keystoneclient package

keystoneclient package

Subpackages

Submodules

keystoneclient.access module

class keystoneclient.access.AccessInfo(*args, **kwargs)

Bases: dict

Encapsulates a raw authentication token from keystone.

Provides helper methods for extracting useful values from that token.

audit_chain_id

Return the audit chain ID if present.

In the event that a token was rescoped then this ID will be the audit_id of the initial token. Returns None if no value present.

Returns:str or None.
audit_id

Return the audit ID if present.

Returns:str or None.
auth_token

Return the token_id associated with the auth request.

To be used in headers for authenticating OpenStack API requests.

Returns:str
auth_url

Return a tuple of identity URLs.

The identity URLs are from publicURL and adminURL for the service ‘identity’ from the service catalog associated with the authorization request. If the authentication request wasn’t scoped to a tenant (project), this property will return None.

DEPRECATED: this doesn’t correctly handle region name. You should fetch it from the service catalog yourself. This may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

Returns:tuple of urls
domain_id

Return the domain id associated with the auth request.

Returns:str or None (if no domain associated with the token)
domain_name

Return the domain name associated with the auth request.

Returns:str or None (if no domain associated with the token)
domain_scoped

Return true if the auth token was scoped to a domain.

Returns:bool
expires

Return the token expiration (as datetime object).

Returns:datetime
classmethod factory(resp=None, body=None, region_name=None, auth_token=None, **kwargs)

Factory function to create a new AccessInfo object.

Create AccessInfo object given a successful auth response & body or a user-provided dict.

Warning

Use of the region_name argument is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

has_service_catalog()

Return true if the authorization token has a service catalog.

Returns:boolean
initial_audit_id

The audit ID of the initially requested token.

This is the audit_chain_id if present or the audit_id.

is_federated

Return true if federation was used to get the token.

Returns:boolean
classmethod is_valid(body, **kwargs)

Determine if processing valid v2 or v3 token.

Validates from the auth body or a user-provided dict.

Returns:true if auth body matches implementing class
Return type:boolean
issued

Return the token issue time (as datetime object).

Returns:datetime
management_url

Return the first adminURL of the identity endpoint.

The identity endpoint is from the service catalog associated with the authorization request, or None if the authentication request wasn’t scoped to a tenant (project).

DEPRECATED: this doesn’t correctly handle region name. You should fetch it from the service catalog yourself. This may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

Returns:tuple of urls
oauth_access_token_id

Return the access token ID if OAuth authentication used.

Returns:str or None.
oauth_consumer_id

Return the consumer ID if OAuth authentication used.

Returns:str or None.
project_domain_id

Return the project’s domain id associated with the auth request.

For v2, it returns ‘default’ if a project is scoped or None which may be different from the keystone configuration.

Returns:str
project_domain_name

Return the project’s domain name associated with the auth request.

For v2, it returns ‘Default’ if a project is scoped or None which may be different from the keystone configuration.

Returns:str
project_id

Return the project ID associated with the auth request.

This returns None if the auth token wasn’t scoped to a project.

Returns:str or None (if no project associated with the token)
project_name

Return the project name associated with the auth request.

Returns:str or None (if no project associated with the token)
project_scoped

Return true if the auth token was scoped to a tenant(project).

Returns:bool
role_ids

Return a list of user’s role ids associated with the auth request.

Returns:a list of strings of role ids
role_names

Return a list of user’s role names associated with the auth request.

Returns:a list of strings of role names
scoped

Return true if the auth token was scoped.

Return true if scoped to a tenant(project) or domain, and contains a populated service catalog.

Warning

This is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release in favor of project_scoped and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

Returns:bool
tenant_id

Synonym for project_id.

tenant_name

Synonym for project_name.

trust_id

Return the trust id associated with the auth request.

Returns:str or None (if no trust associated with the token)
trust_scoped

Return true if the auth token was scoped from a delegated trust.

The trust delegation is via the OS-TRUST v3 extension.

Returns:bool
trustee_user_id

Return the trustee user id associated with a trust.

Returns:str or None (if no trust associated with the token)
trustor_user_id

Return the trustor user id associated with a trust.

Returns:str or None (if no trust associated with the token)
user_domain_id

Return the user’s domain id associated with the auth request.

For v2, it always returns ‘default’ which may be different from the Keystone configuration.

Returns:str
user_domain_name

Return the user’s domain name associated with the auth request.

For v2, it always returns ‘Default’ which may be different from the Keystone configuration.

Returns:str
user_id

Return the user id associated with the auth request.

Returns:str
username

Return the username associated with the auth request.

Follows the pattern defined in the V2 API of first looking for ‘name’, returning that if available, and falling back to ‘username’ if name is unavailable.

Returns:str
version

Return the version of the auth token from identity service.

Returns:str
will_expire_soon(stale_duration=None)

Determine if expiration is about to occur.

Returns:true if expiration is within the given duration
Return type:boolean
class keystoneclient.access.AccessInfoV2(*args, **kwargs)

Bases: keystoneclient.access.AccessInfo

An object for encapsulating raw v2 auth token from identity service.

audit_chain_id
audit_id
auth_token
auth_url

Deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release.

Use service_catalog.get_urls() instead. It may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

domain_id
domain_name
domain_scoped
expires
has_service_catalog()
is_federated
classmethod is_valid(body, **kwargs)
issued
management_url

Deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release.

Use service_catalog.get_urls() instead. It may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

oauth_access_token_id
oauth_consumer_id
project_domain_id
project_domain_name
project_id
project_name
project_scoped
role_ids
role_names
scoped

Deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release.

Use project_scoped instead. It may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

trust_id
trust_scoped
trustee_user_id
trustor_user_id
user_domain_id
user_domain_name
user_id
username
class keystoneclient.access.AccessInfoV3(token, *args, **kwargs)

Bases: keystoneclient.access.AccessInfo

An object encapsulating raw v3 auth token from identity service.

audit_chain_id
audit_id
auth_url

Deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release.

Use service_catalog.get_urls() instead. It may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

domain_id
domain_name
domain_scoped
expires
has_service_catalog()
is_federated
classmethod is_valid(body, **kwargs)
issued
management_url

Deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release.

Use service_catalog.get_urls() instead. It may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

oauth_access_token_id
oauth_consumer_id
project_domain_id
project_domain_name
project_id
project_name
project_scoped
role_ids
role_names
scoped

Deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release.

Use project_scoped instead. It may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

trust_id
trust_scoped
trustee_user_id
trustor_user_id
user_domain_id
user_domain_name
user_id
username

keystoneclient.adapter module

class keystoneclient.adapter.Adapter(session, service_type=None, service_name=None, interface=None, region_name=None, endpoint_override=None, version=None, auth=None, user_agent=None, connect_retries=None, logger=None)

Bases: object

An instance of a session with local variables.

A session is a global object that is shared around amongst many clients. It therefore contains state that is relevant to everyone. There is a lot of state such as the service type and region_name that are only relevant to a particular client that is using the session. An adapter provides a wrapper of client local data around the global session object.

