Redirecting documentation

Redirecting documentation

As of the Pike release, redirection of links became imperative as a direct result of the doc-migration that saw a large majority of the documentation living in the openstack-manuals repository moved out to the respective project repositories. This content move, however, did break a lot of external (and internal) links.

Adding a .htaccess file to your repo

The first step is to add the .htaccess configuration file that Apache requires to know what the redirect rules are. openstack-manuals has a global file in the openstack-manuals repository but we have also configured Apache to allow a .htaccess file in each project’s documentation.

If including a .htaccess file in the project, then Sphinx needs to be told to include the file in the build output by adding it to the list of extra files. This patch for nova shows how that is done by editing doc/source/conf.py to set html_extra_path. If the path is set to _extra, then the patch should also create doc/source/_extra/.htaccess containing the redirects needed. The contents of that file can be written by hand, or computed with a command.

Note

If you want to take advantage of the whereto tool as part of the build-openstack-sphinx-docs job in the gate, you must put your .htaccess file in _extra. (This isn’t a Sphinx requirement, it’s a requirement of how the gate job is set up.)

While this file is a real .htaccess file, it is expected that the file will only contain redirects using the Redirect and RedirectMatch rules. For example, the below shows a number of redirects for the nova project reflecting files moved between the Ocata and Pike releases:

redirectmatch 301 ^/nova/([^/]+)/aggregates.html$ /nova/$1/user/aggregates.html
redirectmatch 301 ^/nova/([^/]+)/architecture.html$ /nova/$1/user/architecture.html
redirectmatch 301 ^/nova/([^/]+)/block_device_mapping.html$ /nova/$1/user/block-device-mapping.html
redirectmatch 301 ^/nova/([^/]+)/cells.html$ /nova/$1/user/cells.html
redirectmatch 301 ^/nova/([^/]+)/conductor.html$ /nova/$1/user/conductor.html
redirectmatch 301 ^/nova/([^/]+)/feature_classification.html$ /nova/$1/user/feature-classification.html
redirectmatch 301 ^/nova/([^/]+)/filter_scheduler.html$ /nova/$1/user/filter-scheduler.html
redirectmatch 301 ^/nova/([^/]+)/placement.html$ /nova/$1/user/placement.html

This file will ensure redirects are in place for paths such as /nova/latest/aggregates.html to /nova/latest/user/aggregates.html, and /nova/latest/cells.html to /nova/latest/user/cells.html.

Enable detailed redirects for your project

As of the Pike release and the doc-migration, everything that was under /developer/$project/ was moved to /$project/latest/ (with similar moves for other versions). By default, any page under /developer/$project/ is now being redirected to /$project/latest/. This gives the user a table of contents to find the new page.

After a local .htaccess file is added to a project’s documentation, /developer/$project/(.*) can be redirected to /$project/latest/$1, which will then redirect again to the new home of the file.

To turn that feature on for your repository, set the has_in_tree_htaccess flag for the repo by modifying www/project-data/latest.yaml in the openstack-manuals repository. See Template generator details for details about the other flags you can set to control how your project appears on docs.openstack.org.

After the has_in_tree_htaccess flag change lands, links to URLs like docs.openstack.org/developer/nova/cells.html should (with two redirects) end up at the new home docs.openstack.org/nova/latest/user/cells.html.

Testing your redirects

Your redirects can be tested using the whereto tool. Because you’ll obviously want them to be tested, the build-openstack-sphinx-docs job is already set up to use whereto in the gate, and will run whereto on docs build jobs automatically whenever whereto is present in the dependency list for a project. Thus to enable redirect testing, all you need to do is add whereto to your repository’s doc/requirements.txt or test-requirements.txt file.

To get the job to pass, however, you’ll have to make sure that the build-openstack-sphinx-docs job can find the input files that whereto expects. These files are:

  • The Apache redirect file. The build job expects this file to be named .htaccess and to be located in the doc/source/_extra directory.
  • The test file. The build job expects this file to be named test-redirects.txt and to be located in the doc/test directory.

As a convenience for developers running the build locally, you can add an explicit call to whereto in your project’s tox.ini file. (This glance-specs patch provides an example.)

Optional: Generating .htaccess files from Git

If creating an initial .htaccess, you can use some Git-fu to automatically generate a file containing redirects between the last release and the current one. For example, to generate a list of redirects for the nova project for files moved between Ocata (stable/ocata) and the current HEAD (presumed to be Pike), run:

$ git log --follow --name-status \
  --format='%H' origin/stable/ocata.. \
  -- doc/source | \
      grep ^R | \
      grep .rst | \
      cut -f2- | \
      sed -e 's|doc/source/|^/nova/([^/]+)/|' \
          -e 's|doc/source/|/nova/$1/|' \
              -e 's/.rst/.html$/' \
              -e 's/.rst/.html/' \
              -e 's/^/redirectmatch 301 /'

The output will look as follows:

redirectmatch 301 ^/nova/([^/]+)/aggregates.html$ /nova/$1/user/aggregates.html
redirectmatch 301 ^/nova/([^/]+)/architecture.html$ /nova/$1/user/architecture.html
redirectmatch 301 ^/nova/([^/]+)/block_device_mapping.html$ /nova/$1/user/block-device-mapping.html
redirectmatch 301 ^/nova/([^/]+)/cells.html$ /nova/$1/user/cells.html
redirectmatch 301 ^/nova/([^/]+)/conductor.html$ /nova/$1/user/conductor.html
redirectmatch 301 ^/nova/([^/]+)/feature_classification.html$ /nova/$1/user/feature-classification.html
redirectmatch 301 ^/nova/([^/]+)/filter_scheduler.html$ /nova/$1/user/filter-scheduler.html
redirectmatch 301 ^/nova/([^/]+)/placement.html$ /nova/$1/user/placement.html

For those curious enough, this script works like so:

  1. The git log command traverses the Git history of master since the stable/ocata branch was cut, following files under doc/source as they are renamed, and shows the hash of the change and names and status of changed files. The output looks like:

    2f36a355f29cb9f23beb2b80399e59f02d3c17a3
    M       doc/source/_extra/.htaccess
    M       doc/source/index.rst
    R100    doc/source/user/cellsv2_layout.rst      doc/source/user/cellsv2-layout.rst
    M       doc/source/user/index.rst
    
  2. The grep command filters for lines starting with R (indicating that the file was renamed) and for files ending in .rst (to limit to documentation files). The output looks like:

    R100    doc/source/user/cellsv2_layout.rst      doc/source/user/cellsv2-layout.rst
    
  3. The cut command takes field 2 to the end, giving the old filename and the new filename:

    doc/source/user/cellsv2_layout.rst      doc/source/user/cellsv2-layout.rst
    
  4. Finally, the sed command replaces the doc/source parts of the paths with the project name and a pattern that will match the series portion of the URL. It converts the .rst extension to .html and inserts the redirectmatch directive at the front of the line, giving:

    redirectmatch 301 ^/nova/([^/]+)/user/cellsv2_layout.html$        /nova/$1/user/cellsv2-layout.html
    
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