How to get (more) involved with Nova¶
So you want to get more involved with Nova? Or you are new to Nova and wondering where to start?
We are working on building easy ways for you to get help and ideas on how to learn more about Nova and how the Nova community works.
Any questions, please ask! If you are unsure who to ask, then please contact the PTL.
How do I get started?¶
There are quite a few global docs on this:
There is more general info, non Nova specific info here:
What should I work on?¶
So you are starting out your Nova journey, where is a good place to start?
If you’d like to learn how Nova works before changing anything (good idea!), we recommend looking for reviews with -1s and -2s and seeing why they got downvoted. There is also the Code Review Guide for Nova. Once you have some understanding, start reviewing patches. It’s OK to ask people to explain things you don’t understand. It’s also OK to see some potential problems but put a +0.
Once you’re ready to write code, take a look at some of the work already marked as low-hanging fruit:
How do I get my feature in?¶
The best way of getting your feature in is… well it depends.
First concentrate on solving your problem and/or use case, don’t fixate on getting the code you have working merged. It’s likely things will need significant re-work after you discuss how your needs match up with all the existing ways Nova is currently being used. The good news, is this process should leave you with a feature that’s more flexible and doesn’t lock you into your current way of thinking.
A key part of getting code merged, is helping with reviewing other people’s code. Great reviews of others code will help free up more core reviewer time to look at your own patches. In addition, you will understand how the review is thinking when they review your code.
Also, work out if any on going efforts are blocking your feature and helping out speeding those up. The spec review process should help with this effort.
For more details on our process, please see: Nova team process.
What is expected of a good contributor?¶
TODO - need more info on this
Top Tips for working with the Nova community¶
Here are some top tips around engaging with the Nova community:
we talk a lot in #openstack-nova
do ask us questions in there, and we will try to help you
not sure about asking questions? feel free to listen in around other people’s questions
we recommend you setup an IRC bouncer: https://docs.openstack.org/contributors/common/irc.html
Use the [nova] tag in the mailing lists
Filtering on [nova] and [all] can help tame the list
i.e. don’t review your teams code in private, do it publicly in gerrit
i.e. be ready to talk about openly about problems you are having, not “theoretical” issues
that way you can start to gain the trust of the wider community
Got a problem? Please ask!
Please raise any problems and ask questions early
we want to help you before you are frustrated or annoyed
unsure who to ask? Just ask in IRC, or check out the list of Nova people.
Talk about problems first, then solutions
Nova is a big project. At first, it can be hard to see the big picture
Don’t think about “merging your patch”, instead think about “solving your problem”
conversations are more productive that way
It’s not the decision that’s important, it’s the reason behind it that’s important
Don’t like the way the community is going?
Please ask why we were going that way, and please engage with the debate
If you don’t, we are unable to learn from what you have to offer
No one will decide, this is stuck, who can help me?
it’s rare, but it happens
it’s the Nova PTL’s job to help you
…but if you don’t ask, it’s hard for them to help you
It can feel like you are faced with a wall of process. We are a big community, to make sure the right communication happens, we do use a minimal amount of process.
If you find something that doesn’t make sense, please:
ask questions to find out *why* it happens
if you know of a better way to do it, please speak up
one “better way” might be to remove the process if it no longer helps
To learn more about Nova’s process, please read Nova team process.
Why bother with any process?¶
Why is it worth creating a bug or blueprint to track your code review? This may seem like silly process, but there is usually a good reason behind it.
We have lots of code to review, and we have tools to try and get to really important code reviews first. If yours is really important, but not picked up by our tools, it’s possible you just get lost in the bottom of a big queue.
If you have a bug fix, you have done loads of work to identify the issue, and test out your fix, and submit it. By adding a bug report, you are making it easier for other folks who hit the same problem to find your work, possibly saving them the hours of pain you went through. With any luck that gives all those people the time to fix different bugs, all that might have affected you, if you had not given them the time go fix it.
It’s similar with blueprints. You have worked out how to scratch your itch, lets tell others about that great new feature you have added, so they can use that. Also, it stops someone with a similar idea going through all the pain of creating a feature only to find you already have that feature ready and up for review, or merged into the latest release.
Hopefully this gives you an idea why we have applied a small layer of process to what we are doing. Having said all this, we need to unlearn old habits to move forward, there may be better ways to do things, and we are open to trying them. Please help be part of the solution.
Why do code reviews if I am not in nova-core?¶
Code reviews are the life blood of the Nova developer community.
There is a good discussion on how you do good reviews, and how anyone can be a reviewer: http://docs.openstack.org/infra/manual/developers.html#peer-review
In the draft process guide, I discuss how doing reviews can help get your code merged faster: Nova team process.
Lets look at some of the top reasons why participating with code reviews really helps you:
Doing more reviews, and seeing what other reviewers notice, will help you better understand what is expected of code that gets merged into master.
