Migrating Zuul V2 CI jobs to V3

Migrating Zuul V2 CI jobs to V3

The OpenStack CI system moved from Zuul v2 to Zuul v3, and all CI jobs moved to the new CI system. All jobs have been migrated automatically to a format compatible with Zuul v3; the jobs produced in this way however are suboptimal and do not use the capabilities introduced by Zuul v3, which allow for re-use of job parts, in the form of Ansible roles, as well as inheritance between jobs.

DevStack hosts a set of roles, plays and jobs that can be used by other repositories to define their DevStack based jobs. To benefit from them, jobs must be migrated from the legacy v2 ones into v3 native format.

This document provides guidance and examples to make the migration process as painless and smooth as possible.

Where to host the job definitions.

In Zuul V3 jobs can be defined in the repository that contains the code they excercise. If you are writing CI jobs for an OpenStack service you can define your DevStack based CI jobs in one of the repositories that host the code for your service. If you have a branchless repo, like a Tempest plugin, that is a convenient choice to host the job definitions since job changes do not have to be backported. For example, see the beginning of the .zuul.yaml from the sahara Tempest plugin repo:

# In http://git.openstack.org/cgit/openstack/sahara-tests/tree/.zuul.yaml:
- job:
    name: sahara-tests-tempest
    description: |
      Run Tempest tests from the Sahara plugin.
    parent: devstack-tempest

Which base job to start from

If your job needs an OpenStack cloud deployed via DevStack, but you don’t plan on running Tempest tests, you can start from one of the base jobs defined in the DevStack repo.

The devstack job can be used for both single-node jobs and multi-node jobs, and it includes the list of services used in the integrated gate (keystone, glance, nova, cinder, neutron and swift). Different topologies can be achieved by switching the nodeset used in the child job.

The devstack-base job is similar to devstack but it does not specify any required repo or service to be run in DevStack. It can be useful to setup children jobs that use a very narrow DevStack setup.

If your job needs an OpenStack cloud deployed via DevStack, and you do plan on running Tempest tests, you can start from one of the base jobs defined in the Tempest repo.

The devstack-tempest job can be used for both single-node jobs and multi-node jobs. Different topologies can be achieved by switching the nodeset used in the child job.

Jobs can be customized as follows without writing any Ansible code:

  • add and/or remove DevStack services
  • add or modify DevStack and services configuration
  • install DevStack plugins
  • extend the number of sub-nodes (multinode only)
  • define extra log files and/or directories to be uploaded on logs.o.o
  • define extra log file extensions to be rewritten to .txt for ease of access

Tempest jobs can be further customized as follows:

  • define the Tempest tox environment to be used
  • define the test concurrency
  • define the test regular expression

Writing Ansible code, or importing existing custom roles, jobs can be further extended by:

  • adding pre and/or post playbooks
  • overriding the run playbook, add custom roles

The (partial) example below extends a Tempest single node base job “devstack-tempest” in the Kuryr repository. The parent job name is defined in job.parent.

# https://git.openstack.org/cgit/openstack/kuryr-kubernetes/tree/.zuul.yaml:
- job:
    name: kuryr-kubernetes-tempest-base
    parent: devstack-tempest
    description: Base kuryr-kubernetes-job
    required-projects:
      - openstack/devstack-plugin-container
      - openstack/kuryr
      - openstack/kuryr-kubernetes
      - openstack/kuryr-tempest-plugin
      - openstack/neutron-lbaas
    vars:
      tempest_test_regex: '^(kuryr_tempest_plugin.tests.)'
      tox_envlist: 'all'
      devstack_localrc:
        KURYR_K8S_API_PORT: 8080
        TEMPEST_PLUGINS: '/opt/stack/kuryr-tempest-plugin'
      devstack_services:
        kubernetes-api: true
        kubernetes-controller-manager: true
        kubernetes-scheduler: true
        kubelet: true
        kuryr-kubernetes: true
        (...)
      devstack_plugins:
        kuryr-kubernetes: https://git.openstack.org/openstack/kuryr
        devstack-plugin-container: https://git.openstack.org/openstack/devstack-plugin-container
        neutron-lbaas: https://git.openstack.org/openstack/neutron-lbaas
      (...)

Job variables

Variables can be added to the job in three different places:

  • job.vars: these are global variables available to all node in the nodeset
  • job.host-vars.[HOST]: these are variables available only to the specified HOST
  • job.group-vars.[GROUP]: these are variables available only to the specified GROUP

Zuul merges dict variables through job inheritance. Host and group variables override variables with the same name defined as global variables.

In the example below, for the sundaes job, hosts that are not part of the subnode group will run vanilla and chocolate. Hosts in the subnode group will run stracciatella and strawberry.

- job:
    name: ice-creams
    vars:
      devstack_service:
        vanilla: true
        chocolate: false
    group-vars:
      subnode:
        devstack_service:
          pistacchio: true
          stracciatella: true

- job:
    name: sundaes
    parent: ice-creams
    vars:
      devstack_service:
        chocolate: true
    group-vars:
      subnode:
        devstack_service:
          strawberry: true
          pistacchio: false

DevStack Gate Flags

The old CI system worked using a combination of DevStack, Tempest and devstack-gate to setup a test environment and run tests against it. With Zuul V3, the logic that used to live in devstack-gate is moved into different repos, including DevStack, Tempest and grenade.

