Customize and configure the Dashboard

Customize and configure the Dashboard

Once you have the Dashboard installed, you can customize the way it looks and feels to suit the needs of your environment, your project, or your business.

You can also configure the Dashboard for a secure HTTPS deployment, or an HTTP deployment. The standard OpenStack installation uses a non-encrypted HTTP channel, but you can enable SSL support for the Dashboard.

For information on configuring HTTPS or HTTP, see Configure the Dashboard.

Customize the Dashboard

The OpenStack Dashboard on Ubuntu installs the openstack-dashboard-ubuntu-theme package by default. If you do not want to use this theme, remove it and its dependencies:

# apt-get remove --auto-remove openstack-dashboard-ubuntu-theme

Note

This guide focuses on the local_settings.py file.

The following Dashboard content can be customized to suit your needs:

  • Logo
  • Site colors
  • HTML title
  • Logo link
  • Help URL

Logo and site colors

  1. Create two PNG logo files with transparent backgrounds using the following sizes:

    • Login screen: 365 x 50
    • Logged in banner: 216 x 35
  2. Upload your new images to /usr/share/openstack-dashboard/openstack_dashboard/static/dashboard/img/.

  3. Create a CSS style sheet in /usr/share/openstack-dashboard/openstack_dashboard/static/dashboard/scss/.

  4. Change the colors and image file names as appropriate. Ensure the relative directory paths are the same. The following example file shows you how to customize your CSS file:

    /*
    * New theme colors for dashboard that override the defaults:
    *  dark blue: #355796 / rgb(53, 87, 150)
    *  light blue: #BAD3E1 / rgb(186, 211, 225)
    *
    * By Preston Lee <plee@tgen.org>
    */
    h1.brand {
    background: #355796 repeat-x top left;
    border-bottom: 2px solid #BAD3E1;
    }
    h1.brand a {
    background: url(../img/my_cloud_logo_small.png) top left no-repeat;
    }
    #splash .login {
    background: #355796 url(../img/my_cloud_logo_medium.png) no-repeat center 35px;
    }
    #splash .login .modal-header {
    border-top: 1px solid #BAD3E1;
    }
    .btn-primary {
    background-image: none !important;
    background-color: #355796 !important;
    border: none !important;
    box-shadow: none;
    }
    .btn-primary:hover,
    .btn-primary:active {
    border: none;
    box-shadow: none;
    background-color: #BAD3E1 !important;
    text-decoration: none;
    }
    
  5. Open the following HTML template in an editor of your choice:

    /usr/share/openstack-dashboard/openstack_dashboard/templates/_stylesheets.html
    
  6. Add a line to include your newly created style sheet. For example, custom.css file:

    <link href='{{ STATIC_URL }}bootstrap/css/bootstrap.min.css' media='screen' rel='stylesheet' />
    <link href='{{ STATIC_URL }}dashboard/css/{% choose_css %}' media='screen' rel='stylesheet' />
    <link href='{{ STATIC_URL }}dashboard/css/custom.css' media='screen' rel='stylesheet' />
    
  7. Restart the Apache service.

  8. To view your changes, reload your Dashboard. If necessary, go back and modify your CSS file as appropriate.

HTML title

  1. Set the HTML title, which appears at the top of the browser window, by adding the following line to local_settings.py:

    SITE_BRANDING = "Example, Inc. Cloud"
    
  2. Restart Apache for this change to take effect.

Help URL

  1. By default, the help URL points to https://docs.openstack.org. To change this, edit the following attribute in local_settings.py:

    HORIZON_CONFIG["help_url"] = "http://openstack.mycompany.org"
    
  2. Restart Apache for this change to take effect.

Configure the Dashboard

The following section on configuring the Dashboard for a secure HTTPS deployment, or a HTTP deployment, uses concrete examples to ensure the procedure is clear. The file path varies by distribution, however. If needed, you can also configure the VNC window size in the Dashboard.

Configure the Dashboard for HTTP

You can configure the Dashboard for a simple HTTP deployment. The standard installation uses a non-encrypted HTTP channel.

