tooz.drivers.etcd

Source code for tooz.drivers.etcd

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
# not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
# a copy of the License at
#
#      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
# WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the
# License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations
# under the License.

import logging
import threading

import fasteners
from oslo_utils import encodeutils
from oslo_utils import timeutils
import requests
import six

import tooz
from tooz import coordination
from tooz import locking
from tooz import utils


LOG = logging.getLogger(__name__)


def _translate_failures(func):
    """Translates common requests exceptions into tooz exceptions."""

    @six.wraps(func)
    def wrapper(*args, **kwargs):
        try:
            return func(*args, **kwargs)
        except ValueError as e:
            # Typically json decoding failed for some reason.
            utils.raise_with_cause(tooz.ToozError,
                                   encodeutils.exception_to_unicode(e),
                                   cause=e)
        except requests.exceptions.RequestException as e:
            utils.raise_with_cause(coordination.ToozConnectionError,
                                   encodeutils.exception_to_unicode(e),
                                   cause=e)

    return wrapper


class _Client(object):
    def __init__(self, host, port, protocol):
        self.host = host
        self.port = port
        self.protocol = protocol
        self.session = requests.Session()

    @property
    def base_url(self):
        return self.protocol + '://' + self.host + ':' + str(self.port)

    def get_url(self, path):
        return self.base_url + '/v2/' + path.lstrip("/")

    def get(self, url, **kwargs):
        if kwargs.pop('make_url', True):
            url = self.get_url(url)
        return self.session.get(url, **kwargs).json()

    def put(self, url, **kwargs):
        if kwargs.pop('make_url', True):
            url = self.get_url(url)
        return self.session.put(url, **kwargs).json()

    def delete(self, url, **kwargs):
        if kwargs.pop('make_url', True):
            url = self.get_url(url)
        return self.session.delete(url, **kwargs).json()

    def self_stats(self):
        return self.session.get(self.get_url("/stats/self"))


class EtcdLock(locking.Lock):

    _TOOZ_LOCK_PREFIX = "tooz_locks"

    def __init__(self, lock_url, name, coord, client, ttl=60):
        super(EtcdLock, self).__init__(name)
        self.client = client
        self.coord = coord
        self.ttl = ttl
        self._lock_url = lock_url
        self._node = None

        # NOTE(jschwarz): this lock is mainly used to prevent concurrent runs
        # of hearthbeat() with another function. For more details, see
        # https://bugs.launchpad.net/python-tooz/+bug/1603005.
        self._lock = threading.Lock()

    @_translate_failures
    @fasteners.locked
    def break_(self):
        reply = self.client.delete(self._lock_url, make_url=False)
        return reply.get('errorCode') is None

    def acquire(self, blocking=True, shared=False):
        if shared:
            raise tooz.NotImplemented

        blocking, timeout = utils.convert_blocking(blocking)
        if timeout is not None:
            watch = timeutils.StopWatch(duration=timeout)
            watch.start()
        else:
            watch = None

        while True:
            if self.acquired:
                # We already acquired the lock. Just go ahead and wait for ever
                # if blocking != False using the last index.
                lastindex = self._node['modifiedIndex']
            else:
                try:
                    reply = self.client.put(
                        self._lock_url,
                        make_url=False,
                        timeout=watch.leftover() if watch else None,
                        data={"ttl": self.ttl,
                              "prevExist": "false"})
                except requests.exceptions.RequestException:
                    if not watch or watch.leftover() == 0:
                        return False

                # We got the lock!
                if reply.get("errorCode") is None:
                    with self._lock:
                        self._node = reply['node']
                        self.coord._acquired_locks.add(self)
                    return True

                # No lock, somebody got it, wait for it to be released
                lastindex = reply['index'] + 1

            # We didn't get the lock and we don't want to wait
            if not blocking:
                return False

            # Ok, so let's wait a bit (or forever!)
            try:
                reply = self.client.get(
                    self._lock_url +
                    "?wait=true&waitIndex=%d" % lastindex,
                    make_url=False,
                    timeout=watch.leftover() if watch else None)
            except requests.exceptions.RequestException:
                if not watch or watch.expired():
                    return False

    @_translate_failures
    @fasteners.locked
    def release(self):
        if self.acquired:
            lock_url = self._lock_url
            lock_url += "?prevIndex=%s" % self._node['modifiedIndex']
            reply = self.client.delete(lock_url, make_url=False)
            errorcode = reply.get("errorCode")
            if errorcode is None:
                self.coord._acquired_locks.discard(self)
                self._node = None
                return True
            else:
                LOG.warning("Unable to release '%s' due to %d, %s",
                            self.name, errorcode, reply.get('message'))
        return False

    @property
    def acquired(self):
        return self in self.coord._acquired_locks

    @_translate_failures
    @fasteners.locked
    def heartbeat(self):
        """Keep the lock alive."""
        if self.acquired:
            poked = self.client.put(self._lock_url,
                                    data={"ttl": self.ttl,
                                          "prevExist": "true"}, make_url=False)
            self._node = poked['node']
            errorcode = poked.get("errorCode")
            if not errorcode:
                return True
            LOG.warning("Unable to heartbeat by updating key '%s' with "
                        "extended expiry of %s seconds: %d, %s", self.name,
                        self.ttl, errorcode, poked.get("message"))
        return False


[docs]class EtcdDriver(coordination.CoordinationDriver): """An etcd based driver. This driver uses etcd provide the coordination driver semantics and required API(s). The Etcd driver connection URI should look like:: etcd://[HOST[:PORT]][?OPTION1=VALUE1[&OPTION2=VALUE2[&...]]] If not specified, HOST defaults to localhost and PORT defaults to 2379. Available options are: ================== ======= Name Default ================== ======= protocol http timeout 30 lock_timeout 30 ================== ======= """ #: Default socket/lock/member/leader timeout used when none is provided. DEFAULT_TIMEOUT = 30 #: Default hostname used when none is provided. DEFAULT_HOST = "localhost" #: Default port used if none provided (4001 or 2379 are the common ones). DEFAULT_PORT = 2379 #: Class that will be used to encode lock names into a valid etcd url. lock_encoder_cls = utils.Base64LockEncoder
[docs] def __init__(self, member_id, parsed_url, options): super(EtcdDriver, self).__init__(member_id, parsed_url, options) host = parsed_url.hostname or self.DEFAULT_HOST port = parsed_url.port or self.DEFAULT_PORT options = utils.collapse(options) self.client = _Client(host=host, port=port, protocol=options.get('protocol', 'http')) default_timeout = options.get('timeout', self.DEFAULT_TIMEOUT) self.lock_encoder = self.lock_encoder_cls(self.client.get_url("keys")) self.lock_timeout = int(options.get('lock_timeout', default_timeout)) self._acquired_locks = set()
def _start(self): try: self.client.self_stats() except requests.exceptions.ConnectionError as e: raise coordination.ToozConnectionError( encodeutils.exception_to_unicode(e))
[docs] def get_lock(self, name): return EtcdLock(self.lock_encoder.check_and_encode(name), name, self, self.client, self.lock_timeout)
[docs] def heartbeat(self): for lock in self._acquired_locks.copy(): lock.heartbeat() return self.lock_timeout
[docs] def watch_join_group(self, group_id, callback): raise tooz.NotImplemented
[docs] def unwatch_join_group(self, group_id, callback): raise tooz.NotImplemented
[docs] def watch_leave_group(self, group_id, callback): raise tooz.NotImplemented
[docs] def unwatch_leave_group(self, group_id, callback): raise tooz.NotImplemented
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