DevStack-gate exposes an interface for job definition based on a number of DEVSTACK_GATE_* environment variables, or flags. This guide shows how to map DEVSTACK_GATE flags into the new system.

The repo column indicates in which repository is hosted the code that replaces the devstack-gate flag. The new implementation column explains how to reproduce the same or a similar behaviour in Zuul v3 jobs. For localrc settings, devstack-gate defined a default value. In ansible jobs the default is either the value defined in the parent job, or the default from DevStack, if any.

DevStack gate flag Repo New implementation
OVERRIDE_ZUUL_BRANCH zuul override-checkout: [branch] in the job definition.
DEVSTACK_GATE_NET_OVERLAY zuul-jobs A bridge called br-infra is set up for all jobs that inherit from multinode with a dedicated bridge role.
DEVSTACK_GATE_FEATURE_MATRIX devstack-gate test_matrix_features variable of the test-matrix role in devstack-gate. This is a temporary solution, feature matrix will go away. In the future services will be defined in jobs only.
DEVSTACK_CINDER_VOLUME_CLEAR devstack CINDER_VOLUME_CLEAR: true/false in devstack_localrc in the job vars.
DEVSTACK_GATE_NEUTRON devstack True by default. To disable, disable all neutron services in devstack_services in the job definition.
DEVSTACK_GATE_CONFIGDRIVE devstack FORCE_CONFIG_DRIVE: true/false in devstack_localrc in the job vars.
DEVSTACK_GATE_INSTALL_TESTONLY devstack INSTALL_TESTONLY_PACKAGES: true/false in devstack_localrc in the job vars.
DEVSTACK_GATE_VIRT_DRIVER devstack VIRT_DRIVER: [virt driver] in devstack_localrc in the job vars.
DEVSTACK_GATE_LIBVIRT_TYPE devstack LIBVIRT_TYPE: [libvirt type] in devstack_localrc in the job vars.
DEVSTACK_GATE_TEMPEST devstack tempest Defined by the job that is used. The devstack job only runs devstack. The devstack-tempest one triggers a Tempest run as well.
DEVSTACK_GATE_TEMPEST_FULL tempest tox_envlist: full in the job vars.
DEVSTACK_GATE_TEMPEST_ALL tempest tox_envlist: all in the job vars.
DEVSTACK_GATE_TEMPEST_ALL_PLUGINS tempest tox_envlist: all-plugin in the job vars.
DEVSTACK_GATE_TEMPEST_SCENARIOS tempest tox_envlist: scenario in the job vars.
TEMPEST_CONCURRENCY tempest tempest_concurrency: [value] in the job vars. This is available only on jobs that inherit from devstack-tempest down.
DEVSTACK_GATE_TEMPEST_NOTESTS tempest tox_envlist: venv-tempest in the job vars. This will create Tempest virtual environment but run no tests.
DEVSTACK_GATE_SMOKE_SERIAL tempest tox_envlist: smoke-serial in the job vars.
DEVSTACK_GATE_TEMPEST_DISABLE_TENANT_ISOLATION tempest tox_envlist: full-serial in the job vars. TEMPEST_ALLOW_TENANT_ISOLATION: false in devstack_localrc in the job vars.

The following flags have not been migrated yet or are legacy and won’t be migrated at all.

DevStack gate flag Status Details
DEVSTACK_GATE_TOPOLOGY WIP The topology depends on the base job that is used and more specifically on the nodeset attached to it. The new job format allows project to define the variables to be passed to every node/node-group that exists in the topology. Named topologies that include the nodeset and the matching variables can be defined in the form of base jobs.
DEVSTACK_GATE_GRENADE TBD Grenade Zuul V3 jobs will be hosted in the grenade repo.
GRENADE_BASE_BRANCH TBD Grenade Zuul V3 jobs will be hosted in the grenade repo.
DEVSTACK_GATE_NEUTRON_DVR TBD Depends on multinode support.
DEVSTACK_GATE_EXERCISES TBD Can be done on request.
DEVSTACK_GATE_IRONIC TBD This will probably be implemented on ironic side.
DEVSTACK_GATE_IRONIC_DRIVER TBD This will probably be implemented on ironic side.
DEVSTACK_GATE_IRONIC_BUILD_RAMDISK TBD This will probably be implemented on ironic side.
DEVSTACK_GATE_POSTGRES Legacy This flag exists in d-g but the only thing that it does is capture postgres logs. This is already supported by the roles in post, so the flag is useless in the new jobs. postgres itself can be enabled via the devstack_service job variable.
DEVSTACK_GATE_ZEROMQ Legacy This has no effect in d-g.
DEVSTACK_GATE_MQ_DRIVER Legacy This has no effect in d-g.
DEVSTACK_GATE_TEMPEST_STRESS_ARGS Legacy Stress is not in Tempest anymore.
DEVSTACK_GATE_TEMPEST_HEAT_SLOW Legacy This is not used anywhere.
DEVSTACK_GATE_CELLS Legacy This has no effect in d-g.
DEVSTACK_GATE_NOVA_API_METADATA_SPLIT Legacy This has no effect in d-g.
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