oslo-config-generator is a utility for generating sample config files in a variety of formats. Sample config files list all of the available options, along with their help string, type, deprecated aliases and defaults. These sample files can be used as config files for oslo.config itself (ini) or by configuration management tools (json, yaml).

New in version 1.4.0.

Changed in version 4.3.0: The oslo-config-generator --format parameter was added, which allows outputting in additional formats.


   --namespace <namespace> [--namespace <namespace> ...]
   [--output-file <output-file>]
   [--wrap-width <wrap-width>]
   [--format <format>]
--namespace <namespace>

Option namespace under oslo.config.opts in which to query for options.

--output-file <output-file>

Path of the file to write to.



--wrap-width <wrap-width>

The maximum length of help lines.



--format <format>

Desired format for the output. ini is the only format that can be used directly with oslo.config. json and yaml are intended for third-party tools that want to write config files based on the sample config data. For more information, refer to Generating Machine Readable Configs.


ini, json, yaml


Generate a minimal required configuration.


Only output summaries of help text to config files. Retain longer help text for Sphinx documents.

For example, to generate a sample config file for oslo.messaging you would run:

$ oslo-config-generator --namespace oslo.messaging > oslo.messaging.conf

To generate a sample config file for an application myapp that has its own options and uses oslo.messaging, you would list both namespaces:

$ oslo-config-generator --namespace myapp \
    --namespace oslo.messaging > myapp.conf

To generate a sample config file for oslo.messaging in JSON format, you would run:

$ oslo-config-generator --namespace oslo.messaging \
    --format json > oslo.messaging.conf

Defining Option Discovery Entry Points

The oslo-config-generator --namespace option specifies an entry point name registered under the oslo.config.opts entry point namespace. For example, in the oslo.messaging setup.cfg we have:

oslo.config.opts =
    oslo.messaging = oslo.messaging.opts:list_opts

The callable referenced by the entry point should take no arguments and return a list of (group, [opt_1, opt_2]) tuples, where group is either a group name as a string or an OptGroup object. Passing the OptGroup object allows the consumer of the list_opts method to access and publish group help. An example, using both styles:

from oslo_config import cfg

opts1 = [

opts2 = [

baz_group = cfg.OptGroup(name='baz_group'
                         title='Baz group options',
                         help='Baz group help text')

cfg.CONF.register_opts(opts1, group='blaa')
cfg.CONF.register_opts(opts2, group=baz_group)

def list_opts():
    # Allows the generation of the help text for
    # the baz_group OptGroup object. No help
    # text is generated for the 'blaa' group.
    return [('blaa', opts1), (baz_group, opts2)]


You should return the original options, not a copy, because the default update hooks depend on the original option object being returned.

The module holding the entry point must be importable, even if the dependencies of that module are not installed. For example, driver modules that define options but have optional dependencies on third-party modules must still be importable if those modules are not installed. To accomplish this, the optional dependency can either be imported using oslo.utils.importutils.try_import() or the option definitions can be placed in a file that does not try to import the optional dependency.

Modifying Defaults from Other Namespaces

Occasionally applications need to override the defaults for options defined in libraries. At runtime this is done using an API within the library. Since the config generator cannot guarantee the order in which namespaces will be imported, we can’t ensure that application code can change the option defaults before the generator loads the options from a library. Instead, a separate optional processing hook is provided for applications to register a function to update default values after all options are loaded.

The hooks are registered in a separate entry point namespace (oslo.config.opts.defaults), using the same entry point name as the application’s list_opts() function.

oslo.config.opts.defaults =
    keystone = keystone.common.config:update_opt_defaults


Never, under any circumstances, register an entry point using a name owned by another project. Doing so causes unexpected interplay between projects within the config generator and will result in failure to generate the configuration file or invalid values showing in the sample.

In this case, the name of the entry point for the default override function must match the name of one of the entry points defining options for the application in order to be detected and used. Applications that have multiple list_opts functions should use one that is present in the inputs for the config generator where the changed defaults need to appear. For example, if an application defines foo.api to list the API-related options, and needs to override the defaults in the oslo.middleware.cors library, the application should register foo.api under oslo.config.opts.defaults and point to a function within the application code space that changes the defaults for oslo.middleware.cors.

