Kubernetes services networking

Kubernetes services networking

Kuryr-Kubernetes default handler for handling Kubernetes services and endpoints uses the OpenStack Neutron LBaaS API in order to have each service be implemented in the following way:

  • Service: It is translated to a single LoadBalancer and as many Listeners and Pools as ports the Kubernetes Service spec defines.
  • ClusterIP: It is translated to a LoadBalancer’s VIP.
  • Endpoints: The Endpoint object is translated to a LoadBalancer’s VIP.
Graphical depiction of the translation explained above

In this diagram you can see how the Kubernetes entities in the top left corner are implemented in plain Kubernetes networking (top-right) and in Kuryr’s default configuration (bottom)

If you are paying attention and are familiar with the LBaaS API you probably noticed that we have separate pools for each exposed pool in a service. This is probably not optimal and we would probably benefit from keeping a single Neutron pool that lists each of the per port listeners.

When installing you can decide to use the legacy Neutron HAProxy driver for LBaaSv2 or install and configure OpenStack Octavia, which as of Pike implements the whole API without need of the neutron-lbaas package.

It is beyond the scope of this document to explain in detail the inner workings of these two possible Neutron LBaaSv2 backends thus, only a brief explanation will be offered on each.

Legacy Neutron HAProxy agent

The requirements for running Kuryr with the legacy Neutron HAProxy agent are the following:

  • Keystone
  • Neutron
  • Neutron-lbaasv2 agent

As you can see, the only addition from the minimal OpenStack deployment for Kuryr is the Neutron lbaasv2 agent.

In order to use Neutron HAProxy as the Neutron LBaaSv2 implementation you should not only install the neutron-lbaas agent but also place this snippet in the [service_providers] section of neutron.conf in your network controller node:

NEUTRON_LBAAS_SERVICE_PROVIDERV2="LOADBALANCERV2:Haproxy:neutron_lbaas.drivers.haproxy.plugin_driver.HaproxyOnHostPluginDriver:default"

When Kuryr sees a service and creates a load balancer, the HAProxy agent will spawn a HAProxy process. The HAProxy will then configure the LoadBalancer as listeners and pools are added. Thus you should take into consideration the memory requirements that arise from having one HAProxy process per Kubernetes Service.

Octavia

OpenStack Octavia is a new project that provides advanced Load Balancing by using pre-existing OpenStack services. The OpenStack requirements that Octavia adds over the Neutron HAProxy agent are:

  • Barbican
  • Nova
  • Glance

You can find a good explanation about the involved steps to install Octavia in the Octavia installation docs.

Simplifying a lot, Octavia works by instantiating a compute resource, i.e. a Nova VM, and running HAProxy inside. These single load balancer Nova VMs are called Amphorae. Each Amphora has a separate linux network namespace where HAProxy runs and that is connected to the Kuryr services network. The VM host network namespace is used by Octavia to reconfigure and monitor the Load Balancer, which it talks to via HAProxy’s control unix domain socket.

Running Kuryr with Octavia means that each Kubernetes service that runs in the cluster will need one Load Balancer VM, i.e., an Amphora. It is important to configure the right Octavia flavor for your deployment and to size the compute nodes appropriately so that Octavia can operate well.

Another important consideration is where do the Amphorae run, i.e., whether the worker nodes should also be compute nodes so that they run the Amphorae or if Amphorae should be run separately. If your compute nodes are big enough, it would help avoiding extra hops if the amphorae were scheduled in the worker nodes, but how much significant that is, depends on your latency and throughput requirements.

Default configuration

Kuryr uses Octavia in a way that is commonly referred to as Layer 3, this means that Kuryr will tell Octavia not to add a Neutron port to the pod network for each load balancer. Instead, it relies on the pod and the service subnets being routable. This means that the communication from Pods to Services and back will go through the router. Depending on the SDN of your choice, this may have performance implications.

The services and pods subnets should be created.

