server

Compute v2

server add fixed ip

Add fixed IP address to server

openstack server add fixed ip
    [--fixed-ip-address <ip-address>]
    [--tag <tag>]
    <server>
    <network>
--fixed-ip-address <ip-address>

Requested fixed IP address

--tag <tag>

Tag for the attached interface. (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.52 or above)

server

Server to receive the fixed IP address (name or ID)

network

Network to allocate the fixed IP address from (name or ID)

server add floating ip

Add floating IP address to server

openstack server add floating ip
    [--fixed-ip-address <ip-address>]
    <server>
    <ip-address>
--fixed-ip-address <ip-address>

Fixed IP address to associate with this floating IP address. The first server port containing the fixed IP address will be used

server

Server to receive the floating IP address (name or ID)

ip-address

Floating IP address to assign to the first available server port (IP only)

server add network

Add network to server

openstack server add network [--tag <tag>] <server> <network>
--tag <tag>

Tag for the attached interface. (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.49 or above)

server

Server to add the network to (name or ID)

network

Network to add to the server (name or ID)

server add port

Add port to server

openstack server add port [--tag <tag>] <server> <port>
--tag <tag>

Tag for the attached interface. (Supported by API versions ‘2.49’ - ‘2.latest’)

server

Server to add the port to (name or ID)

port

Port to add to the server (name or ID)

server add security group

Add security group to server

openstack server add security group <server> <group>
server

Server (name or ID)

group

Security group to add (name or ID)

server add volume

Add volume to server. Specify --os-compute-api-version 2.20 or higher to add a volume to a server with status SHELVED or SHELVED_OFFLOADED.

openstack server add volume
    [--device <device>]
    [--tag <tag>]
    [--enable-delete-on-termination | --disable-delete-on-termination]
    <server>
    <volume>
--device <device>

Server internal device name for volume

--tag <tag>

Tag for the attached volume (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.49 or above)

--enable-delete-on-termination

Delete the volume when the server is destroyed (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.79 or above)

--disable-delete-on-termination

Do not delete the volume when the server is destroyed (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.79 or above)

server

Server (name or ID)

volume

Volume to add (name or ID)

server create

Create a new server

openstack server create
    (--image <image> | --image-property <key=value> | --volume <volume>)
    [--password <password>]
    --flavor <flavor>
    [--security-group <security-group>]
    [--key-name <key-name>]
    [--property <key=value>]
    [--file <dest-filename=source-filename>]
    [--user-data <user-data>]
    [--description <description>]
    [--availability-zone <zone-name>]
    [--host <host>]
    [--hypervisor-hostname <hypervisor-hostname>]
    [--boot-from-volume <volume-size>]
    [--block-device-mapping <dev-name=mapping>]
    [--nic <net-id=net-uuid,v4-fixed-ip=ip-addr,v6-fixed-ip=ip-addr,port-id=port-uuid,auto,none>]
    [--network <network>]
    [--port <port>]
    [--hint <key=value>]
    [--use-config-drive | --no-config-drive | --config-drive <config-drive-volume>|True]
    [--min <count>]
    [--max <count>]
    [--wait]
    [--tag <tag>]
    <server-name>
--image <image>

Create server boot disk from this image (name or ID)

--image-property <key=value>

Image property to be matched

--volume <volume>

Create server using this volume as the boot disk (name or ID) This option automatically creates a block device mapping with a boot index of 0. On many hypervisors (libvirt/kvm for example) this will be device vda. Do not create a duplicate mapping using –block-device-mapping for this volume.

--password <password>

Set the password to this server

--flavor <flavor>

Create server with this flavor (name or ID)

--security-group <security-group>

Security group to assign to this server (name or ID) (repeat option to set multiple groups)

--key-name <key-name>

Keypair to inject into this server

--property <key=value>

Set a property on this server (repeat option to set multiple values)

--file <dest-filename=source-filename>

File to inject into image before boot (repeat option to set multiple files)

--user-data <user-data>

User data file to serve from the metadata server

--description <description>

Set description for the server (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.19 or above)