Having more non-core people do great reviews, leaves less review work for the core reviewers to do, so we are able get more code merged.
Empathy is one of the keys to a happy community. If you are used to doing code reviews, you will better understand the comments you get when people review your code. As you do more code reviews, and see what others notice, you will get a better idea of what people are looking for when then apply a +2 to your code.
If you do quality reviews, you’ll be noticed and it’s more likely you’ll get reciprocal eyes on your reviews.
What are the most useful types of code review comments? Well here are a few to the top ones:
Fundamental flaws are the biggest thing to spot. Does the patch break a whole set of existing users, or an existing feature?
Consistency of behaviour is really important. Does this bit of code do things differently to where similar things happen else where in Nova?
Is the code easy to maintain, well tested and easy to read? Code is read order of magnitude times more than it is written, so optimise for the reader of the code, not the writer.
TODO - what others should go here?
Let’s look at some problems people hit when starting out doing code reviews:
My +1 doesn’t mean anything, why should I bother?
So your +1 really does help. Some really useful -1 votes that lead to a +1 vote helps get code into a position
When to use -1 vs 0 vs +1
Please see the guidelines here: http://docs.openstack.org/infra/manual/developers.html#peer-review
I have already reviewed this code internally, no point in adding a +1 externally?
Please talk to your company about doing all code reviews in the public, that is a much better way to get involved. showing how the code has evolved upstream, is much better than trying to ‘perfect’ code internally, before uploading for public review. You can use Draft mode, and mark things as WIP if you prefer, but please do the reviews upstream.
Where do I start? What should I review?
There are various tools, but a good place to start is: https://review.opendev.org/q/project:openstack/nova+status:open+label:Review-Priority%253DANY
Depending on the time in the cycle, it’s worth looking at NeedsCodeReview blueprints: https://blueprints.launchpad.net/nova/
Custom Gerrit review dashboards often provide a more manageable view of the outstanding reviews, and help focus your efforts:
Maybe take a look at things you want to see merged, bug fixes and features, or little code fixes
Look for things that have been waiting a long time for a review: https://review.opendev.org/#/q/project:openstack/nova+status:open+age:2weeks
If you get through the above lists, try other tools, such as: http://status.openstack.org/reviews
How to do great code reviews?¶
For more tips, please see: Why do code reviews if I am not in nova-core?
How do I become nova-core?¶
You don’t have to be nova-core to be a valued member of the Nova community. There are many, many ways you can help. Every quality review that helps someone get their patch closer to being ready to merge helps everyone get their code merged faster.
The first step to becoming nova-core is learning how to be an active member of the Nova community, including learning how to do great code reviews. For more details see: https://wiki.openstack.org/wiki/Nova/CoreTeam#Membership_Expectations
If you feel like you have the time to commit to all the nova-core membership expectations, reach out to the Nova PTL who will be able to find you an existing member of nova-core to help mentor you. If all goes well, and you seem like a good candidate, your mentor will contact the rest of the nova-core team to ask them to start looking at your reviews, so they are able to vote for you, if you get nominated for join nova-core.
We encourage all mentoring, where possible, to occur on #openstack-nova so everyone can learn and benefit from your discussions.
The above mentoring is available to every one who wants to learn how to better code reviews, even if you don’t ever want to commit to becoming nova-core. If you already have a mentor, that’s great, the process is only there for folks who are still trying to find a mentor. Being admitted to the mentoring program no way guarantees you will become a member of nova-core eventually, it’s here to help you improve, and help you have the sort of involvement and conversations that can lead to becoming a member of nova-core.
How to do great nova-spec reviews?¶
Spec reviews are always a step ahead of the normal code reviews. Follow the above links for some great information on specs/reviews.
The following could be some important tips:
1. The specs are published as html documents. Ensure that the author has a proper render of the same via the .rst file.
2. More often than not, it’s important to know that there are no overlaps across multiple specs.
3. Ensure that a proper dependency of the spec is identified. For example - a user desired feature that requires a proper base enablement should be a dependent spec.
Ask for clarity on changes that appear ambiguous to you.
5. Every release nova gets a huge set of spec proposals and that’s a huge task for the limited set of nova cores to complete. Helping the cores with additional reviews is always a great thing.
How to do great bug triage?¶
Sylvain Bauza and Stephen Finucane gave a nice presentation on this topic at the Queens summit in Sydney.
How to step up into a project leadership role?¶
There are many ways to help lead the Nova project:
Mentoring efforts, and getting started tips: https://wiki.openstack.org/wiki/Nova/Mentoring
Info on process, with a focus on how you can go from an idea to getting code merged Nova: Nova team process
Consider leading an existing Nova subteam or forming a new one.
Consider becoming a Bug tag owner.
Contact the PTL about becoming a Czar Nova People.