Parameters:
  • session (keystoneclient.session.Session) – The session object to wrap.
  • service_type (str) – The default service_type for URL discovery.
  • service_name (str) – The default service_name for URL discovery.
  • interface (str) – The default interface for URL discovery.
  • region_name (str) – The default region_name for URL discovery.
  • endpoint_override (str) – Always use this endpoint URL for requests for this client.
  • version (tuple) – The version that this API targets.
  • auth (keystoneclient.auth.base.BaseAuthPlugin) – An auth plugin to use instead of the session one.
  • user_agent (str) – The User-Agent string to set.
  • connect_retries (int) – the maximum number of retries that should be attempted for connection errors. Default None - use session default which is don’t retry.
  • logger (logging.Logger) – A logging object to use for requests that pass through this adapter.
delete(url, **kwargs)
get(url, **kwargs)
get_endpoint(auth=None, **kwargs)

Get an endpoint as provided by the auth plugin.

Parameters:auth (keystoneclient.auth.base.BaseAuthPlugin) – The auth plugin to use for token. Overrides the plugin on the session. (optional)
Raises:keystoneclient.exceptions.MissingAuthPlugin – if a plugin is not available.
Returns:An endpoint if available or None.
Return type:string
get_project_id(auth=None)

Return the authenticated project_id as provided by the auth plugin.

Parameters:

auth (keystoneclient.auth.base.BaseAuthPlugin) – The auth plugin to use for token. Overrides the plugin on the session. (optional)

Raises:
Returns:

Current project_id or None if not supported by plugin.

Return type:

string

get_token(auth=None)

Return a token as provided by the auth plugin.

Parameters:auth (keystoneclient.auth.base.BaseAuthPlugin) – The auth plugin to use for token. Overrides the plugin on the session. (optional)
Raises:keystoneclient.exceptions.AuthorizationFailure – if a new token fetch fails.
Returns:A valid token.
Return type:string
get_user_id(auth=None)

Return the authenticated user_id as provided by the auth plugin.

Parameters:

auth (keystoneclient.auth.base.BaseAuthPlugin) – The auth plugin to use for token. Overrides the plugin on the session. (optional)

Raises:
Returns:

Current user_id or None if not supported by plugin.

Return type:

string

head(url, **kwargs)
invalidate(auth=None)

Invalidate an authentication plugin.

patch(url, **kwargs)
post(url, **kwargs)
put(url, **kwargs)
request(url, method, **kwargs)
class keystoneclient.adapter.LegacyJsonAdapter(session, service_type=None, service_name=None, interface=None, region_name=None, endpoint_override=None, version=None, auth=None, user_agent=None, connect_retries=None, logger=None)

Bases: keystoneclient.adapter.Adapter

Make something that looks like an old HTTPClient.

A common case when using an adapter is that we want an interface similar to the HTTPClients of old which returned the body as JSON as well.

You probably don’t want this if you are starting from scratch.

request(*args, **kwargs)

keystoneclient.base module

Base utilities to build API operation managers and objects on top of.

class keystoneclient.base.CrudManager(client)

Bases: keystoneclient.base.Manager

Base manager class for manipulating Keystone entities.

Children of this class are expected to define a collection_key and key.

  • collection_key: Usually a plural noun by convention (e.g. entities); used to refer collections in both URL’s (e.g. /v3/entities) and JSON objects containing a list of member resources (e.g. {‘entities’: [{}, {}, {}]}).
  • key: Usually a singular noun by convention (e.g. entity); used to refer to an individual member of the collection.
base_url = None
build_key_only_query(params_list)

Build a query that does not include values, just keys.

The Identity API has some calls that define queries without values, this can not be accomplished by using urllib.parse.urlencode(). This method builds a query using only the keys.

build_url(dict_args_in_out=None)

Build a resource URL for the given kwargs.

Given an example collection where collection_key = ‘entities’ and key = ‘entity’, the following URL’s could be generated.

By default, the URL will represent a collection of entities, e.g.:

/entities

If kwargs contains an entity_id, then the URL will represent a specific member, e.g.:

/entities/{entity_id}

If a base_url is provided, the generated URL will be appended to it.

If a ‘tail’ is provided, it will be appended to the end of the URL.

collection_key = None
create(*args, **kwargs)
delete(*args, **kwargs)
find(*args, **kwargs)

Find a single item with attributes matching **kwargs.

get(*args, **kwargs)
head(*args, **kwargs)
key = None
list(*args, **kwargs)
put(*args, **kwargs)
update(*args, **kwargs)
class keystoneclient.base.Manager(client)

Bases: object

Basic manager type providing common operations.

Managers interact with a particular type of API (servers, flavors, images, etc.) and provide CRUD operations for them.

Parameters:client – instance of BaseClient descendant for HTTP requests
api

The client.

Warning

This property is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release in favor of client() and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

resource_class = None
class keystoneclient.base.ManagerWithFind(client)

Bases: keystoneclient.base.Manager

Manager with additional find()/findall() methods.

find(**kwargs)

Find a single item with attributes matching **kwargs.

This isn’t very efficient: it loads the entire list then filters on the Python side.

findall(**kwargs)

Find all items with attributes matching **kwargs.

This isn’t very efficient: it loads the entire list then filters on the Python side.

list()
class keystoneclient.base.Resource(manager, info, loaded=False)

Bases: object

Base class for OpenStack resources (tenant, user, etc.).

This is pretty much just a bag for attributes.

HUMAN_ID = False
NAME_ATTR = 'name'
delete()
get()

Support for lazy loading details.

Some clients, such as novaclient have the option to lazy load the details, details which can be loaded with this function.

human_id

Human-readable ID which can be used for bash completion.

is_loaded()
set_loaded(val)
to_dict()
keystoneclient.base.filter_kwargs(f)
keystoneclient.base.filter_none(**kwargs)

Remove any entries from a dictionary where the value is None.

keystoneclient.base.getid(obj)

Return id if argument is a Resource.

Abstracts the common pattern of allowing both an object or an object’s ID (UUID) as a parameter when dealing with relationships.

keystoneclient.baseclient module

class keystoneclient.baseclient.Client(session)

Bases: object

delete(url, **kwargs)
get(url, **kwargs)
head(url, **kwargs)
patch(url, **kwargs)
post(url, **kwargs)
put(url, **kwargs)
request(url, method, **kwargs)

keystoneclient.client module

keystoneclient.client.Client(version=None, unstable=False, session=None, **kwargs)

Factory function to create a new identity service client.

The returned client will be either a V3 or V2 client. Check the version using the version property or the instance’s class (with instanceof).

Parameters:
  • version (tuple) – The required version of the identity API. If specified the client will be selected such that the major version is equivalent and an endpoint provides at least the specified minor version. For example to specify the 3.1 API use (3, 1). (optional)
  • unstable (bool) – Accept endpoints not marked as ‘stable’. (optional)
  • session (keystoneclient.session.Session) – A session object to be used for communication. If one is not provided it will be constructed from the provided kwargs. (optional)
  • kwargs – Additional arguments are passed through to the client that is being created.
Returns:

New keystone client object.

Return type:

keystoneclient.v3.client.Client or keystoneclient.v2_0.client.Client

Raises:
class keystoneclient.client.HTTPClient

Bases: keystoneclient.httpclient.HTTPClient

Deprecated alias for httpclient.HTTPClient.

