Cross-origin resource sharing


This is a new feature in OpenStack Liberty.

OpenStack supports Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS), a W3C specification defining a contract by which the single-origin policy of a user agent (usually a browser) may be relaxed. It permits the javascript engine to access an API that does not reside on the same domain, protocol, or port.

This feature is most useful to organizations which maintain one or more custom user interfaces for OpenStack, as it permits those interfaces to access the services directly, rather than requiring an intermediate proxy server. It can, however, also be misused by malicious actors; please review the security advisory below for more information.

Enabling CORS with configuration

In most cases, CORS support is built directly into the service itself. To enable it, simply follow the configuration options exposed in the default configuration file, or add it yourself according to the pattern below.

allowed_origin =
max_age = 3600
allow_methods = GET,POST,PUT,DELETE
allow_headers = Content-Type,Cache-Control,Content-Language,Expires,Last-Modified,Pragma,X-Custom-Header
expose_headers = Content-Type,Cache-Control,Content-Language,Expires,Last-Modified,Pragma,X-Custom-Header

Additional origins can be explicitly added. To express this in your configuration file, first begin with a [cors] group as above, into which you place your default configuration values. Then, add as many additional configuration groups as necessary, naming them [cors.{something}] (each name must be unique). The purpose of the suffix to cors. is legibility, we recommend using a reasonable human-readable string:

# CORS Configuration for a hypothetical ironic webclient, which overrides
# authentication
allowed_origin =
allow_credentials = True

# CORS Configuration for horizon, which uses global options.
allowed_origin =

# CORS Configuration for the CORS specified domain wildcard, which only
# permits HTTP GET requests.
allowed_origin = *
allow_methods = GET

For more information about CORS configuration, see cross-origin resource sharing in OpenStack Configuration Reference.

Enabling CORS with PasteDeploy

CORS can also be configured using PasteDeploy. First of all, ensure that OpenStack’s oslo_middleware package (version 2.4.0 or later) is available in the Python environment that is running the service. Then, add the following configuration block to your paste.ini file.

paste.filter_factory = oslo_middleware.cors:filter_factory
allowed_origin =
max_age = 3600
allow_methods = GET,POST,PUT,DELETE
allow_headers = Content-Type,Cache-Control,Content-Language,Expires,Last-Modified,Pragma,X-Custom-Header
expose_headers = Content-Type,Cache-Control,Content-Language,Expires,Last-Modified,Pragma,X-Custom-Header


To add an additional domain in oslo_middleware v2.4.0, add another filter. In v3.0.0 and after, you may add multiple domains in the above allowed_origin field, separated by commas.

Security concerns

CORS specifies a wildcard character *, which permits access to all user agents, regardless of domain, protocol, or host. While there are valid use cases for this approach, it also permits a malicious actor to create a convincing facsimile of a user interface, and trick users into revealing authentication credentials. Please carefully evaluate your use case and the relevant documentation for any risk to your organization.


The CORS specification does not support using this wildcard as a part of a URI. Setting allowed_origin to * would work, while * would not.


CORS is very easy to get wrong, as even one incorrect property will violate the prescribed contract. Here are some steps you can take to troubleshoot your configuration.

Check the service log

The CORS middleware used by OpenStack provides verbose debug logging that should reveal most configuration problems. Here are some example log messages, and how to resolve them.


CORS request from origin '' not permitted.


A request was received from the origin, however this origin was not found in the permitted list. The cause may be a superfluous port notation (ports 80 and 443 do not need to be specified). To correct, ensure that the configuration property for this host is identical to the host indicated in the log message.


Request method 'DELETE' not in permitted list: GET,PUT,POST


A user agent has requested permission to perform a DELETE request, however the CORS configuration for the domain does not permit this. To correct, add this method to the allow_methods configuration property.


Request header 'X-Custom-Header' not in permitted list: X-Other-Header


A request was received with the header X-Custom-Header, which is not permitted. Add this header to the allow_headers configuration property.

Open your browser’s console log

Most browsers provide helpful debug output when a CORS request is rejected. Usually this happens when a request was successful, but the return headers on the response do not permit access to a property which the browser is trying to access.

Manually construct a CORS request

By using curl or a similar tool, you can trigger a CORS response with a properly constructed HTTP request. An example request and response might look like this.

Request example:

$ curl -I -X OPTIONS -H "Origin:"

Response example:

HTTP/1.1 204 No Content
Content-Length: 0
Access-Control-Allow-Methods: GET,POST,PUT,DELETE
Access-Control-Expose-Headers: origin,authorization,accept,x-total,x-limit,x-marker,x-client,content-type
Access-Control-Allow-Headers: origin,authorization,accept,x-total,x-limit,x-marker,x-client,content-type
Access-Control-Max-Age: 3600

If the service does not return any access control headers, check the service log, such as /var/log/upstart/ironic-api.log for an indication on what went wrong.