--availability-zone <zone-name>

Select an availability zone for the server. Host and node are optional parameters. Availability zone in the format <zone-name>:<host-name>:<node-name>, <zone-name>::<node-name>, <zone-name>:<host-name> or <zone-name>

--host <host>

Requested host to create servers. (admin only) (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.74 or above)

--hypervisor-hostname <hypervisor-hostname>

Requested hypervisor hostname to create servers. (admin only) (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.74 or above)

--boot-from-volume <volume-size>

When used in conjunction with the --image or --image-property option, this option automatically creates a block device mapping with a boot index of 0 and tells the compute service to create a volume of the given size (in GB) from the specified image and use it as the root disk of the server. The root volume will not be deleted when the server is deleted. This option is mutually exclusive with the --volume option.

--block-device-mapping <dev-name=mapping>

Create a block device on the server. Block device mapping in the format <dev-name>=<id>:<type>:<size(GB)>:<delete-on-terminate> <dev-name>: block device name, like: vdb, xvdc (required) <id>: Name or ID of the volume, volume snapshot or image (required) <type>: volume, snapshot or image; default: volume (optional) <size(GB)>: volume size if create from image or snapshot (optional) <delete-on-terminate>: true or false; default: false (optional)

--nic <net-id=net-uuid,v4-fixed-ip=ip-addr,v6-fixed-ip=ip-addr,port-id=port-uuid,auto,none>

Create a NIC on the server. Specify option multiple times to create multiple NICs. Either net-id or port-id must be provided, but not both. net-id: attach NIC to network with this UUID, port-id: attach NIC to port with this UUID, v4-fixed-ip: IPv4 fixed address for NIC (optional), v6-fixed-ip: IPv6 fixed address for NIC (optional), none: (v2.37+) no network is attached, auto: (v2.37+) the compute service will automatically allocate a network. Specifying a –nic of auto or none cannot be used with any other –nic value.

--network <network>

Create a NIC on the server and connect it to network. Specify option multiple times to create multiple NICs. This is a wrapper for the ‘–nic net-id=<network>’ parameter that provides simple syntax for the standard use case of connecting a new server to a given network. For more advanced use cases, refer to the ‘–nic’ parameter.

--port <port>

Create a NIC on the server and connect it to port. Specify option multiple times to create multiple NICs. This is a wrapper for the ‘–nic port-id=<port>’ parameter that provides simple syntax for the standard use case of connecting a new server to a given port. For more advanced use cases, refer to the ‘–nic’ parameter.

--hint <key=value>

Hints for the scheduler (optional extension)

--use-config-drive

Enable config drive.

--no-config-drive

Disable config drive.

--config-drive <config-drive-volume>|True

Deprecated Use specified volume as the config drive, or ‘True’ to use an ephemeral drive. Replaced by ‘–use-config-drive’.

--min <count>

Minimum number of servers to launch (default=1)

--max <count>

Maximum number of servers to launch (default=1)

--wait

Wait for build to complete

--tag <tag>

Tags for the server. Specify multiple times to add multiple tags. (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.52 or above)

server-name

New server name

server evacuate

Evacuate a server to a different host.

This command is used to recreate a server after the host it was on has failed. It can only be used if the compute service that manages the server is down. This command should only be used by an admin after they have confirmed that the instance is not running on the failed host.

If the server instance was created with an ephemeral root disk on non-shared storage the server will be rebuilt using the original glance image preserving the ports and any attached data volumes.

If the server uses boot for volume or has its root disk on shared storage the root disk will be preserved and reused for the evacuated instance on the new host.

openstack server evacuate
    [--wait]
    [--host <host>]
    [--password <password> | --shared-storage]
    <server>
--wait

Wait for evacuation to complete

--host <host>

Set the preferred host on which to rebuild the evacuated server. The host will be validated by the scheduler. (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.29 or above)

--password <password>

Set the password on the evacuated instance. This option is mutually exclusive with the –shared-storage option

--shared-storage

Indicate that the instance is on shared storage. This will be auto-calculated with –os-compute-api-version 2.14 and greater and should not be used with later microversions. This option is mutually exclusive with the –password option

server

Server (name or ID)

server delete

Delete server(s)

openstack server delete
    [--force]
    [--all-projects]
    [--wait]
    <server>
    [<server> ...]
--force

Force delete server(s)

--all-projects

Delete server(s) in another project by name (admin only)(can be specified using the ALL_PROJECTS envvar)

--wait

Wait for delete to complete

server

Server(s) to delete (name or ID)

server dump create

Create a dump file in server(s)

Trigger crash dump in server(s) with features like kdump in Linux. It will create a dump file in the server(s) dumping the server(s)’ memory, and also crash the server(s). OSC sees the dump file (server dump) as a kind of resource.

This command requires --os-compute-api-version 2.17 or greater.

openstack server dump create <server> [<server> ...]
server

Server(s) to create dump file (name or ID)

server list

List servers

openstack server list
    [--sort-column SORT_COLUMN]
    [--sort-ascending | --sort-descending]
    [--reservation-id <reservation-id>]
    [--ip <ip-address-regex>]
    [--ip6 <ip-address-regex>]
    [--name <name-regex>]
    [--instance-name <server-name>]
    [--status <status>]
    [--flavor <flavor>]
    [--image <image>]
    [--host <hostname>]
    [--all-projects]
    [--project <project>]
    [--project-domain <project-domain>]
    [--user <user>]
    [--user-domain <user-domain>]
    [--deleted]
    [--availability-zone AVAILABILITY_ZONE]
    [--key-name KEY_NAME]
    [--config-drive | --no-config-drive]
    [--progress PROGRESS]
    [--vm-state <state>]
    [--task-state <state>]
    [--power-state <state>]
    [--long]
    [-n | --name-lookup-one-by-one]
    [--marker <server>]
    [--limit <num-servers>]
    [--changes-before <changes-before>]
    [--changes-since <changes-since>]
    [--locked | --unlocked]
    [--tags <tag>]
    [--not-tags <tag>]
--sort-column SORT_COLUMN

specify the column(s) to sort the data (columns specified first have a priority, non-existing columns are ignored), can be repeated

--sort-ascending

sort the column(s) in ascending order

--sort-descending

sort the column(s) in descending order

--reservation-id <reservation-id>

Only return instances that match the reservation

--ip <ip-address-regex>

Regular expression to match IP addresses

--ip6 <ip-address-regex>

Regular expression to match IPv6 addresses. Note that this option only applies for non-admin users when using --os-compute-api-version 2.5 or greater.

--name <name-regex>

Regular expression to match names

--instance-name <server-name>

Regular expression to match instance name (admin only)

--status <status>

Search by server status

--flavor <flavor>

Search by flavor (name or ID)

--image <image>

Search by image (name or ID)

--host <hostname>

Search by hostname

--all-projects

Include all projects (admin only) (can be specified using the ALL_PROJECTS envvar)

--project <project>

Search by project (admin only) (name or ID)

--project-domain <project-domain>

Domain the project belongs to (name or ID). This can be used in case collisions between project names exist.

--user <user>

Search by user (name or ID) (admin only before microversion 2.83)

--user-domain <user-domain>

Domain the user belongs to (name or ID). This can be used in case collisions between user names exist.

--deleted

Only display deleted servers (admin only)

--availability-zone <AVAILABILITY_ZONE>

Search by availability zone (admin only before microversion 2.83)

--key-name <KEY_NAME>

Search by keypair name (admin only before microversion 2.83)

--config-drive

Only display servers with a config drive attached (admin only before microversion 2.83)

--no-config-drive

Only display servers without a config drive attached (admin only before microversion 2.83)

--progress <PROGRESS>

Search by progress value (%%) (admin only before microversion 2.83)

--vm-state <state>

Search by vm_state value (admin only before microversion 2.83)

--task-state <state>

Search by task_state value (admin only before microversion 2.83)

--power-state <state>

Search by power_state value (admin only before microversion 2.83)

--long

List additional fields in output

-n, --no-name-lookup

Skip flavor and image name lookup. Mutually exclusive with “–name-lookup-one-by-one” option.

--name-lookup-one-by-one

When looking up flavor and image names, look them upone by one as needed instead of all together (default). Mutually exclusive with “–no-name-lookup|-n” option.