The update function should take no arguments. It should invoke the public set_defaults() functions in any libraries for which it has option defaults to override, just as the application does during its normal startup process.

from oslo_log import log

def update_opt_defaults():
        default_log_levels=log.get_default_log_levels() + ['noisy=WARN'],

Generating Machine Readable Configs

All deployment tools have to solve a similar problem: how to generate the config files for each service at deployment time. To help with this problem, oslo-config-generator can generate machine-readable sample config files that output the same data as the INI files used by oslo.config itself, but in a YAML or JSON format that can be more easily consumed by deployment tools.


The YAML and JSON-formatted files generated by oslo-config-generator cannot be used by oslo.config itself - they are only for use by other tools.

For example, some YAML-formatted output might look like so:

  config_dir: []
  config_file: []
  format_: yaml
  minimal: false
  - keystone
  output_file: null
  summarize: false
  wrap_width: 70
    help: ''
    - advanced: false
      choices: []
      default: null
      deprecated_for_removal: false
      deprecated_opts: []
      deprecated_reason: null
      deprecated_since: null
      dest: admin_token
      help: Using this feature is *NOT* recommended. Instead, use the `keystone-manage
        bootstrap` command. The value of this option is treated as a "shared secret"
        that can be used to bootstrap Keystone through the API. This "token" does
        not represent a user (it has no identity), and carries no explicit authorization
        (it effectively bypasses most authorization checks). If set to `None`, the
        value is ignored and the `admin_token` middleware is effectively disabled.
        However, to completely disable `admin_token` in production (highly recommended,
        as it presents a security risk), remove `AdminTokenAuthMiddleware` (the `admin_token_auth`
        filter) from your paste application pipelines (for example, in `keystone-paste.ini`).
      max: null
      metavar: null
      min: null
      mutable: false
      name: admin_token
      namespace: keystone
      positional: false
      required: false
      sample_default: null
      secret: true
      short: null
      type: string value
    - ...
  - name: bind_host
    replacement_group: eventlet_server
    replacement_name: public_bind_host

where the top-level keys are:


The options passed to the oslo-config-generator tool itself


All options registered in the provided namespace(s). These are grouped under the OptGroup they are assigned to which defaults to DEFAULT if unset.

For information on the various attributes of each option, refer to oslo_config.cfg.Opt and its subclasses.


All deprecated options registered in the provided namespace(s). Like options, these options are grouped by OptGroup.

Generating Multiple Sample Configs

A single codebase might have multiple programs, each of which use a subset of the total set of options registered by the codebase. In that case, you can register multiple entry points:

oslo.config.opts =
    nova.common = nova.config:list_common_opts
    nova.api = nova.config:list_api_opts
    nova.compute = nova.config:list_compute_opts

and generate a config file specific to each program:

$ oslo-config-generator --namespace oslo.messaging \
                        --namespace nova.common \
                        --namespace nova.api > nova-api.conf
$ oslo-config-generator --namespace oslo.messaging \
                        --namespace nova.common \
                        --namespace nova.compute > nova-compute.conf

To make this more convenient, you can use config files to describe your config files:

$ cat > config-generator/api.conf <<EOF
output_file = etc/nova/nova-api.conf
namespace = oslo.messaging
namespace = nova.common
namespace = nova.api
$ cat > config-generator/compute.conf <<EOF
output_file = etc/nova/nova-compute.conf
namespace = oslo.messaging
namespace = nova.common
namespace = nova.compute
$ oslo-config-generator --config-file config-generator/api.conf
$ oslo-config-generator --config-file config-generator/compute.conf

Sample Default Values

The default runtime values of configuration options are not always the most suitable values to include in sample config files - for example, rather than including the IP address or hostname of the machine where the config file was generated, you might want to include something like To facilitate this, options can be supplied with a sample_default attribute: