Configuration Options

The following is an overview of all available configuration options in Placement. For a sample configuration file, refer to Sample Configuration File.

DEFAULT

debug
Type

boolean

Default

false

Mutable

This option can be changed without restarting.

If set to true, the logging level will be set to DEBUG instead of the default INFO level.

log_config_append
Type

string

Default

<None>

Mutable

This option can be changed without restarting.

The name of a logging configuration file. This file is appended to any existing logging configuration files. For details about logging configuration files, see the Python logging module documentation. Note that when logging configuration files are used then all logging configuration is set in the configuration file and other logging configuration options are ignored (for example, log-date-format).

Deprecated Variations

Group

Name

DEFAULT

log-config

DEFAULT

log_config

log_date_format
Type

string

Default

%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S

Defines the format string for %(asctime)s in log records. Default: the value above . This option is ignored if log_config_append is set.

log_file
Type

string

Default

<None>

(Optional) Name of log file to send logging output to. If no default is set, logging will go to stderr as defined by use_stderr. This option is ignored if log_config_append is set.

Deprecated Variations

Group

Name

DEFAULT

logfile

log_dir
Type

string

Default

<None>

(Optional) The base directory used for relative log_file paths. This option is ignored if log_config_append is set.

Deprecated Variations

Group

Name

DEFAULT

logdir

watch_log_file
Type

boolean

Default

false

Uses logging handler designed to watch file system. When log file is moved or removed this handler will open a new log file with specified path instantaneously. It makes sense only if log_file option is specified and Linux platform is used. This option is ignored if log_config_append is set.

use_syslog
Type

boolean

Default

false

Use syslog for logging. Existing syslog format is DEPRECATED and will be changed later to honor RFC5424. This option is ignored if log_config_append is set.

use_journal
Type

boolean

Default

false

Enable journald for logging. If running in a systemd environment you may wish to enable journal support. Doing so will use the journal native protocol which includes structured metadata in addition to log messages.This option is ignored if log_config_append is set.

syslog_log_facility
Type

string

Default

LOG_USER

Syslog facility to receive log lines. This option is ignored if log_config_append is set.

use_json
Type

boolean

Default

false

Use JSON formatting for logging. This option is ignored if log_config_append is set.

use_stderr
Type

boolean

Default

false

Log output to standard error. This option is ignored if log_config_append is set.

use_eventlog
Type

boolean

Default

false

Log output to Windows Event Log.

log_rotate_interval
Type

integer

Default

1

The amount of time before the log files are rotated. This option is ignored unless log_rotation_type is setto “interval”.

log_rotate_interval_type
Type

string

Default

days

Valid Values

Seconds, Minutes, Hours, Days, Weekday, Midnight

Rotation interval type. The time of the last file change (or the time when the service was started) is used when scheduling the next rotation.

max_logfile_count
Type

integer

Default

30

Maximum number of rotated log files.

max_logfile_size_mb
Type

integer

Default

200

Log file maximum size in MB. This option is ignored if “log_rotation_type” is not set to “size”.

log_rotation_type
Type

string

Default

none

Valid Values

interval, size, none

Log rotation type.

Possible values

interval

Rotate logs at predefined time intervals.

size

Rotate logs once they reach a predefined size.

none

Do not rotate log files.

logging_context_format_string
Type

string

Default

%(asctime)s.%(msecs)03d %(process)d %(levelname)s %(name)s [%(request_id)s %(user_identity)s] %(instance)s%(message)s

Format string to use for log messages with context. Used by oslo_log.formatters.ContextFormatter

logging_default_format_string
Type

string

Default

%(asctime)s.%(msecs)03d %(process)d %(levelname)s %(name)s [-] %(instance)s%(message)s