  1. Specify the host for your Identity service endpoint in the local_settings.py file with the OPENSTACK_HOST setting.

    The following example shows this setting:

    import os
    
    from django.utils.translation import ugettext_lazy as _
    
    DEBUG = False
    TEMPLATE_DEBUG = DEBUG
    PROD = True
    USE_SSL = False
    
    SITE_BRANDING = 'OpenStack Dashboard'
    
    # Ubuntu-specific: Enables an extra panel in the 'Settings' section
    # that easily generates a Juju environments.yaml for download,
    # preconfigured with endpoints and credentials required for bootstrap
    # and service deployment.
    ENABLE_JUJU_PANEL = True
    
    # Note: You should change this value
    SECRET_KEY = 'elj1IWiLoWHgryYxFT6j7cM5fGOOxWY0'
    
    # Specify a regular expression to validate user passwords.
    # HORIZON_CONFIG = {
    #     "password_validator": {
    #         "regex": '.*',
    #         "help_text": _("Your password does not meet the requirements.")
    #     }
    # }
    
    LOCAL_PATH = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))
    
    CACHES = {
        'default': {
            'BACKEND' : 'django.core.cache.backends.memcached.MemcachedCache',
            'LOCATION' : '127.0.0.1:11211'
        }
    }
    
    # Send email to the console by default
    EMAIL_BACKEND = 'django.core.mail.backends.console.EmailBackend'
    # Or send them to /dev/null
    #EMAIL_BACKEND = 'django.core.mail.backends.dummy.EmailBackend'
    
    # Configure these for your outgoing email host
    # EMAIL_HOST = 'smtp.my-company.com'
    # EMAIL_PORT = 25
    # EMAIL_HOST_USER = 'djangomail'
    # EMAIL_HOST_PASSWORD = 'top-secret!'
    
    # For multiple regions uncomment this configuration, and add (endpoint, title).
    # AVAILABLE_REGIONS = [
    #     ('http://cluster1.example.com:5000/v2.0', 'cluster1'),
    #     ('http://cluster2.example.com:5000/v2.0', 'cluster2'),
    # ]
    
    OPENSTACK_HOST = "127.0.0.1"
    OPENSTACK_KEYSTONE_URL = "http://%s:5000/v2.0" % OPENSTACK_HOST
    OPENSTACK_KEYSTONE_DEFAULT_ROLE = "Member"
    
    # The OPENSTACK_KEYSTONE_BACKEND settings can be used to identify the
    # capabilities of the auth backend for Keystone.
    # If Keystone has been configured to use LDAP as the auth backend then set
    # can_edit_user to False and name to 'ldap'.
    #
    # TODO(tres): Remove these once Keystone has an API to identify auth backend.
    OPENSTACK_KEYSTONE_BACKEND = {
        'name': 'native',
        'can_edit_user': True
    }
    
    # OPENSTACK_ENDPOINT_TYPE specifies the endpoint type to use for the endpoints
    # in the Keystone service catalog. Use this setting when Horizon is running
    # external to the OpenStack environment. The default is 'internalURL'.
    #OPENSTACK_ENDPOINT_TYPE = "publicURL"
    
    # The number of Swift containers and objects to display on a single page before
    # providing a paging element (a "more" link) to paginate results.
    API_RESULT_LIMIT = 1000
    
    # If you have external monitoring links, eg:
    # EXTERNAL_MONITORING = [
    #     ['Nagios','http://foo.com'],
    #     ['Ganglia','http://bar.com'],
    # ]
    
    LOGGING = {
            'version': 1,
            # When set to True this will disable all logging except
            # for loggers specified in this configuration dictionary. Note that
            # if nothing is specified here and disable_existing_loggers is True,
            # django.db.backends will still log unless it is disabled explicitly.
            'disable_existing_loggers': False,
            'handlers': {
                'null': {
                    'level': 'DEBUG',
                    'class': 'django.utils.log.NullHandler',
                    },
                'console': {
                    # Set the level to "DEBUG" for verbose output logging.
                    'level': 'INFO',
                    'class': 'logging.StreamHandler',
                    },
                },
            'loggers': {
                # Logging from django.db.backends is VERY verbose, send to null
                # by default.
                'django.db.backends': {
                    'handlers': ['null'],
                    'propagate': False,
                    },
                'horizon': {
                    'handlers': ['console'],
                    'propagate': False,
                },
                'novaclient': {
                    'handlers': ['console'],
                    'propagate': False,
                },
                'keystoneclient': {
                    'handlers': ['console'],
                    'propagate': False,
                },
                'nose.plugins.manager': {
                    'handlers': ['console'],
                    'propagate': False,
                }
            }
    }
    

    The service catalog configuration in the Identity service determines whether a service appears in the Dashboard. For the full listing, see Settings Reference.