This class is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release in favor of keystoneclient.httpclient.HTTPClient and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

keystoneclient.discover module

class keystoneclient.discover.Discover(session=None, authenticated=None, **kwargs)

Bases: keystoneclient._discover.Discover

A means to discover and create clients.

Clients are created depending on the supported API versions on the server.

Querying the server is done on object creation and every subsequent method operates upon the data that was retrieved.

The connection parameters associated with this method are the same format and name as those used by a client (see keystoneclient.v2_0.client.Client and keystoneclient.v3.client.Client). If not overridden in subsequent methods they will also be what is passed to the constructed client.

In the event that auth_url and endpoint is provided then auth_url will be used in accordance with how the client operates.

Warning

Creating an instance of this class without using the session argument is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

Parameters:
  • session (keystoneclient.session.Session) – A session object that will be used for communication. Clients will also be constructed with this session.
  • auth_url (string) – Identity service endpoint for authorization. (optional)
  • endpoint (string) – A user-supplied endpoint URL for the identity service. (optional)
  • original_ip (string) – The original IP of the requesting user which will be sent to identity service in a ‘Forwarded’ header. (optional) This is ignored if a session is provided. Deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.
  • debug (boolean) – Enables debug logging of all request and responses to the identity service. default False (optional) This is ignored if a session is provided. Deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.
  • cacert (string) – Path to the Privacy Enhanced Mail (PEM) file which contains the trusted authority X.509 certificates needed to established SSL connection with the identity service. (optional) This is ignored if a session is provided. Deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.
  • key (string) – Path to the Privacy Enhanced Mail (PEM) file which contains the unencrypted client private key needed to established two-way SSL connection with the identity service. (optional) This is ignored if a session is provided. Deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.
  • cert (string) – Path to the Privacy Enhanced Mail (PEM) file which contains the corresponding X.509 client certificate needed to established two-way SSL connection with the identity service. (optional) This is ignored if a session is provided. Deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.
  • insecure (boolean) – Does not perform X.509 certificate validation when establishing SSL connection with identity service. default: False (optional) This is ignored if a session is provided. Deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.
  • authenticated (bool) – Should a token be used to perform the initial discovery operations. default: None (attach a token if an auth plugin is available).
available_versions(**kwargs)

Return a list of identity APIs available on the server.

The list returned includes the data associated with them.

Warning

This method is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release in favor of raw_version_data() and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

Parameters:
  • unstable (bool) – Accept endpoints not marked ‘stable’. (optional) Equates to setting allow_experimental and allow_unknown to True.
  • allow_experimental (bool) – Allow experimental version endpoints.
  • allow_deprecated (bool) – Allow deprecated version endpoints.
  • allow_unknown (bool) – Allow endpoints with an unrecognised status.
Returns:

A List of dictionaries as presented by the server. Each dict will contain the version and the URL to use for the version. It is a direct representation of the layout presented by the identity API.

create_client(version=None, unstable=False, **kwargs)

Factory function to create a new identity service client.

Parameters:
  • version (tuple) – The required version of the identity API. If specified the client will be selected such that the major version is equivalent and an endpoint provides at least the specified minor version. For example to specify the 3.1 API use (3, 1). (optional)
  • unstable (bool) – Accept endpoints not marked ‘stable’. (optional)
  • kwargs – Additional arguments will override those provided to this object’s constructor.
Returns:

An instantiated identity client object.

Raises:
raw_version_data(unstable=False, **kwargs)

Get raw version information from URL.

Raw data indicates that only minimal validation processing is performed on the data, so what is returned here will be the data in the same format it was received from the endpoint.

Parameters:
  • unstable (bool) – equates to setting allow_experimental and allow_unknown. This argument is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.
  • allow_experimental (bool) – Allow experimental version endpoints.
  • allow_deprecated (bool) – Allow deprecated version endpoints.
  • allow_unknown (bool) – Allow endpoints with an unrecognised status.
Returns:

The endpoints returned from the server that match the criteria.

Return type:

List

Example:

>>> from keystoneclient import discover
>>> disc = discover.Discovery(auth_url='http://localhost:5000')
>>> disc.raw_version_data()
    [{'id': 'v3.0',
        'links': [{'href': u'http://127.0.0.1:5000/v3/',
                   'rel': u'self'}],
      'media-types': [
          {'base': 'application/json',
           'type': 'application/vnd.openstack.identity-v3+json'},
          {'base': 'application/xml',
           'type': 'application/vnd.openstack.identity-v3+xml'}],
      'status': 'stable',
      'updated': '2013-03-06T00:00:00Z'},
     {'id': 'v2.0',
      'links': [{'href': u'http://127.0.0.1:5000/v2.0/',
                 'rel': u'self'},
                {'href': u'...',
                 'rel': u'describedby',
                 'type': u'application/pdf'}],
      'media-types': [
          {'base': 'application/json',
           'type': 'application/vnd.openstack.identity-v2.0+json'},
          {'base': 'application/xml',
           'type': 'application/vnd.openstack.identity-v2.0+xml'}],
      'status': 'stable',
      'updated': '2013-03-06T00:00:00Z'}]
keystoneclient.discover.add_catalog_discover_hack(service_type, old, new)

Add a version removal rule for a particular service.

Originally deployments of OpenStack would contain a versioned endpoint in the catalog for different services. E.g. an identity service might look like http://localhost:5000/v2.0. This is a problem when we want to use a different version like v3.0 as there is no way to tell where it is located. We cannot simply change all service catalogs either so there must be a way to handle the older style of catalog.

This function adds a rule for a given service type that if part of the URL matches a given regular expression in old then it will be replaced with the new value. This will replace all instances of old with new. It should therefore contain a regex anchor.

For example the included rule states:

add_catalog_version_hack('identity', re.compile('/v2.0/?$'), '/')

so if the catalog retrieves an identity URL that ends with /v2.0 or /v2.0/ then it should replace it simply with / to fix the user’s catalog.

Parameters:
  • service_type (str) – The service type as defined in the catalog that the rule will apply to.
  • old (re.RegexObject) – The regular expression to search for and replace if found.
  • new (str) – The new string to replace the pattern with.
keystoneclient.discover.available_versions(url, session=None, **kwargs)

Retrieve raw version data from a url.

keystoneclient.discover.normalize_version_number(version)

Turn a version representation into a tuple.

Takes a string, tuple or float which represent version formats we can handle and converts them into a (major, minor) version tuple that we can actually use for discovery.

e.g. ‘v3.3’ gives (3, 3)
3.1 gives (3, 1)
Parameters:version – Inputted version number to try and convert.
Returns:A usable version tuple
Return type:tuple
Raises:TypeError – if the inputted version cannot be converted to tuple.
keystoneclient.discover.version_match(required, candidate)

Test that an available version satisfies the required version.

To be suitable a version must be of the same major version as required and be at least a match in minor/patch level.

eg. 3.3 is a match for a required 3.1 but 4.1 is not.

Parameters:
  • required (tuple) – the version that must be met.
  • candidate (tuple) – the version to test against required.
Returns:

True if candidate is suitable False otherwise.