Format string to use for log messages when context is undefined. Used by oslo_log.formatters.ContextFormatter

logging_debug_format_suffix
Type

string

Default

%(funcName)s %(pathname)s:%(lineno)d

Additional data to append to log message when logging level for the message is DEBUG. Used by oslo_log.formatters.ContextFormatter

logging_exception_prefix
Type

string

Default

%(asctime)s.%(msecs)03d %(process)d ERROR %(name)s %(instance)s

Prefix each line of exception output with this format. Used by oslo_log.formatters.ContextFormatter

logging_user_identity_format
Type

string

Default

%(user)s %(tenant)s %(domain)s %(user_domain)s %(project_domain)s

Defines the format string for %(user_identity)s that is used in logging_context_format_string. Used by oslo_log.formatters.ContextFormatter

default_log_levels
Type

list

Default

amqp=WARN,amqplib=WARN,boto=WARN,qpid=WARN,sqlalchemy=WARN,suds=INFO,oslo.messaging=INFO,oslo_messaging=INFO,iso8601=WARN,requests.packages.urllib3.connectionpool=WARN,urllib3.connectionpool=WARN,websocket=WARN,requests.packages.urllib3.util.retry=WARN,urllib3.util.retry=WARN,keystonemiddleware=WARN,routes.middleware=WARN,stevedore=WARN,taskflow=WARN,keystoneauth=WARN,oslo.cache=INFO,oslo_policy=INFO,dogpile.core.dogpile=INFO

List of package logging levels in logger=LEVEL pairs. This option is ignored if log_config_append is set.

publish_errors
Type

boolean

Default

false

Enables or disables publication of error events.

instance_format
Type

string

Default

"[instance: %(uuid)s] "

The format for an instance that is passed with the log message.

instance_uuid_format
Type

string

Default

"[instance: %(uuid)s] "

The format for an instance UUID that is passed with the log message.

rate_limit_interval
Type

integer

Default

0

Interval, number of seconds, of log rate limiting.

rate_limit_burst
Type

integer

Default

0

Maximum number of logged messages per rate_limit_interval.

rate_limit_except_level
Type

string

Default

CRITICAL

Log level name used by rate limiting: CRITICAL, ERROR, INFO, WARNING, DEBUG or empty string. Logs with level greater or equal to rate_limit_except_level are not filtered. An empty string means that all levels are filtered.

fatal_deprecations
Type

boolean

Default

false

Enables or disables fatal status of deprecations.

tempdir
Type

string

Default

<None>

Explicitly specify the temporary working directory.

pybasedir
Type

string

Default

<Path>

This option has a sample default set, which means that its actual default value may vary from the one documented above.

The directory where the Placement python modules are installed.

This is the default path for other config options which need to persist Placement internal data. It is very unlikely that you need to change this option from its default value.

Possible values:

  • The full path to a directory.

Related options:

  • state_path

state_path
Type

string

Default

$pybasedir

The top-level directory for maintaining state used in Placement.

This directory is used to store Placement’s internal state. It is used by some tests that have behaviors carried over from Nova.

Possible values:

  • The full path to a directory. Defaults to value provided in pybasedir.

api

Options under this group are used to define Placement API.

auth_strategy
Type

string

Default

keystone

Valid Values

keystone, noauth2

This determines the strategy to use for authentication: keystone or noauth2. ‘noauth2’ is designed for testing only, as it does no actual credential checking. ‘noauth2’ provides administrative credentials only if ‘admin’ is specified as the username.

Deprecated Variations

Group

Name

DEFAULT

auth_strategy

cors

allowed_origin
Type

list

Default

<None>

Indicate whether this resource may be shared with the domain received in the requests “origin” header. Format: “<protocol>://<host>[:<port>]”, no trailing slash. Example: https://horizon.example.com

allow_credentials
Type

boolean

Default

true

Indicate that the actual request can include user credentials

expose_headers
Type

list

Default

''

Indicate which headers are safe to expose to the API. Defaults to HTTP Simple Headers.

max_age
Type

integer

Default

3600

Maximum cache age of CORS preflight requests.

