TLS Data Security and Barbican

TLS Data Security and Barbican

Launchpad blueprint:

https://blueprints.launchpad.net/octavia/+spec/tls-data-security

Octavia will have some need of secure storage for TLS related data. This BP is intended to identify all of the data that needs secure storage, or any other interaction that will require the use of Barbican or another secure solution.

Problem description

1. Octavia will support TLS Termination (including SNI), which will require us to store and retrieve certificates and private keys from a secure repository.

2. Octavia will communicate with its Amphorae using TLS, so each Amphora will need a certificate for the controller to validate.

  1. Octavia will need TLS data for exposing its own API via HTTPS.

Proposed change

The initial supported implementation for TLS related functions will be Barbican, but the interface will be generic such that other implementations could be created later.

1. Create a CertificateManager interface for storing and retrieving certificate and private key pairs (and intermediate certs / private key passphrase). Users will pass their TLS data to Octavia in the form of a certificate_id, which is a reference to their data in some secure service. Octavia will store that certificate_id for each Listener/SNI and will retrieve the data when necessary. (Barbican specific: users will need to add Octavia’s user account as an authorized user on the Container and all Secrets [1] so we catch fetch the data on their behalf.)

We will need to validate the certificate data (including key and intermediates) when we initially receive it, and will assume that it remains unchanged for the lifespan of the LB (in Barbican the data is immutable so this is a safe assumption, I do not know how well this will work for other services). In the case of invalid TLS data, we will reject the request with a 400 (if it is an initial create) or else put the LB into ERROR status (if it is on a failover event or during some other non-interactive scenario).

2. Create a CertificateGenerator interface to generate certificates from CSRs. When the controller creates an Amphora, it will generate a private key and a CSR, generate a signed certificate from the CSR, and include the private key and signed certificate in a ConfigDrive for the new Amphora. It will also include a copy of the Controller’s certificate on the ConfigDrive. All future communications with the Amphora will do certificate validation based on these certificates. For the Amphora, this will be based on our (private) certificate authority and the CN of the Amphora’s cert matching the ID of the Amphora. For the Controller, the cert should be a complete match with the version provided.

(The CertificateManager and CertificateGenerator interfaces are separate because while Barbican can perform both functions, future implementations may need to use two distinct services to achieve both.)

3. The key/cert for the main Octavia API/controller should be maintained manually by the server operators using whatever configuration management they choose. We should not need to use a specific external repo for this. The trusted CA Cert will also need to be retrieved from barbican and manually loaded in the config.

Alternatives

We could skip the interface and just use Barbican directly, but that would be diverging from what seems to be the accepted OpenStack model for Secret Store integration.

We could also store everything locally or in the DB, but that isn’t a real option for production systems because it is incredibly insecure (though there will be a “dummy driver” that operates this way for development purposes).

Data model impact

Nothing new, the models for this should already be in place. Some of the columns/classes might need to be renamed more generically (currently there is a tls_container_id column, which would become tls_certificate_id to be more generic).

REST API impact

None

Security impact

Using Barbican is considered secure.

Notifications impact

None

Other end user impact

None

Performance Impact

Adding an external touchpoint (a certificate signing service) to the Amphora spin-up workflow will increase the average time for readying an Amphora. This shouldn’t be a huge problem if the standby-pool size is sufficient for the particular deployment.

Other deployer impact

None

Developer impact

None

Implementation

Assignee(s)

Adam Harwell (adam-harwell)

Work Items

  1. Create CertificateManager interface.
  2. Create CertificateGenerator interface.
  3. Create BarbicanCertificateManager implementation.
  4. Create BarbicanCertificateGenerator implementation.
  5. Create unit tests!

Dependencies

This script will depend on the OpenStack Barbican project, including some features that are still only at the blueprint stage.

Testing

There will be testing. Yes.

Documentation Impact

Documentation changes will be primarily internal.

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

Except where otherwise noted, this document is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. See all OpenStack Legal Documents.