To use oslo.service in a project:

import oslo_service

Migrating to oslo.service

The oslo.service library no longer assumes a global configuration object is available. Instead the following functions and classes have been changed to expect the consuming application to pass in an oslo.config configuration object:

When using service from oslo-incubator

from foo.openstack.common import service

launcher = service.launch(service, workers=2)

When using oslo.service

from oslo_config import cfg
from oslo_service import service

launcher = service.launch(CONF, service, workers=2)

Using oslo.service with oslo-config-generator

The oslo.service provides several entry points to generate a configuration files.

  • oslo.service.service
    The options from the service and eventlet_backdoor modules for the [DEFAULT] section.
  • oslo.service.periodic_task
    The options from the periodic_task module for the [DEFAULT] section.
  • oslo.service.sslutils
    The options from the sslutils module for the [ssl] section.
  • oslo.service.wsgi
    The options from the wsgi module for the [DEFAULT] section.

ATTENTION: The library doesn’t provide an oslo.service entry point.

$ oslo-config-generator --namespace oslo.service.service \
--namespace oslo.service.periodic_task \
--namespace oslo.service.sslutils

Launching and controlling services

oslo_service.service module provides tools for launching OpenStack services and controlling their lifecycles.

A service is an instance of any class that subclasses oslo_service.service.ServiceBase. ServiceBase is an abstract class that defines an interface every service should implement. oslo_service.service.Service can serve as a base for constructing new services.


oslo_service.service module provides two launchers for running services:

It is possible to initialize whatever launcher is needed and then launch a service using it.

from oslo_config import cfg
from oslo_service import service


service_launcher = service.ServiceLauncher(CONF)

process_launcher = service.ProcessLauncher(CONF, wait_interval=1.0)
process_launcher.launch_service(service.Service(), workers=2)

Or one can simply call oslo_service.service.launch() which will automatically pick an appropriate launcher based on a number of workers that are passed to it (ServiceLauncher in case workers=1 or None and ProcessLauncher in other case).

from oslo_config import cfg
from oslo_service import service


launcher = service.launch(CONF, service.Service(), workers=3)

NOTE: Please be informed that it is highly recommended to use no more than one instance of ServiceLauncher and ProcessLauncher classes per process.

Signal handling

oslo_service.service provides handlers for such signals as SIGTERM, SIGINT and SIGHUP.

SIGTERM is used for graceful termination of services. This can allow a server to wait for all clients to close connections while rejecting new incoming requests. Config option graceful_shutdown_timeout specifies how many seconds after receiving a SIGTERM signal, a server should continue to run, handling the existing connections. Setting graceful_shutdown_timeout to zero means that the server will wait indefinitely until all remaining requests have been fully served.

To force instantaneous termination SIGINT signal must be sent.

On receiving SIGHUP configuration files are reloaded and a service is being reset and started again. Then all child workers are gracefully stopped using SIGTERM and workers with new configuration are spawned. Thus, SIGHUP can be used for changing config options on the go.

NOTE: SIGHUP is not supported on Windows. NOTE: Config option graceful_shutdown_timeout is not supported on Windows.

Below is the example of a service with a reset method that allows reloading logging options by sending a SIGHUP.

from oslo_config import cfg
from oslo_log import log as logging
from oslo_service import service


LOG = logging.getLogger(__name__)

class FooService(service.ServiceBase):

    def start(self):

    def wait(self):

    def stop(self):

    def reset(self):
        logging.setup(cfg.CONF, 'foo')
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