  1. Create pod network:

    $ openstack network create pod
    +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | Field                     | Value                                |
    +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | admin_state_up            | UP                                   |
    | availability_zone_hints   |                                      |
    | availability_zones        |                                      |
    | created_at                | 2017-08-11T10:51:25Z                 |
    | description               |                                      |
    | dns_domain                | None                                 |
    | id                        | 4593045c-4233-4b4c-8527-35608ab0eaae |
    | ipv4_address_scope        | None                                 |
    | ipv6_address_scope        | None                                 |
    | is_default                | False                                |
    | is_vlan_transparent       | None                                 |
    | mtu                       | 1450                                 |
    | name                      | pod                                  |
    | port_security_enabled     | True                                 |
    | project_id                | 90baf12877ba49a786419b2cacc2c954     |
    | provider:network_type     | vxlan                                |
    | provider:physical_network | None                                 |
    | provider:segmentation_id  | 21                                   |
    | qos_policy_id             | None                                 |
    | revision_number           | 2                                    |
    | router:external           | Internal                             |
    | segments                  | None                                 |
    | shared                    | False                                |
    | status                    | ACTIVE                               |
    | subnets                   |                                      |
    | tags                      | []                                   |
    | updated_at                | 2017-08-11T10:51:25Z                 |
    +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    
  2. Create pod subnet:

    $ openstack subnet create --network pod --no-dhcp \
        --gateway 10.1.255.254 \
        --subnet-range 10.1.0.0/16 \
        pod_subnet
    +-------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | Field                   | Value                                |
    +-------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | allocation_pools        | 10.1.0.1-10.1.255.253                |
    | cidr                    | 10.1.0.0/16                          |
    | created_at              | 2017-08-11T10:55:25Z                 |
    | description             |                                      |
    | dns_nameservers         |                                      |
    | enable_dhcp             | False                                |
    | gateway_ip              | 10.1.255.254                         |
    | host_routes             |                                      |
    | id                      | e0a888ab-9915-4685-a600-bffe240dc58b |
    | ip_version              | 4                                    |
    | ipv6_address_mode       | None                                 |
    | ipv6_ra_mode            | None                                 |
    | name                    | pod_subnet                           |
    | network_id              | 4593045c-4233-4b4c-8527-35608ab0eaae |
    | project_id              | 90baf12877ba49a786419b2cacc2c954     |
    | revision_number         | 0                                    |
    | segment_id              | None                                 |
    | service_types           |                                      |
    | subnetpool_id           | None                                 |
    | tags                    | []                                   |
    | updated_at              | 2017-08-11T10:55:25Z                 |
    | use_default_subnet_pool | None                                 |
    +-------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    
  3. Create services network:

    $ openstack network create services
    +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | Field                     | Value                                |
    +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | admin_state_up            | UP                                   |
    | availability_zone_hints   |                                      |
    | availability_zones        |                                      |
    | created_at                | 2017-08-11T10:53:36Z                 |
    | description               |                                      |
    | dns_domain                | None                                 |
    | id                        | 560df0c2-537c-41c0-b22c-40ef3d752574 |
    | ipv4_address_scope        | None                                 |
    | ipv6_address_scope        | None                                 |
    | is_default                | False                                |
    | is_vlan_transparent       | None                                 |
    | mtu                       | 1450                                 |
    | name                      | services                             |
    | port_security_enabled     | True                                 |
    | project_id                | 90baf12877ba49a786419b2cacc2c954     |
    | provider:network_type     | vxlan                                |
    | provider:physical_network | None                                 |
    | provider:segmentation_id  | 94                                   |
    | qos_policy_id             | None                                 |
    | revision_number           | 2                                    |
    | router:external           | Internal                             |
    | segments                  | None                                 |
    | shared                    | False                                |
    | status                    | ACTIVE                               |
    | subnets                   |                                      |
    | tags                      | []                                   |
    | updated_at                | 2017-08-11T10:53:37Z                 |
    +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    
  4. Create service subnet. We reserve the first half of the subnet range for the VIPs and the second half for the loadbalancer vrrp ports

