[ English | English (United Kingdom) | Indonesia | 한국어 (대한민국) | Deutsch ]

Monitor Failure

Test Environment

  • Cluster size: 4 host machines

  • Number of disks: 24 (= 6 disks per host * 4 hosts)

  • Kubernetes version: 1.9.3

  • Ceph version: 12.2.3

  • OpenStack-Helm commit: 28734352741bae228a4ea4f40bcacc33764221eb

We have 3 Monitors in this Ceph cluster, one on each of the 3 Monitor hosts.

Case: 1 out of 3 Monitor Processes is Down

This is to test a scenario when 1 out of 3 Monitor processes is down.

To bring down 1 Monitor process (out of 3), we identify a Monitor process and kill it from the monitor host (not a pod).

$ ps -ef | grep ceph-mon
ceph     16112 16095  1 14:58 ?        00:00:03 /usr/bin/ceph-mon --cluster ceph --setuser ceph --setgroup ceph -d -i voyager2 --mon-data /var/lib/ceph/mon/ceph-voyager2 --public-addr 135.207.240.42:6789
$ sudo kill -9 16112

In the mean time, we monitored the status of Ceph and noted that it takes about 24 seconds for the killed Monitor process to recover from down to up. The reason is that Kubernetes automatically restarts pods whenever they are killed.

(mon-pod):/# ceph -s
  cluster:
    id:     fd366aef-b356-4fe7-9ca5-1c313fe2e324
    health: HEALTH_WARN
            mon voyager1 is low on available space
            1/3 mons down, quorum voyager1,voyager3

  services:
    mon: 3 daemons, quorum voyager1,voyager3, out of quorum: voyager2
    mgr: voyager4(active)
    osd: 24 osds: 24 up, 24 in
(mon-pod):/# ceph -s
  cluster:
    id:     fd366aef-b356-4fe7-9ca5-1c313fe2e324
    health: HEALTH_WARN
            mon voyager1 is low on available space
            1/3 mons down, quorum voyager1,voyager2

  services:
    mon: 3 daemons, quorum voyager1,voyager2,voyager3
    mgr: voyager4(active)
    osd: 24 osds: 24 up, 24 in

We also monitored the status of the Monitor pod through kubectl get pods -n ceph, and the status of the pod (where a Monitor process is killed) changed as follows: Running -> Error -> Running and this recovery process takes about 24 seconds.

Case: 2 out of 3 Monitor Processes are Down

This is to test a scenario when 2 out of 3 Monitor processes are down. To bring down 2 Monitor processes (out of 3), we identify two Monitor processes and kill them from the 2 monitor hosts (not a pod).

We monitored the status of Ceph when the Monitor processes are killed and noted that the symptoms are similar to when 1 Monitor process is killed:

  • It takes longer (about 1 minute) for the killed Monitor processes to recover from down to up.

  • The status of the pods (where the two Monitor processes are killed) changed as follows: Running -> Error -> CrashLoopBackOff -> Running and this recovery process takes about 1 minute.

Case: 3 out of 3 Monitor Processes are Down

This is to test a scenario when 3 out of 3 Monitor processes are down. To bring down 3 Monitor processes (out of 3), we identify all 3 Monitor processes and kill them from the 3 monitor hosts (not pods).

We monitored the status of Ceph Monitor pods and noted that the symptoms are similar to when 1 or 2 Monitor processes are killed:

$ kubectl get pods -n ceph -o wide | grep ceph-mon
NAME                                       READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
ceph-mon-8tml7                             0/1       Error     4          10d
ceph-mon-kstf8                             0/1       Error     4          10d
ceph-mon-z4sl9                             0/1       Error     7          10d
$ kubectl get pods -n ceph -o wide | grep ceph-mon
NAME                                       READY     STATUS               RESTARTS   AGE
ceph-mon-8tml7                             0/1       CrashLoopBackOff     4          10d
ceph-mon-kstf8                             0/1       Error                4          10d
ceph-mon-z4sl9                             0/1       CrashLoopBackOff     7          10d
$ kubectl get pods -n ceph -o wide | grep ceph-mon
NAME                                       READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
ceph-mon-8tml7                             1/1       Running   5          10d
ceph-mon-kstf8                             1/1       Running   5          10d
ceph-mon-z4sl9                             1/1       Running   8          10d

The status of the pods (where the three Monitor processes are killed) changed as follows: Running -> Error -> CrashLoopBackOff -> Running and this recovery process takes about 1 minute.