--marker <server>

The last server of the previous page. Display list of servers after marker. Display all servers if not specified. When used with --deleted, the marker must be an ID, otherwise a name or ID can be used.

--limit <num-servers>

Maximum number of servers to display. If limit equals -1, all servers will be displayed. If limit is greater than ‘osapi_max_limit’ option of Nova API, ‘osapi_max_limit’ will be used instead.

--changes-before <changes-before>

List only servers changed before a certain point of time. The provided time should be an ISO 8061 formatted time (e.g., 2016-03-05T06:27:59Z). (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.66 or above)

--changes-since <changes-since>

List only servers changed after a certain point of time. The provided time should be an ISO 8061 formatted time (e.g., 2016-03-04T06:27:59Z).

--locked

Only display locked servers (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.73 or above)

--unlocked

Only display unlocked servers (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.73 or above)

--tags <tag>

Only list servers with the specified tag. Specify multiple times to filter on multiple tags. (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.26 or above)

--not-tags <tag>

Only list servers without the specified tag. Specify multiple times to filter on multiple tags. (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.26 or above)

server lock

Lock server(s). A non-admin user will not be able to execute actions

openstack server lock [--reason <reason>] <server> [<server> ...]
--reason <reason>

Reason for locking the server(s). Requires --os-compute-api-version 2.73 or greater.

server

Server(s) to lock (name or ID)

server migrate

Migrate server to different host.

A migrate operation is implemented as a resize operation using the same flavor as the old server. This means that, like resize, migrate works by creating a new server using the same flavor and copying the contents of the original disk into a new one. As with resize, the migrate operation is a two-step process for the user: the first step is to perform the migrate, and the second step is to either confirm (verify) success and release the old server, or to declare a revert to release the new server and restart the old one.

openstack server migrate
    [--live-migration]
    [--live <hostname> | --host <hostname>]
    [--shared-migration | --block-migration]
    [--disk-overcommit | --no-disk-overcommit]
    [--wait]
    <server>
--live-migration

Live migrate the server. Use the --host option to specify a target host for the migration which will be validated by the scheduler.

--live <hostname>

Deprecated This option is problematic in that it requires a host and prior to compute API version 2.30, specifying a host during live migration will bypass validation by the scheduler which could result in failures to actually migrate the server to the specified host or over-subscribe the host. Use the --live-migration option instead. If both this option and --live-migration are used, --live-migration takes priority.

--host <hostname>

Migrate the server to the specified host. Requires --os-compute-api-version 2.30 or greater when used with the --live-migration option, otherwise requires --os-compute-api-version 2.56 or greater.

--shared-migration

Perform a shared live migration (default)

--block-migration

Perform a block live migration

--disk-overcommit

Allow disk over-commit on the destination host

--no-disk-overcommit

Do not over-commit disk on the destination host (default)

--wait

Wait for migrate to complete

server

Server (name or ID)

server migrate confirm

Confirm server migrate.

Confirm (verify) success of migrate operation and release the old server.

openstack server migrate confirm <server>
server

Server (name or ID)

server migrate revert

Revert server migrate.

Revert the migrate operation. Release the new server and restart the old one.

openstack server migrate revert <server>
server

Server (name or ID)

server pause

Pause server(s)

openstack server pause <server> [<server> ...]
server

Server(s) to pause (name or ID)

server reboot

Perform a hard or soft server reboot

openstack server reboot [--hard | --soft] [--wait] <server>
--hard

Perform a hard reboot

--soft

Perform a soft reboot

--wait

Wait for reboot to complete

server

Server (name or ID)

server rebuild

Rebuild server

openstack server rebuild
    [--image <image>]
    [--name <name>]
    [--password <password>]
    [--property <key=value>]
    [--description <description>]
    [--preserve-ephemeral | --no-preserve-ephemeral]
    [--key-name <key-name> | --no-key-name]
    [--user-data <user-data> | --no-user-data]
    [--trusted-image-cert <trusted-cert-id> | --no-trusted-image-certs]
    [--wait]
    <server>
--image <image>

Recreate server from the specified image (name or ID).Defaults to the currently used one.