    $ openstack subnet create --network services --no-dhcp \
        --gateway 10.2.255.254 \
        --ip-version 4 \
        --allocation-pool start=10.2.128.1,end=10.2.255.253 \
        --subnet-range 10.2.0.0/16 \
        service_subnet
    +-------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | Field                   | Value                                |
    +-------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | allocation_pools        | 10.2.128.1-10.2.255.253              |
    | cidr                    | 10.2.0.0/16                          |
    | created_at              | 2017-08-11T11:02:24Z                 |
    | description             |                                      |
    | dns_nameservers         |                                      |
    | enable_dhcp             | False                                |
    | gateway_ip              | 10.2.255.254                         |
    | host_routes             |                                      |
    | id                      | d6438a81-22fa-4a88-9b05-c4723662ef36 |
    | ip_version              | 4                                    |
    | ipv6_address_mode       | None                                 |
    | ipv6_ra_mode            | None                                 |
    | name                    | service_subnet                       |
    | network_id              | 560df0c2-537c-41c0-b22c-40ef3d752574 |
    | project_id              | 90baf12877ba49a786419b2cacc2c954     |
    | revision_number         | 0                                    |
    | segment_id              | None                                 |
    | service_types           |                                      |
    | subnetpool_id           | None                                 |
    | tags                    | []                                   |
    | updated_at              | 2017-08-11T11:02:24Z                 |
    | use_default_subnet_pool | None                                 |
    +-------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    
  5. Create a router to give L3 connectivity between the pod and the service subnets. If you already have one, you can use it:

    $ openstack router create kuryr-kubernetes
    +-------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | Field                   | Value                                |
    +-------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | admin_state_up          | UP                                   |
    | availability_zone_hints |                                      |
    | availability_zones      |                                      |
    | created_at              | 2017-08-11T11:06:21Z                 |
    | description             |                                      |
    | distributed             | False                                |
    | external_gateway_info   | None                                 |
    | flavor_id               | None                                 |
    | ha                      | False                                |
    | id                      | d2a06d95-8abd-471b-afbe-9dfe475dd8a4 |
    | name                    | kuryr-kubernetes                     |
    | project_id              | 90baf12877ba49a786419b2cacc2c954     |
    | revision_number         | None                                 |
    | routes                  |                                      |
    | status                  | ACTIVE                               |
    | tags                    | []                                   |
    | updated_at              | 2017-08-11T11:06:21Z                 |
    +-------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    
  6. Create router ports in the pod and service subnets:

    $ openstack port create --network pod --fixed-ip ip-address=10.1.255.254 pod_subnet_router
    +-----------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------+
    | Field                 | Value                                                                     |
    +-----------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------+
    | admin_state_up        | UP                                                                        |
    | allowed_address_pairs |                                                                           |
    | binding_host_id       |                                                                           |
    | binding_profile       |                                                                           |
    | binding_vif_details   |                                                                           |
    | binding_vif_type      | unbound                                                                   |
    | binding_vnic_type     | normal                                                                    |
    | created_at            | 2017-08-11T11:10:47Z                                                      |
    | data_plane_status     | None                                                                      |
    | description           |                                                                           |
    | device_id             |                                                                           |
    | device_owner          |                                                                           |
    | dns_assignment        | None                                                                      |
    | dns_name              | None                                                                      |
    | extra_dhcp_opts       |                                                                           |
    | fixed_ips             | ip_address='10.1.255.254', subnet_id='e0a888ab-9915-4685-a600-bffe240dc58b' |
    | id                    | 0a82dfff-bf45-4738-a1d2-36d4ad81a5fd                                      |
    | ip_address            | None                                                                      |
    | mac_address           | fa:16:3e:49:70:b5                                                         |
    | name                  | pod_subnet_router                                                         |
    | network_id            | 4593045c-4233-4b4c-8527-35608ab0eaae                                      |
    | option_name           | None                                                                      |
    | option_value          | None                                                                      |
    | port_security_enabled | True                                                                      |
    | project_id            | 90baf12877ba49a786419b2cacc2c954                                          |
    | qos_policy_id         | None                                                                      |
    | revision_number       | 3                                                                         |
    | security_group_ids    | 2d6e006e-572a-4939-93b8-0f45b40777f7                                      |
    | status                | DOWN                                                                      |
    | subnet_id             | None                                                                      |
    | tags                  | []                                                                        |
    | trunk_details         | None                                                                      |
    | updated_at            | 2017-08-11T11:10:47Z                                                      |
    +-----------------------+---------------------------------------------------------------------------+
    