allow_methods
Type

list

Default

OPTIONS,GET,HEAD,POST,PUT,DELETE,TRACE,PATCH

Indicate which methods can be used during the actual request.

allow_headers
Type

list

Default

''

Indicate which header field names may be used during the actual request.

keystone_authtoken

www_authenticate_uri
Type

string

Default

<None>

Complete “public” Identity API endpoint. This endpoint should not be an “admin” endpoint, as it should be accessible by all end users. Unauthenticated clients are redirected to this endpoint to authenticate. Although this endpoint should ideally be unversioned, client support in the wild varies. If you’re using a versioned v2 endpoint here, then this should not be the same endpoint the service user utilizes for validating tokens, because normal end users may not be able to reach that endpoint.

Deprecated Variations

Group

Name

keystone_authtoken

auth_uri

auth_uri
Type

string

Default

<None>

Complete “public” Identity API endpoint. This endpoint should not be an “admin” endpoint, as it should be accessible by all end users. Unauthenticated clients are redirected to this endpoint to authenticate. Although this endpoint should ideally be unversioned, client support in the wild varies. If you’re using a versioned v2 endpoint here, then this should not be the same endpoint the service user utilizes for validating tokens, because normal end users may not be able to reach that endpoint. This option is deprecated in favor of www_authenticate_uri and will be removed in the S release.

Warning

This option is deprecated for removal since Queens. Its value may be silently ignored in the future.

Reason

The auth_uri option is deprecated in favor of www_authenticate_uri and will be removed in the S release.

auth_version
Type

string

Default

<None>

API version of the Identity API endpoint.

interface
Type

string

Default

admin

Interface to use for the Identity API endpoint. Valid values are “public”, “internal” or “admin”(default).

delay_auth_decision
Type

boolean

Default

false

Do not handle authorization requests within the middleware, but delegate the authorization decision to downstream WSGI components.

http_connect_timeout
Type

integer

Default

<None>

Request timeout value for communicating with Identity API server.

http_request_max_retries
Type

integer

Default

3

How many times are we trying to reconnect when communicating with Identity API Server.

cache
Type

string

Default

<None>

Request environment key where the Swift cache object is stored. When auth_token middleware is deployed with a Swift cache, use this option to have the middleware share a caching backend with swift. Otherwise, use the memcached_servers option instead.

certfile
Type

string

Default

<None>

Required if identity server requires client certificate

keyfile
Type

string

Default

<None>

Required if identity server requires client certificate

cafile
Type

string

Default

<None>

A PEM encoded Certificate Authority to use when verifying HTTPs connections. Defaults to system CAs.

insecure
Type

boolean

Default

false

Verify HTTPS connections.

region_name
Type

string

Default

<None>

The region in which the identity server can be found.

memcached_servers
Type

list

Default

<None>

Optionally specify a list of memcached server(s) to use for caching. If left undefined, tokens will instead be cached in-process.

Deprecated Variations

Group

Name

keystone_authtoken

memcache_servers

token_cache_time
Type

integer

Default

300

In order to prevent excessive effort spent validating tokens, the middleware caches previously-seen tokens for a configurable duration (in seconds). Set to -1 to disable caching completely.

memcache_security_strategy
Type

string

Default

None

Valid Values

None, MAC, ENCRYPT

(Optional) If defined, indicate whether token data should be authenticated or authenticated and encrypted. If MAC, token data is authenticated (with HMAC) in the cache. If ENCRYPT, token data is encrypted and authenticated in the cache. If the value is not one of these options or empty, auth_token will raise an exception on initialization.

memcache_secret_key
Type

string

Default

<None>

(Optional, mandatory if memcache_security_strategy is defined) This string is used for key derivation.

memcache_pool_dead_retry
Type

integer

Default

300

(Optional) Number of seconds memcached server is considered dead before it is tried again.

memcache_pool_maxsize
Type

integer

Default

10

(Optional) Maximum total number of open connections to every memcached server.