--name <name>

Set the new name of the rebuilt server

--password <password>

Set the password on the rebuilt server

--property <key=value>

Set a new property on the rebuilt server (repeat option to set multiple values)

--description <description>

Set a new description on the rebuilt server (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.19 or above)

--preserve-ephemeral

Preserve the default ephemeral storage partition on rebuild.

--no-preserve-ephemeral

Do not preserve the default ephemeral storage partition on rebuild.

--key-name <key-name>

Set the key name of key pair on the rebuilt server. Cannot be specified with the –key-unset option. (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.54 or above)

--no-key-name

Unset the key name of key pair on the rebuilt server. Cannot be specified with the –key-name option. (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.54 or above)

--user-data <user-data>

Add a new user data file to the rebuilt server. Cannot be specified with the –no-user-data option. (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.57 or above)

--no-user-data

Remove existing user data when rebuilding server. Cannot be specified with the –user-data option. (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.57 or above)

--trusted-image-cert <trusted-cert-id>

Trusted image certificate IDs used to validate certificates during the image signature verification process. Defaults to env[OS_TRUSTED_IMAGE_CERTIFICATE_IDS]. May be specified multiple times to pass multiple trusted image certificate IDs. Cannot be specified with the –no-trusted-certs option. (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.63 or above)

--no-trusted-image-certs

Remove any existing trusted image certificates from the server. Cannot be specified with the –trusted-certs option. (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.63 or above)

--wait

Wait for rebuild to complete

server

Server (name or ID)

server remove fixed ip

Remove fixed IP address from server

openstack server remove fixed ip <server> <ip-address>
server

Server to remove the fixed IP address from (name or ID)

ip-address

Fixed IP address to remove from the server (IP only)

server remove floating ip

Remove floating IP address from server

openstack server remove floating ip <server> <ip-address>
server

Server to remove the floating IP address from (name or ID)

ip-address

Floating IP address to remove from server (IP only)

server remove network

Remove all ports of a network from server

openstack server remove network <server> <network>
server

Server to remove the port from (name or ID)

network

Network to remove from the server (name or ID)

server remove port

Remove port from server

openstack server remove port <server> <port>
server

Server to remove the port from (name or ID)

port

Port to remove from the server (name or ID)

server remove security group

Remove security group from server

openstack server remove security group <server> <group>
server

Name or ID of server to use

group

Name or ID of security group to remove from server

server remove volume

Remove volume from server. Specify --os-compute-api-version 2.20 or higher to remove a volume from a server with status SHELVED or SHELVED_OFFLOADED.

openstack server remove volume <server> <volume>
server

Server (name or ID)

volume

Volume to remove (name or ID)

server rescue

Put server in rescue mode

openstack server rescue
    [--image <image>]
    [--password <password>]
    <server>
--image <image>

Image (name or ID) to use for the rescue mode. Defaults to the currently used one.

--password <password>

Set the password on the rescued instance

server

Server (name or ID)

server resize

Scale server to a new flavor.

A resize operation is implemented by creating a new server and copying the contents of the original disk into a new one. It is a two-step process for the user: the first step is to perform the resize, and the second step is to either confirm (verify) success and release the old server or to declare a revert to release the new server and restart the old one.

openstack server resize
    [--flavor <flavor> | --confirm | --revert]
    [--wait]
    <server>
--flavor <flavor>

Resize server to specified flavor

--confirm

Confirm server resize is complete

--revert

Restore server state before resize

--wait

Wait for resize to complete

server

Server (name or ID)

server resize confirm

Confirm server resize.

Confirm (verify) success of resize operation and release the old server.

openstack server resize confirm <server>
server

Server (name or ID)

server resize revert

Revert server resize.