    $ openstack port create --network services \
          --fixed-ip ip-address=10.2.255.254 \
          service_subnet_router
    +-----------------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
    | Field                 | Value                                                                       |
    +-----------------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
    | admin_state_up        | UP                                                                          |
    | allowed_address_pairs |                                                                             |
    | binding_host_id       |                                                                             |
    | binding_profile       |                                                                             |
    | binding_vif_details   |                                                                             |
    | binding_vif_type      | unbound                                                                     |
    | binding_vnic_type     | normal                                                                      |
    | created_at            | 2017-08-11T11:16:56Z                                                        |
    | data_plane_status     | None                                                                        |
    | description           |                                                                             |
    | device_id             |                                                                             |
    | device_owner          |                                                                             |
    | dns_assignment        | None                                                                        |
    | dns_name              | None                                                                        |
    | extra_dhcp_opts       |                                                                             |
    | fixed_ips             | ip_address='10.2.255.254', subnet_id='d6438a81-22fa-4a88-9b05-c4723662ef36' |
    | id                    | 572cee3d-c30a-4ee6-a59c-fe9529a6e168                                        |
    | ip_address            | None                                                                        |
    | mac_address           | fa:16:3e:65:de:e5                                                           |
    | name                  | service_subnet_router                                                       |
    | network_id            | 560df0c2-537c-41c0-b22c-40ef3d752574                                        |
    | option_name           | None                                                                        |
    | option_value          | None                                                                        |
    | port_security_enabled | True                                                                        |
    | project_id            | 90baf12877ba49a786419b2cacc2c954                                            |
    | qos_policy_id         | None                                                                        |
    | revision_number       | 3                                                                           |
    | security_group_ids    | 2d6e006e-572a-4939-93b8-0f45b40777f7                                        |
    | status                | DOWN                                                                        |
    | subnet_id             | None                                                                        |
    | tags                  | []                                                                          |
    | trunk_details         | None                                                                        |
    | updated_at            | 2017-08-11T11:16:57Z                                                        |
    +-----------------------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
    
  7. Add the router to the service and the pod subnets:

    $ openstack router add port \
          d2a06d95-8abd-471b-afbe-9dfe475dd8a4 \
          0a82dfff-bf45-4738-a1d2-36d4ad81a5fd
    
    $ openstack router add port \
          d2a06d95-8abd-471b-afbe-9dfe475dd8a4 \
          572cee3d-c30a-4ee6-a59c-fe9529a6e168
    
  8. Configure kuryr.conf pod subnet and service subnet to point to the same subnet created in step (1):

    [neutron_defaults]
    pod_subnet = e0a888ab-9915-4685-a600-bffe240dc58b
    service_subnet = d6438a81-22fa-4a88-9b05-c4723662ef36
    
  9. Configure Kubernetes API server to use only a subset of the service addresses, 10.2.0.0/17. The rest will be used for loadbalancer vrrp ports managed by Octavia. To configure Kubernetes with this CIDR range you have to add the following parameter to its command line invocation:

    --service-cluster-ip-range=10.2.0.0/17
    

    As a result of this, Kubernetes will allocate the 10.2.0.1 address to the Kubernetes API service, i.e., the service used for pods to talk to the Kubernetes API server. It will be able to allocate service addresses up until 10.2.127.254. The rest of the addresses, as stated above, will be for Octavia load balancer vrrp ports. If this subnetting was not done, Octavia would allocate *vrrp* ports with the Neutron IPAM from the same range as Kubernetes service IPAM and we’d end up with conflicts.

  10. Once you have Kubernetes installed and you have the API host reachable from the pod subnet, follow the Making the Pods be able to reach the Kubernetes API section

Alternative configuration

It is actually possible to avoid this routing by performing a deployment change that was successfully pioneered by the people at EasyStack Inc. which consists of doing the following:

  1. Create the pod network and subnet so that it has enough addresses for both the pod ports and the subnet. We are limiting the allocation range out of the service range so that nor Octavia nor Kuryr-Kubernetes pod allocation create ports in the part reserved for services

    Create the network:

    $ openstack network create k8s
    +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | Field                     | Value                                |
    +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | admin_state_up            | UP                                   |
    | availability_zone_hints   |                                      |
    | availability_zones        |                                      |
    | created_at                | 2017-08-10T15:58:19Z                 |
    | description               |                                      |
    | dns_domain                | None                                 |
    | id                        | 9fa35362-0bf7-4b5b-8921-f0c7f60a7dd3 |
    | ipv4_address_scope        | None                                 |
    | ipv6_address_scope        | None                                 |
    | is_default                | False                                |
    | is_vlan_transparent       | None                                 |
    | mtu                       | 1450                                 |
    | name                      | k8s                                  |
    | port_security_enabled     | True                                 |
    | project_id                | 90baf12877ba49a786419b2cacc2c954     |
    | provider:network_type     | vxlan                                |
    | provider:physical_network | None                                 |
    | provider:segmentation_id  | 69                                   |
    | qos_policy_id             | None                                 |
    | revision_number           | 2                                    |
    | router:external           | Internal                             |
    | segments                  | None                                 |
    | shared                    | False                                |
    | status                    | ACTIVE                               |
    | subnets                   |                                      |
    | tags                      | []                                   |
    | updated_at                | 2017-08-10T15:58:20Z                 |
    +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    

