Adding Snmp Parsing Support in A Datasource

Adding Snmp Parsing Support in A Datasource

Overview

Vitrage provides a service to parse snmp traps and send the parsed event to RabbitMQ queue. To add the snmp trap to graph, there should be a datasource that gets the event and processes it.

HOW to support Snmp Parsing Service in a datasource

In order to extend snmp support in datasources and configure it, users need to do the following:

  1. Add the snmp configuration file snmp_parsing_conf.yaml. It configures the oid that maps system information and event type when snmp parsing service sends message.

    Example

    - system_oid: 1.3.6.1.4.1.3902.4101.1.3.1.12
      system: iaas_platform
      event_type: vitrage.snmp.event
    
  2. Under snmp_parsing package __init__.py, set oid_mapping property to the path of snmp configuration file.

  3. In the driver class of your alarm datasource package, add an event type in the method get_event_types, which can be vitrage.snmp.event according to the config file above.

  4. To transform parsed snmp trap to standard alarm event, need to add mapping of oid and alarm property. Take mapping of oids and doctor event properties as an example.

    Example

    OID_INFO = [('1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.4.1.0', 'status'),
                ('1.3.6.1.4.1.3902.4101.1.3.1.4', 'hostname'),
                ('1.3.6.1.4.1.3902.4101.1.3.1.5', 'source'),
                ('1.3.6.1.4.1.3902.4101.1.3.1.6', 'cause'),
                ('1.3.6.1.4.1.3902.4101.1.3.1.7', 'severity'),
                ('1.3.6.1.4.1.3902.4101.1.3.1.8', 'monitor_id'),
                ('1.3.6.1.4.1.3902.4101.1.3.1.9', 'monitor_event_id'),
                ('1.3.6.1.4.1.3902.4101.1.3.1.12', 'system')]
    

    The value of key ‘1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.4.1.0’ defines snmp trap’s report or recover status, and it’s also an oid. There should be a mapping of this relationship.

    Example

    ALARM_STATUS = {'1.3.6.1.4.1.3902.4101.1.4.1.1': 'up',
                    '1.3.6.1.4.1.3902.4101.1.4.1.2': 'down'}
    
  5. The method enrich_event of the driver class is responsible for enriching given event. The following code should be added at the beginning of enrich_event. Note that the event type vitrage.snmp.event here is consistent with the example of config file above.

    Example

    if 'vitrage.snmp.event' == event_type:
        self._transform_snmp_event(event)
    

    The function _transform_snmp_event transform a parsed snmp trap to event of standard format. An example is as follows. self.OID_INFO and self.ALARM_STATUS are defined in the example above, and their content depends on SNMP trap organization.

    Example

    def _transform_snmp_event(self, event):
        src_details = event['details']
        event_details = {}
    
        for (oid, field_name) in self.OID_INFO:
            if oid not in src_details.keys():
                continue
            event_details[field_name] = self._get_oid_mapping_value(field_name, src_details[oid])
        event['details'] = event_details
    
    def _get_oid_mapping_value(self, field_name, value):
        if field_name == 'status':
            value = extract_field_value(self.ALARM_STATUS, value)
        return value
    
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