  2. Restart the Apache HTTP Server.

  3. Restart memcached.

Configure the Dashboard for HTTPS

You can configure the Dashboard for a secured HTTPS deployment. While the standard installation uses a non-encrypted HTTP channel, you can enable SSL support for the Dashboard.

This example uses the http://openstack.example.com domain. Use a domain that fits your current setup.

  1. In the local_settings.py file, update the following options:

    USE_SSL = True
    CSRF_COOKIE_SECURE = True
    SESSION_COOKIE_SECURE = True
    SESSION_COOKIE_HTTPONLY = True
    

    To enable HTTPS, the USE_SSL = True option is required.

    The other options require that HTTPS is enabled; these options defend against cross-site scripting.

  2. Edit the openstack-dashboard.conf file as shown in the Example After:

    Example Before

    WSGIScriptAlias / /usr/share/openstack-dashboard/openstack_dashboard/wsgi/django.wsgi
    WSGIDaemonProcess horizon user=www-data group=www-data processes=3 threads=10
    Alias /static /usr/share/openstack-dashboard/openstack_dashboard/static/
    <Directory /usr/share/openstack-dashboard/openstack_dashboard/wsgi>
    # For Apache http server 2.2 and earlier:
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
    
    # For Apache http server 2.4 and later:
    # Require all granted
    </Directory>
    

    Example After

    <VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName openstack.example.com
    <IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
    RewriteEngine On
    RewriteCond %{HTTPS} off
    RewriteRule (.*) https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI}
    </IfModule>
    <IfModule !mod_rewrite.c>
    RedirectPermanent / https://openstack.example.com
    </IfModule>
    </VirtualHost>
    <VirtualHost *:443>
    ServerName openstack.example.com
    
    SSLEngine On
    # Remember to replace certificates and keys with valid paths in your environment
    SSLCertificateFile /etc/apache2/SSL/openstack.example.com.crt
    SSLCACertificateFile /etc/apache2/SSL/openstack.example.com.crt
    SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/apache2/SSL/openstack.example.com.key
    SetEnvIf User-Agent ".*MSIE.*" nokeepalive ssl-unclean-shutdown
    
    # HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) enforces that all communications
    # with a server go over SSL. This mitigates the threat from attacks such
    # as SSL-Strip which replaces links on the wire, stripping away https prefixes
    # and potentially allowing an attacker to view confidential information on the
    # wire
    Header add Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000"
    
    WSGIScriptAlias / /usr/share/openstack-dashboard/openstack_dashboard/wsgi/django.wsgi
    WSGIDaemonProcess horizon user=www-data group=www-data processes=3 threads=10
    Alias /static /usr/share/openstack-dashboard/openstack_dashboard/static/
    <Directory /usr/share/openstack-dashboard/openstack_dashboard/wsgi>
    # For Apache http server 2.2 and earlier:
        <ifVersion <2.4>
            Order allow,deny
            Allow from all
        </ifVersion>
    # For Apache http server 2.4 and later:
        <ifVersion >=2.4>
    #The following two lines have been added by bms for error "AH01630: client denied
    #by server configuration:
    #/usr/share/openstack-dashboard/openstack_dashboard/static/dashboard/cssa"
            Options All
            AllowOverride All
            Require all granted
        </ifVersion>
    </Directory>
    <Directory /usr/share/openstack-dashboard/static>
        <ifVersion >=2.4>
            Options All
            AllowOverride All
            Require all granted
        </ifVersion>
    </Directory>
    </VirtualHost>
    

    In this configuration, the Apache HTTP Server listens on port 443 and redirects all non-secure requests to the HTTPS protocol. The secured section defines the private key, public key, and certificate to use.

  3. Restart the Apache HTTP Server.

  4. Restart memcached.

    If you try to access the Dashboard through HTTP, the browser redirects you to the HTTPS page.

    Note

    Configuring the Dashboard for HTTPS also requires enabling SSL for the noVNC proxy service. On the controller node, add the following additional options to the [DEFAULT] section of the /etc/nova/nova.conf file:

    [DEFAULT]
    # ...
    ssl_only = true
    cert = /etc/apache2/SSL/openstack.example.com.crt
    key = /etc/apache2/SSL/openstack.example.com.key
    

    On the compute nodes, ensure the nonvncproxy_base_url option points to a URL with an HTTPS scheme:

    [DEFAULT]
    # ...
    novncproxy_base_url = https://controller:6080/vnc_auto.html
    
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