    Create the subnet. Note that we disable dhcp as Kuryr-Kubernetes pod subnets have no need for them for Pod networking. We also put the gateway on the last IP of the subnet range so that the beginning of the range can be kept for Kubernetes driven service IPAM:

    $ openstack subnet create --network k8s --no-dhcp \
        --gateway 10.0.255.254 \
        --ip-version 4 \
        --allocation-pool start=10.0.64.0,end=10.0.255.253 \
        --subnet-range 10.0.0.0/16 \
        k8s_subnet
    +-------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | Field                   | Value                                |
    +-------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | allocation_pools        | 10.0.64.0-10.0.255.253               |
    | cidr                    | 10.0.0.0/16                          |
    | created_at              | 2017-08-10T16:07:11Z                 |
    | description             |                                      |
    | dns_nameservers         |                                      |
    | enable_dhcp             | False                                |
    | gateway_ip              | 10.0.255.254                         |
    | host_routes             |                                      |
    | id                      | 3a1df0d9-f738-4293-8de6-6c624f742980 |
    | ip_version              | 4                                    |
    | ipv6_address_mode       | None                                 |
    | ipv6_ra_mode            | None                                 |
    | name                    | k8s_subnet                           |
    | network_id              | 9fa35362-0bf7-4b5b-8921-f0c7f60a7dd3 |
    | project_id              | 90baf12877ba49a786419b2cacc2c954     |
    | revision_number         | 0                                    |
    | segment_id              | None                                 |
    | service_types           |                                      |
    | subnetpool_id           | None                                 |
    | tags                    | []                                   |
    | updated_at              | 2017-08-10T16:07:11Z                 |
    | use_default_subnet_pool | None                                 |
    +-------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    
  2. Configure kuryr.conf pod subnet and service subnet to point to the same subnet created in step (1):

    [neutron_defaults]
    pod_subnet = 3a1df0d9-f738-4293-8de6-6c624f742980
    service_subnet = 3a1df0d9-f738-4293-8de6-6c624f742980
    
  3. Configure Kubernetes API server to use only a subset of the addresses for services, 10.0.0.0/18. The rest will be used for pods. To configure Kubernetes with this CIDR range you have to add the following parameter to its command line invocation:

    --service-cluster-ip-range=10.0.0.0/18
    

    As a result of this, Kubernetes will allocate the 10.0.0.1 address to the Kubernetes API service, i.e., the service used for pods to talk to the Kubernetes API server. It will be able to allocate service addresses up until 10.0.63.255. The rest of the addresses will be for pods or Octavia load balancer vrrp ports.

  4. Once you have Kubernetes installed and you have the API host reachable from the pod subnet, follow the Making the Pods be able to reach the Kubernetes API section

Making the Pods be able to reach the Kubernetes API

Once you have Kubernetes installed and you have the API host reachable from the pod subnet (that means you should add 10.0.255.254 to a router that gives access to it), you should create a load balancer configuration for the Kubernetes service to be accessible to Pods.

  1. Create the load balancer (Kubernetes always picks the first address of the range we gave in –service-cluster-ip-range):

    $ openstack loadbalancer create --vip-address 10.0.0.1 \
         --vip-subnet-id 3a1df0d9-f738-4293-8de6-6c624f742980 \
         --name default/kubernetes
    +---------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | Field               | Value                                |
    +---------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | admin_state_up      | True                                 |
    | created_at          | 2017-08-10T16:16:30                  |
    | description         |                                      |
    | flavor              |                                      |
    | id                  | 84c1c0da-2065-43c5-86c9-f2235566b111 |
    | listeners           |                                      |
    | name                | default/kubernetes                   |
    | operating_status    | OFFLINE                              |
    | pools               |                                      |
    | project_id          | 90baf12877ba49a786419b2cacc2c954     |
    | provider            | octavia                              |
    | provisioning_status | PENDING_CREATE                       |
    | updated_at          | None                                 |
    | vip_Address         | 10.0.0.1                             |
    | vip_network_id      | 9fa35362-0bf7-4b5b-8921-f0c7f60a7dd3 |
    | vip_port_id         | d1182d33-686b-4bcc-9754-8d46e373d647 |
    | vip_subnet_id       | 3a1df0d9-f738-4293-8de6-6c624f742980 |
    +---------------------+--------------------------------------+
    
