Configure keystone as a federated Service Provider

Configure keystone as a federated Service Provider

In OpenStack-Ansible, keystone is set up to use Apache with mod_wsgi. The additional configuration of keystone as a federation service provider adds Apache mod_shib and configures it to respond to specific locations requests from a client.


There are alternative methods of implementing federation, but at this time only SAML2-based federation using the Shibboleth SP is instrumented in Openstack-Ansible.

When requests are sent to those locations, Apache hands off the request to the shibd service.


Handing off happens only with requests pertaining to authentication.

Handle the shibd service configuration through the following files in /etc/shibboleth/ in the keystone containers:

  • sp-cert.pem, sp-key.pem: The os-keystone-install.yml playbook

    uses these files generated on the first keystone container to replicate them to the other keystone containers. The SP and the IdP use these files as signing credentials in communications.

  • shibboleth2.xml: The os-keystone-install.yml playbook writes the file’s contents, basing on the structure of the configuration of the keystone_sp attribute in the /etc/openstack_deploy/user_variables.yml file. It contains the list of trusted IdP’s, the entityID by which the SP is known, and other facilitating configurations.

  • attribute-map.xml: The os-keystone-install.yml playbook writes the file’s contents, basing on the structure of the configuration of the keystone_sp attribute in the /etc/openstack_deploy/user_variables.yml file. It contains the default attribute mappings that work for any basic Shibboleth-type IDP setup, but also contains any additional attribute mappings set out in the structure of the keystone_sp attribute.

  • shibd.logger: This file is left alone by OpenStack-Ansible. It is useful when troubleshooting issues with federated authentication, or when discovering what attributes published by an IdP are not currently being understood by your SP’s attribute map. To enable debug logging, change log4j.rootCategory=INFO to log4j.rootCategory=DEBUG at the top of the file. The log file is output to /var/log/shibboleth/shibd.log.

Configure keystone-to-keystone (k2k)

The following settings must be set to configure a service provider (SP):

  1. keystone_public_endpoint is automatically set by default to the public endpoint’s URI. This performs redirections and ensures token references refer to the public endpoint.

  2. horizon_keystone_endpoint is automatically set by default to the public v3 API endpoint URL for keystone. Web-based single sign-on for horizon requires the use of the keystone v3 API. The value for this must use the same DNS name or IP address registered in the SSL certificate used for the endpoint.

  3. It is a requirement to have a HTTPS public endpoint for the keystone endpoint if the IdP is ADFS. Keystone or an SSL offloading load balancer provides the endpoint.

  4. Set keystone_service_publicuri_proto to https. This ensures keystone publishes https in its references and ensures that Shibboleth is configured to know that it expects SSL URL’s in the assertions (otherwise it will invalidate the assertions).

  5. ADFS requires that a trusted SP have a trusted certificate that is not self-signed.

  6. Ensure the endpoint URI and the certificate match when using SSL for the keystone endpoint. For example, if the certificate does not have the IP address of the endpoint, then the endpoint must be published with the appropriate name registered on the certificate. When using a DNS name for the keystone endpoint, both keystone_public_endpoint and horizon_keystone_endpoint must be set to use the DNS name.

  7. horizon_endpoint_type must be set to publicURL to ensure that horizon uses the public endpoint for all its references and queries.

  8. keystone_sp is a dictionary attribute which contains various settings that describe both the SP and the IDP’s it trusts. For example:

      cert_duration_years: 5
        - "https://{{ external_lb_vip_address }}/auth/websso/"
        - name: 'testshib-idp'
            - ''
          metadata_uri: ''
          metadata_file: 'metadata-testshib-idp.xml'
          metadata_reload: 1800
            - domain: Default
              project: fedproject
              group: fedgroup
              role: _member_
            - name: saml2
                name: testshib-idp-mapping
                  - remote:
                      - type: eppn
                      - group:
                          name: fedgroup
                            name: Default
                      - user:
                          name: '{0}'
  9. cert_duration_years designates the valid duration for the SP’s signing certificate (for example, /etc/shibboleth/sp-key.pem).

  10. trusted_dashboard_list designates the list of trusted URLs that keystone accepts redirects for Web Single-Sign. This list contains all URLs that horizon is presented on, suffixed by /auth/websso/. This is the path for horizon’s WebSSO component.

  11. trusted_idp_list is a dictionary attribute containing the list of settings which pertain to each trusted IdP for the SP.

  12. is IDP’s name. Configure this in

    in keystone and list in horizon’s login selection.

  13. entity_ids is a list of reference entity IDs. This specify’s the

    redirection of the login request to the SP when authenticating to IdP.

  14. metadata_uri is the location of the IdP’s metadata. This provides the SP with the signing key and all the IdP’s supported endpoints.

  15. metadata_file is the file name of the local cached version of the metadata which will be stored in /var/cache/shibboleth/.

  16. metadata_reload is the number of seconds between metadata refresh polls.

  17. federated_identities is a mapping list of domain, project, group, and users. See Configure Identity Service (keystone) mappings for more information.

  18. protocols is a list of protocols supported for the IdP and the set of mappings and attributes for each protocol. This only supports protocols with the name saml2.

  19. mapping is the local to remote mapping configuration for federated users. See Configure Identity Service (keystone) mappings for more information.

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