirt instance identified by INSTANCE_UUID.

New in version 23.0.0: (Wallaby)

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

Successfully completed

1

An unexpected error occurred

2

Unable to find instance or instance mapping

3

No machine type found for instance

libvirt update_machine_type

nova-manage libvirt update_machine_type \
    [INSTANCE_UUID] [MACHINE_TYPE] [--force]

Set or update the recorded machine type of instance INSTANCE_UUID to machine type MACHINE_TYPE.

The following criteria must be met when using this command:

  • The instance must have a vm_state of STOPPED, SHELVED or SHELVED_OFFLOADED.

  • The machine type must be supported. The supported list includes alias and versioned types of pc, pc-i440fx, pc-q35, q35, virt or s390-ccw-virtio.

  • The update will not move the instance between underlying machine types. For example, pc to q35.

  • The update will not move the instance between an alias and versioned machine type or vice versa. For example, pc to pc-1.2.3 or pc-1.2.3 to pc.

A --force flag is provided to skip the above checks but caution should be taken as this could easily lead to the underlying ABI of the instance changing when moving between machine types.

New in version 23.0.0: (Wallaby)

Options

--force

Skip machine type compatability checks and force machine type update.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

Update completed successfully

1

An unexpected error occurred

2

Unable to find instance or instance mapping

3

The instance has an invalid vm_state

4

The proposed update of the machine type is invalid

5

The provided machine type is unsupported

libvirt list_unset_machine_type

nova-manage libvirt list_unset_machine_type [--cell-uuid <cell-uuid>]

List the UUID of any instance without hw_machine_type set.

This command is useful for operators attempting to determine when it is safe to change the libvirt.hw_machine_type option within an environment.

New in version 23.0.0: (Wallaby)

Options

--cell_uuid <cell_uuid>

The UUID of the cell to list instances from.

Return codes

Return code

Description

0

Completed successfully, no instances found without hw_machine_type set

1

An unexpected error occurred

2

Unable to find cell mapping

3

Instances found without hw_machine_type set

See Also

Bugs