Return type:

bool

keystoneclient.exceptions module

Exception definitions.

exception keystoneclient.exceptions.AmbiguousEndpoints(endpoints=None)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.catalog.CatalogException

Found more than one matching endpoint in Service Catalog.

exception keystoneclient.exceptions.AuthPluginOptionsMissing(opt_names)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.auth.AuthorizationFailure

Auth plugin misses some options.

exception keystoneclient.exceptions.AuthSystemNotFound(auth_system)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.auth.AuthorizationFailure

User has specified an AuthSystem that is not installed.

exception keystoneclient.exceptions.AuthorizationFailure(message=None)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.base.ClientException

Cannot authorize API client.

An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.auth.AuthorizationFailure

message = 'Cannot authorize API client.'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.BadGateway(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HttpServerError

HTTP 502 - Bad Gateway.

The server was acting as a gateway or proxy and received an invalid response from the upstream server. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.BadGateway

http_status = 502
message = 'Bad Gateway'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.BadRequest(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HTTPClientError

HTTP 400 - Bad Request.

The request cannot be fulfilled due to bad syntax. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.BadRequest

http_status = 400
message = 'Bad Request'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.CMSError(output)

Bases: exceptions.Exception

Error reading the certificate.

exception keystoneclient.exceptions.CertificateConfigError(output)

Bases: exceptions.Exception

Error reading the certificate.

exception keystoneclient.exceptions.ClientException(message=None)

Bases: exceptions.Exception

The base exception class for all exceptions this library raises.

An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.base.ClientException

message = 'ClientException'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.CommandError(message=None)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.base.ClientException

Error in CLI tool.

exception keystoneclient.exceptions.Conflict(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HTTPClientError

HTTP 409 - Conflict.

Indicates that the request could not be processed because of conflict in the request, such as an edit conflict. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.Conflict

http_status = 409
message = 'Conflict'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.ConnectionError(message=None)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.base.ClientException

Cannot connect to API service.

An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.connection.ConnectionError

message = 'Cannot connect to API service.'
keystoneclient.exceptions.ConnectionRefused

Connection refused while trying to connect to API service.

An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.connection.ConnectFailure

alias of ConnectFailure

exception keystoneclient.exceptions.DiscoveryFailure(message=None)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.base.ClientException

Discovery of client versions failed.

An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.discovery.DiscoveryFailure

message = 'Discovery of client versions failed.'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.EmptyCatalog(message=None)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.catalog.EndpointNotFound

The service catalog is empty.

An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.catalog.EmptyCatalog

message = 'The service catalog is empty.'
keystoneclient.exceptions.EndpointException

Something is rotten in Service Catalog.

An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.catalog.CatalogException

alias of CatalogException

exception keystoneclient.exceptions.EndpointNotFound(message=None)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.catalog.CatalogException

Could not find requested endpoint in Service Catalog.

An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.catalog.EndpointNotFound

message = 'Could not find requested endpoint in Service Catalog.'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.ExpectationFailed(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HTTPClientError

HTTP 417 - Expectation Failed.

The server cannot meet the requirements of the Expect request-header field. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.ExpectationFailed

http_status = 417
message = 'Expectation Failed'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.Forbidden(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HTTPClientError

HTTP 403 - Forbidden.

The request was a valid request, but the server is refusing to respond to it. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.Forbidden

http_status = 403
message = 'Forbidden'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.GatewayTimeout(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HttpServerError

HTTP 504 - Gateway Timeout.

The server was acting as a gateway or proxy and did not receive a timely response from the upstream server. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.GatewayTimeout

http_status = 504
message = 'Gateway Timeout'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.Gone(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HTTPClientError

HTTP 410 - Gone.

Indicates that the resource requested is no longer available and will not be available again. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.Gone

http_status = 410
message = 'Gone'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.HTTPClientError(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HttpError

Client-side HTTP error.

Exception for cases in which the client seems to have erred. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HTTPClientError

message = 'HTTP Client Error'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.HTTPRedirection(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HttpError

HTTP Redirection.

message = u'HTTP Redirection'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.HttpError(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.base.ClientException

The base exception class for all HTTP exceptions.

An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HttpError

http_status = 0
message = 'HTTP Error'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.HttpNotImplemented(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HttpServerError

HTTP 501 - Not Implemented.

The server either does not recognize the request method, or it lacks the ability to fulfill the request. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HttpNotImplemented

http_status = 501
message = 'Not Implemented'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.HttpServerError(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HttpError

Server-side HTTP error.

Exception for cases in which the server is aware that it has erred or is incapable of performing the request. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HttpServerError

message = 'HTTP Server Error'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.HttpVersionNotSupported(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HttpServerError

HTTP 505 - HttpVersion Not Supported.

The server does not support the HTTP protocol version used in the request. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HttpVersionNotSupported

http_status = 505
message = 'HTTP Version Not Supported'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.InternalServerError(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HttpServerError

HTTP 500 - Internal Server Error.

A generic error message, given when no more specific message is suitable. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.InternalServerError

http_status = 500
message = 'Internal Server Error'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.InvalidResponse(response)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.base.ClientException

The response from the server is not valid for this request.

exception keystoneclient.exceptions.LengthRequired(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HTTPClientError

HTTP 411 - Length Required.

The request did not specify the length of its content, which is required by the requested resource. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.LengthRequired

http_status = 411
message = 'Length Required'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.MethodNotAllowed(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HTTPClientError

HTTP 405 - Method Not Allowed.

A request was made of a resource using a request method not supported by that resource. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.MethodNotAllowed

http_status = 405
message = 'Method Not Allowed'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.MethodNotImplemented(message=None)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.base.ClientException

Method not implemented by the keystoneclient API.

exception keystoneclient.exceptions.MissingAuthPlugin(message=None)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.auth_plugins.AuthPluginException

An authenticated request is required but no plugin available.

An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.auth_plugins.MissingAuthPlugin

message = 'An authenticated request is required but no plugin available.'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.MultipleChoices(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneclient.exceptions.HTTPRedirection

HTTP 300 - Multiple Choices.

Indicates multiple options for the resource that the client may follow.

http_status = 300
message = u'Multiple Choices'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.NoMatchingPlugin(name)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.auth_plugins.AuthPluginException

There were no auth plugins that could be created from the parameters provided.

An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.auth_plugins.NoMatchingPlugin

exception keystoneclient.exceptions.NoUniqueMatch(message=None)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.base.ClientException

Multiple entities found instead of one.

exception keystoneclient.exceptions.NotAcceptable(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HTTPClientError

HTTP 406 - Not Acceptable.

The requested resource is only capable of generating content not acceptable according to the Accept headers sent in the request. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.NotAcceptable

http_status = 406
message = 'Not Acceptable'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.NotFound(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HTTPClientError

HTTP 404 - Not Found.

The requested resource could not be found but may be available again in the future. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.NotFound

http_status = 404
message = 'Not Found'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.PaymentRequired(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HTTPClientError

HTTP 402 - Payment Required.

Reserved for future use. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.PaymentRequired

http_status = 402
message = 'Payment Required'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.PreconditionFailed(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HTTPClientError

HTTP 412 - Precondition Failed.

The server does not meet one of the preconditions that the requester put on the request. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.PreconditionFailed

http_status = 412
message = 'Precondition Failed'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.ProxyAuthenticationRequired(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HTTPClientError

HTTP 407 - Proxy Authentication Required.

