Setting up a development environment with devstack

This page describes how to setup a working development environment that can be used in deploying manila and manila-ui on latest releases of Ubuntu, Fedora or CentOS. These instructions assume you are already familiar with git.

We recommend using devstack to develop and test code changes to manila and/or manila-ui, in order to simply evaluate the manila and/or project. Devstack is a shell script to build complete OpenStack development environments on a virtual machine. If you are not familiar with devstack, these pages can give you context:

Be aware that manila and manila-ui are not enabled in devstack by default; you will need to add a few lines to the devstack local.conf file to let devstack deploy and configure manila and manila-ui on your virtual machine.


If you do not intend to deploy with the OpenStack Dashboard (horizon) service, you can ignore instructions about enabling manila-ui.

Getting devstack

Start by cloning the devstack repository:

git clone

Change to devstack directory:

cd devstack/

You’re now on master branch of devstack, switch to the branch you want to test or develop against.

Sample local.conf files that get you started

Now that you have cloned the devstack repository, you need to configure devstack before deploying it. This is done with a local.conf file. For manila, the local.conf file can also determine which back end(s) are set up. The choice of back end(s) is important because there are optional API features in Manila that are not supported by some drivers.


When using devstack with the below configurations, be aware that you will be setting up with node local storage. The LVM, Generic, ZFSOnLinux drivers have not been developed for production use. They exist to provide a vanilla development and testing environment for manila contributors.

DHSS=False (driver_handles_share_servers=False) mode:

This is the easier mode for new contributors. Manila share back-end drivers that operate in driver_handles_share_servers=False mode do not allow creating shares on private project networks. On the resulting stack, all manila shares created by you are exported on the host network and hence are accessible to any compute resource (e.g.: virtual machine, baremetal, container) that is able to reach the devstack host.

DHSS=True (driver_handles_share_servers=True) mode:

You may use the following setups if you are familiar with manila, and would like to test with the project (tenant) isolation that manila provides on the network and data path. Manila share back-end drivers that operate in driver_handles_share_servers=True mode create shares on isolated project networks if told to do so. On the resulting stack, when creating a share, you must specify a share network to export the share to, and the share will be accessible to any compute resource (e.g.: Virtual machine, baremetal, containers) that is able to reach the share network you indicated.

Typically, new contributors take a while to understand OpenStack networking, and we recommend that you familiarize yourself with the DHSS=False mode setup before attempting DHSS=True.

Using a dummy back end driver

If you’re absolutely new to manila code development, you may want to skip a real storage driver altogether and attempt a development environment that abstracts the back end storage layer. This could also be the situation if you’re building API integrations such as CLI, UI or SDK clients. Here, you probably don’t care about restrictions that individual back end choices bring you such as their lack of support for optional API features. Manila ships a fake backend driver called “Dummy Driver” that supports all API features and is capable of operating in both DHSS modes. You may use the following local .conf sample to bootstrap your devstack with a “Dummy” driver. Do remember however that you cannot really use the resources that are provisioned by this driver.

Building your devstack

  • Copy the appropriate sample local.conf file into the devstack folder on your virtual machine, make sure to name it local.conf

  • Make sure to read inline comments and customize values where necessary

  • If you would like to run minimal services in your stack, or allow devstack to bootstrap tempest testing framework for you, see More devstack customizations

  • Finally, run the script from within the devstack directory. We recommend that your run this inside a screen or tmux session because it could take a while:

  • After the script completes, you should have manila services running. You can verify that the services are running with the following commands:

    $ systemctl status devstack@m-sch
    $ systemctl status devstack@m-shr
    $ systemctl status devstack@m-dat
  • By default, devstack sets up manila-api behind apache. The service name is httpd on Red Hat based systems and apache2 on Debian based systems.

  • You may also use your “demo” credentials to invoke the command line clients:

    $ source DEVSTACK_DIR/openrc admin demo
    $ manila service-list
  • The logs are accessible through journalctl. The following commands let you query logs. You may use the -f option to tail these logs:

    $ journalctl -a -o short-precise --unit devstack@m-sch
    $ journalctl -a -o short-precise --unit devstack@m-shr
    $ journalctl -a -o short-precise --unit devstack@m-dat
  • If running behind apache, the manila-api logs will be in /var/log/httpd/manila_api.log (Red Hat) or in /var/log/apache2/manila_api.log (Debian).

  • Manila UI will now be available through OpenStack Horizon; look for the Shares tab under Project > Share.

More devstack customizations

Testing branches and changes submitted for review

To test a patch in review:

enable_plugin manila <ref>

If the ref is from, it is structured as:

refs/changes/<last two digits of review number>/<review number>/<patchset number>

For example, if you want to test patchset 4 of, you can provide this in your local.conf:

enable_plugin manila refs/changes/70/614170/4

ref can also simply be a stable branch name, for example:

enable_plugin manila stable/train

Limiting the services enabled in your stack

Manila needs only a message queue (rabbitmq) and a database (mysql, postgresql) to operate. Additionally, keystone service provides project administration if necessary, all other OpenStack services are not necessary to set up a basic test system. [1] [2]

You can add the following to your local.conf to deploy your stack in a minimal fashion. This saves you a lot of time and resources, but could limit your testing:


Optionally, you can deploy with Manila, Nova, Neutron, Glance and Tempest:


You can also enable tls-proxy with ENABLED_SERVICES to allow devstack to use Apache and setup a TLS proxy to terminate TLS connections. Using tls-proxy secures all OpenStack service API endpoints and inter-service communication on your devstack.

Bootstrapping Tempest

Add the following options in your local.conf to set up tempest: