Devstack with Octavia Load Balancing

Starting with the OpenStack Pike release, Octavia is now a standalone service providing load balancing services for OpenStack.

This guide will show you how to create a devstack with Octavia API enabled.

Phase 1: Create DevStack + 2 nova instances

First, set up a VM of your choice with at least 8 GB RAM and 16 GB disk space, make sure it is updated. Install git and any other developer tools you find useful.

Install devstack:

git clone
cd devstack/tools
sudo ./
cd ../..
sudo mv devstack /opt/stack
sudo chown -R stack.stack /opt/stack/devstack

This will clone the current devstack code locally, then setup the “stack” account that devstack services will run under. Finally, it will move devstack into its default location in /opt/stack/devstack.

Edit your /opt/stack/devstack/local.conf to look like:

# ===== BEGIN localrc =====
# Optional settings:
# LIBS_FROM_GIT+=octavia-lib,
# Enable Logging
enable_service rabbit
enable_plugin neutron $GIT_BASE/openstack/neutron
# Octavia supports using QoS policies on the VIP port:
enable_service q-qos
enable_service placement-api placement-client
# Octavia services
enable_plugin octavia $GIT_BASE/openstack/octavia master
enable_plugin octavia-dashboard $GIT_BASE/openstack/octavia-dashboard
enable_plugin ovn-octavia-provider $GIT_BASE/openstack/ovn-octavia-provider
enable_plugin octavia-tempest-plugin $GIT_BASE/openstack/octavia-tempest-plugin
enable_service octavia o-api o-cw o-hm o-hk o-da
# If you are enabling barbican for TLS offload in Octavia, include it here.
# enable_plugin barbican $GIT_BASE/openstack/barbican
# enable_service barbican
# Cinder (optional)
disable_service c-api c-vol c-sch
# Tempest
enable_service tempest
# ===== END localrc =====


For best performance it is highly recommended to use KVM virtualization instead of QEMU. Also make sure nested virtualization is enabled as documented in the respective guide. By adding LIBVIRT_CPU_MODE="host-passthrough" to your local.conf you enable the guest VMs to make use of all features your host’s CPU provides.

Run and do some sanity checks:

sudo su - stack
cd /opt/stack/devstack
. ./openrc

openstack network list  # should show public and private networks

Create two nova instances that we can use as test http servers:

# create nova instances on private network
openstack server create --image $(openstack image list | awk '/ cirros-.*-x86_64-.* / {print $2}') --flavor 1 --nic net-id=$(openstack network list | awk '/ private / {print $2}') node1
openstack server create --image $(openstack image list | awk '/ cirros-.*-x86_64-.* / {print $2}') --flavor 1 --nic net-id=$(openstack network list | awk '/ private / {print $2}') node2
openstack server list # should show the nova instances just created

# add secgroup rules to allow ssh etc..
openstack security group rule create default --protocol icmp
openstack security group rule create default --protocol tcp --dst-port 22:22
openstack security group rule create default --protocol tcp --dst-port 80:80

Set up a simple web server on each of these instances. One possibility is to use the Golang test server that is used by the Octavia project for CI testing as well. Copy the binary to your instances and start it as shown below (username ‘cirros’, password ‘gocubsgo’):

INST_IP=<instance IP>
scp -O test_server.bin cirros@${INST_IP}:
ssh -f cirros@${INST_IP} ./test_server.bin -id ${INST_IP}

When started this way the test server will respond to HTTP requests with its own IP.

Phase 2: Create your load balancer

Create your load balancer:

openstack loadbalancer create --wait --name lb1 --vip-subnet-id private-subnet
openstack loadbalancer listener create --wait --protocol HTTP --protocol-port 80 --name listener1 lb1
openstack loadbalancer pool create --wait --lb-algorithm ROUND_ROBIN --listener listener1 --protocol HTTP --name pool1
openstack loadbalancer healthmonitor create --wait --delay 5 --timeout 2 --max-retries 1 --type HTTP pool1
openstack loadbalancer member create --wait --subnet-id private-subnet --address <web server 1 address> --protocol-port 80 pool1
openstack loadbalancer member create --wait --subnet-id private-subnet --address <web server 2 address> --protocol-port 80 pool1

Please note: The <web server # address> fields are the IP addresses of the nova servers created in Phase 1. Also note, using the API directly you can do all of the above commands in one API call.

Phase 3: Test your load balancer

openstack loadbalancer show lb1 # Note the vip_address
curl http://<vip_address>
curl http://<vip_address>

This should show the “Welcome to <IP>” message from each member server.