The client must first authenticate itself with the proxy. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.ProxyAuthenticationRequired

http_status = 407
message = 'Proxy Authentication Required'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.RequestEntityTooLarge(*args, **kwargs)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HTTPClientError

HTTP 413 - Request Entity Too Large.

The request is larger than the server is willing or able to process. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.RequestEntityTooLarge

http_status = 413
message = 'Request Entity Too Large'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.RequestTimeout(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HTTPClientError

HTTP 408 - Request Timeout.

The server timed out waiting for the request. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.RequestTimeout

http_status = 408
message = 'Request Timeout'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.RequestUriTooLong(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HTTPClientError

HTTP 414 - Request-URI Too Long.

The URI provided was too long for the server to process. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.RequestUriTooLong

http_status = 414
message = 'Request-URI Too Long'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.RequestedRangeNotSatisfiable(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HTTPClientError

HTTP 416 - Requested Range Not Satisfiable.

The client has asked for a portion of the file, but the server cannot supply that portion. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.RequestedRangeNotSatisfiable

http_status = 416
message = 'Requested Range Not Satisfiable'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.SSLError(message=None)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.connection.ConnectionError

An SSL error occurred.

An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.connection.SSLError

message = 'An SSL error occurred.'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.ServiceUnavailable(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HttpServerError

HTTP 503 - Service Unavailable.

The server is currently unavailable. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.ServiceUnavailable

http_status = 503
message = 'Service Unavailable'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.Unauthorized(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HTTPClientError

HTTP 401 - Unauthorized.

Similar to 403 Forbidden, but specifically for use when authentication is required and has failed or has not yet been provided. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.Unauthorized

http_status = 401
message = 'Unauthorized'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.UnprocessableEntity(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HTTPClientError

HTTP 422 - Unprocessable Entity.

The request was well-formed but was unable to be followed due to semantic errors. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.UnprocessableEntity

http_status = 422
message = 'Unprocessable Entity'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.UnsupportedMediaType(message=None, details=None, response=None, request_id=None, url=None, method=None, http_status=None, retry_after=0)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.HTTPClientError

HTTP 415 - Unsupported Media Type.

The request entity has a media type which the server or resource does not support. An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.UnsupportedMediaType

http_status = 415
message = 'Unsupported Media Type'
exception keystoneclient.exceptions.UnsupportedParameters(names)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.base.ClientException

A parameter that was provided or returned is not supported.

Parameters:names (List(str)) – Names of the unsupported parameters.
names

Names of the unsupported parameters.

exception keystoneclient.exceptions.UnsupportedVersion(message=None)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.base.ClientException

User is trying to use an unsupported version of the API.

exception keystoneclient.exceptions.ValidationError(message=None)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.base.ClientException

Error in validation on API client side.

exception keystoneclient.exceptions.VersionNotAvailable(message=None)

Bases: keystoneauth1.exceptions.discovery.DiscoveryFailure

Discovery failed as the version you requested is not available.

An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.discovery.VersionNotAvailable

message = 'Discovery failed. Requested version is not available.'
keystoneclient.exceptions.from_response(response, method, url)

Return an instance of HttpError or subclass based on response.

An alias of keystoneauth1.exceptions.http.from_response()

keystoneclient.httpclient module

OpenStack Client interface. Handles the REST calls and responses.

class keystoneclient.httpclient.HTTPClient(username=None, tenant_id=None, tenant_name=None, password=None, auth_url=None, region_name=None, endpoint=None, token=None, auth_ref=None, use_keyring=False, force_new_token=False, stale_duration=None, user_id=None, user_domain_id=None, user_domain_name=None, domain_id=None, domain_name=None, project_id=None, project_name=None, project_domain_id=None, project_domain_name=None, trust_id=None, session=None, service_name=None, interface='admin', endpoint_override=None, auth=None, user_agent='python-keystoneclient', connect_retries=None, **kwargs)

Bases: keystoneclient.baseclient.Client, keystoneclient.auth.base.BaseAuthPlugin

HTTP client.

Warning

Creating an instance of this class without using the session argument is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

Parameters:
  • user_id (string) – User ID for authentication. (optional)
  • username (string) – Username for authentication. (optional)
  • user_domain_id (string) – User’s domain ID for authentication. (optional)
  • user_domain_name (string) – User’s domain name for authentication. (optional)
  • password (string) – Password for authentication. (optional)
  • domain_id (string) – Domain ID for domain scoping. (optional)
  • domain_name (string) – Domain name for domain scoping. (optional)
  • project_id (string) – Project ID for project scoping. (optional)
  • project_name (string) – Project name for project scoping. (optional)
  • project_domain_id (string) – Project’s domain ID for project scoping. (optional)
  • project_domain_name (string) – Project’s domain name for project scoping. (optional)
  • auth_url (string) – Identity service endpoint for authorization.
  • region_name (string) – Name of a region to select when choosing an endpoint from the service catalog.
  • timeout (integer) – This argument is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release in favor of session and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release. (optional)
  • endpoint (string) – A user-supplied endpoint URL for the identity service. Lazy-authentication is possible for API service calls if endpoint is set at instantiation. (optional)
  • token (string) – Token for authentication. (optional)
  • cacert (string) – This argument is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release in favor of session and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release. (optional)
  • key (string) – This argument is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release in favor of session and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release. (optional)
  • cert (string) – This argument is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release in favor of session and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release. (optional)
  • insecure (boolean) – This argument is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release in favor of session and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release. (optional)
  • original_ip (string) – This argument is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release in favor of session and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release. (optional)
  • auth_ref (dict) – To allow for consumers of the client to manage their own caching strategy, you may initialize a client with a previously captured auth_reference (token). If there are keyword arguments passed that also exist in auth_ref, the value from the argument will take precedence.
  • use_keyring (boolean) – Enables caching auth_ref into keyring. default: False (optional)
  • force_new_token (boolean) – Keyring related parameter, forces request for new token. default: False (optional)
  • stale_duration (integer) – Gap in seconds to determine if token from keyring is about to expire. default: 30 (optional)
  • tenant_name (string) – Tenant name. (optional) The tenant_name keyword argument is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release in favor of project_name and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.
  • tenant_id (string) – Tenant id. (optional) The tenant_id keyword argument is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release in favor of project_id and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.
  • trust_id (string) – Trust ID for trust scoping. (optional)
  • session (keystoneclient.session.Session) – A Session object to be used for communicating with the identity service.
  • service_name (string) – The default service_name for URL discovery. default: None (optional)
  • interface (string) – The default interface for URL discovery. default: admin (optional)
  • endpoint_override (string) – Always use this endpoint URL for requests for this client. (optional)
  • auth (keystoneclient.auth.base.BaseAuthPlugin) – An auth plugin to use instead of the session one. (optional)
  • user_agent (string) – The User-Agent string to set. default: python-keystoneclient (optional)
  • connect_retries (int) – the maximum number of retries that should be attempted for connection errors. Default None - use session default which is don’t retry. (optional)
auth_token
authenticate(username=None, password=None, tenant_name=None, tenant_id=None, auth_url=None, token=None, user_id=None, domain_name=None, domain_id=None, project_name=None, project_id=None, user_domain_id=None, user_domain_name=None, project_domain_id=None, project_domain_name=None, trust_id=None, region_name=None)

Authenticate user.

