As openstacksdk rolls out support for consuming microversions, it will do so on a call by call basis as needed. Just like with major versions, openstacksdk should have logic to handle each microversion for a given REST call it makes, with the following rules in mind:

  • If an activity openstack performs can be done differently or more efficiently with a new microversion, the support should be added to openstack.cloud and to the appropriate Proxy class.

  • openstacksdk should always attempt to use the latest microversion it is aware of for a given call, unless a microversion removes important data.

  • Microversion selection should under no circumstances be exposed to the user in python API calls in the Resource layer or the openstack.cloud layer.

  • Microversion selection is exposed to the user in the REST layer via the microversion argument to each REST call.

  • A user of the REST layer may set the default microversion by setting {service_type}_default_microversion in clouds.yaml or OS_{service_type|upper}_DEFAULT_MICROVERSION environment variable.


Setting the default microversion in any circumstance other than when using the REST layer is highly discouraged. Both of the higher layers in openstacksdk provide data normalization as well as logic about which REST call to make. Setting the default microversion could change the behavior of the service in question in such a way that openstacksdk does not understand. If there is a feature of a service that needs a microversion and it is not already transparently exposed in openstacksdk, please file a bug.

  • If a feature is only exposed for a given microversion and cannot be simulated for older clouds without that microversion, it is ok to add it, but a clear error message should be given to the user that the given feature is not available on their cloud. (A message such as “This cloud supports a maximum microversion of XXX for service YYY and this feature only exists on clouds with microversion ZZZ. Please contact your cloud provider for information about when this feature might be available”)

  • When adding a feature that only exists behind a new microversion, every effort should be made to figure out how to provide the same functionality if at all possible, even if doing so is inefficient. If an inefficient workaround is employed, a warning should be provided to the user. (the user’s workaround to skip the inefficient behavior would be to stop using that openstacksdk API call) An example of this is the nova “get me a network” feature. The logic of “get me a network” can be done client-side, albeit less efficiently. Adding support for the “get me a network” feature via nova microversion should also add support for doing the client-side workaround.

  • If openstacksdk is aware of logic for more than one microversion, it should always attempt to use the latest version available for the service for that call.

  • Objects returned from openstacksdk should always go through normalization and thus should always conform to openstacksdk’s documented data model. The objects should never look different to the user regardless of the microversion used for the REST call.

  • If a microversion adds new fields to an object, those fields should be added to openstacksdk’s data model contract for that object and the data should either be filled in by performing additional REST calls if the data is available that way, or the field should have a default value of None which the user can be expected to test for when attempting to use the new value.

  • If a microversion removes fields from an object that are part of the existing data model contract, care should be taken to not use the new microversion for that call unless forced to by lack of availablity of the old microversion on the cloud in question. In the case where an old microversion is no longer available, care must be taken to either find the data from another source and fill it in, or to put a value of None into the field and document for the user that on some clouds the value may not exist.

  • If a microversion removes a field and the outcome is particularly intractable and impossible to work around without fundamentally breaking users, an issue should be raised with the service team in question. Hopefully a resolution can be found during the period while clouds still have the old microversion.

  • As new calls or objects are added, it is important to check in with the service team in question on the expected stability of the object. If there are known changes expected in the future, even if they may be a few years off, openstacksdk should take care to not add committments to its data model for those fields/features. It is ok for openstacksdk to not have something.


    openstacksdk does not currently have any sort of “experimental” opt-in API that would allow exposing things to a user that may not be supportable under the normal compatibility contract. If a conflict arises in the future where there is a strong desire for a feature but also a lack of certainty about its stability over time, an experimental API may want to be explored … but concrete use cases should arise before such a thing is started.