Case: Monitor database is destroyed

We intentionlly destroy a Monitor database by removing /var/lib/openstack-helm/ceph/mon/mon/ceph-voyager3/store.db.

Symptom:

A Ceph Monitor running on voyager3 (whose Monitor database is destroyed) becomes out of quorum, and the mon-pod’s status stays in Running -> Error -> CrashLoopBackOff while keeps restarting.

(mon-pod):/# ceph -s
  cluster:
    id:     9d4d8c61-cf87-4129-9cef-8fbf301210ad
    health: HEALTH_WARN
            too few PGs per OSD (22 < min 30)
            mon voyager1 is low on available space
            1/3 mons down, quorum voyager1,voyager2

  services:
    mon: 3 daemons, quorum voyager1,voyager2, out of quorum: voyager3
    mgr: voyager1(active), standbys: voyager3
    mds: cephfs-1/1/1 up  {0=mds-ceph-mds-65bb45dffc-cslr6=up:active}, 1 up:standby
    osd: 24 osds: 24 up, 24 in
    rgw: 2 daemons active

  data:
    pools:   18 pools, 182 pgs
    objects: 240 objects, 3359 bytes
    usage:   2675 MB used, 44675 GB / 44678 GB avail
    pgs:     182 active+clean
$ kubectl get pods -n ceph -o wide|grep ceph-mon
ceph-mon-4gzzw                             1/1       Running            0          6d        135.207.240.42    voyager2
ceph-mon-6bbs6                             0/1       CrashLoopBackOff   5          6d        135.207.240.43    voyager3
ceph-mon-qgc7p                             1/1       Running            0          6d        135.207.240.41    voyager1

The logs of the failed mon-pod shows the ceph-mon process cannot run as /var/lib/ceph/mon/ceph-voyager3/store.db does not exist.

$ kubectl logs ceph-mon-6bbs6 -n ceph
+ ceph-mon --setuser ceph --setgroup ceph --cluster ceph -i voyager3 --inject-monmap /etc/ceph/monmap-ceph --keyring /etc/ceph/ceph.mon.keyring --mon-data /var/lib/ceph/mon/ceph-voyager3
2018-07-10 18:30:04.546200 7f4ca9ed4f00 -1 rocksdb: Invalid argument: /var/lib/ceph/mon/ceph-voyager3/store.db: does not exist (create_if_missing is false)
2018-07-10 18:30:04.546214 7f4ca9ed4f00 -1 error opening mon data directory at '/var/lib/ceph/mon/ceph-voyager3': (22) Invalid argument

Recovery:

Remove the entire ceph-mon directory on voyager3, and then Ceph will automatically recreate the database by using the other ceph-mons’ database.

$ sudo rm -rf /var/lib/openstack-helm/ceph/mon/mon/ceph-voyager3
(mon-pod):/# ceph -s
  cluster:
    id:     9d4d8c61-cf87-4129-9cef-8fbf301210ad
    health: HEALTH_WARN
            too few PGs per OSD (22 < min 30)
            mon voyager1 is low on available space

  services:
    mon: 3 daemons, quorum voyager1,voyager2,voyager3
    mgr: voyager1(active), standbys: voyager3
    mds: cephfs-1/1/1 up  {0=mds-ceph-mds-65bb45dffc-cslr6=up:active}, 1 up:standby
    osd: 24 osds: 24 up, 24 in
    rgw: 2 daemons active

  data:
    pools:   18 pools, 182 pgs
    objects: 240 objects, 3359 bytes
    usage:   2675 MB used, 44675 GB / 44678 GB avail
    pgs:     182 active+clean