Uses the data provided at instantiation to authenticate against the Identity server. This may use either a username and password or token for authentication. If a tenant name or id was provided then the resulting authenticated client will be scoped to that tenant and contain a service catalog of available endpoints.

With the v2.0 API, if a tenant name or ID is not provided, the authentication token returned will be ‘unscoped’ and limited in capabilities until a fully-scoped token is acquired.

With the v3 API, if a domain name or id was provided then the resulting authenticated client will be scoped to that domain. If a project name or ID is not provided, and the authenticating user has a default project configured, the authentication token returned will be ‘scoped’ to the default project. Otherwise, the authentication token returned will be ‘unscoped’ and limited in capabilities until a fully-scoped token is acquired.

With the v3 API, with the OS-TRUST extension enabled, the trust_id can be provided to allow project-specific role delegation between users

If successful, sets the self.auth_ref and self.auth_token with the returned token. If not already set, will also set self.management_url from the details provided in the token.

Returns:

True if authentication was successful.

Raises:

If keyring is used, token is retrieved from keyring instead. Authentication will only be necessary if any of the following conditions are met:

  • keyring is not used
  • if token is not found in keyring
  • if token retrieved from keyring is expired or about to expired (as determined by stale_duration)
  • if force_new_token is true
delete(url, **kwargs)

Perform an authenticate DELETE request.

This calls request() with method set to DELETE and an authentication token if one is available.

Warning

DEPRECATED: This function is no longer used and is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release. It was designed to be used by the managers and the managers now receive an adapter so this function is no longer on the standard request path.

deprecated_adapter_variables = {'region_name': None}
deprecated_session_variables = {'verify_cert': 'verify', 'cert': None, 'timeout': None, 'original_ip': None}
get(url, **kwargs)

Perform an authenticated GET request.

This calls request() with method set to GET and an authentication token if one is available.

Warning

DEPRECATED: This function is no longer used and is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release. It was designed to be used by the managers and the managers now receive an adapter so this function is no longer on the standard request path.

get_auth_ref_from_keyring(**kwargs)

Retrieve auth_ref from keyring.

If auth_ref is found in keyring, (keyring_key, auth_ref) is returned. Otherwise, (keyring_key, None) is returned.

Returns:(keyring_key, auth_ref) or (keyring_key, None)
Returns:or (None, None) if use_keyring is not set in the object
get_endpoint(session, interface=None, **kwargs)
get_project_id(session, **kwargs)
get_raw_token_from_identity_service(auth_url, username=None, password=None, tenant_name=None, tenant_id=None, token=None, user_id=None, user_domain_id=None, user_domain_name=None, domain_id=None, domain_name=None, project_id=None, project_name=None, project_domain_id=None, project_domain_name=None, trust_id=None)

Authenticate against the Identity API and get a token.

Not implemented here because auth protocols should be API version-specific.

Expected to authenticate or validate an existing authentication reference already associated with the client. Invoking this call always makes a call to the Identity service.

Returns:(resp, body)
get_token(session, **kwargs)
get_user_id(session, **kwargs)
has_service_catalog()

Return True if this client provides a service catalog.

head(url, **kwargs)

Perform an authenticated HEAD request.

This calls request() with method set to HEAD and an authentication token if one is available.

Warning

DEPRECATED: This function is no longer used and is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release. It was designed to be used by the managers and the managers now receive an adapter so this function is no longer on the standard request path.

management_url
patch(url, **kwargs)

Perform an authenticate PATCH request.

This calls request() with method set to PATCH and an authentication token if one is available.

Warning

DEPRECATED: This function is no longer used and is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release. It was designed to be used by the managers and the managers now receive an adapter so this function is no longer on the standard request path.

post(url, **kwargs)

Perform an authenticate POST request.

This calls request() with method set to POST and an authentication token if one is available.

Warning

DEPRECATED: This function is no longer used and is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release. It was designed to be used by the managers and the managers now receive an adapter so this function is no longer on the standard request path.

process_token(region_name=None)

Extract and process information from the new auth_ref.

And set the relevant authentication information.

put(url, **kwargs)

Perform an authenticate PUT request.

This calls request() with method set to PUT and an authentication token if one is available.

Warning

DEPRECATED: This function is no longer used and is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release. It was designed to be used by the managers and the managers now receive an adapter so this function is no longer on the standard request path.

request(*args, **kwargs)

Send an http request with the specified characteristics.

Wrapper around requests.request to handle tasks such as setting headers, JSON encoding/decoding, and error handling.

Warning

DEPRECATED: This function is no longer used. It was designed to be used only by the managers and the managers now receive an adapter so this function is no longer on the standard request path. This may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

serialize(entity)
service_catalog

Return this client’s service catalog.

store_auth_ref_into_keyring(keyring_key)

Store auth_ref into keyring.

tenant_id

Provide read-only backwards compatibility for tenant_id.

Warning

This is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release in favor of project_id and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

tenant_name

Provide read-only backwards compatibility for tenant_name.

Warning

This is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release in favor of project_name and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

version = None
keystoneclient.httpclient.USER_AGENT = 'python-keystoneclient'

Default user agent string.

This property is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release in favor of keystoneclient.session.USER_AGENT and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

keystoneclient.httpclient.request(*args, **kwargs)

Make a request.

This function is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release in favor of keystoneclient.session.request() and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

keystoneclient.i18n module

oslo.i18n integration module.

See https://docs.openstack.org/oslo.i18n/latest/user/index.html .

keystoneclient.service_catalog module

class keystoneclient.service_catalog.ServiceCatalog(region_name=None)

Bases: object

Helper methods for dealing with a Keystone Service Catalog.

Warning

Setting region_name is deprecated in favor of passing the region name as a parameter to calls made to the service catalog as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

classmethod factory(resource_dict, token=None, region_name=None)

Create ServiceCatalog object given an auth token.

Warning

Setting region_name is deprecated in favor of passing the region name as a parameter to calls made to the service catalog as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

get_data()

Get the raw catalog structure.

Get the version dependent catalog structure as it is presented within the resource.

Returns:list containing raw catalog data entries or None
get_endpoints(service_type=None, endpoint_type=None, region_name=None, service_name=None)

Fetch and filter endpoints for the specified service(s).

Returns endpoints for the specified service (or all) containing the specified type (or all) and region (or all) and service name.

If there is no name in the service catalog the service_name check will be skipped. This allows compatibility with services that existed before the name was available in the catalog.

get_token()

Fetch token details from service catalog.

Returns a dictionary containing the following:

- `id`: Token's ID
- `expires`: Token's expiration
- `user_id`: Authenticated user's ID
- `tenant_id`: Authorized project's ID
- `domain_id`: Authorized domain's ID
get_urls(attr=None, filter_value=None, service_type='identity', endpoint_type='publicURL', region_name=None, service_name=None)

Fetch endpoint urls from the service catalog.

Fetch the endpoints from the service catalog for a particular endpoint attribute. If no attribute is given, return the first endpoint of the specified type.

