Build a new cluster data model collector

Build a new cluster data model collector

Watcher Decision Engine has an external cluster data model (CDM) plugin interface which gives anyone the ability to integrate an external cluster data model collector (CDMC) in order to extend the initial set of cluster data model collectors Watcher provides.

This section gives some guidelines on how to implement and integrate custom cluster data model collectors within Watcher.

Creating a new plugin

In order to create a new cluster data model collector, you have to:

  • Extend the BaseClusterDataModelCollector class.
  • Implement its execute() abstract method to return your entire cluster data model that this method should build.
  • Implement its audit_scope_handler() abstract property to return your audit scope handler.
  • Implement its notification_endpoints() abstract property to return the list of all the NotificationEndpoint instances that will be responsible for handling incoming notifications in order to incrementally update your cluster data model.

First of all, you have to extend the BaseClusterDataModelCollector base class which defines the execute() abstract method you will have to implement. This method is responsible for building an entire cluster data model.

Here is an example showing how you can write a plugin called DummyClusterDataModelCollector:

# Filepath = <PROJECT_DIR>/thirdparty/dummy.py
# Import path = thirdparty.dummy

from watcher.decision_engine.model import model_root
from watcher.decision_engine.model.collector import base


class DummyClusterDataModelCollector(base.BaseClusterDataModelCollector):

    def execute(self):
        model = model_root.ModelRoot()
        # Do something here...
        return model

    @property
    def audit_scope_handler(self):
        return None

    @property
    def notification_endpoints(self):
        return []

This implementation is the most basic one. So in order to get a better understanding on how to implement a more advanced cluster data model collector, have a look at the NovaClusterDataModelCollector class.

Define a custom model

As you may have noticed in the above example, we are reusing an existing model provided by Watcher. However, this model can be easily customized by implementing a new class that would implement the Model abstract base class. Here below is simple example on how to proceed in implementing a custom Model:

# Filepath = <PROJECT_DIR>/thirdparty/dummy.py
# Import path = thirdparty.dummy

from watcher.decision_engine.model import base as modelbase
from watcher.decision_engine.model.collector import base


class MyModel(modelbase.Model):

    def to_string(self):
        return 'MyModel'


class DummyClusterDataModelCollector(base.BaseClusterDataModelCollector):

    def execute(self):
        model = MyModel()
        # Do something here...
        return model

    @property
    def notification_endpoints(self):
        return []

Here below is the abstract Model class that every single cluster data model should implement:

class watcher.decision_engine.model.base.Model[source]

Define configuration parameters

At this point, you have a fully functional cluster data model collector. By default, cluster data model collectors define a period option (see get_config_opts()) that corresponds to the interval of time between each synchronization of the in-memory model.

However, in more complex implementation, you may want to define some configuration options so one can tune the cluster data model collector to your needs. To do so, you can implement the get_config_opts() class method as followed:

from oslo_config import cfg
from watcher.decision_engine.model import model_root
from watcher.decision_engine.model.collector import base


class DummyClusterDataModelCollector(base.BaseClusterDataModelCollector):

    def execute(self):
        model = model_root.ModelRoot()
        # Do something here...
        return model

    @property
    def audit_scope_handler(self):
        return None

    @property
    def notification_endpoints(self):
        return []

    @classmethod
    def get_config_opts(cls):
        return super(
            DummyClusterDataModelCollector, cls).get_config_opts() + [
            cfg.StrOpt('test_opt', help="Demo Option.", default=0),
            # Some more options ...
        ]

The configuration options defined within this class method will be included within the global watcher.conf configuration file under a section named by convention: {namespace}.{plugin_name} (see section Register a new entry point). The namespace for CDMC plugins is watcher_cluster_data_model_collectors, so in our case, the watcher.conf configuration would have to be modified as followed:

[watcher_cluster_data_model_collectors.dummy]
# Option used for testing.
test_opt = test_value

Then, the configuration options you define within this method will then be injected in each instantiated object via the config parameter of the __init__() method.

Abstract Plugin Class

Here below is the abstract BaseClusterDataModelCollector class that every single cluster data model collector should implement:

class watcher.decision_engine.model.collector.base.BaseClusterDataModelCollector(config, osc=None)[source]
__init__(config, osc=None)[source]

Initialize self. See help(type(self)) for accurate signature.

execute()[source]

Build a cluster data model

get_audit_scope_handler(audit_scope)[source]

Get audit scope handler

classmethod get_config_opts()[source]

Defines the configuration options to be associated to this loadable

Returns:A list of configuration options relative to this Loadable
Return type:list of oslo_config.cfg.Opt instances
synchronize()[source]

Synchronize the cluster data model

Whenever called this synchronization will perform a drop-in replacement with the existing cluster data model

Register a new entry point

In order for the Watcher Decision Engine to load your new cluster data model collector, the latter must be registered as a named entry point under the watcher_cluster_data_model_collectors entry point namespace of your setup.py file. If you are using pbr, this entry point should be placed in your setup.cfg file.

The name you give to your entry point has to be unique.

Here below is how to register DummyClusterDataModelCollector using pbr:

[entry_points]
watcher_cluster_data_model_collectors =
    dummy = thirdparty.dummy:DummyClusterDataModelCollector

Add new notification endpoints

At this point, you have a fully functional cluster data model collector. However, this CDMC is only refreshed periodically via a background scheduler. As you may sometimes execute a strategy with a stale CDM due to a high activity on your infrastructure, you can define some notification endpoints that will be responsible for incrementally updating the CDM based on notifications emitted by other services such as Nova. To do so, you can implement and register a new DummyEndpoint notification endpoint regarding a dummy event as shown below:

from watcher.decision_engine.model import model_root
from watcher.decision_engine.model.collector import base


class DummyNotification(base.NotificationEndpoint):

    @property
    def filter_rule(self):
        return filtering.NotificationFilter(
            publisher_id=r'.*',
            event_type=r'^dummy$',
        )

    def info(self, ctxt, publisher_id, event_type, payload, metadata):
        # Do some CDM modifications here...
        pass


class DummyClusterDataModelCollector(base.BaseClusterDataModelCollector):

    def execute(self):
        model = model_root.ModelRoot()
        # Do something here...
        return model

    @property
    def notification_endpoints(self):
        return [DummyNotification(self)]

Note that if the event you are trying to listen to is published by a new service, you may have to also add a new topic Watcher will have to subscribe to in the notification_topics option of the [watcher_decision_engine] section.

Using cluster data model collector plugins

The Watcher Decision Engine service will automatically discover any installed plugins when it is restarted. If a Python package containing a custom plugin is installed within the same environment as Watcher, Watcher will automatically make that plugin available for use.

At this point, you can use your new cluster data model plugin in your strategy plugin by using the collector_manager property as followed:

# [...]
dummy_collector = self.collector_manager.get_cluster_model_collector(
    "dummy")  # "dummy" is the name of the entry point we declared earlier
dummy_model = dummy_collector.get_latest_cluster_data_model()
# Do some stuff with this model
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