  2. Create the Pool for all the Kubernetes API hosts:

    $ openstack loadbalancer pool create --name default/kubernetes:HTTPS:443 \
          --protocol HTTPS --lb-algorithm LEAST_CONNECTIONS \
          --loadbalancer 84c1c0da-2065-43c5-86c9-f2235566b111
    +---------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | Field               | Value                                |
    +---------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | admin_state_up      | True                                 |
    | created_at          | 2017-08-10T16:21:52                  |
    | description         |                                      |
    | healthmonitor_id    |                                      |
    | id                  | 22ae71be-1d71-4a6d-9dd8-c6a4f8e87061 |
    | lb_algorithm        | LEAST_CONNECTIONS                    |
    | listeners           |                                      |
    | loadbalancers       | 84c1c0da-2065-43c5-86c9-f2235566b111 |
    | members             |                                      |
    | name                | default/kubernetes:HTTPS:443         |
    | operating_status    | OFFLINE                              |
    | project_id          | 90baf12877ba49a786419b2cacc2c954     |
    | protocol            | HTTPS                                |
    | provisioning_status | PENDING_CREATE                       |
    | session_persistence | None                                 |
    | updated_at          | None                                 |
    +---------------------+--------------------------------------+
    
  3. Add a member for each Kubernetes API server. We recommend setting the name to be the hostname of the host where the Kubernetes API runs:

    $ openstack loadbalancer member create \
          --name k8s-master-0 \
          --address 192.168.1.2 \
          --protocol-port 6443 \
          22ae71be-1d71-4a6d-9dd8-c6a4f8e87061
    +---------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | Field               | Value                                |
    +---------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | address             | 192.168.1.2                          |
    | admin_state_up      | True                                 |
    | created_at          | 2017-08-10T16:40:57                  |
    | id                  | 9ba24740-3666-49e8-914d-233068de6423 |
    | name                | k8s-master-0                         |
    | operating_status    | NO_MONITOR                           |
    | project_id          | 90baf12877ba49a786419b2cacc2c954     |
    | protocol_port       | 6443                                 |
    | provisioning_status | PENDING_CREATE                       |
    | subnet_id           | None                                 |
    | updated_at          | None                                 |
    | weight              | 1                                    |
    | monitor_port        | None                                 |
    | monitor_address     | None                                 |
    +---------------------+--------------------------------------+
    
  4. Create a listener for the load balancer that defaults to the created pool:

    $ openstack loadbalancer listener create \
          --name default/kubernetes:HTTPS:443 \
          --protocol HTTPS \
          --default-pool 22ae71be-1d71-4a6d-9dd8-c6a4f8e87061 \
          --protocol-port 443 \
          84c1c0da-2065-43c5-86c9-f2235566b111
    +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | Field                     | Value                                |
    +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    | admin_state_up            | True                                 |
    | connection_limit          | -1                                   |
    | created_at                | 2017-08-10T16:46:55                  |
    | default_pool_id           | 22ae71be-1d71-4a6d-9dd8-c6a4f8e87061 |
    | default_tls_container_ref | None                                 |
    | description               |                                      |
    | id                        | f18b9af6-6336-4a8c-abe5-cb7b89c6b621 |
    | insert_headers            | None                                 |
    | l7policies                |                                      |
    | loadbalancers             | 84c1c0da-2065-43c5-86c9-f2235566b111 |
    | name                      | default/kubernetes:HTTPS:443         |
    | operating_status          | OFFLINE                              |
    | project_id                | 90baf12877ba49a786419b2cacc2c954     |
    | protocol                  | HTTPS                                |
    | protocol_port             | 443                                  |
    | provisioning_status       | PENDING_CREATE                       |
    | sni_container_refs        | []                                   |
    | updated_at                | 2017-08-10T16:46:55                  |
    +---------------------------+--------------------------------------+
    
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