Parameters:
  • attr (string) – Endpoint attribute name.
  • filter_value (string) – Endpoint attribute value.
  • service_type (string) – Service type of the endpoint.
  • endpoint_type (string) – Type of endpoint. Possible values: public or publicURL, internal or internalURL, admin or adminURL
  • region_name (string) – Region of the endpoint.
  • service_name (string) – The assigned name of the service.
Returns:

tuple of urls or None (if no match found)

region_name

Region name.

Warning

region_name is deprecated in favor of passing the region name as a parameter to calls made to the service catalog as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

url_for(attr=None, filter_value=None, service_type='identity', endpoint_type='publicURL', region_name=None, service_name=None)

Fetch an endpoint from the service catalog.

Fetch the specified endpoint from the service catalog for a particular endpoint attribute. If no attribute is given, return the first endpoint of the specified type.

Valid endpoint types: public or publicURL,
internal or internalURL, admin or ‘adminURL`
Parameters:
  • attr (string) – Endpoint attribute name.
  • filter_value (string) – Endpoint attribute value.
  • service_type (string) – Service type of the endpoint.
  • endpoint_type (string) – Type of endpoint.
  • region_name (string) – Region of the endpoint.
  • service_name (string) – The assigned name of the service.
class keystoneclient.service_catalog.ServiceCatalogV2(resource_dict, region_name=None)

Bases: keystoneclient.service_catalog.ServiceCatalog

An object for encapsulating the v2 service catalog.

The object is created using raw v2 auth token from Keystone.

get_data()
get_token()
get_urls(attr=None, filter_value=None, service_type='identity', endpoint_type='publicURL', region_name=None, service_name=None)
classmethod is_valid(resource_dict)
class keystoneclient.service_catalog.ServiceCatalogV3(token, resource_dict, region_name=None)

Bases: keystoneclient.service_catalog.ServiceCatalog

An object for encapsulating the v3 service catalog.

The object is created using raw v3 auth token from Keystone.

get_data()
get_token()
get_urls(attr=None, filter_value=None, service_type='identity', endpoint_type='public', region_name=None, service_name=None)
classmethod is_valid(resource_dict)

keystoneclient.session module

class keystoneclient.session.Session(auth=None, session=None, original_ip=None, verify=True, cert=None, timeout=None, user_agent=None, redirect=30)

Bases: object

Maintains client communication state and common functionality.

As much as possible the parameters to this class reflect and are passed directly to the requests library.

Parameters:
  • auth (keystoneclient.auth.base.BaseAuthPlugin) – An authentication plugin to authenticate the session with. (optional, defaults to None)
  • session (requests.Session) – A requests session object that can be used for issuing requests. (optional)
  • original_ip (string) – The original IP of the requesting user which will be sent to identity service in a ‘Forwarded’ header. (optional)
  • verify – The verification arguments to pass to requests. These are of the same form as requests expects, so True or False to verify (or not) against system certificates or a path to a bundle or CA certs to check against or None for requests to attempt to locate and use certificates. (optional, defaults to True)
  • cert – A client certificate to pass to requests. These are of the same form as requests expects. Either a single filename containing both the certificate and key or a tuple containing the path to the certificate then a path to the key. (optional)
  • timeout (float) – A timeout to pass to requests. This should be a numerical value indicating some amount (or fraction) of seconds or 0 for no timeout. (optional, defaults to 0)
  • user_agent (string) – A User-Agent header string to use for the request. If not provided a default is used. (optional, defaults to ‘python-keystoneclient’)
  • redirect (int/bool) – Controls the maximum number of redirections that can be followed by a request. Either an integer for a specific count or True/False for forever/never. (optional, default to 30)
DEFAULT_REDIRECT_LIMIT = 30

This property is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

REDIRECT_STATUSES = (301, 302, 303, 305, 307)

This property is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

classmethod construct(kwargs)

Handle constructing a session from both old and new arguments.

Support constructing a session from the old HTTPClient args as well as the new request-style arguments.

Warning

DEPRECATED as of 1.7.0: This function is purely for bridging the gap between older client arguments and the session arguments that they relate to. It is not intended to be used as a generic Session Factory. This function may be removed in the 2.0.0 release.

This function purposefully modifies the input kwargs dictionary so that the remaining kwargs dict can be reused and passed on to other functions without session arguments.

delete(url, **kwargs)

Perform a DELETE request.

This calls request() with method set to DELETE.

get(url, **kwargs)

Perform a GET request.

This calls request() with method set to GET.

get_auth_connection_params(auth=None, **kwargs)

Return auth connection params as provided by the auth plugin.

An auth plugin may specify connection parameters to the request like providing a client certificate for communication.

We restrict the values that may be returned from this function to prevent an auth plugin overriding values unrelated to connection parameters. The values that are currently accepted are:

  • cert: a path to a client certificate, or tuple of client certificate and key pair that are used with this request.
  • verify: a boolean value to indicate verifying SSL certificates against the system CAs or a path to a CA file to verify with.

These values are passed to the requests library and further information on accepted values may be found there.

Parameters:

auth (keystoneclient.auth.base.BaseAuthPlugin) – The auth plugin to use for tokens. Overrides the plugin on the session. (optional)

Raises:
Returns:

Authentication headers or None for failure.

Return type:

dict

get_auth_headers(auth=None, **kwargs)

Return auth headers as provided by the auth plugin.

Parameters:

auth (keystoneclient.auth.base.BaseAuthPlugin) – The auth plugin to use for token. Overrides the plugin on the session. (optional)

Raises:
Returns:

Authentication headers or None for failure.

Return type:

dict

classmethod get_conf_options(deprecated_opts=None)

Get oslo_config options that are needed for a Session.

These may be useful without being registered for config file generation or to manipulate the options before registering them yourself.

The options that are set are:
cafile:The certificate authority filename.
certfile:The client certificate file to present.
keyfile:The key for the client certificate.
insecure:Whether to ignore SSL verification.
timeout:The max time to wait for HTTP connections.
Parameters:deprecated_opts (dict) –

Deprecated options that should be included in the definition of new options. This should be a dict from the name of the new option to a list of oslo.DeprecatedOpts that correspond to the new option. (optional)

For example, to support the ca_file option pointing to the new cafile option name:

old_opt = oslo_cfg.DeprecatedOpt('ca_file', 'old_group')
deprecated_opts={'cafile': [old_opt]}
Returns:A list of oslo_config options.
get_endpoint(auth=None, **kwargs)

Get an endpoint as provided by the auth plugin.

Parameters:auth (keystoneclient.auth.base.BaseAuthPlugin) – The auth plugin to use for token. Overrides the plugin on the session. (optional)
Raises:keystoneclient.exceptions.MissingAuthPlugin – if a plugin is not available.
Returns:An endpoint if available or None.
Return type:string
get_project_id(auth=None)

Return the authenticated project_id as provided by the auth plugin.

Parameters:

auth (keystoneclient.auth.base.BaseAuthPlugin) – The auth plugin to use for token. Overrides the plugin on the session. (optional)

Raises:
Returns string:

Current project_id or None if not supported by plugin.

get_token(auth=None)

Return a token as provided by the auth plugin.

