Token provider

Token provider

OpenStack Identity supports customizable token providers. This is specified in the [token] section of the configuration file. The token provider controls the token construction, validation, and revocation operations.

You can register your own token provider by configuring the following property:


More commonly, you can use this option to change the token provider to one of the ones built in. Alternatively, you can use it to configure your own token provider.

  • provider - token provider driver. Defaults to fernet. Implemented by keystone.token.providers.fernet.Provider. This is the entry point for the token provider in the keystone.token.provider namespace.

Each token format uses different technologies to achieve various performance, scaling, and architectural requirements. The Identity service includes fernet, pkiz, pki, and uuid token providers.

Below is the detailed list of the token formats:

uuid tokens must be persisted (using the back end specified in the [token] driver option), but do not require any extra configuration or setup.
fernet tokens do not need to be persisted at all, but require that you run keystone-manage fernet_setup (also see the keystone-manage fernet_rotate command).


UUID and Fernet tokens are both bearer tokens. They must be protected from unnecessary disclosure to prevent unauthorized access.

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