memcache_pool_socket_timeout
Type

integer

Default

3

(Optional) Socket timeout in seconds for communicating with a memcached server.

memcache_pool_unused_timeout
Type

integer

Default

60

(Optional) Number of seconds a connection to memcached is held unused in the pool before it is closed.

memcache_pool_conn_get_timeout
Type

integer

Default

10

(Optional) Number of seconds that an operation will wait to get a memcached client connection from the pool.

memcache_use_advanced_pool
Type

boolean

Default

false

(Optional) Use the advanced (eventlet safe) memcached client pool. The advanced pool will only work under python 2.x.

include_service_catalog
Type

boolean

Default

true

(Optional) Indicate whether to set the X-Service-Catalog header. If False, middleware will not ask for service catalog on token validation and will not set the X-Service-Catalog header.

enforce_token_bind
Type

string

Default

permissive

Used to control the use and type of token binding. Can be set to: “disabled” to not check token binding. “permissive” (default) to validate binding information if the bind type is of a form known to the server and ignore it if not. “strict” like “permissive” but if the bind type is unknown the token will be rejected. “required” any form of token binding is needed to be allowed. Finally the name of a binding method that must be present in tokens.

service_token_roles
Type

list

Default

service

A choice of roles that must be present in a service token. Service tokens are allowed to request that an expired token can be used and so this check should tightly control that only actual services should be sending this token. Roles here are applied as an ANY check so any role in this list must be present. For backwards compatibility reasons this currently only affects the allow_expired check.

service_token_roles_required
Type

boolean

Default

false

For backwards compatibility reasons we must let valid service tokens pass that don’t pass the service_token_roles check as valid. Setting this true will become the default in a future release and should be enabled if possible.

service_type
Type

string

Default

<None>

The name or type of the service as it appears in the service catalog. This is used to validate tokens that have restricted access rules.

auth_type
Type

unknown type

Default

<None>

Authentication type to load

Deprecated Variations

Group

Name

keystone_authtoken

auth_plugin

auth_section
Type

unknown type

Default

<None>

Config Section from which to load plugin specific options

placement

randomize_allocation_candidates
Type

boolean

Default

false

If True, when limiting allocation candidate results, the results will be a random sampling of the full result set. If False, allocation candidates are returned in a deterministic but undefined order. That is, all things being equal, two requests for allocation candidates will return the same results in the same order; but no guarantees are made as to how that order is determined.

policy_file
Type

string

Default

policy.yaml

The file that defines placement policies. This can be an absolute path or relative to the configuration file.

incomplete_consumer_project_id
Type

string

Default

00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000

Early API microversions (<1.8) allowed creating allocations and not specifying a project or user identifier for the consumer. In cleaning up the data modeling, we no longer allow missing project and user information. If an older client makes an allocation, we’ll use this in place of the information it doesn’t provide.

incomplete_consumer_user_id
Type

string

Default

00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000

Early API microversions (<1.8) allowed creating allocations and not specifying a project or user identifier for the consumer. In cleaning up the data modeling, we no longer allow missing project and user information. If an older client makes an allocation, we’ll use this in place of the information it doesn’t provide.

placement_database

The Placement API Database is a the database used with the placement service. If the connection option is not set, the placement service will not start.

connection
Type

string

Default

<None>

The SQLAlchemy connection string to use to connect to the database.

connection_parameters
Type

string

Default

''

Optional URL parameters to append onto the connection URL at connect time; specify as param1=value1&param2=value2&…

sqlite_synchronous
Type

boolean

Default

true

If True, SQLite uses synchronous mode.

slave_connection
Type

string

Default

<None>

The SQLAlchemy connection string to use to connect to the slave database.

mysql_sql_mode
Type

string

Default

TRADITIONAL

The SQL mode to be used for MySQL sessions. This option, including the default, overrides any server-set SQL mode. To use whatever SQL mode is set by the server configuration, set this to no value. Example: mysql_sql_mode=

connection_recycle_time
Type

integer

Default

3600

Connections which have been present in the connection pool longer than this number of seconds will be replaced with a new one the next time they are checked out from the pool.