Parameters:

auth (keystoneclient.auth.base.BaseAuthPlugin) – The auth plugin to use for token. Overrides the plugin on the session. (optional)

Raises:

Warning

This method is deprecated as of the 1.7.0 release in favor of get_auth_headers() and may be removed in the 2.0.0 release. This method assumes that the only header that is used to authenticate a message is ‘X-Auth-Token’ which may not be correct.

Returns:A valid token.
Return type:string
get_user_id(auth=None)

Return the authenticated user_id as provided by the auth plugin.

Parameters:

auth (keystoneclient.auth.base.BaseAuthPlugin) – The auth plugin to use for token. Overrides the plugin on the session. (optional)

Raises:
Returns string:

Current user_id or None if not supported by plugin.

head(url, **kwargs)

Perform a HEAD request.

This calls request() with method set to HEAD.

invalidate(auth=None)

Invalidate an authentication plugin.

Parameters:auth (keystoneclient.auth.base.BaseAuthPlugin) – The auth plugin to invalidate. Overrides the plugin on the session. (optional)
classmethod load_from_cli_options(args, **kwargs)

Create a Session object from CLI arguments.

The CLI arguments must have been registered with register_cli_options().

Parameters:args (Namespace) – result of parsed arguments.
Returns:A new session object.
Return type:Session
classmethod load_from_conf_options(conf, group, **kwargs)

Create a session object from an oslo_config object.

The options must have been previously registered with register_conf_options.

Parameters:
  • conf (oslo_config.Cfg) – config object to register with.
  • group (string) – The ini group to register options in.
  • kwargs (dict) – Additional parameters to pass to session construction.
Returns:

A new session object.

Return type:

Session

patch(url, **kwargs)

Perform a PATCH request.

This calls request() with method set to PATCH.

post(url, **kwargs)

Perform a POST request.

This calls request() with method set to POST.

put(url, **kwargs)

Perform a PUT request.

This calls request() with method set to PUT.

static register_cli_options(parser)

Register the argparse arguments that are needed for a session.

Parameters:parser (argparse.ArgumentParser) – parser to add to.
classmethod register_conf_options(conf, group, deprecated_opts=None)

Register the oslo_config options that are needed for a session.

The options that are set are:
cafile:The certificate authority filename.
certfile:The client certificate file to present.
keyfile:The key for the client certificate.
insecure:Whether to ignore SSL verification.
timeout:The max time to wait for HTTP connections.
Parameters:
  • conf (oslo_config.Cfg) – config object to register with.
  • group (string) – The ini group to register options in.
  • deprecated_opts (dict) –

    Deprecated options that should be included in the definition of new options. This should be a dict from the name of the new option to a list of oslo.DeprecatedOpts that correspond to the new option. (optional)

    For example, to support the ca_file option pointing to the new cafile option name:

    old_opt = oslo_cfg.DeprecatedOpt('ca_file', 'old_group')
    deprecated_opts={'cafile': [old_opt]}
    
Returns:

The list of options that was registered.

request(url, method, json=None, original_ip=None, user_agent=None, redirect=None, authenticated=None, endpoint_filter=None, auth=None, requests_auth=None, raise_exc=True, allow_reauth=True, log=True, endpoint_override=None, connect_retries=0, logger=<logging.Logger object>, **kwargs)

Send an HTTP request with the specified characteristics.

Wrapper around requests.Session.request to handle tasks such as setting headers, JSON encoding/decoding, and error handling.

Arguments that are not handled are passed through to the requests library.

Parameters:
  • url (string) – Path or fully qualified URL of HTTP request. If only a path is provided then endpoint_filter must also be provided such that the base URL can be determined. If a fully qualified URL is provided then endpoint_filter will be ignored.
  • method (string) – The http method to use. (e.g. ‘GET’, ‘POST’)
  • original_ip (string) – Mark this request as forwarded for this ip. (optional)
  • headers (dict) – Headers to be included in the request. (optional)
  • json – Some data to be represented as JSON. (optional)
  • user_agent (string) – A user_agent to use for the request. If present will override one present in headers. (optional)
  • redirect (int/bool) – the maximum number of redirections that can be followed by a request. Either an integer for a specific count or True/False for forever/never. (optional)
  • connect_retries (int) – the maximum number of retries that should be attempted for connection errors. (optional, defaults to 0 - never retry).
  • authenticated (bool) – True if a token should be attached to this request, False if not or None for attach if an auth_plugin is available. (optional, defaults to None)
  • endpoint_filter (dict) – Data to be provided to an auth plugin with which it should be able to determine an endpoint to use for this request. If not provided then URL is expected to be a fully qualified URL. (optional)
  • endpoint_override (str) – The URL to use instead of looking up the endpoint in the auth plugin. This will be ignored if a fully qualified URL is provided but take priority over an endpoint_filter. (optional)
  • auth (keystoneclient.auth.base.BaseAuthPlugin) – The auth plugin to use when authenticating this request. This will override the plugin that is attached to the session (if any). (optional)
  • requests_auth (requests.auth.AuthBase) – A requests library auth plugin that cannot be passed via kwarg because the auth kwarg collides with our own auth plugins. (optional)
  • raise_exc (bool) – If True then raise an appropriate exception for failed HTTP requests. If False then return the request object. (optional, default True)
  • allow_reauth (bool) – Allow fetching a new token and retrying the request on receiving a 401 Unauthorized response. (optional, default True)
  • log (bool) – If True then log the request and response data to the debug log. (optional, default True)
  • logger (logging.Logger) – The logger object to use to log request and responses. If not provided the keystoneclient.session default logger will be used.
  • kwargs – any other parameter that can be passed to requests.Session.request (such as headers). Except: ‘data’ will be overwritten by the data in ‘json’ param. ‘allow_redirects’ is ignored as redirects are handled by the session.
Raises:

keystoneclient.exceptions.ClientException – For connection failure, or to indicate an error response code.

Returns:

The response to the request.

user_agent = None
class keystoneclient.session.TCPKeepAliveAdapter(pool_connections=10, pool_maxsize=10, max_retries=0, pool_block=False)

Bases: requests.adapters.HTTPAdapter

The custom adapter used to set TCP Keep-Alive on all connections.

This Adapter also preserves the default behaviour of Requests which disables Nagle’s Algorithm. See also: http://blogs.msdn.com/b/windowsazurestorage/archive/2010/06/25/nagle-s-algorithm-is-not-friendly-towards-small-requests.aspx

init_poolmanager(*args, **kwargs)
keystoneclient.session.request(url, method='GET', **kwargs)

keystoneclient.utils module

keystoneclient.utils.find_resource(manager, name_or_id)

Helper for the _find_* methods.

keystoneclient.utils.hash_signed_token(signed_text, mode='md5')
keystoneclient.utils.isotime(at=None, subsecond=False)

Stringify time in ISO 8601 format.

keystoneclient.utils.prompt_for_password()

Prompt user for password if not provided.

Prompt is used so the password doesn’t show up in the bash history.

keystoneclient.utils.prompt_user_password()

Prompt user for a password.

Prompt for a password if stdin is a tty.

keystoneclient.utils.strtime(at=None)

Module contents

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