Revert the resize operation. Release the new server and restart the old one.

openstack server resize revert <server>
server

Server (name or ID)

server restore

Restore server(s)

openstack server restore <server> [<server> ...]
server

Server(s) to restore (name or ID)

server resume

Resume server(s)

openstack server resume <server> [<server> ...]
server

Server(s) to resume (name or ID)

server set

Set server properties

openstack server set
    [--name <new-name>]
    [--password PASSWORD | --no-password]
    [--property <key=value>]
    [--state <state>]
    [--description <description>]
    [--tag <tag>]
    <server>
--name <new-name>

New server name

--password <PASSWORD>

Set the server password

--no-password

Clear the admin password for the server from the metadata service; note that this action does not actually change the server password

--property <key=value>

Property to add/change for this server (repeat option to set multiple properties)

--state <state>

New server state (valid value: active, error)

--description <description>

New server description (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.19 or above)

--tag <tag>

Tag for the server. Specify multiple times to add multiple tags. (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.26 or above)

server

Server (name or ID)

server shelve

Shelve and optionally offload server(s).

Shelving a server creates a snapshot of the server and stores this snapshot before shutting down the server. This shelved server can then be offloaded or deleted from the host, freeing up remaining resources on the host, such as network interfaces. Shelved servers can be unshelved, restoring the server from the snapshot. Shelving is therefore useful where users wish to retain the UUID and IP of a server, without utilizing other resources or disks.

Most clouds are configured to automatically offload shelved servers immediately or after a small delay. For clouds where this is not configured, or where the delay is larger, offloading can be manually specified. This is an admin-only operation by default.

openstack server shelve [--offload] [--wait] <server> [<server> ...]
--offload

Remove the shelved server(s) from the host (admin only). Invoking this option on an unshelved server(s) will result in the server being shelved first

--wait

Wait for shelve and/or offload operation to complete

server

Server(s) to shelve (name or ID)

server show

Show server details. Specify --os-compute-api-version 2.47 or higher to see the embedded flavor information for the server.

openstack server show [--diagnostics | --topology] <server>
--diagnostics

Display server diagnostics information

--topology

Include topology information in the output (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.78 or above)

server

Server (name or ID)

server ssh

SSH to server

openstack server ssh
    [--login <login-name>]
    [--port <port>]
    [--identity <keyfile>]
    [--option <config-options>]
    [-4 | -6]
    [--public | --private | --address-type <address-type>]
    <server>
--login <login-name>

Login name (ssh -l option)

--port <port>

Destination port (ssh -p option)

--identity <keyfile>

Private key file (ssh -i option)

--option <config-options>

Options in ssh_config(5) format (ssh -o option)

-4

Use only IPv4 addresses

-6

Use only IPv6 addresses

--public

Use public IP address

--private

Use private IP address

--address-type <address-type>

Use other IP address (public, private, etc)

server

Server (name or ID)

server start

Start server(s).

openstack server start [--all-projects] <server> [<server> ...]
--all-projects

Start server(s) in another project by name (admin only)(can be specified using the ALL_PROJECTS envvar)

server

Server(s) to start (name or ID)

server stop

Stop server(s).

openstack server stop [--all-projects] <server> [<server> ...]
--all-projects

Stop server(s) in another project by name (admin only)(can be specified using the ALL_PROJECTS envvar)

server

Server(s) to stop (name or ID)

server suspend

Suspend server(s)

openstack server suspend <server> [<server> ...]
server

Server(s) to suspend (name or ID)

server unlock

Unlock server(s)

openstack server unlock <server> [<server> ...]
server

Server(s) to unlock (name or ID)

server unpause

Unpause server(s)

openstack server unpause <server> [<server> ...]
server

Server(s) to unpause (name or ID)

server unrescue

Restore server from rescue mode

openstack server unrescue <server>
server

Server (name or ID)

server unset

Unset server properties and tags

openstack server unset
    [--property <key>]
    [--description]
    [--tag <tag>]
    <server>
--property <key>

Property key to remove from server (repeat option to remove multiple values)

--description

Unset server description (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.19 or above)

--tag <tag>

Tag to remove from the server. Specify multiple times to remove multiple tags. (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.26 or above)

server

Server (name or ID)

server unshelve

Unshelve server(s)

openstack server unshelve
    [--availability-zone AVAILABILITY_ZONE]
    [--wait]
    <server>
    [<server> ...]
--availability-zone <AVAILABILITY_ZONE>

Name of the availability zone in which to unshelve a SHELVED_OFFLOADED server (supported by –os-compute-api-version 2.77 or above)

--wait

Wait for unshelve operation to complete

server

Server(s) to unshelve (name or ID)