max_pool_size
Type

integer

Default

<None>

Maximum number of SQL connections to keep open in a pool. Setting a value of 0 indicates no limit.

max_retries
Type

integer

Default

10

Maximum number of database connection retries during startup. Set to -1 to specify an infinite retry count.

retry_interval
Type

integer

Default

10

Interval between retries of opening a SQL connection.

max_overflow
Type

integer

Default

<None>

If set, use this value for max_overflow with SQLAlchemy.

connection_debug
Type

integer

Default

0

Verbosity of SQL debugging information: 0=None, 100=Everything.

connection_trace
Type

boolean

Default

false

Add Python stack traces to SQL as comment strings.

pool_timeout
Type

integer

Default

<None>

If set, use this value for pool_timeout with SQLAlchemy.

sync_on_startup
Type

boolean

Default

false

If True, database schema migrations will be attempted when the web service starts.

profiler

enabled
Type

boolean

Default

false

Enable the profiling for all services on this node.

Default value is False (fully disable the profiling feature).

Possible values:

  • True: Enables the feature

  • False: Disables the feature. The profiling cannot be started via this project operations. If the profiling is triggered by another project, this project part will be empty.

Deprecated Variations

Group

Name

profiler

profiler_enabled

trace_sqlalchemy
Type

boolean

Default

false

Enable SQL requests profiling in services.

Default value is False (SQL requests won’t be traced).

Possible values:

  • True: Enables SQL requests profiling. Each SQL query will be part of the trace and can the be analyzed by how much time was spent for that.

  • False: Disables SQL requests profiling. The spent time is only shown on a higher level of operations. Single SQL queries cannot be analyzed this way.

hmac_keys
Type

string

Default

SECRET_KEY

Secret key(s) to use for encrypting context data for performance profiling.

This string value should have the following format: <key1>[,<key2>,…<keyn>], where each key is some random string. A user who triggers the profiling via the REST API has to set one of these keys in the headers of the REST API call to include profiling results of this node for this particular project.

Both “enabled” flag and “hmac_keys” config options should be set to enable profiling. Also, to generate correct profiling information across all services at least one key needs to be consistent between OpenStack projects. This ensures it can be used from client side to generate the trace, containing information from all possible resources.

connection_string
Type

string

Default

messaging://

Connection string for a notifier backend.

Default value is messaging:// which sets the notifier to oslo_messaging.

Examples of possible values:

  • messaging:// - use oslo_messaging driver for sending spans.

  • redis://127.0.0.1:6379 - use redis driver for sending spans.

  • mongodb://127.0.0.1:27017 - use mongodb driver for sending spans.

  • elasticsearch://127.0.0.1:9200 - use elasticsearch driver for sending spans.

  • jaeger://127.0.0.1:6831 - use jaeger tracing as driver for sending spans.

es_doc_type
Type

string

Default

notification

Document type for notification indexing in elasticsearch.

es_scroll_time
Type

string

Default

2m

This parameter is a time value parameter (for example: es_scroll_time=2m), indicating for how long the nodes that participate in the search will maintain relevant resources in order to continue and support it.

es_scroll_size
Type

integer

Default

10000

Elasticsearch splits large requests in batches. This parameter defines maximum size of each batch (for example: es_scroll_size=10000).

socket_timeout
Type

floating point

Default

0.1

Redissentinel provides a timeout option on the connections. This parameter defines that timeout (for example: socket_timeout=0.1).

sentinel_service_name
Type

string

Default

mymaster

Redissentinel uses a service name to identify a master redis service. This parameter defines the name (for example: sentinal_service_name=mymaster).

filter_error_trace
Type

boolean

Default

false

Enable filter traces that contain error/exception to a separated place.

Default value is set to False.

Possible values:

  • True: Enable filter traces that contain error/exception.

  • False: Disable the filter.