Create static website¶
To discover whether your Object Storage system supports this feature, see Discoverability. Alternatively, check with your service provider.
You can use your Object Storage account to create a static website. This
static website is created with Static Web middleware and serves container
data with a specified index file, error file resolution, and optional
file listings. This mode is normally active only for anonymous requests,
which provide no authentication token. To use it with authenticated
requests, set the header
TRUE on the request.
The Static Web filter must be added to the pipeline in your
/etc/swift/proxy-server.conf file below any authentication
middleware. You must also add a Static Web middleware configuration
Your publicly readable containers are checked for two headers,
X-Container-Meta-Web-Error header is discussed below, in the
section called Set error pages for static website.
X-Container-Meta-Web-Index to determine the index file (or
default page served, such as
index.html) for your website. When
someone initially enters your site, the
index.html file displays
automatically. If you create sub-directories for your site by creating
pseudo-directories in your container, the index page for each
sub-directory is displayed by default. If your pseudo-directory does not
have a file with the same name as your index file, visits to the
sub-directory return a 404 error.
You also have the option of displaying a list of files in your
pseudo-directory instead of a web page. To do this, set the
X-Container-Meta-Web-Listings header to
TRUE. You may add styles
to your file listing by setting
to a style sheet (for example,
Static Web middleware through Object Storage¶
The following sections show how to use Static Web middleware through Object Storage.
Make container publicly readable¶
Make the container publicly readable. Once the container is publicly readable, you can access your objects directly, but you must set the index file to browse the main site URL and its sub-directories.
$ swift post -r '.r:*,.rlistings' container
Set site index file¶
Set the index file. In this case,
index.html is the default file
displayed when the site appears.
$ swift post -m 'web-index:index.html' container
Enable file listing¶
Turn on file listing. If you do not set the index file, the URL displays a list of the objects in the container. Instructions on styling the list with a CSS follow.
$ swift post -m 'web-listings: true' container
Enable CSS for file listing¶
Style the file listing using a CSS.
$ swift post -m 'web-listings-css:listings.css' container
Set error pages for static website¶
You can create and set custom error pages for visitors to your website;
currently, only 401 (Unauthorized) and 404 (Not Found) errors are
supported. To do this, set the metadata header,
Error pages are served with the status code pre-pended to the name of
the error page you set. For instance, if you set
error.html, 401 errors will
display the page
401error.html. Similarly, 404 errors will display
404error.html. You must have both of these pages created in your
container when you set the
X-Container-Meta-Web-Error metadata, or
your site will display generic error pages.
You only have to set the
X-Container-Meta-Web-Error metadata once
for your entire static website.
Set error pages for static website request¶
$ swift post -m 'web-error:error.html' container
nn response indicates success.