Allowed address pairs

Allowed address pairs

This blueprint describes how to support allowed address pairs for Dragonflow.

Problem Description

Allowed address pairs feature allows one port to add additional IP/MAC address pairs on that port to allow traffic that matches those specified values.

In Neutron reference implementation, IP address in allowed address pairs could be a prefix, and the IP address prefix might not be in the port’s fixed IP subnet. This wide tolerance will greatly increase efforts to support allowed address pairs, and we don’t see any requirement for now to using it. So in Dragonflow, we will only support allowed address pairs using IP addresses (not IP address prefixes) in the same subnet of the port’s fixed IP.

In current implementation, security modules like port security and security group will require that packets sent/received from a VM port which must have the fixed IP/MAC address of this VM port. Besides, L2 and L3 transmission will forward packets only according to those fixed addresses. Those modules should make some changes to support allowed address pairs.

Proposed Change

A VM port could send or receive packets using the addresses configured in allowed address pairs. In some aspects, allowed address pairs plays a role which is similar with fixed IP/MAC address pair in a port, and functional modules should also handle them like fixed IP/MAC address pair.

Port Security

Port security module should allow packets with the fixed IP/MAC address pair and also packets with address pairs configured in allowed address pairs field of a port. That is already done in the blueprint of mac-spoofing-protection.

Security Group

The security group module transforms the remote group field in a rule to flows according to IP addresses of VM ports associated with the remote group. To support allowed address pairs, those IP addresses should include both fixed IP address and the IP addresses in allowed address pairs.

L2/L3 Lookup

One or more VM ports could share the same IP address (and the same MAC address in some scenarios) in allowed address pairs. In L2/L3 lookup table, we could simply send the packets of which destination address is this address to all VM ports which have this address in their allowed address pairs field, but that will cause extra bandwidth cost if there are only few VMs actually using the IP/MAC address in the allowed address pairs field of its port.

A alternative way is sending those packets only to the ports of the VMs who actually using this IP/MAC. We can distinguish those VMs by receiving its gratuitous ARP packets of this IP/MAC from their ports, or by periodically sending ARP requests to the IP and receiving the corresponding ARP replies. Once those active VMs have been detected, local controllers should save this information in NB DB and publish it. When L2/L3 APPs receive this notification, they could install flows to forward packets to the ports of those active VMs like they do for fixed IP/MAC.

In particularly, if there is only one VM who could use the IP/MAC among VMs who have this IP/MAC in allowed address pairs field of their ports, the processes of L2/L3 APPs to install those flows could be simpler. Because this is a more common usage of allowed address pairs (for example, VRRP), we only support this situation in Dragonflow as the first step.

In Dragonflow, we propose to support both the first “broadcast way” and the latter “detection way”, and add an option in the configuration for users to choose one of them.

ARP Responder

Because more than one VM ports’ allowed address pairs could have the same IP address but different MAC addresses, ARP responder can hardly know which MAC address should be responded to an ARP request to this IP. We could simply continue to broadcast those ARP requests, or we could only use the detected MAC address of the active VM’s port to reply those ARP requests, if the active VMs mentioned above was detected.

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